16 集

In-depth breakdowns of some of the worlds most thought-provoking and inspiring books.
Our hosts, Nicolas Vereecke and Sam Harris digest non-fiction books from all centuries and genres.
This podcast is here to help listeners become smarter. To learn about ideas they haven't heard of or to gain more perspectives on the books and ideas they are familiar with.
We dive into topics such as philosophy, business, feminism, psychology, politics, economics and who knows what else. Our goal is to simply explore the best ideas and learn new things. You're most welcome to join us for the ride.

Wiser Than Yesterday Sam Harris & Nicolas Vereecke

    • 書籍

In-depth breakdowns of some of the worlds most thought-provoking and inspiring books.
Our hosts, Nicolas Vereecke and Sam Harris digest non-fiction books from all centuries and genres.
This podcast is here to help listeners become smarter. To learn about ideas they haven't heard of or to gain more perspectives on the books and ideas they are familiar with.
We dive into topics such as philosophy, business, feminism, psychology, politics, economics and who knows what else. Our goal is to simply explore the best ideas and learn new things. You're most welcome to join us for the ride.

    How to be an antiracist - Ibram X. Kendi

    How to be an antiracist - Ibram X. Kendi

    How to Be an Antiracist is a 2019 non-fiction book by American author and historian Ibram X. Kendi. The book discusses concepts of racism and Kendi's proposals for anti-racist individual actions and systemic changes.


    Author

    At the time of authorship, Ibram X. Kendi was an assistant professor of African-American History at the University of Florida. He previously worked at the American University, where he founded the Antiracist Research and Policy Center. He wrote a 2016 book titled Stamped from the Beginning, about the origins of racism in America.


    Synopsis

    Kendi describes concepts of racism such as scientific racism, colorism and their intersection with demographics including gender, class and sexuality. He summarizes historical eras such as the scientific proposals of polygenism in Europe in the 1600s and racial segregation in the United States. The book also covers contemporary history such as the O. J. Simpson robbery case and 2000 United States presidential election. He also details experiences from his own life, including his change in beliefs over time, and observations from classes he has taught. Kendi comments on internalized racism and disputes the prejudice plus power model of racism. He suggests models for anti-racist individual actions and systemic changes

    • 37 分鐘
    White fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism - Robin DiAngelo

    White fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism - Robin DiAngelo

    White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism is a 2018 book written by Robin DiAngelo about race relations in the United States. An academic with experience in diversity training, DiAngelo coined the term "white fragility" in 2011 to describe any defensive instincts or reactions that a white person experiences when questioned about race or made to consider their own race. In White Fragility, DiAngelo views racism in the United States as systemic and often perpetuated unconsciously by individuals. She recommends against viewing racism as committed intentionally by "bad people".


    Published on June 26, 2018, the book entered the New York Times Bestseller List that month, remaining on the list for well over a year and experiencing a resurgence in demand during the George Floyd protests beginning in May 2020. As of the July 26, 2020 edition, the book is in its 97th week on the list in the Paperback Nonfiction category, where it is ranked number one. Critically, the book received generally positive reviews following its publication. It received more mixed reviews in the aftermath of the George Floyd protests two years later. Some reviewers lauded the book for being thoughtful and instructive, but characterized it as diagnostic rather than solution-oriented. Other reviewers criticized the book for making false claims about race and racism in America, for putting whites in a situation where anything they say is used against them, for infantilizing Black people, and for doing nothing to promote racial justice.

    • 44 分鐘
    Why I'm no longer talking to white people about race - Rene Eddo-Lodge

    Why I'm no longer talking to white people about race - Rene Eddo-Lodge

    The moment you've all been waiting for.


    Two white guys read the most talked about book on race and attempt to understand our amazing foolishness in a humble manner. Yes we probably mess things up. But it's better to try, make mistakes, learn, and improve, than to just runaway from our own fragilities.


    About


    'Every voice raised against racism chips away at its power. We can't afford to stay silent. This book is an attempt to speak'



    The book that sparked a national conversation. Exploring everything from eradicated black history to the inextricable link between class and race, Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race is the essential handbook for anyone who wants to understand race relations in Britain today.


    It won the 2018 British Book Awards Non-Fiction Narrative Book of the Year, the 2018 Jhalak Prize, was chosen as Foyles Non-Fiction Book of the Year and Blackwell's Non-Fiction Book of the Year, was longlisted for the Baillie Gifford Prize and the Orwell Prize and shortlisted for the Books Are My Bag Readers Award for Non-Fiction.


    Her original blog that sparked the book is a great read
    http://renieddolodge.co.uk/why-im-no-longer-talking-to-white-people-about-race/


    Equality series

    This is the first in our series about equality and racial injustice. We are learning what is wrong in the world. How every human plays their part. What can be done about it at a societal and individual level.


    We invite you to join the journey and learn about the world and making it a fairer place.

    • 37 分鐘
    Hope in the Dark - Rebecca Solnit

    Hope in the Dark - Rebecca Solnit

    Hope in the Dark was written to counter the despair of radicals at a moment when they were focused on their losses and had turned their back to the victories behind them--and the unimaginable changes soon to come. In it, she makes a radical case for hope as a commitment to act in a world whose future remains uncertain and unknowable.


