eIF2B extends lifespan through inhibition of the integrated stress respons‪e‬ PaperPlayer biorxiv genetics

    • Levenswetenschappen

Link to bioRxiv paper:
http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.244970v1?rss=1

Authors: Derisbourg, M., Wester, L., Baddi, R., Denzel, M. S.

Abstract:
Protein homeostasis is modulated by stress response pathways and its deficiency is a hallmark of aging. The integrated stress response (ISR) is a conserved stress-signaling pathway that tunes mRNA translation via phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2. ISR activation and translation initiation are finely balanced by eIF2 kinases and by the eIF2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor eIF2B. However, the role of the ISR during aging remains unexplored. Using a genomic screen in Caenorhabditis elegans, we discovered a role of eIF2B and the eIF2 kinases in longevity. By limiting the ISR, these mutations enhanced protein homeostasis and increased lifespan. Consistently, full ISR inhibition using phosphorylation-defective eIF2 or pharmacological ISR inhibition prolonged lifespan. Lifespan extension through ISR inhibition occurred without changes in overall protein synthesis, and depended on enhanced translational efficiency of the kinase KIN-35. Evidently, lifespan is limited by the ISR and its inhibition may provide an intervention in aging.

Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info

Link to bioRxiv paper:
http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2020.08.13.244970v1?rss=1

Authors: Derisbourg, M., Wester, L., Baddi, R., Denzel, M. S.

Abstract:
Protein homeostasis is modulated by stress response pathways and its deficiency is a hallmark of aging. The integrated stress response (ISR) is a conserved stress-signaling pathway that tunes mRNA translation via phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2. ISR activation and translation initiation are finely balanced by eIF2 kinases and by the eIF2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor eIF2B. However, the role of the ISR during aging remains unexplored. Using a genomic screen in Caenorhabditis elegans, we discovered a role of eIF2B and the eIF2 kinases in longevity. By limiting the ISR, these mutations enhanced protein homeostasis and increased lifespan. Consistently, full ISR inhibition using phosphorylation-defective eIF2 or pharmacological ISR inhibition prolonged lifespan. Lifespan extension through ISR inhibition occurred without changes in overall protein synthesis, and depended on enhanced translational efficiency of the kinase KIN-35. Evidently, lifespan is limited by the ISR and its inhibition may provide an intervention in aging.

Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info

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