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Pesachim 14 - Fiery Combinations - Shabbat December 5, 19 Kislev
Study Guide Pesachim 14
Today’s daf is sponsored by Shira Peleg in honor of Ariel Peleg. Congratulations on matching with one of your top choice hematology/medical oncology fellowship programs and thank you for introducing me to Hadran and encouraging me to learn”
The mishna brings statements of Rabbi Chanina Sgan HaKohanim and Rabbi Akiva that in the times of the Temple they would burn sanctified items that were impure with other impure items even if the levels of impurity were different and one would make the other a higher level of impurity. What is the difference between the cases that Rabbi Chanina and Rabbi Akiva bring? Can food pass on impurity to other foods? Can one assume from Rabbi Akiva's case that he holds that liquids pass on impurity to other items on a Torah level? Rabbi Meir derives from "their words" that chametz that was truma on erev Pesach can be burned with disqualified truma. From whose words does he derive this?
Pesachim 13: Thanksgiving on Pesach? - December 4, 18 Kislev
Today's daf is sponsored by Peri Rosenfeld in honor of the Yahrzeit of her mother, Tovah Bodek Rosenfeld. "Her devotion to Judaism and life-long learning has been a continued source of inspiration". And by Onnie and Andy Schiffmiller in honor of Andy’s mother having made Aliyah yesterday ושבו בנים לגבולם. Mazal Tov.
Rav held like Rabbi Yehuda regarding the time for forbidding eating chametz on Erev Pesach. The gemara questions - why didn't he hold like Rabbi Meir, as there is an unattributed mishna which holds like him, or Rabban Gamliel as he holds the compromise approach? Could it be Rav held like Rabbi YEhuda really because he held like a different tanna who also happened to hold like Rabbi Yehuda? The gemara rejects that suggestion. The gemara brings a source to show that Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi also held like Rabbi Yehuda (to strengthen Rav's psak). The gemara explains where the disqualified bread from the THanksgiving offering was placed in order to let the people know when were the times that chametz was forbidden or needed to be burned. In what way had they become disqualified? Two suggestions are brought. Others say that they weren't disqualified breads at all and others say that two cows would be set up to plow on the Mount of Olives instead of breads.
Pesachim 12 - Telling Time in the Time of the Talmud
Study Guide Pesachim 12
A week of learning is dedicated by my parents, Robert and Paula Cohen in memory of my grandfather, Joseph Cohen, Yosef ben Moshe HaKohen z"l. Today's daf is sponsored by Lesley Glassberg Nadel in memory of her father Bernie Glassberg - Berel ben Herschel haLevi z"l on his yahrzeit. And by Pamela Kaplan commemorating the 16th Yahrzeit of her father, David Kaplan, David Abba ben Aharon z"l. And by Cheryl Goldschmidt in memory of her father’s 7th yahrtzeit Eddie Tager, Yitchak Eizak Simcha ben Yechiel Mechel z"l. And by the Hasenberg Family in honor of Steven Aftergood’s 64th birthday. "May HaKadosh Baruchu bless Steven to live to be 120 and every day be filled with joy and Torah. With all our gratitude for him in our lives." And for a refuah shleima for Rav Dov Shabtai ben Yehoshua Lev.
To what extent do we assume people make mistakes in determining what day or what time of day it is? Do what extent does human error factor into the rabbis decisions when determining halacha? This issue is relevant to the time the rabbis determined for forbidding chametz on Erev Pesach and also for determining whether or not witnesses are disqualified if the time is their testimony doesn't line up. The gemara brings three explanations to explain the opinion of Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Yehuda in Sanhedrin 40 and then tries to reconcile that with their opinions regarding chametz in our mishna. Why are these cases treated differently? When did people eat meal in the time of the Talmud?
Pesachim 11 - December 2, 16 Kislev
Study Guide Pesachim 11
Today's daf is dedicated by Racheli Mendelson in memory of her mother Shoshana Spitz z"l on her third yartzeit.
