27 episodes

Where technology, science, politics, economy & society meet - think, learn and be entertained a little along the way! Bi-weekly interviews, discussions and latest topics & events that you should know about presented in an interdisciplinary way! GARI is a research institute that uses advanced technology, such as AI with Big Data, to visualise, understand and create the ability to manage globalisation.

Last Week on Earth with Global Arena Research Institute Global Arena Research Institute

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    • 5.0 • 3 Ratings

Where technology, science, politics, economy & society meet - think, learn and be entertained a little along the way! Bi-weekly interviews, discussions and latest topics & events that you should know about presented in an interdisciplinary way! GARI is a research institute that uses advanced technology, such as AI with Big Data, to visualise, understand and create the ability to manage globalisation.

    (Artificial) Intelligence, law and geopolitics with Joanna Bryson

    (Artificial) Intelligence, law and geopolitics with Joanna Bryson

    Today we’re chatting with intelligence expert Joanna Bryson on:
    The definition of intelligence, artificial and natural? AI as an efficiency toolPutting AI products into ordinary product lawHow do we perceive the global bi-polar AI situation?Why Google and Apple don’t patent that muchChina, Russia, Iran, the EU - who, what, and why?with degrees in social and computer sciences from Chicago, Edinburgh, and MIT, Bryson’s research appears in venues from Reddit to Science, and she advises companies, governments, transnational agencies, and NGOs globally, particularly in AI policy. Since February 2020, Joanna has been a Professor of Ethics and Technology at Hertie School, a governance university in Berlin.
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    https://globari.org/podcast
    https://www.linkedin.com/company/global-arena-research-institute/
    https://globari.org/

    • 37 min
    New perceptions of the European Union, & it's AI regulation and innovation approaches

    New perceptions of the European Union, & it's AI regulation and innovation approaches

    Today we are welcoming back Sebastian Hallensleben to talk about the new perception of the EU, the imprecision of the Commissions regulations on AI, the level of technological understanding amongst EU commissioners, the challenges that poses, funding innovation and more.
    How does interdisciplinary and inter-sector dialogue work in the EU? The European Commission is working on AI regulation, and the regulations are quite imprecise but will eventually have a significant impact on the way we handle AI in EuropeIn European politics, there are parties that ultimately strive to work towards some sort of compromise and parties that don’tThe debates happen on different levels because of the different levels of technological know-how. Corporations try to come in and explain AI which can affect European policy-making sovereigntyIf you look at history, despite the many faults the European Union has, it has always been a success modelEurope has to be cautious of the uncertainties of other countries, such as the US or RussiaThe EU discusses autonomy and sovereignty as a geo-strategic balanceTiming of AI regulation is importantThe EU needs to have a discussion about its own resilience and its institutions. What happens if a bad actor comes into play?The importance of democratic discourse. Government is not just a “service provider”. The government is shaped by its citizensBiggest challenge right now is building an infrastructure of trust in the digital space. How can I avoid being manipulated by AI entities? Setting up privacy and identity protection. Government shouldn’t run these protections but sponsor them.The need for funding for new ideas in the digital spaceSebastian Hellensleben: https://www.linkedin.com/in/sebastianhallensleben/
    GARI: https://globari.org/

    • 41 min
    2022 AI Index Report by Stanford Institute for Human-Centered AI with Nestor Maslej

    2022 AI Index Report by Stanford Institute for Human-Centered AI with Nestor Maslej

    2022 AI Index Report by Stanford Institute for Human-Centered AI

    The AI Index is an independent initiative. The annual report tracks, collates, distills, and visualizes data relating to artificial intelligence, enabling decision-makers to take meaningful action to advance AI responsibly and ethically with humans in mind.
    The latest edition includes data from a broad set of academic, private, and nonprofit organizations as well as more self-collected data and original analysis than any previous editions, including an expanded technical performance chapter, a new survey of robotics researchers around the world, data on global AI legislation records in 25 countries, and a new chapter with an in-depth analysis of technical AI ethics metrics.
    Our guest today, Nestor Maslej is a Research Associate at the Institute and worked directly on the report.
    We discuss many of the marvelous examples of how AI is used around the globe as well as trends, breakthroughs and difficulties AI development has experienced in the last year. 

