99 episodes

Maghrib in Past & Present | Podcasts is a forum in which artists, writers, and scholars from North Africa, the United States, and beyond can present their ongoing and innovative research on and cultural activities in the Maghrib. The podcasts are are based on lectures or performances before live audiences across the Maghrib. Aiming to project the scientific and cultural dynamism of research in and on North Africa into the classroom, we too hope to reach a wider audience across the globe.

Maghrib in Past & Present | Podcasts themaghribpodcast.com

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Maghrib in Past & Present | Podcasts is a forum in which artists, writers, and scholars from North Africa, the United States, and beyond can present their ongoing and innovative research on and cultural activities in the Maghrib. The podcasts are are based on lectures or performances before live audiences across the Maghrib. Aiming to project the scientific and cultural dynamism of research in and on North Africa into the classroom, we too hope to reach a wider audience across the globe.

    Oran, The Plague and COVID 19

    Oran, The Plague and COVID 19

    The French critical tradition has seen in Camus’ La peste (1947) an allegorical representation of German occupation, during the Second World War. He staged it in Oran, a coastal town in French Algeria, at the time, closed to the rest of the world because of a plague pandemic. The recent COVID-19 pandemic that flared up through the world sparked off reminiscences of the novel, which remains a master piece of French literature because of its most realistic description of social angst, which recalls paranoiac collective crisis, throwing crowds into panics, from the Middle Ages. Using two literary devices ‘Le pacte autobiographique’ (P. Lejeune) and the ‘Chronotope’ (M. Bakhtin) we propose another reading of this novel, away from the over trodden paths of studies of its human gallery of portraits, as institutionalized by a North/South (French) approach, which we consider as aesthetically valuable as legitimate for its cultural context.

    We proceed through a South/North (Algerian) approach, based on two main protagonists ‘Oran’ and ‘the plague’ as characters by reference to another allegorical representation by ‘preterition’ (present in absentia) of a missing human entity, the Algerian people. While Camus stigmatizes the terrible suffering of the French people under the clamps of the German invader, he excludes the indigenous ‘Arab community’ from the setting of La peste, keeping silent on the painful ordeal of the Algerian people, under the clamps of 132 years of colonization. Camus’ ambivalent posture induced very controversial debates over the ‘genuineness’ of his commitment to the Algerian cause. Yet, today, Camus has become more than a symbolic trade mark that two different cultural-makings of history dispute, whereas he has always dedicated his life and writings to the whole of mankind.

    Professor Sidi Mohamed Lakhdar Barka has been teaching ‘African non-native English and French writers’ literatures and African/American literatures of the first half of the twentieth century’, at the Department of English, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Mohamed Ben Ahmed University of Oran 2, since 1972. He produced several articles applying discourse analysis theories in the didactics of teaching literature to students coming from an oral tradition background, in Algeria. His pedagogical experience brought him to question the paradoxes of transmission of cultures through languages with a literary tradition (Arabic, French and English) to Algerian learners whose oral cultures have always been conveyed by local linguistic varieties of spoken Tamazight and Arabic, excluded from their literary syllabi.

    This episode is part of “Arts and Letters in the Maghrib” lecture series and was recorded on the 26th of October 2020 at the Centre d'Études Maghrébines en Algérie (CEMA).

    We thank our friend Ignacio Villalón, Master candidate at EHESS, for his guitar performance for the introduction and conclusion of this podcast. 

    Realization and editing:  Hayet Lansari, Librarian, Outreach Coordinator, Content Curator (CEMA).

    • 39 min
    En hommage à feu Pr. Abdelkader Lakjaa

    En hommage à feu Pr. Abdelkader Lakjaa

    En hommage à feu Pr. Abdelkader Lakjaa, Sociologue à l'Université d'Oran 2, qui nous a quittés le 7 novembre 2020, nous vous proposons de réécouter sa communication intitulée "La méthode n'enfante pas d'idées par elle-même", programmée dans le cadre de la rencontre autour de l'ouvrage collectif La scientificité de l'empirisme en sociologie, coordonné par Pr. Abdel-Halim Berretima, Sociologue à l’Université de Bejaïa, laquelle rencontre a eu lieu au Centre d'Études Maghrébines en Algérie (CEMA), le 20 février 2020.

    Nos sincères condoléances à sa familles, à ses ami(e)s, et à la communauté universitaire.

    Pour écouter le podcast de la rencontre dans son intégralité, veuillez consulter l'épisode 88.

    Nous remercions Dr. Jonathan Glasser, anthropologue culturel au College of William & Mary, pour son istikhbar in sika à l'alto pour l'introduction et la conclusion de ce podcast.

    Réalisation et montage: Hayet Lansari, Bibliothécaire / Chargée de la diffusion des activités scientifiques (CEMA).

