Transcript: Albert Einstein was the most famous scientist of the twentieth century and perhaps of all time. The man who invented the theories of special and general relativity was an unconventional scientist who spent most of his career outside the mainstream. His Greek teacher at high school famously said, “Einstein will never amount to much.” Einstein failed his college entrance exams twice and was only able to get admission to a teachers’ college. Eventually he worked in the Berne patent office where he gestated his famous theory of relativity. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1905 not for his famous theories of relativity but for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Even late in his career Einstein did not take part in the establishment process of science. He was a loner for most of his life. He became a cultural icon late in his career when he moved to the United States and worked at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Studies. He was consulted by the president, Roosevelt, over the issue of the atomic bomb. Einstein and a number of other scientists strongly petitioned that it not be used and not even be developed. Einstein died as a cultural icon perhaps the only scientist recognizable to most members of the public.