18 episodi

This podcast provides interactive grammar exercises for the intermediate to advanced Spanish student. The transcripts appear conveniently on your iPhone, iPod or iPad. Check out our website at www.docmolly.com.

Spanish Grammar Review Molly Martin, MD

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This podcast provides interactive grammar exercises for the intermediate to advanced Spanish student. The transcripts appear conveniently on your iPhone, iPod or iPad. Check out our website at www.docmolly.com.

    If-Then Statements in Spanish

    If-Then Statements in Spanish

    Grammar From the Medical Spanish PodcastIt's been a while since I published the last lesson in the Spanish Grammar Review podcast. However, that’s not because I haven’t been podcasting about Spanish grammar. I just decided to dedicate the time I have outside of the hospital to my Medical Spanish Podcast and in the Medical Spanish Podcast, we cover a ton of advanced grammar within the context of clinical dialogues. Today’s podcast is an excerpt from our latest Medical Spanish podcast on the Covid vaccines. In this excerpt, we practice making a hypothetical if-then statement using the imperfect subjunctive and the conditional. For this Spanish Grammar Review podcast, I have added a couple of examples where we then practice how to make and if-then statement that is not hypothetical, but reflects a real possibility.

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    Grammar From the Medical Spanish PodcastMaking If-Then StatementsVocabularyHypothetical If-Then Statement Hypothetical vs Possible and AUNQUEPractice ReviewHypothetical Possible Related LessonsQuiz

    Making If-Then StatementsVocabulary1:24la vacunavaccineel núcleonucleusel ADNDNAHypothetical If-Then Statement 1:54Además, la vacuna nunca entra en el núcleo donde se encuentra el ADN y aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN.aun sieven ifY aun si entrara en el núcleo, no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN. And even if it did enter the nucleus, it would have no way to change your DNA.* This is a CONDITIONAL (IF-THEN) STATEMENT, where we use the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE to present the HYPOTHETICAL condition (“y aun si entrara en el núcleo”) and we use the CONDITIONAL to present the result of that condition (“no tendría manera de cambiar su ADN”).Hypothetical vs Possible and AUNQUE3:29* When making a conditional statement using AUN SI it acts just like SI, where we can use either the IMPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE (hypothetical possibility) or the INDICATIVE (likely possibility). It canNOT be followed by the PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE.* Practice conditional statements in Spanish. Quiz #5 – The Subjunctive in Conditional Statements and More (Free lesson). Spanish Grammar members see: Subj15 Conditional Statements and Subj16 Conditional Statements*  You may recall that you can use AUNQUE + PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE to say, “even if.”* Discussion of AUN SI and AUNQUE in Word Reference* In this premium lesson we explain AUNQUE + SUBJUNTIVO = “even if”: Quiz # 4 – The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses (Free lesson). Spanish Grammar members see: Subj14 How...

    • 8 min
    Adjectives Before Nouns in Spanish

    Adjectives Before Nouns in Spanish

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    Inherent CharacteristicSubjective, OpinionFollowing the exclamation “QUÉ”Quantity

    Hola! Me alegra mucho estar de vuelta. I am very happy to be back podcasting about Spanish grammar! My last grammar podcasts were in June, when we covered Spanish verbs with prepositions. In this lesson, we are going to learn why the adjective sometimes goes before the noun in Spanish.Where have I been all summer?I also host the Medical Spanish Podcast and with the help of my Spanish teacher from the San Pedro Spanish School, Elizabeth Cortez and my friend and interpreter, Sonja Um-Siri, I have been busy making audio lessons that cover Spanish for prenatal care. We cover a lot of grammar in the medical Spanish lessons and they are made to help us communicate with our patients. Therefore, even non-medical providers understand them and find them useful for learning conversational Spanish.What motivated me to start podcasting about Spanish grammar again?I just took part in an incredible course called Deliberate Spanish offered by a guy named Nacho from Spain. He also has a  fantastic YouTube channel: NachoTime Spanish.  As the name implies, the Deliberate Spanish course taught me to be more deliberate when I practice Spanish. For example, instead of just watching Casa de Flores, I often make it into a study session. When I hear a new word or phrase, I write it down to study later.  Then I organize what I learn into mi cuaderno de dudas, and mi cuaderno de dudas has now become the inspiration for the Spanish Grammar Podcast!Why does the adjective sometimes go before the noun?2:25Now let’s talk about adjectives and the where and why of adjective placement. When you are first learning Spanish, you learn that the you must place the adjective after the noun. However, as you advance in your Spanish-speaking ability, you start to notice that the adjective often goes before the noun.  You may even find yourself instinctively placing an adjective before a noun, but when you stop to wonder why, you can’t say. Well, in this lesson, we are going to learn why the adjective sometimes goes before the noun through interactive examples. I hope you find it helpful. Onward!Inherent Characteristic3:03Usually adjectives follow the nouns they describe, but when an adjective describes an inherent or assumed quality it is usually placed before the noun.The city is covered in WHITE snow.La ciudad está cubierta de BLANCA nieve.OJO: Note the use of the preposition DE in this phrase: “cubierta de nieve.”I want to see the TALL building of New York.Quiero ver los ALTOS edificios de Nueva York.Be careful in the STRONG mountain winds.Ten cuidado con el FUERTE viento de las montañas.OJO: Note the use of the preposition CON in this phrase: “ten cuidado con….”We must take advantage of this PRECIOUS life.Hay que aprovechar esta PRECIOSA vida.OJO: Note the absence a preposition after APROVECHAR: “aprovechar esta vida”In all the above examples, the adjective adds unnecessary information. O sea… If you omit the adjective,

