Varying intestinal absorption curves of glucose and fat with different plasma insulin curves in different positions PaperPlayer biorxiv physiology

    • Science de la vie

Link to bioRxiv paper:
http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.10.243063v1?rss=1

Authors: Yang, J., Wang, L., Song, L., Li, G., Jin, X., Tian, S.

Abstract:
It has been shown that posture could affect the rehabilitation of some diseases, and even affect the physiological metabolism and function of certain systems of the human body, including gastrointestinal absorption of glucose. Studies attributed the different gastrointestinal absorption rate in different positions to the varying rate of gastric emptying in different positions. However, it is still unknown whether the absorption rate of nutrients from the intestine varies in different positions. To verify this hypothesis, the present study was conducted using rats as subjects. After injection of glucose or chyme of safflower oil into the upper segment of jejunum of rats, curves of plasma glucose or triglyceride were drawed to evaluate and compare the potential influences on intestinal absorption by postures. We found varying intestinal absorption curves of glucose and fat with different plasma insulin curves in different positions. To be specific, the right lateral decubitus resulted in the most sharp curves, whereas the supine position the most obtuse curves with a delayed peak, both in case of glucose and fat absorption. These findings contribute to understand the position-related absorption kinetics of substances in the intestinal tract. According to this study, posture may be important for the prevention and nursing intervention of some diseases related to metabolic kinetics of glucose and lipids. It may also be important for the absorption and transport of lipophilic drugs through the mesentery lymphatic vessels.

Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info

Link to bioRxiv paper:
http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.10.243063v1?rss=1

Authors: Yang, J., Wang, L., Song, L., Li, G., Jin, X., Tian, S.

Abstract:
It has been shown that posture could affect the rehabilitation of some diseases, and even affect the physiological metabolism and function of certain systems of the human body, including gastrointestinal absorption of glucose. Studies attributed the different gastrointestinal absorption rate in different positions to the varying rate of gastric emptying in different positions. However, it is still unknown whether the absorption rate of nutrients from the intestine varies in different positions. To verify this hypothesis, the present study was conducted using rats as subjects. After injection of glucose or chyme of safflower oil into the upper segment of jejunum of rats, curves of plasma glucose or triglyceride were drawed to evaluate and compare the potential influences on intestinal absorption by postures. We found varying intestinal absorption curves of glucose and fat with different plasma insulin curves in different positions. To be specific, the right lateral decubitus resulted in the most sharp curves, whereas the supine position the most obtuse curves with a delayed peak, both in case of glucose and fat absorption. These findings contribute to understand the position-related absorption kinetics of substances in the intestinal tract. According to this study, posture may be important for the prevention and nursing intervention of some diseases related to metabolic kinetics of glucose and lipids. It may also be important for the absorption and transport of lipophilic drugs through the mesentery lymphatic vessels.

Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info