    “If we are to get the most out of AI, to build AI systems that are capable of really enriching humanity’s potential, then we’re going to have to figure out a way to build them so they align with fundamental human values”
    What is "human-centered AI"?Unexpected consequences of AI developmentHow is the AI Index Report  created?  Problems of AI - like image recognition Trends in AI in the past 5 years - what has changed structurally?What to say at a dinner party if AI comes up - your spiel exploring 3 big AI trends:
    1. AI is getting faster and cheaper
    2. Data is becoming increasingly necessary for building the best IA systems
    3. legislative interest in AI is skyrocketing Top countries passing AI legislatureThe big question: When can we develop AI systems that are capable of thinking like a human can think? Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.
    With your hosts Odessa Primus and Michal Koran

    • 51 min
    Autonomous weapon systems: now & tomorrow with Frank Sauer

    Autonomous weapon systems: now & tomorrow with Frank Sauer

    "There are no autonomous weapons, only autonomy in weapons systems"
    Frank Sauer is a Senior Research Fellow at Bundeswehr University Munich and the Head of Research at the Metis Institute for Strategy and Foresight. He currently serves as a senior advisor on the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (iPRAW) and as a subject matter expert in the commission on the responsible use of technologies in the European ‘Future Combat Air System’ (FCAS). He is also a leading member of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC), one of the founding NGOs of the ‘Campaign to Stop Killer Robots’. He regularly sits with the UN on discussions around nuclear, cyber, and autonomous weapons.
    Autonomous weapons, where we are now, what are the biggest misconceptions, where is it all heading, what are the challenges, the opportunities, the whole shebang.Language, paradigms, the way you shape and make regulation How do countries act and who's the biggest spoiler state in Geneva at the UN table?Unprecedented formulated position by the International Committee of the Red Cross, the guardian of international humanitarian law, rules and regulations on how to conduct warfareIs there a timeframe of when there could be a technological breakthrough that could render the international law frame useless?Use of AI - an enabling technology, and object recognition and sensor data fusionHow is advancement in AI reflected in advancement in applied AI in defense? When will this advance?Why do private-sector companies not want to be involved in military innovation? How can the human foresee what the weapon will be doing? How can the human administer it? How can we trace back the responsibility of handing over the controls over the critical functions to the machine?  Responsible use of autonomous weapons systemsThe role of philosophy and sociology - is there a philosophy, or change in human behaviour and our perception of it, coming out from the development and discussions around autonomous weapons systems?Are people at international tables, at the UN, struggling with new information and new expertise and the need to discuss it and decide what should be regulated, but even just understand what they’re talking about? How long does it take for everyone to be on the same page? What will happen in the next 30 years? What will the development be and what will the conversation be?The Global Arena Research Institute specializes in high-level research & analysis using big data and AI. In our podcast, we bring you experts from various fields for fascinating and useful discussions.

    • 50 min
    Quantum computing and it's applications in industry with Florian Neukart - Terra Quantum

    Quantum computing and it's applications in industry with Florian Neukart - Terra Quantum

    Today I’m chatting with Florian Neukart from Terra Quantum about all things quantum, what is quantum physics and technology, how can it be applied and what will it look like in the automotive, medical,  pharmacy, finance, and energy sectors, and why is combining the first and second quantum revolutions exciting?

    To see more of the transcript, please see the transcript ;)
    What is quantum computing? Where did it start?
    Difference between referring to quantum physics, science, and computing?
    What is the coolest thing about quantum technology to you?
    How much of quantum physics is already understood? 
    Quantum sensors are way more powerful than we have today. Let’s say with vehicles, self-automated vehicles, sensors are very receptive to environmental influences, it cannot see through rain, snow, or fog. We need new sensors. Quantum radar systems can see through all this. 
    Cryptography is the third pillar of quantum. Quantum algorithms have the potential to crack current encryption. 
    What does Terra Quantum do?
    High-performance computing will still develop, it isn’t over just because quantum computing is here. Combining these two in terms of software is important.

