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Italian passato prossimo. Learn the past tense in Italian
In this post, we will show you how to use the Italian Passato Prossimo. As we already stated in our previous articles about grammar, many non-Italian speakers struggle with verbs because every single verb has to be conjugated for person and number. In addition, there are so many forms and pronunciations that it’s almost impossible not to get at least one verb wrong.
Don’t feel embarrassed if you can’t remember a verb or say “faciuto” instead of “fatto” – done in English – so many Italian people still struggle with the passato prossimo and the participio passato. It’s normal to make mistakes!
Bear in mind that every language can be frustrating to learn and the best thing you can do is KEEP LEARNING! Find an entertaining way to learn and stick to it; grammar is not fun, but instead of using a textbook, try watching a video and taking notes.
To help you out we have provided you with a video made by our fantastic tutor Francesca, click the link down below to learn the Italian passato prossimo. Francesca will also test your skills at the end, so make sure you watch the entire video.
Keep reading to learn how to create the passato prossimo or past tense in Italian, commonly called present perfect as well. Get ready to learn Italian online! The passato prossimo Italian conjugation might be difficult, but you’re smarter!
Learn Italian passato prossimo with us.
LEARN THE PAST TENSE IN ITALIAN – HOW TO CREATE THE ITALIAN PASSATO PROSSIMO
In Italian, the passato prossimo is used to express past events and actions that are already over. In English, you can choose between the present perfect tense (I have gone) and the simple past tense (I went), while in Italian we use the passato prossimo most of the time. The other past tense (passato remoto) is only used in narratives or when we talk about something that happened a long time ago.
The passato prossimo is composed of the auxiliary verb (to have or to be) and the past participle of the main verb.
Present tense of AVERE or ESSERE + PAST PARTICIPLE of the main verb
To form the past participle (participio passato), you need to follow these rules:
If a verb ends in -ARE in the infinitive tense, take off -ARE and add -ATO: giocare (to play) — giocato (played);
If a verb ends in -ERE in the infinitive tense, take off -ERE and add -UTO: sapere (to know) — saputo (known)
If a verb ends in -IRE in the infinitive tense, take off -IRE and add -ITO: sentire (to hear) — sentito (heard)
IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES
In Italian, there are many irregular verbs that don’t follow the rules mentioned above to form the past participle.
Here is a list of the most used irregular verbs:
* Accendere (to switch, light up) – Acceso
* Aggiungere (to add) – Aggiunto
* Ammettere (to admit) – Ammesso
* Apparire (to appear) – Apparso
* Apprendere (to learn) – Appreso
* Aprire (to open) – Aperto
* Assistere (to assist) – Assistito
* Assolvere (to acquit) – Assolto
* Assumere (to hire) – Assunto
* Attendere (to wait for) – Atteso
* Attrarre (to attract) – Attratto
* Avvolgere (to wrap) – Avvolto
* Bere (to drink) – Bevuto
* Chiedere (to ask) – Chiesto
* Chiudere (to close) – Chiuso
* Commettere (to commit) – Commesso
* Comparire (to appear) – Comparso
* Comprendere (to comprehend, to understand) – Compreso
* Condividere (to share) – Condiviso
* Confondere (to confuse) – Confuso
* Connettere (to connect) – Connesso
* Conoscere (to know) – Conosciuto
* Correggere (to correct) – Corretto
* Correre (to run) – Corso
* Crescere (to grow) – Cresciuto
* Cuocere (to cook) – Cotto
How to Easily Communicate Numbers 1 to 100 in Italian
Communicating numbers 1 to 100 in Italian is an important part of learning the language. While focusing on words and phrases is necessary, numbers play an essential part in everyday life. From understanding the prices on a menu to acknowledging someone’s age, learning numbers 1 to 100 in Italian provides the foundation for proficiency and confidence.
Our free Youtube video about communicating numbers makes it simpler to pronounce and write numbers in Italian.
You can gain mastery over learning a new language by discovering how easy it is to learn numbers 1 to 100 in Italian with our exciting new lessons, tips, and techniques.
Let’s start by counting from numbers 1 to 10 in Italian:
You can quickly learn Italian numbers pronunciation by checking out our free Youtube video. Once you can count in Italian from 1 to 10, you can easily learn how to count to 100!