    • 28 min
    Maghrébins en Méditerranée: Complicités corsaires maghrébines à l'époque moderne entre Méditerranée et Atlantique

    Maghrébins en Méditerranée: Complicités corsaires maghrébines à l'époque moderne entre Méditerranée et Atlantique

    La journée d’étude « Maghrébins en Méditerranée » s’inscrit dans le prolongement du workshop « La Méditerranée vue d’Afrique du Nord » organisé par l’Institut Américain d’Études Maghrébines en juillet 2019 à Tunis.  Cette journée d’études, coordonnée par Pr. Fatima Zohra Guechi, se penche sur la présence et les rôles des Maghrébins en Méditerranée entre le 16ème et 19ème siècles. La course et la piraterie figurent parmi les faits historiques ayant marqué cette période. Les Chrétiens les associent à une guerre sainte, les musulmans au jihad. 
     
    Les communications présentées dans le cadre de cette journée examinent dans un premier temps les enjeux économiques et diplomatiques de la course en mettant l’accent sur les complicités corsaires maghrébines entre la Méditerranée et l’Atlantique, et les parcours familiaux des commerçants évoluant entre Alger, Livourne et Marseille. 
     
    Elles interrogent dans un second temps les circuits d’échange et les trajectoires des corsaires et négociants méditerranéens en interrogeant le cas de la course maritime de la Régence d’Alger entre l’Europe et la Sublime porte.

        فاطمة الزهراء قشي، أستاذة التاريخ الحديث والمعاصر، جامعة عبد الحميد مهري قسنيطنة 2 ,مديرة مخبر تاريخ تراث ومجتمع 2012-2018 (سابقا), عضو في المجالس العلمية للكلية ( سابقا), رئيسة فريق التكوين لماستر ودكتوراه "المغرب الحديث: تاريخ  وحضارة" (2011- 2018), رئيسة تحرير مجلة العلوم الإنسانية والاجتماعية- جامعة عبد الحميد مهري- قسنطينة 2 ,عضو محكم في مجلة إنسانيات ومجلة أسطور، وغيرهما.
        من بين منشوراتها: 
            
            - المؤسسات والحراك الاجتماعي والسياسي في الجزائر و تونس (18 و19م)، كتاب جماعي تحت إشراف فاطمة الزهراء قشي،  منشورات مخبر تاريخ، تراث ومجتمع- دار بهاء الدين للنشر والتوزيع، قسنطينة، 2018.
           - " السلطة العثمانية و الزعامات القبلية والحضرية  في إيالة الجزائر (16 -19م) "، العرب: من مرج دابق إلى سايكس- بيكو(1516- 1916)- تحولات بنى السلطة والمجتمع: من الكيانات والإمارات السلطانية إلى الكيانات الوطنية،المركز العربي لأبحاث ودراسة السياسات، بيروت، 2019، صص. ؟. 


    - 2013. La presse algérienne de langue arabe  1946-1954, enjeux politiques et jeux de plumes‪. (2d édition), Midad University Press.
    - (dir). 2004. Constantine, une ville‪,‬ des héritages. Constantine : Media-Plus. 2e édition en 2010.
    - Compte rendu de l’ouvrage  de Gilbert Meynier : L’Algérie et la France, Deux siècles d’histoire croisée, (iReMMO, L’Harmattan. 2017. Khalfoune, T. (Dir.), 2019. Mélanges en l’honneur de l’historien Gilbert Meynier. Paris :L’Harmattan, 2019, pp. 47-63.

    Dans ce podcast, Leila Maziane professeure d’histoire moderne à   l’Université Hassan II Casablanca et membre du Réseau International de « La Gouvernance des Ports Atlantiques (XIVe XXIe siècles) » présente une communication portant sur les complicités corsaires maghrébines à l’époque moderne entre Méditerranée et Atlantique.
     
    A cette époque, Salé et Tétouan deviennent les ports corsaires les plus importants du littoral marocain et les plus florissants du Maghreb. Leurs corsaires sont partout et rabattent vers leurs ports d’attache captifs et marchandises. Leur réussite s'expli

    • 36 min
    Why is the "everywhere war" mostly in the Middle East and North Africa?

    Why is the "everywhere war" mostly in the Middle East and North Africa?

    In this podcast, Professor Jacob Mundy examines the historical and geographical definition and categorization of the MENA region through the discourse of the “everywhere war”, questioning the middle east as a permanent structure of conflict. In nowhere else in the world, war-particularly foreign intervention-is as prevalent and constant as in the MENA region. Professor Mundy argues that the creation of the MENA region as an identity component can be considered as a form of “violence”. He also traces the oil-security nexus, particularly the instability that it engenders across cases and time. 

    Jacob Mundy is an Associate Professor at Colgate University in the Peace and Conflict Studies Program. He is the author of Imaginative Geographies of Algerian Violence: Conflict Science, Conflict Management, Antipolitics (Stanford University Press, 2015) and more recently Libya (Polity Press, 2018). During the 2018-19 academic year, Professor Mundy was a Fulbright Scholar with the Université de Tunis and a research affiliate with CEMAT. He has also twice served on the board of the American Institute for Maghrib Studies, and is also on the editorial committee of Middle East Report. His current research examines the political economy of Libya’s transition after 2011.