    (from https://terraquantum.swiss/)Terra Quantum is a deep tech pioneer, developing revolutionary quantum applications to shape the technology of the future. Our international team of experts brings together the best minds from science, academia and industry to address the most fundamental questions of quantum physics and their manifestations in the world around us. We are building quantum technology for a better future, breaking down the barriers between science and industry, and laying the foundations of a real quantum tech ecosystem and value chain.
    Applications of quantum computing outside of the realms of technology - what can it improve in other sectors and industries?
    Material science - automotive industry, all production industries.
    Pharmacy - simulating drugs, simulate the molecule exactly  - how a molecule acts on a protein - if you can do that, you can find personalized treatment for every disease you can think of. Quantum computers can simulate all reactions - simulates what a particle does to any part of the body.
    Finance - trading, optimization of portfolios - here we’re at the border of what classical machines/computers can do.  You can save 240 million eur by running a quantum algorithm. 
    Society - Environment and environmental problems - from energy (fusion). Quantum simulation is important.
    Carbon dioxide or monoxide extraction - material simulation, you can find materials that carbon monoxide can attach to well and make very powerful extractors. For fleets of vehicles or cities, that want to improve the traffic simulation, you can optimize traffic light switching and routing so that emission output is reduced, and delivery of goods and people is prioritized and optimized. 
    The Global Arena Research Institute specializes in high-level research & analysis using big data and AI. In our podcast, we bring you experts from various fields for fascinating and useful discussions. Your host was Odessa Primus, Executive Director at Global Arena Research Institute

    • 31 min
    Generative AI, the future of Facebook & Quantum Computing with Sebastian Hallensleben

    Generative AI, the future of Facebook & Quantum Computing with Sebastian Hallensleben

    Today’s podcast with Sebastian Hallensleben includes topics on the impact of generative AI with tools like deep fake, the future of platforms like Facebook and the creation of new platforms for constructive discourse, quantum computing, using a piece of the sun for energy on earth, and lastly, how to fund foundational research. 
    Sebastian Hellensleben is the head of digitalization and AI at VDE, and works on concepts and infrastructures for trust in the digital space. 
    Impact of generative AI - tools such as deep fakes - in the digital space. We haven’t yet understood it properly.
     Generative AI tools:
    - being able to create profiles of people that don’t exist
    - creating media for people that don’t exist
    - virtual influencers that can have followers
    The contest of quantity between product promoters is who has more bots. How can we trust ratings? 
    Democratic discourse: if we lose the digital space as a platform for discourse to bots, it’ll have a major impact on the ability of democratic systems to function.
    How to regulate this?
    Regulation is never going to turn platforms like Facebook into a forum for constructive discourse. And that’s something we really have to understand.
    So we have to look elsewhere and we need to create new kinds of platforms where constructive discourse can happen.
    You need to create different incentive mechanisms. Like to convince another person of your position, or to gather reputation if you're able to build consensus between groups of 20 or 30 other users.
    Where are platforms like Facebook heading? 
    It is frightening that the owners of these platforms either haven't asked the question or there is no answer, to how these platforms can evolve in a more sustainable way. 
    What technology are you excited about now?
    Quantum computing - because it’ll be more disruptive - it is certainly a very fascinating technology. It's hard to say are we 5 years or 50 away from breakthroughs. It shares that with much older technology like nuclear fusion. But the mere notion of being able to have a piece of the sun on earth and use it to create energy.
    Who should be funding all this?
    Foundational research will never be funded by commercial investment. Because rewards are 20, 30 or 40 years away and it might not be clear what these rewards are. It's important governments support foundational research. It would be wise to have budgets to do research and just see where it takes us. 
    How do we get countries that spend less than 3% of their GDP on research and innovation to spend more?
    We need to link foundational research to certain megatrends:  aging population, finite natural recourses, the need to keep this planet liveable, and also from a perspective of how to keep people living together peacefully. Building resilient democracies for stable economies.

    American versus European approach to spurring innovation. 
    Fresh thinking on what the European Union actually is
     
    Triggered by Brexit and Putin’s war and Trump, but nevertheless triggered. What is the goal and if the facets of that goal are still remnant? And a fresh perspective on the internal structures. Is it an economic union? Yes, to what extent is it a political union? Does it have its own foreign policy? How do you balance the aspects that are handled at the European level and national sovereignty? Those debates are being reopened. 
    Sebastian Hellensleben: https://www.linkedin.com/in/sebastianhallensleben/
    GARI: https://globari.org/

    • 39 min

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