Counting from the number 20 in Italian is simple and follows a similar structure to counting in English. Much like in English, you would place the number between 1 and 9 at the end of the tens number.
For example, the number 22 or “ventidue” is 20 (trenta) and 2 (due). Put “venti” and “due” together and you have 22.
EXCEPTIONS COUNTING WITH TENS IN ITALIAN
For the correct Italian numbers pronunciation, venti (20), trenta (30), quaranta (40), cinquanta (50) and on, requires removing the last vowel when using uno (1) and otto (8). For instance, 31 – trentuno and 38 – trentotto, are written and pronounced with a minor accent.
RULES FOR LEARNING NUMBERS 1 TO 100 IN ITALIAN
On the other hand, is important to mention that when counting in Italian avoid the use of a dash or the word “and” when writing out the numbers.
Apart from a few exceptions when referring to feminine or masculine vowels, articles and names, we take a closer look at the easiest ways to count in Italian.
INDEFINITE ARTICLES COUNTING IN ITALIAN
In addition, the use of cardinal numbers in Italian does not differ when referring to gender; however, a different set of rules apply to “uno” or “one.”
Also, when using a feminine name, the -a suffix is applied, and we express una instead of uno. For example:
Uno psicologo (A psychologist) – Masculine
Una psicologa (A psychologist) – Feminine
Indefinite articles in Italian include un, una and uno. The -a in una is often dropped when the name begins with a vowel.
COUNTING NUMBERS 1 TO 100 IN ITALIAN
It is so simple to count up to 100 when you know how to count from numbers 1 to 20 in Italian. By learning the tens and twenties by heart, the remaining digits become easier to understand. To effectively communicate in Italian, grasping the numbers, quantities, ages, and dates is just as important as everyday phrases and words. You can quickly count numbers 1 to 100 in Italian with our simple list below:
10 Useful Italian Videos to Learn Italian on YouTube
To learn Italian on Youtube is a fun and engaging way of improving your language skills. Along with learning new words, you can listen to the dialect and pronunciation of these words, phrases, and numbers from native Italian speakers. When you learn through Italian lessons on Youtube, you can access at your convenience and can watch them at your own pace. If you are looking for the best way to learn Italian on Youtube, we provide a list of the top 10 helpful video lessons that will have you speaking Italian in no time!
VIDEO LESSON 1: ITALIAN GREETINGS AND SALUTATIONS
The right greeting or salutation is an important part of Italian culture as it is regarded as a sign of respect. With Italian for beginners on YouTube, discover a rewarding and easy way to say ‘Ciao’ (Hello) and ‘Buongiorno’ (Good Morning) and many more unique greetings for free.
VIDEO LESSON 2: WISHING A HAPPY BIRTHDAY
Celebrating a birthday in Italy is met with many good wishes. Learn how to wish someone a happy birthday with ease and joy. Send good wishes by saying: “Tanti auguri a te” or “Buon compleanno,” which translates to “a good birthday,” equivalent to a happy birthday in English.
VIDEO LESSON 3: LEARN ITALIAN ON YOUTUBE – VERBS IN ITALIAN
Learning Italian on Youtube is made easier with professional native Italian tutors. In this lesson, you can master first conjugation Italian verbs ending in -ARE.
VIDEO LESSON 4: WHAT DOES PREGO MEAN IN ITALIAN?
Ever wondered what Prego in Italian means? Allow Italian tutors Fernando and Maria Luisa to present Prego in context and discover its different meanings.
VIDEO LESSON 5: ITALIAN SINGULAR AND PLURAL DEFINITE ARTICLES
This interesting Italian lesson on YouTube takes a look at the use of singular and plural definite articles in Italian.
VIDEO LESSON 6: ITALIAN FAMILY VOCABULARY
Easily communicate Italian family vocabulary as professional tutors guide you through saying mother, father, brother, sister, son, and daughter in Italian.
VIDEO LESSON 7: LEARN ITALIAN ON YOUTUBE – ITALIAN ALPHABET
To effectively communicate in Italian, you need to know the alphabet. This free lesson in Italian for beginners on Youtube covers the pronunciation of each letter in the alphabet so you can speak and write in Italian with proficiency.
