Mental state reasoning is critical for moral cognition, allowing us to distinguish, for
example, murder from manslaughter. I will present neural evidence for distinct cognitive
components of mental state reasoning for moral judgment, and investigate differences in mental
state reasoning for distinct moral domains, i.e. harm versus purity, for self versus other, and for
groups versus individuals. I will discuss these findings in the context of the broader question of why
the mind matters for morality.