    • 10 min
    Spanish Verbs with Prepositions

    Spanish Verbs with Prepositions

    Welcome to another lesson covering Spanish Verbs. In this Spanish grammar audio lesson, we practice using common Spanish verbs with prepositions. As with all my audio lessons, I invite you to speak Spanish with me.  This lesson will focus on verbs with prepositions, followed by the infinitive of another verb.  For example,

    Verbo + Preposición + Infinitivo

    Trato + de + hablar.

    Table of Contents

    * 1:24 Verbo + A

    * 3:40 Verbo + CON

    * 4:59 Verbo + DE

    * 6:35 Verbo + EN

    In this free audio lesson, we practice many of the verbs below. In the premium lesson: VB04 Spanish Verbs with Prepositions, we practice all the verbs below and the full transcript is included in the show notes. 

    Verbo + A



    ENSEÑAR A, APRENDER A (To teach / learn)












    Verbo + CON






    Verbo + DE






    DEJAR DE, PARAR DE (To stop doing something)

    ENCARGARSE DE, OCUPARSE DE (To take charge of something)


    OJO: TRATAR DE is also used to say “to be about.”

    Learn the difference between TRATAR DE y TRATARSE DE and why it is probably wrong to say, “El libro se trata de su vida,” at least according to strict grammarians. 😉

    Verbo + EN



    CONSENTIR EN, CONVENIR EN, QUEDAR EN (To agree to do something)





    Rellenemos los Huecos

    This audio quiz is part of the premium lesson: VB04 Spanish Verbs with Prepositions. I read a short story about our cat Schnookies.  As I read, I leave pauses for you to fill in the blanks with the correct preposition. 

    Nuestro gato siempre insiste __ salir. Se niega __ quedarse en casa más de cuatro horas por vez. Y si tardamos __ llegar a la puerta para dejarlo salir, se pone __ llorar. ¿Y por qué se empeña __ salir? Porque sueña __ cazar conejitos y pajaritos. Justo después de salir por la puerta se echa __ correr al bosque para cazar. Mi marido, a quien le encantan los pajaritos, se cansa __ ver a nuestro gato cazándolos. Por eso, se esfuerza __ enseñar a nuestro Schnookies __ no cazar los pajaritos. Cuando ve a Schnookies persiguiendo a un pajarito, comienza __ gritar, “¡No! ¡No!” Y amenaza  __ mojarlo con un balde de agua. ¿Qué opinas? ¿Schnookies va a dejar __ cazar pajaritos? ¡Lo dudo mucho!; Schnookies es muy listo pero es un gato, No puedes entrenar a un gato.

    ¡Gradias por Escuchar!

    If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave a comment below.

    • 7 min
    How People Are Named in Guatemala (from Medical Spanish Podcast)

    How People Are Named in Guatemala (from Medical Spanish Podcast)

    This episode is a rerun from my Medical Spanish Podcast. If you have already heard it there, I do have more to come for the Spanish Grammar Podcast. I will be back within the week to cover common verbs followed by prepositions.

    Ever wonder why people from Spanish-speaking countries have long names? Today’s episode is an off-the-cuff interview with my teacher at the San Pedro Spanish School, Jesus Elizabeth Cortez Cox. She tells us how people are named in Guatemala. I hope you enjoy!