Rabbi Yehuda doesn't permit checking for chametz during the time that it is forbidden to eat chametz in case you may come to eat it. The rabbis permit. The gemara brings a contradiction from the new grain that is permitted after sacrificing the omer - as the shuk would immediately open with flour and toasted flour from the new crop - was this allowed or not? Should one be concerned that they may come to eat it while they were preparing the grain earlier? There the rabbis forbade and Rabbi Yehuda permitted? The rabbis bring three possible answers and questions are raised from other sources on each of these answers. From when is chametz forbidden on erev Pesach and by when does one need to burn the chametz? The rabbis forbid it earlier than it is actually forbidden so that people don't make mistakes in the timing. The gemara bring the mishna in Sanhedrin 40 that describes a debate between rabbi Meir and Rabbi Yehuda about contradictory witnesses - to what extent can we assume they make a mistake and therefore even though they contradict each other, we accept their testimony as they really are not saying anything different. Abaye explains what is the root of the debate between them.
Pesachim 10 - December 1, 15 Kislev
Study Guide Pesachim 10
Masechet Pesachim is dedicated by Sivya Twersky in honor of her daughter Shoshana Baker. "She astounds me by her love of learning, the depth of her knowledge, and her dedication to Hadran." And in honor of the forthcoming bar mitzvah of our grandson, Ethan Lurie, on Shabbat Parshat Tezavah. Lastly, the masechet is dedicated in memory of Sivya's father Harav Pesach Zechariah Halevi ben Reuven v’Leah Z’late Z”L. "He was my inspiration for starting my first cycle of daf yomi eight years ago as the new cycle started when I was saying kaddish for him. I have no idea how many cycles of the daf he learned. I dove into uncharted waters and the learning brought me comfort in a year that I could not have predicted would be as difficult as it was. His yahrzeit occurs while we learn the masechet."
The gemara brings other cases of doubtful situations - does one need to recheck for chametz or not. Each case is compared to a situation mentioned in a different tannaitic source with a tannaitic debate. If there is a pile of chametz and two houses and a mouse brings it into one of the houses but we don't know which one. This is compared to the case of two paths - one pure and one impure and two people who each walked on one of the the paths. If a mouse took the chametz but it is unclear if he brought it into the house or not. It is compared to impurity in a field and we are unsure of someone walked into the field. If the mouse brought chametz and we check but can't find it, this is like piles of rocks with impurity underneath one of them but we are unable to find it. If a mouse brings in chametz and we find chametz, can we assume it is the chametz that the mouse brought or do we need to continue to check the house. This is similar to a debate of a field with a dead body whose location is unclear - if a grave is found, can we assume it was the one that we know about. If a baby or a mouse bring in bread and we find crumbs, can we assume the crumbs are theirs - is there a reason to differentiate between the cases? If we see a mouse go in and a mouse leave with bread in its mouth - can we assume it is the same one. Rava asks several questions that branch out from here. Do we make you check for bread in the rafters? Or in a pit? Or if in the mouth of a snake, do we need to get a snake charmer? Rabbi Yehuda seems from the mishna to require 3 bedikot, However Rav Yosef understands his debate with the rabbis differently.
Pesachim 9 - November 30, 14 Kislev
Study Guide Pesachim 9
Today's daf is sponsored by Naomi Ferziger in memory of her father, Chaim Zeev ben Pessel and Yoel Greenblatt z"l, on his 8th yartzeit.
After one checks one's house for chametz, one does not need to be concerned that a marten or other creature moved chametz from one place to another. The gemara assumes from here that if one saw a marten with chametz, pne would need to check. Why can't one assume the marten ate it, as appears in the mishna in Ohalot 18:7 regarding a house of a gentile and assumption of impurity of a miscarried fetus. There is it assumed that if there are martens around that the fetus was eaten and there is no impurity. Rabib Zeira says one can distinguish between flesh and bread and Rava says there is no contradiction because that case has a 2 doubts and our case has one definite and one doubt and a doubt (was it eaten) can't remove a concern regarding a definite (the marten definitely moved the chametz). Is rava's principle really true? There gemara brings 2 sources to question that but resolves them. The mishna seems to contradict the end of the mishna where there they say to hide the chametz after checking, presumably because one is worried a marten may come. Three answers are brought. The gemara brings cases of doubt regarding piles of chametz and matza and doubt which was moved by mice. One case if compared to the famous cases of 10 stores - 9 kosher and one not kosher from Ketubot 15. If one buys from a store and not sure which one, we see it as a 50/50 chance one bought non kosher meat and it is forbidden. If the meat was on the street and it is unsure where it came from, we follow the majority. Also a comparison is made between another case and a case regarding regular and sanctified produce where we assume the regular went into the regular and the sanctified combined with the sanctified and we rule leniently. Can we assume the same with chametz? Why?
Study Guide Pesachim 9