    This episode is part of the Contemporary Thought series  and was recorded on September 12, 2019, at the Centre d'Études Maghrébines à Tunis, as part of “Reinforcing Critical Research on North Africa” project organized by CEMAT and CEMA and funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. 

    To see related slides visit our web page www.themaghribpodcast.com

    Posted by Hayet Lansari, Librarian, Outreach Coordinator, Content Curator (CEMA).

    • 58 min
    Medieval Ifriqiya & the Emergence of the Hafsid Dynasty

    Medieval Ifriqiya & the Emergence of the Hafsid Dynasty

    In this podcast, Samantha Cloud, PhD candidate in the Department of History at Saint Louis University,  discusses her work on medieval Ifriqiya and the emergence of the Hafsid dynasty. The Hafsid dynasty ruled Medieval Ifriqiya (roughly the territory of modern-day Tunisia, Eastern Algeria, and parts of Libya) from the 13th through the 16th century. The self-proclaimed inheritors of the Almohad empire, the Hafsids were the first rulers of Berber-descent to reign over the newly independent kingdom of Tunis, wholly untethered from foreign domination. The success of the Hafsids owed largely to the prowess of its first two sovereigns, Abu Zakariya Yahya and Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad al-Mustansir, whom possessed respectively a keen understanding of Maghrebi tribal politics and the politics of prestige. 

    This podcast provides an overview of the history of medieval Ifriqiya to highlight the significance of this dynasty in a region whose past is haunted by foreign rule and occupation. Addressing the impact of colonialism in the region’s history and historiography, it seeks to reframe the history of the Maghrib from its peripheral position in Western and Islamic studies to a central focus. Also, in focus is the historical agency of Berber peoples – or rather the Amazigh – with the medieval period especially and Hafsid dynasty in particular providing great example of this.    

    Samantha Cloud is writing a dissertation on “A Mediterranean King in the Age of Crusade: Interreligious Diplomacy between Charles of Anjou and Mohamed Al-Mustansir of Tunis.”

    This podcast is part of the «History of the Maghrib, History in the Maghrib» series and was recorded on November 18, 2019, at the Centre d'Études Maghrébines à Tunis (CEMAT).

    Posted by Hayet Lansari, Librarian, Outreach Coordinator, Content Curator (CEMA).

    • 32 min
    The “Student Question” in Tunisia: Between the Attraction of Leftism and the Steamroll of Authoritarian Paternalism (1963-1979)

    The “Student Question” in Tunisia: Between the Attraction of Leftism and the Steamroll of Authoritarian Paternalism (1963-1979)

    Episode 94: The “Student Question” in Tunisia: Between the Attraction of Leftism and the Steamroll of Authoritarian Paternalism (1963-1979)

    In this podcast, Dr. Idriss Jebari discusses the student question’s emergence in the context of the Parisian radical sixties and the importance of Maoist insights. Jebari examines the way Perspectives seized on the “student question” in its journal in relation to the state’s reforms in the education sector and its discourse on youth faced with contestation. Jebari explores how the repressive events of 1968 and 1973 were highly revealing of Bourguiba’s thinking on Tunisian youth and how Perspectives countered it by promoting students to leadership positions. This podcast ends by depicting the atmosphere in the wing of the Tunisian prison where both generations were simultaneously held in the 1970s, as described in certain memoirs, as yet another reason to speak of many iterations of Tunisian leftism in the postcolonial era, and as an entry point to start compiling a growing archive to shed light on this occulted episode of the country’s history and work toward national reconciliation.

    Dr. Jebari is Al Maktoum Assistant Professor in Middle East Studies at Trinity College Dublin. His work investigates the distinctiveness of the Maghribi critique of modernity in contemporary Arab intellectual and cultural history. He completed a doctorate on the history of the production of critical thought in Morocco and Tunisia at the University of Oxford on the intellectual projects of Moroccan thinker Abdallah Laroui and Tunisian thinker Hichem Djaït. He then held an ACSS postdoctoral fellowship at the American University of Beirut to study the dynamics of intellectual and cultural exchanges between the Maghrib and the Mashriq after 1967. He has published on the intellectual projects of several North African intellectual figures such as Abdelkebir Khatibi, Mohamed Abed al-Jabri and Malek Bennabi, and how the younger generations remember this intellectual heritage of the Arab Left. He is currently working on his first book manuscript that will address the critical societal debates that shaped North Africa’s path toward modernity in the sixties and seventies.

    This podcast is part of the Contemporary Thought series and was recorded on July 22, 2019 at the Centre d'Études Maghrébines à Tunis (CEMAT).

    Posted by Hayet Lansari, Librarian, Outreach Coordinator, Content Curator (CEMA).

    • 1 hr

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