300 episodi

History as told by the people who were there.

Witness History BBC

    • Storia
    • 4.8 • 8 valutazioni

History as told by the people who were there.

    The mothers of Argentina's disappeared

    The mothers of Argentina's disappeared

    In April 1977 a group of women in Argentina held the first ever public demonstration to demand the release of thousands of opponents of the military regime. It was the start of a long campaign by the women, who became known as the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo. In 2017 Mike Lanchin spoke to Mirta Baravalle who has spent decades searching for her missing daughter and son-in-law, and for the grandchild she has never met.

    (Photo: Mirta Baravalle, with the photograph of her daughter, Ana Maria. Credit: BBC)

    • 9 min
    Tank Man

    Tank Man

    A photo of a man confronting a tank in Tiananmen Square in Beijing caught the world's imagination. Carrying two plastic shopping bags, unarmed and alone, he seemed to embody the protest movement crushed by the Chinese authorities in 1989. Stuart Franklin was one of the photographers who captured the image of Tank Man - he has been speaking to David Edmonds for Witness History.

    Photo: Tank Man on Tiananmen Square, June 4th 1989. Credit: Stuart Franklin/Magnum.

    • 8 min
    The Greensboro lunch counter sit-in

    The Greensboro lunch counter sit-in

    Franklin McCain was one of four young black men who took a stand against racial segregation in the USA in 1960. They sat down at a "whites only" lunch counter and asked to be served. When they were asked to leave, they refused, and soon their quiet protest was attracting attention from around the country. In 2011 Franklin McCain spoke to Alan Johnston about that time.

    This programme is a rebroadcast.

    Photo: Franklin McCain in 2010. Credit: Getty Images.

    • 9 min
    The Mau Mau struggle against British rule

    The Mau Mau struggle against British rule

    During the 1950s in Kenya, armed rebels known as the Mau Mau fought against British rule. Thousands were taken captive and interned in camps by the British authorities. In 2011 Gitu wa Kahangeri, a Mau Mau veteran, spoke to Louise Hidalgo about his experiences.

    Photo: Gitu wa Kahangeri speaking to the BBC in 2016. Credit: BBC

    • 9 min
    Resisting 'Europe's last dictator' in Belarus

    Resisting 'Europe's last dictator' in Belarus

    For more than 20 years, people in Belarus have been protesting against the authoritarian rule of President Alexander Lukashenko - who's been dubbed Europe's last dictator. Lukashenko came to power in a landslide election victory in 1994 but he soon changed the constitution to give himself sweeping new powers. He has remained in office ever since, winning elections which observers say are rigged. Opponents of the regime have faced harassment, violence and arrest. Some are believed to have been kidnapped and murdered by the state. Alex Last has been speaking to the exiled dissident and co-founder of the Belarus Free Theatre, Nikolai Khalezin, about the origins of the protest movement in Belarus.

    Photo: A banner compares Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko to Stalin and Hitler, during a protest march in Minsk, Belarus, March 15, 2000 (Getty Images)

    • 12 min
    Why the US rejected universal healthcare

    Why the US rejected universal healthcare

    The USA is the only rich democracy not to provide universal healthcare. After WW2 US President Harry Truman was horrified that only a fifth of all Americans could afford proper healthcare. Most middle class Americans had no private health insurance and many found medical fees unaffordable. He calculated that more than 300,000 people died every year because they couldn't pay for proper treatment. In 1945 he tried to persuade Congress to push through legislation for an insurance programme meaning all workers would pay for their healthcare through a monthly fee or tax. But the American Medical Association - representing doctors - employed a public relations firm to lobby against the move. Claire Bowes has been listening to archive material of Harry Truman and speaking to Jonathan Oberlander a Professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

    Photo: President Harry Truman in 1947 (courtesy of US National Archives)
    Archive material: courtesy of the Harry S Truman Library

    • 12 min

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