    Elizabeth and I studying at the San Pedro Spanish School.

    Table of Contents

    * Introducción a la Entrevista 2:21

    * Su nombre completo 2:55

    * ¿De dónde viene cada nombre en tu nombre completo? 3:03

    * El segundo nombre 3:51

    * Los dos apellidos 5:53

    * Machismo tras los nombres 7:33

    * Origen de cada nombre 8:39

    * Conclusión 9:13

    * Upcoming Audio Lessons 9:34




    OK. Tu nombre. Yo quiero escuchar tu nombre completo.


    Bien. Me llamo Jesús Elizabeth Cortez Cox.



    ¿Y nos podrías explicar de dónde viene cada nombre en tu nombre completo?


    Perfecto. Generalmente nosotros siempre pienso que vamos a estar hablando con respecto a las costumbres, a las tradiciones. Aquí específicamente una de las costumbres es que cuando en una familia nace un bebé, sea niño o una niña. Por lo general, lleva el primer nombre tiene que ser el nombre del abuelo de este bebé. En mi caso, por ser niña, mi primer nombre es el nombre de mi abuela, la madre de mí, de mi padre.


    Y el segundo, pues, fue la elección de ellos. Y esto es algo muy común para nosotros. Siempre es eso y ya llevamos muchos años. Y quizás por esa misma razón, en nuestra comunidad, hay muchas personas que llevan el mismo nombre. Tenemos muchas Marías, muchas personas que se llaman Juana, Juan, José, Pedro, porque se van repitiendo. En las familias, por ejemplo en mi familia habemos 5….6 personas con mi primer nombre. Entonces, para hacer la diferencia se nos da el segundo nombre. Tengo primas que se llaman Jesús, Elvira Jesús, Leyda Jesús, Zulmy Jesús…. todas estas llevan Jesús en su nombre.


    Jesus el nombre de tu abuelo…. Oh, de tu abuela?


    Es el nombre de mi abuela. Um hm, de mi abuela. Entonces esto es muy común en estos lugares.


    O también otra de las costumbres y quizás esto es más religioso, porque a veces se le da el nombre al bebé que nace dependiendo del día que nace. Si hay una fiesta… Entonces, por ejemplo, hoy estamos en día 25 de abril es la fiesta de San Marcos. Entonces, si un niño nace en esta fecha o hoy, estas personas le dan el nombre de Marcos, como para recordar el día que el niño… o el día de su santo. Entonces, esas son algunas de las tradiciones, de las costumbres con referencia al nombre.



    ¿Y los dos apellidos de dónde vienen?


    Bien, los dos apellidos. El primer apellido es de mi padre y el segundo apellido es de mi made. Y el segundo apellido se va perdiendo con el tiempo. ¿Cómo? Al momento de que la mujer se casa, se le otorga el apellido del esposo. Entonces, de esta manera se va perdiendo el segundo apellido, y generalmente el de la madre. Pero siempre contamos con dos apellidos.



    Y cuando tú me dijiste tu nombre completo…. ya no, ya no sale el nombre de tu madre.


    • 10 min
    The Spanish Verbs Traer and Llevar

    The Spanish Verbs Traer and Llevar

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    Sample DialogueDirection Implied with Llevar and TraerSituation 1 – Bring Your Books to ClassSituation 2 – I Brought the Dog to the VetSituation 3 – Bring Me the ReportThe Reflexive Verb LLEVARSEConjugate the Irregular Verb TRAERWant to learn more?Member?Leave a comment!





