11 episodes

The Military History seminar at the Institute of Historical Research

Military History seminar University of London

    • Society & Culture

The Military History seminar at the Institute of Historical Research

    The Declaration of London Revisited: Did the Admiralty Know What It Was Doing?

    The Declaration of London Revisited: Did the Admiralty Know What It Was Doing?

    Institute of Historical Research

    The Declaration of London Revisited: Did the Admiralty Know What It Was Doing?

    Dr Alan Anderson

    Military History seminar series

    • 48 min
    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - seminar

    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - seminar

    Institute of Historical Research

    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - seminar

    Dr Jonathan Krause
    (University of Greenwich)

    The opinion over the humanity or inhumanity of using gas as a viable weapon remains conflicted, with some claiming that it is no worse than the use of guns and mortars. Yet, the image of barbarism and evil attached especially to chemical warfare persists and remains. In the First World War, it was chemical warfare that was seen as most heinous and repulsive more so than heavy artillery and shelling.

    Jonathan Krause begins his paper on the origins of chemical warfare in the French army during the First World War with a historiography that shows a wealth of content created over the century since the war but a wealth of content full of limitations and biases. For the French army the historiographical account argues that the French were generally unwilling to develop asphyxiating gas; that they paid only lip service to offensive systems when it came to chemical warfare. The evidence also suggests that when it came to defences to enemy gas attacks the French command come across as indecisive, short-sighted and unresponsive.

    This is the current image: slow, confused and disinterested. Krause does not believe this to be the fault of historians themselves but more of the sources made available to them. Study of the French response to chemical warfare has been limited through the non-release of various documents. Certainly in 1975 vital documents had not yet been realised. Eleven years later vital documents were either still not available or just not organised enough to be found. Krause now looks at these documents for the first time which show that the French, whilst limited on their response to chemical warfare, did contribute one of the more effective uses for gas – that of being able to use it to neutralise enemy batteries.

    Military History seminar series

    • 46 min
    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - discussion

    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - discussion

    Institute of Historical Research

    The Origins of Chemical Warfare in the French Army - discussion

    Dr Jonathan Krause
    (University of Greenwich)

    The opinion over the humanity or inhumanity of using gas as a viable weapon remains conflicted, with some claiming that it is no worse than the use of guns and mortars. Yet, the image of barbarism and evil attached especially to chemical warfare persists and remains. In the First World War, it was chemical warfare that was seen as most heinous and repulsive more so than heavy artillery and shelling.

    Jonathan Krause begins his paper on the origins of chemical warfare in the French army during the First World War with a historiography that shows a wealth of content created over the century since the war but a wealth of content full of limitations and biases. For the French army the historiographical account argues that the French were generally unwilling to develop asphyxiating gas; that they paid only lip service to offensive systems when it came to chemical warfare. The evidence also suggests that when it came to defences to enemy gas attacks the French command come across as indecisive, short-sighted and unresponsive.

    This is the current image: slow, confused and disinterested. Krause does not believe this to be the fault of historians themselves but more of the sources made available to them. Study of the French response to chemical warfare has been limited through the non-release of various documents. Certainly in 1975 vital documents had not yet been realised. Eleven years later vital documents were either still not available or just not organised enough to be found. Krause now looks at these documents for the first time which show that the French, whilst limited on their response to chemical warfare, did contribute one of the more effective uses for gas – that of being able to use it to neutralise enemy batteries.

    Military History seminar series

    • 34 min
    SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    Institute of Historical Research

    SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    Declan O'Reilly
    (UEA)

    Military History seminar series

    • 55 min
    Discussion: SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    Discussion: SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    Institute of Historical Research

    Discussion
    SOE, the French Resistance and the Battle for the Indre, June-September 1944

    Declan O'Reilly
    (UEA)

    Military History seminar series

    • 42 min
    Navies, Internal Order and State-building in the Nineteenth Century

    Navies, Internal Order and State-building in the Nineteenth Century

    Institute of Historical Research

    Navies, Internal Order and State-building in the Nineteenth Century

    Carlos Alfaro Zaforteza
    (KCL)

    Military History seminar series

    • 43 min

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