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Fuzzy logic: The seventh wonder of the IT world
Programming codes are traditionally based on binary numbering systems–everything is expressed in values of 0 or 1 in line with the true or false principles of classical logic. Fuzzy logic is different in that it takes a non-binary approach and allows for infinite values between 0 and 1.
Andreas Meier, emeritus professor of data science at the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences of the University of Fribourg in Switzerland, is on a mission to raise awareness of the importance of fuzzy-based computing for business, government and society.
Read more about his research in Fuzzy Management Methods, here: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03368-2
Misunderstanding translanguaging in preschoolers
Preschool children have an extraordinary capacity to learn and use different languages, embracing the gestural, musical, and visual cues associated with languages to make sense of the world around them. This ‘translanguaging’ transcends concerns of socially and politically defined boundaries beyond multilingualism.
Dr Gabrijela Aleksić and colleagues designed a programme to help teachers leverage children’s translanguaging skills, especially in classes with children from immigrant or refugee families.
Read more in Research Outreach.
Find their original research at: doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2022.2085029
Revealing properties of regular convex polytopes in negative dimensions
Mathematics and physics extend the notion of dimensionality beyond the usual perception of three dimensions to consider higher-dimensional spaces. The formulae describing properties such as area and volume of some geometric objects can result in indefiniteness, particularly when dealing with negative dimensions.
Dr Szymon Łukaszyk, an independent researcher in Poland, has discovered recurrence relations that can remove the indefiniteness in these formulae. His investigation into the properties of regular convex polytopes and balls reveals previously unknown properties of these objects in negative dimensions.
Read more in Research Outreach
Read some of their latest work here: https://doi.org/10.3390/math10132212
The intriguing case of an endobronchial valve migration
Lung surgery, like every other type of surgery, can have complications that sometimes require further procedures to be dealt with. Surgeons are always looking for new ways to keep these procedures as minimally invasive as possible, but they also have to ensure these are effective and safe.
Consultant surgeon Mr David Waller and his surgical trainee Miss Michelle Lee at the Department of Thoracic Surgery in St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, routinely deal with complex cases of lung surgery. They have recently shared an unusual case of foreign body migration of an endobronchial valve implanted in one of their patients.
Read some of their latest work here: https://doi.org/10.1177/20542704221074148
Finding novel treatment strategies for UTI through oestrogen receptors
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections and contribute to antibiotic use and the healthcare burden each year. Women are more susceptible, and oestrogen receptors have been found to play a key role played by in the aetiology of UTIs and other diseases
Dr Rashmi Kaul and Dr Anil Kaul, of the Center for Health Sciences at Oklahoma State University, US, hope that by increasing understanding of the links between oestrogen and UTIs it may be possible to develop alternative therapies.
Read more in Research Features
Read some of their latest work here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imbio.2020.152020
How medical schools can evolve to tackle gun violence
Despite the shocking levels of gun violence in the USA and in the Americas, medical practitioners are taught little more than dealing with the direct biologic outcomes of bullets. Understanding gun violence as a disease requires examining complex behavioural health, environmental, and social issues not commonly imbedded in medical school curricula.
Leading American emergency physician and gun violence researcher Stephen Hargarten and colleagues from the Medical College of Wisconsin are calling for change. They have provided guidelines on how medical school curricula can evolve and strengthen future physicians’ understanding of this patient and community disease burden.
Read more in Research Outreach
Read some of their latest work here: https://doi.org/10.1080/10401334.2021.1906254