ICTP Lecture Notes Series (LNS) ICTP  The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics

 Sciences

Since unpublished material presented at the meetings might prove of great interest also to scientists who did not take part in the schools, the Centre has made them available through a new publication titled ICTP Lecture Note Series. It is hoped that this formally structured pedagogical material in advanced topics will be helpful to young students and researchers, in particular to those working under less favourable conditions.

Vol.24: Chemistry and Material Science Applications on Grid Infrastructures (PDF)
One of the key missions of Computational Science is to drive to a solution the challenges posed by several scientific and technological problems. Satisfactory solutions to these problems, however, can be worked out only through massive computational campaigns exploiting the innovative features of platforms based on a large number of cpus that can be offered only by highly parallel machines or distributed Grid infrastructures. Recent European projects have boosted the latter technology by gathering around the public network a large number of heterogeneous computers belonging to different scientific institutions. This is, indeed, the goal of the EGEE European project that has assembled a computer Grid strong of about one hundred thousand cpus and has gathered on this platform the efforts of many scientists mainly from physics disciplines but also from other scientific sectors like biology, medicine, chemistry, geology, etc. Molecular and Material Science and Technology (MMST) is, indeed, one of these fields of research in which the possibility of using Grid infrastructure as an advanced high throughput platform is fostering an explosive advance in concurrent programming and distributed implementation of computational packages. This is, in particular, being exploited through the design and implementation of multiscale and multiphysics realistic simulations (of which advanced molecular modelling is an integral part) exploiting also the basic cooperative nature of Grid computing. As a matter of fact, the COST in Chemistry and Molecular Science and Technology (CMST) domain has been pioneering these efforts and launched at the end of 1999 a first Action (D23: Metalaboratories for complex computational applications in Chemistry) that has represented the first distributed computing cooperative endeavour in MMST. At present D23 has evolved into GRIDCHEM: Grid Computing in Chemistry (D37). (ISBN 929500342X)

Vol.23: Some Recent Developments in Algebraic KTheory (PDF)
There was a School and Conference on Algebraic Ktheory and its applications from May 14 to June 1, 2007. The first two weeks, May 1425, were devoted to the School while the Conference took place May 28  June 1. This volume contains the expository lectures given at the School. The School and Conference was a followup to the earlier ones in 1997 and 2002. The Proceedings of the 1997 School and Conference was published by World Scientific in 1999. The 2002 School and Conference was dedicated to Hyman Bass on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. The Proceedings of the School appeared in the ICTP Lecture Notes Series, while the Proceedings of the Conference appeared in a special issue of the journal “KTheory” in 2003. These schools and conferences have emphasized the multidisciplinary nature of algebraic Ktheory. Indeed, Ktheory has become part of the fabric of Algebra, Algebraic Geometry, Analysis, Number Theory, and Topology. Ktheory has brought new techniques and structures to these subjects, enabling fundamental contributions. The lectures presented here were given in order to introduce some of the fundamental aspects of Algebraic Ktheory and to present important current connections with topics such as the BlochKato Conjecture, motivic cohomology and quadratic forms. The six topics of the lecture series are as follows: (1) Introduction to Ktheory; (2) Linear algebraic groups and Ktheory; (3) Ktheory and quadratic forms; (4) Motives; (5) Proof of the BlochKato conjecture and (6) Ktheory and noncommutative algebraic geometry. (ISBN 9295003381)

Vol.22: Nuclear Physics and Data for Material Analysis (PDF)
The Workshop on "Nuclear Reaction Data for Science and Technology: Materials Analysis" was held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in May 1930, 2003. It was intended to present an extensive, and uptodate, overview of the applications of nuclear data to materials analysis and validation. Dedicated lectures were given on promptcharged particle analysis, particleinduced Xray spectrometry, nuclear reaction analysis, prompt gamma and neutron activation analyses, ion beams analysis. The physics underlying such analyses, and the determinations of the needed reliable nuclear data, were discussed thoroughly. The Workshop included also basic lectures on material analysis, nuclear models, particlematter interactions, and presentations of the nuclear data libraries were given. A substantial amount of time was devoted to practical exercises on simulation and nuclear data retrieval. We here include lecture notes on: the physics of charged particle interactions with nuclei; differential cross sections of protons and helions on light nuclei; nuclear reaction analysis; Rutherford backscattering spectrometry; the IAEA Nuclear Data Services. (ISBN 929500339X)

Vol.21: School on Automorphic Forms on GL(n) (PDF)
The School on Automorphic Forms on GL(n) took place at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste from 31 July to 18 August 2000, under the direction of G. Harder (Universität Bonn) and M.S. Raghunathan (Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai). The local organizer was Lothar Göttsche (ICTP). The central topics of the school were the theory of automorphic forms on GL(n) and the local theory of representations on GL(n) over padic fields. The programme included an introduction to automorphic forms, recent results on Lfunctions on GL(n), an introduction to the Langlands programme, an introduction to the theory of local representations and an outline of the proof of the local Langlands conjecture for GL(n) over local fields. (ISBN 9295003373)

Vol.20: Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety (PDF)
This volume contains a partial collection of lectures delivered at the workshop on "Nuclear Reaction Data and Nuclear Reactors: Physics, Design and Safety", held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in FebruaryMarch 2002. The aim of the Workshop was to present extensive, and uptodate information on the whole scientific field underlying nuclear reactor calculations, from the theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear data production and validation down to the applications to nuclear reactor physics, design and safety. In particular, the collection of lecture notes included in this volume presents techniques for modelling microscopic calculations of light nuclei reactions, the use of a database of parameters for calculations of nuclear reactions and the nuclear data requirements for the calculation of the decay heat in nuclear reactors. As far as the nuclear reactors themselves are concerned, the elds of advanced nuclear technology developments for power production, of nonelectric applications of nuclear energy and of the safety procedures for decommissioning old nuclear power plants are covered. We hope that, although limited to these few topics, the volume will nevertheless represent a useful reference for researchers interested in the field of nuclear data and nuclear reactors. For the benefit of potential readers who could not participate in the Workshop, these lecture notes are also available online at: http://www.ictp.it/pub_off/lectures/ for free access and consultation. (ISBN 9295003306)

Vol.19: Intersection Theory and Moduli (PDF)
The School on Intersection Theory and Moduli took place at ICTP, Trieste, 927 September 2002. It was organized by E. Arbarello (Università di Roma, "La Sapienza", Italy), G. Ellingsrud (University of Oslo, Norway) and L. Göttsche (ICTP, Italy). The main subjects of the school were, algebraic stacks, their cohomology and intersection theory, orbifolds, moduli spaces of curves and GromovWitten invariants, hyperkähler manifolds and symplectic moduli spaces, motivic integration and vertex algebras. (ISBN 9295003284)