In 1938 Britain and the USA call an international conference to rescue Jewish refugees from Hitler. The world refuses to open its doors, a humanitarian disaster that clears the way for Hitler’s Final Solution. But astonishingly, Zionists attending the conference see this as an achievement. How could that be?
Episode 8 of KEYS: A Troubled Inheritance released on 25 October 2023, and now available on all platforms.
In this epic journey, Mike sets out to uncover his Holocaust inheritance, but is led relentlessly to discovering his Nakba inheritance. It turns out that the two different catastrophes are more connected than he thought possible. In 2023, can both stories be heard and understood?
With unique personal testimony, recordings, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is devised, dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.
When the place names in Keys get confusing, these notes will help.
Mike’s grandparents came from Galicia, a part of eastern Europe on no modern map. Today some of Galicia is southeast Poland, another part is western Ukraine. Galicia no longer exists.
In the last century, many of Galicia’s Jews, Ukrainians and Poles also ceased to exist, violently, as their province was repeatedly ruptured by the front lines of two World Wars, genocide and ethnic cleansing.
Before 1918, Galicia was the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s most eastern province. Its capital was Lemberg (German) = Lwów (Polish) = Lviv (Ukrainian).
Three names, but one city.
Further south, Mike’s grandfather grew up in Stanislau (German); left Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1918 for a better life in Germany; deported back to Stanisławów (Polish) in 1938, which became Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1939; killed in Stanislau (German) in 1941.
Before Mike first visited that city in 1999, the Soviet Union renamed it Ivano-Frankovsk (Russian). Today the place where he found his grandfather’s surviving colleagues and allies is called Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian).
Five names, but one city.
Fatima Abu Salem grew up in the thriving Palestinian village of Burayr, at crossroads leading to Gaza, Hebron and Beersheba. Today a few ruins of Burayr are surrounded by the fields of Kibbutz Bro’r Hayyil.
Two names, but one place.
Place names matter. How we name places reveals our own histories, identities and yearnings.
CREDITS for this episode
Testimony and commentary by Mike Joseph, Asha Phillips
Interpreters and Translators
Sami Abu Salem
Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink
Mike Joseph Producer
Zac Ware Sound Editor
Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor
SPEAKERS AND CAST in programme order
James Stewart as Joseph Goebbels and voice of Der Stürmer
George May as Israel Gold
Lilli Gold interviewed by USC Shoah Foundation, © 1998 USC Shoah Foundation. From the archive of USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education http://sfi.usc.edu/
Andrea Brondino as Monsignor Giuseppe di Meglio
Richard Tebboth as David Ben Gurion
Rosa Gold interviewed by Mike Joseph
Alice Gold as young Lilli Gold
Mick Napier as Henryk Ehrlich
Peter Kirsten as Leipzig policeman