VIDEO LESSON 8: MASCULINE VS. FEMININE TERMS IN ITALIAN
In Italy, there are many masculine and feminine words and phrases. In this video, you will learn masculine and feminine terms, Italian words that end in -e, and both singular and plural nouns in Italian.
VIDEO LESSON 9: FIRST PREPOSITIONS IN ITALIAN
Also, become fluent in Italian when taking a closer look at the use of Italian prepositions including the use of the preposition “in”.
Part II VIDEO LESSON 10: ITALIAN PREPOSITIONS PART II
And last but not least, discover how to correctly use the preposition “da” in Italian. With this lesson, you will be able to speak more confidently.
LEARN ITALIAN ON YOUTUBE AND SPEAK ITALIAN FLUENTLY
With our list of free videos introduced by experienced tutors, you can easily learn Italian on Youtube. It’s easily accessible, professionally presented, and will help you improve your pronunciation and contextual use of Italian words and terms.
What are you waiting for? Join us today for a fun and proven way to learn Italian online.
Now that you know 10 videos to learn Italian on Youtube, discover the 10 best Italian movies to learn Italian!
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The complete guide to Italian reflexive verbs
Did you know that there are far more reflexive verbs in Italian than there are in English? Although Italian reflexive verbs often concern students, this is actually quite an easy concept to master if you read this article!
By means of an explanation, a reflexive verb is a verb in which the idea of one’s self is obvious. When studying a list of the common Italian reflexive verbs, you will notice that many of them refer to a person’s daily routine.
* “vestirsi” means “to dress one’s self”
* “alzarsi” means “to get up”.
To fully understand reflexive verbs in Italian, we need to understand how the subject of the sentence relates to the verb and the direct object. A reflexive verb may be used when the direct object and the subject are one and the same. The action performed by the subject affects the subject itself and is therefore reflexive.
Another easy way to understand reflexive verbs is to think about the direct meaning of reflexive verbs, which is “verbs that reflect”.
One thing that reflexive verbs all have in common is the verb ending of “SI”. This is actually the reflexive pronoun and it translates into “self”.
Please refer to this video, which explains reflexive verbs beautifully (remember to turn the English captions on):
COMMON ITALIAN REFLEXIVE VERBS
Let’s take a look at some of the most common Italian reflexive verbs with their English translation:
* svegliarsi = to wake up
* alzarsi = to stand up / to get up
* lavarsi = to wash oneself
* chiamarsi = to call oneself
* coricarsi = to lie down
* farsi la doccia= to shower oneself
* lavarsi= to wash oneself
* mettersi = to put on
* pettinarsi = to comb oneself
* pulirsi = to clean oneself
* radersi/farsi la barba = to shave oneself
* sedersi = to sit
* spogliarsi = to undress oneself
* svegliarsi= to wake up
* vestirsi = to dress oneself
* voltarsi = to turn oneself around
When it comes to sentences using Italian reflexive verbs with modal verbs, the position of the reflexive pronoun in the same sentence, the position of the reflexive pronoun (MI, TI, CI, VI, SI) can change but the meaning of the sentence is the same. For example:
Domani mi devo alzare presto / Domani devo alzarmi presto (=Tomorrow I’ll have to get up early)
ITALIAN VERBS IN THE PAST TENSE
With Italian reflexive verbs in the past tense, they use the auxiliary verb “ESSERE” in the past tense (passato prossimo). It is also important to keep in mind that the past participle must agree with the subject, for example:
– Ieri Marco si è svegliato presto = Yesterday Marco woke up early
– Ieri Maria si è svegliata presto = Yesterday Maria woke up early
To test whether or not a verb is reflexive or not, ask yourself if you are able to substitute the reflexive pronoun with the word “oneself” (or “sé stesso” in Italian).
If you would like to say “I wash myself”, ask yourself who you will be washing and if the answer is “myself” or “oneself”, you would use the reflexive verb.
For more information on how to use auxiliary verbs with reflexive verbs, take a look at this link which explains it in great detail the Italian verbs essere and avere.
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Body parts in Italian
Learning Italian vocabulary is really important, not only for improving your Italian level, but also for expressing your ideas in a clear and concise manner. Today we present the body parts in Italian singular and plural. Bear in mind that these words sometimes have different genders (masculine or feminine) depending whether they are singular or plural. For example: the arm – il braccio (masculine); the arms – le braccia (feminine).
