Exploring techniques and principles in language teaching.
English in Puerto Rico
This episode addresses some issues about the controversial topic of English teaching in Puerto Rico. Understanding language policies established in Puerto Rico since the island became a U.S. colony (1898) helps us figure out why after more than a century of U.S. occupation, the majority of Puerto Ricans do not consider themselves bilingual.
Tollefson, J.W. (Introduction). (2002). Language policies in education: Critical issues. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Torres González, R. (2002). Idioma, bilingüismo y nacionalidad: La presencia del inglés en Puerto Rico Rio Piedras, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.
Trías-Monge, J. (1997). Puerto Rico: The trials of the oldest colony in the world. New Haven: Yale University.
Algrén de Gutiérrez, E. (1987). The movement against teaching English in schools of Puerto Rico. New York: University Press of America.
Statistics on Puerto Rican Literacy in 1890-1900
How Social Interaction Impacts Literacy
As teachers, we must think about literacy and its consequences – beyond both “neoliberal claims about literacy as a pathway to individual growth, self-esteem and so forth and past neomarxian claims about literacy as a pathway to social emancipation and revolutionary action” (Carrington and Luke, 1997, p.100). In this podcast, I talk about Bourdieu's sociological theory and how it reframes literacy.
Carrington, V., & Luke, A. (1997). Literacy and Bourdieu's sociological theory: A reframing. Language and education, 11(2), 96-112.
In this week's episode, I explore how language planning can invisibilize or empower minority language communities. Language planning encompasses policies that attempt to bring about changes in the structure and functions of languages and/or language varieties. I mention several cases where the language is seen as a problem, right, or resource, and how public policy is enacted based on those orientations. Tune in next week where I explore how the controversial political status of Puerto Rico has played a starring role in the history of the teaching English on the island.
This week's references:
Doğançay-Aktuna, S. (1997) Language Planning. In: Hornberger N.H., Corson D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Language and Education. Encyclopedia of Language and Education, vol 8. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4535-0_2
Pennycook, A. (2016). Politics, power relationships and ELT. The Routledge handbook of English language teaching, 26-37.
Ruiz, R. (1984). Orientations in language planning. NABE journal, 8(2), 15-34.
Key Concepts in Second Language Acquisition
In this podcast, we will seek to understand key concepts in second language acquisition theory and make connections to our teaching practices. We will also develop an understanding of why there is not a one-size-fits-all model for acquiring a second language.
Please let me know if you want me to explore a specific topic related to language teaching or if you want me to interview someone. Click here to let me know!
References for the preparation of this podcasts:
Crawford, J. (2004) Basic research in language acquisition (chapter 8, pp 182-212). Educating English learners. 5th Edition. Los Angeles: Bilingual Educational Services, Inc.
Edelsky, C. (1990) With literacy and justice for all: Rethinking the social in language and education. London: The Falmer Press.
Edelsky, C, Hudelson, S., Altwerger, B., Flores, B., Barkin, F., Jilbert, K. (1983) Semilingualism and language deficit. Applied Linguistics, 4(1), 1-22.
Lightbrown, P. M. (1984). The relationship between theory and method in second language acquisition research. Interlanguage, 241-252.
Martin-Jones, M., and Romaine, S. (1986) Semilingualism: A half-baked theory of communicative competence. Applied Linguistics, 7:1, 26-38.
Mason, B. (2002). Sufficiency of extensive reading on the development of grammatical accuracy. Ph.D. Dissertation, Temple University, Osaka, Japan.
McLaughlin, B. (1987). Theories of second-language learning. London: Edward Arnold.
In our first episode, we talk about what this new podcast will explore and what future episodes will look like.