    Drawing on her decades of activism and a wide reading of environmental, cultural, and political history, Solnit argued that radicals have a long, neglected history of transformative victories, that the positive consequences of our acts are not always immediately seen, directly knowable, or even measurable, and that pessimism and despair rest on an unwarranted confidence about what is going to happen next.


    Writer, historian, and activist Rebecca Solnit is the author of eighteen or so books on feminism, western and indigenous history, popular power, social change and insurrection, wandering and walking, hope and disaster, including the book 'Men Explain Things to Me'


    Acclaim


    "One of the Best Books of the 21st Century." --The Guardian
    "No writer has better understood the mix of fear and possibility, peril and exuberance that's marked this new millennium." --Bill McKibben
    "An elegant reminder that activist victories are easily forgotten, and that they often come in extremely unexpected, roundabout ways." --The New Yorker



    Our review

    Despite amazing acclaim and learning a lot from the book. We feel that it isn't her best work and probably could have been a blog post. We did really enjoy the discussion we had about it and bring some great take homes to the episode.

    • 36 分鐘
    12. Nassim Nicholas Taleb - Skin in the game

    12. Nassim Nicholas Taleb - Skin in the game

    Skin in the Game: Hidden Asymmetries in Daily Life, is a 2018 nonfiction book by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a former options trader with a background in the mathematics of probability and statistics.


    Taleb's thesis is that skin in the game -- i.e., having a measurable risk when taking a major decision -- is necessary for fairness, commercial efficiency, and risk management, as well as being necessary to understand the world. The book is the last part of Taleb's multi-volume philosophical essay on uncertainty, titled the Incerto.


    Summary

    Another classic book from Taleb. He makes a sound argument for alignment of inscentives and why many problems in the world come from people not having skin in the game.


    Key Idea

    If an actor pockets some rewards from a policy they enact or support without accepting any of the risks, economists consider it to be a problem of "missing incentives". In contrast, to Taleb, the problem is more fundamentally one of asymmetry: one actor gets the rewards, the other is stuck with the risks.[1]


    Taleb argues that "For social justice, focus on symmetry and risk sharing. You cannot make profits and transfer the risks to others, as bankers and large corporations do... Forcing skin in the game corrects this asymmetry better than thousands of laws and regulations."


    The centrality of negative incentives
    Actors - per Taleb - must bear a cost when they fail the public. A fund manager that gets a percentage on wins, but no penalty for losing is incentivized to gamble with his clients funds. Bearing no downside for one's actions means that one has no "Skin In The Game", which is the source of many evils.


    An evolutionary process is an additional argument for SITG. Those who err and have SITG will not survive, hence evolutionary processes will eliminate (physically or figuratively by going bankrupt etc) those tending to do stupid things. Without SITG, this process cannot work.


    Examples
    Robert Rubin, a highly-paid director and senior advisor at Citigroup, paid no financial penalty when Citigroup had to be rescued by U.S. taxpayers due to overreach. Taleb calls this sort of a trade, with upside gain but no or limited downside risk, a "Bob Rubin trade."


    Intellectual Yet Idiot

    Intellectual Yet Idiot (IYI) is a term coined by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his essay by the same name that refers to the semi-intelligent well-pedigreed "who are telling us 1) what to do, 2) what to eat, 3) how to speak, 4) how to think… and 5) who to vote for".


    They represent a very small minority of people but have an overwhelming impact on the vast majority because they affect government policy. IYI are often policy makers, academics, journalists, and media pundits.


    Some favourite quotes


    The knowledge we get by tinkering, via trial and error, experience, and the workings of time, in other words, contact with the earth, is vastly superior to that obtained through reasoning, something self-serving institutions have been very busy hiding from us.
    Bureaucracy is a construction by which a person is conveniently separated from the consequences of his or her actions.
    Avoid taking advice from someone who gives advice for a living, unless there is a penalty for their advice.
    Seeing the psychologist Steven Pinker making pronouncements about things intellectual has a similar effect to encountering a drive-in Burger King while hiking in the middle of a national park.
    Evidence of submission is displayed by the employee’s going through years depriving himself of his personal freedom for nine hours every day, his ritualistic and punctual arrival at an office, his denying himself his own schedule, and his not having beaten up anyone on the way back home after a bad day. He is an obedient, housebroken dog.
    What we saw worldwide from 2014 to 2018, from India to the U.K. to the U.S., was a rebellion against the inner circle of no-skin-in-the

    • 36 分鐘
    11. Nassim Nicholas Taleb - Antifragile

    11. Nassim Nicholas Taleb - Antifragile

    Nassim Nicholas Taleb present a blueprint of how to live in a 'Black Swan' world.


    He begins the book:



    "Some things benefit from shocks; they thrive and grow when exposed to volatility, randomness, disorder, and stressors and love adventure, risk, and uncertainty. Yet, in spite of the ubiquity of the phenomenon, there is no word for the exact opposite of fragile. Let us call it antifragile. Antifragility is beyond resilience or robustness. The resilient resists shocks and stays the same; the antifragile gets better"



    He spends the rest of the book explaining how to become antifragile. It is a great resource for anyone wanting to have greater control on a random world and to grow stronger as things go wrong.


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    • 57 分鐘

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