Let’s see what the main human body parts in Italian are, and remember that if you want to discover more about the Italian language we offer Italian lessons with native and qualified tutors.
PARTS OF THE BODY
il collo (m sing) = the neck
la spalla (f sing) = the shoulder
le spalle (f plur) = the shoulders
la schiena (f sing) = the back
il braccio (m sing) = the arm
le braccia (f plur) = the arms
il gomito (m sing) = the elbow
i gomiti (m plur) = the elbows
la mano (f sing) = the hand
le mani (f plur) = the hands
il dito (m sing) = the finger
le dita (f plur) = the fingers
l’unghia (f sing) = the nail
le unghie (f plur) = the nails
il petto (m sing) = the chest
il seno (m sing) = the breast
la coscia (f sing) = the thigh
le cosce (f plur) = the thighs
la gamba (f sing) = the leg
le gambe (f plur) = the legs
il ginocchio (m sing) = the knee
le ginocchia (f plur) = the knees
la caviglia (f sing) = the ankle
le caviglie (f plur) = the ankles
il piede (m sing) = the foot
i piedi (m plur) = the feet
PARTS OF THE FACE
la fronte (f sing) = the forehead
il sopracciglio (m sing) = the eyebrow
le sopracciglia (f plur) = the eyebrows
il ciglio (m sing) = the eyelash
le ciglia (f plur) = the eyelashes
l’occhio (m sing) = the eye
gli occhi (m plur) = the eyes
il naso (m sing) = the nose
la guancia (f sing) = the cheek
le guance (f plur) = the cheeks
la bocca (f sing) = the mouth
il labbro (m sing) = the lip
le labbra (f plur) = the lips
la lingua (f sing) = the tongue
il dente (m sing) = the tooth
i denti (m plur) = the teeth
l’orecchio (m sing) = the ear
le orecchie (f plur) = the ears
i capelli (m plur) = the hair
i baffi (m plur) = the mustache
la barba (f sing) = the beard
le basette (f plur) = the sideburns
Learning the body parts in Italian in singular and plural is very useful. Should you want to study a more detailed in-depth list, click here.
Also, if you would like to learn how to further describe yourself or another person in Italian language, along with fun, practical uses of vocabulary, grammar and phrases, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We are eager to help you learn Italian in the most enjoyable way you have ever imagined.
How to say happy birthday and best wishes in Italian
Would you like to learn how to say happy birthday and best wishes in Italian? Today we are going to help you discover it with our new post. Learning a foreign language is always rewarding and with our Italian lessons you will have the opportunity to be part of a new cultural experience, getting to know a new country and its language: Italian. Our Italian teachers will help you in this amazing process.
With the following sentences you’ll be able to say happy birthday, best wishes and other useful expressions that are very common in Italian.
How to say happy birthday in Italian
* Buon Compleanno! / Happy birthday!
* Tanti Auguri! / Best wishes!
* Auguroni! / Best wishes!
* Spero che tuttti i tuoi desideri si avverino. / May all your wishes come true!
* Ti auguro tutta la felicità del mondo. / I wish you all the happiness in the world!
If you feel like singing “happy birthday” in Italian, click here; you’ll have the lyrics to practice whenever you want. Besides, if you want to learn more Italian and want to have a free trial lesson, please contact us and we will give you more information about our Italian courses.
More congratulations in Italian
* Congratulazioni agli sposi! / Congratulations to the newlyweds!
* Buon anniversario di matrimonio! / Happy wedding anniversary!
* Felice anniversario! / Happy anniversary!
* Dopo tanti anni insieme, siete ancora inseparabili. I nostri migliori auguri! / After so many years together, you are still inseparable. We wish you the best!
If anyone achieved a goal, you may express your best wishes using one of these expressions:
* Compimenti dottore! / Congratulations! (The Italian word dottore is used to refer to someone who has graduated from university. For women, we use dottoressa instead)
* Congratulazioni per il risultato dei tuoi esami! / Congratulations for your exam results!
* Buona fortuna nel mondo del lavoro. / Good luck in the world of work!
* Ti auguro il meglio! / I wish you the best!
We hope you have enjoyed our post about how to say happy birthday and best wishes in Italian and if you want to discover more about the Italian language, please contact us and start learning Italian with our Italian tutors today!