    Kate TownsendIn this audio lesson, we practice when to use the Spanish verbs TRAER and LLEVAR.  TRAER is used to say “to bring” and LLEVAR is used to say “to bring” or “to take.” Unlike their English counterparts, the Spanish verbs TRAER and LLEVAR imply a certain direction of movement. This can be a bit confusing for non-native Spanish speakers. Pero no pasa nada. After listening to this audio Spanish lesson packed with examples, you’ll know exactly when to use TRAER and when to use LLEVAR.But wait! There’s more! After we pin down when to use TRAER vs LLEVAR, we’ll focus on the reflexive verb LLEVARSE and then practice conjugating the irregular verb TRAER in the present and preterite tenses.Sample Dialogue0:55 Skip to the Sample DialogueMolly (M) está en la sala de estar y Aaron (A) está en la cocina.M: ¿Me traes una cerveza?A: Cómo no. Te la llevo.(Aaron va a la sala de estar y ahora está con Molly en la sala de estar.)A: Aquí tiene. ¿Te traigo algo más?M: Gracias mi amor. ¿Me traes un sandwich?(Aaron regresa a la cocina.)A: Te lo llevo enseguida.Direction Implied with Llevar and Traer2:27 Skip to ExplanationLLEVARLlevar is used when you are taking something from your current location to another location. Llevar often translates as “to take” in English.If I’m in the cocina and my husband is in the sala de estar, how would I say, “I’ll bring it to you”?Te lo llevo.TRAERTraer is used when you are bringing something to your current location. Traer usually translates as “to bring” in English.If I’m in the living room with my husband, how would I say, “I’ll bring it to your”?Te lo traigo.Situation 1 – Bring Your Books to Class3:48 Skip to Situation 1(En clase)Profesora: Por favor, traigan sus libros a clase mañana.(En casa)Estudiante: Llevo mi libro a clase hoy.Situation 2 – I Brought the Dog to the Vet4:28 Skip to Situation 2A husband is talking to his wife. They are both at home.Llevé al perro al veterinario ayer.Y cuando llegué, vi que nuestro vecino había traído a su perro también.Situation 3 – Bring Me the Report5:10 Skip to Situation 3(En la oficina) Two colleagues are at work. Colleague A goes up to the desk of colleague B and asks….A: ¿Tienes el informe que te traje ayer?B: No. Lo llevé a casa.A: ¿Me lo traes mañana?(Colega B en casa) Colleague B says to her husband…B: Tengo que llevar este informe al trabajo mañana.6:19 OJO: When you could use “take” instead of “bring,” use LLEVAR.The Reflexive Verb LLEVARSE6:40 Skip to LLEVARSELLEVARSE – to take away, to take with you.When you notice your purse (cartera) is missing….Alguien se la llevó.

    • 11 min
    Giving Directions in Spanish Within a Hospital

    Giving Directions in Spanish Within a Hospital

    This free Spanish audio lesson introduces the "Giving Directions in Spanish" series at docmolly.com. As requested by Bien, a listener, we are going to practice giving directions in Spanish within a hospital.First, we will review the vocabulary. Then, we will put this vocabulary to use to give directions in Spanish. Normally we are speaking with strangers when we ask for and give directions. Therefore, we will use the usted conjugation for all the verbs.

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    VocabularyAsking for and Giving DirectionsWant to learn more?

    VocabularyPerdoneExcuse me.La cafeteriaCafeteriaEl sótanoBasementBaje al sótano.Go down to the basement.El pasillo, el corredorHall(way)Siga el pasillo.Follow the hall.A la derecha / izquierdaTo the right / leftEl ascensorElevatorAl salir del ascensorAs you leave the elevatorDoble/gire a la derecha/izquierdaTurn right/leftA mano derecha/izquierdaOn the right-hand/left-hand sideAsking for and Giving DirectionsPerdone, ¿Dónde está la cafetería?Excuse me. Where is the cafeteria?Está en el sótano.It’s in the basement.¿Cómo se va / se llega allí?How do you get there?Siga (por) este pasillo y usted verá el ascensor a la derecha.Follow this hallway and you’ll see the elevator to your right.Baje al sótano.Go down basement.Al salir del ascensor, doble/gire a la izquierda.As you exit the elevator, turn left.Verá la cafeteria a mano derecha.You will see the cafeteria on the right-hand side.Want to learn more?Become a premium member and access all the Spanish Grammar and Medical Spanish lessons at docmolly.com.Already a Member? Access the Premium Series: Directions in SpanishUpdate to Audio on 7/22/2018Listened to this episode again while driving in the car and decided to make the following changes:~ 1 min – Since I start the sentence with hopefully, I decided to conjugate poder in the subjunctive, rather than the future tense: “Hopefully, the next time someone asks you, ‘Dónde está el vestíbulo,’ where’s the lobby, puedas responder con fluidez.~ 2:40 min – I added the audio flashcard: “as you leave the elevator” >> “al salir del ascensor.” This was missing from the original episode.BTW, if you ever notice that I goof, just leave a comment or send me an email at molly@docmolly.com. ¡Gracias!Hasta la próxima.© 2018 Molly Martin, MD. All rights reserved

    • 6 min

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