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Der Podcast von mosaik-blog.at

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Der Podcast von mosaik-blog.at

    Diskriminierung und Solidarität

    Diskriminierung und Solidarität

    Ein Mittschnitt der gleichnamigen Podiumsdiskussion zum Thema "Geflüchtete in der Arbeitswelt" vom 3. Juli 2020















    In der letzten Ausgabe des Mosaik-Podcast haben wir einen Beitrag zum Thema zivilgesellschaftliches Engagement, Prekarität und Gewaltverhältnisse in der Arbeit mit Geflüchteten gesendet. Dieser Beitrag war eine Aufzeichnung der online Tagung „Umkämpfte Solidaritäten, fragile Teilhabe und transformative Potentiale zivilgesellschaftlichen Engagements“, die im vergangenen Juni ausgehend von der Universität Tübingen stattgefunden hat.







    Unsere Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich daher auch in der heutigen Ausgabe des Mosaik-Podcast auf die Thematik der Diskriminierung und Solidarität von Geflüchteten in der Arbeitswelt. In diesem Kontext geht es um die Fragen, wie, auf welche Weise und unter welchen widrigen Umständen Geflüchtete in die Arbeitswelt integriert werden und mit welchen Formen von Rassismus, Diskriminierung und Ausbeutung sich diese dabei konfrontiert sehen müssen. Welche Konzepte und Praktiken gibt es, um diesen Entwicklungen künftig etwas entgegen setzen zu können? Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Fragen  senden wir einen Mitschnitt der online Podiumsdiskussion „Zwischen Diskriminierung und Solidarität – Geflüchtete in der Arbeitswelt“, die am 3. Juli 2020 im Rahmen des universitätsübergreifenden Verbundprojektes „Willkommenskultur in Deutschland“ an der Universität Tübingen veranstaltet wurde. In den kommenden 75 Minuten werden daher unterschiedliche Wortbeiträge zu hören sein: den Anfang macht Werner Schmidt (Universität Tübingen) mit einem Beitrag zum Thema „Betrieblicher Universalismus – Nutzen und Grenzen eines Integrationsmodells“. Im Anschluss daran gibt Nikolai Huke (Universität Tübingen) Einblicke in das Thema „Rassismuserfahrungen von Geflüchteten in der Arbeitswelt“. Auf die beiden Kurzvorträge folgen zwei Kommentare, einmal von Petra Wlecklik (Ressort Migration/Teilhabe IG Metall) und von Tülay Güner (MIRA - Mit Recht bei der Arbeit, Beratungsstelle für Geflüchtete).







    Die Moderation haben Hans-Jürgen Bieling (Universität Tübingen) und Michaela Kuhnhenne (Hans-Böckler-Stiftung) übernommen, die zu Beginn daher auch eine kurze Einführung in die Veranstaltung geben.

    • 1 u. 18 min.
    Nach der Willkommenskultur

    Nach der Willkommenskultur

    Ein Mittschnitt der online Tagung „Umkämpfte Solidaritäten, fragile Teilhabe und transformative Potentiale zivilgesellschaftlichen Engagements“ vom 18./19. Juni 2020















    Im Jahr 2015 engagierten sich tausende Ehrenamtliche, um eine grundlegende Notversorgung für in Deutschland ankommende Geflüchtete anzubieten, die durch überforderte staatliche Institutionen kaum gewährleistet wurde. Die mit diesem Engagement verbundenen Bilder der Willkommenskultur sind inzwischen verblasst. Medial rückten andere, vornehmlich asylpolitische Themen in den Mittelpunkt: so etwa die Konflikte an den Außengrenzen der EU, die Auseinandersetzungen in und um sog. AnkER-Zentren oder Fragen der Arbeitsmarktintegration. Die vielfältigen Formen der zivilgesellschaftlichen Hilfe für Geflüchtete sind nur noch selten ein Thema.







    Dennoch sind nach wie vor viele Menschen in der Unterstützung von Geflüchteten aktiv, auch wenn es bei Weitem nicht mehr so viele sind, wie zu den Hochzeiten der sog. Willkommenskultur. Die Teilhabe von Geflüchteten war und ist dabei stets umkämpft. Es entstanden neue solidarische Praktiken, ebenso verstärkten sich aber auch Formen der Ausgrenzung. Diese reichen von alltäglicher Diskriminierung über Hetze in sozialen Medien bis hin zu einer staatlichen Isolationspolitik für bestimmte Gruppen von Geflüchteten.







    Vor diesem Hintergrund senden wir in den folgenden beiden Ausgaben des Mosaik-Podcast Beiträge, die sich thematisch mit Fragen und Möglichkeiten zivilgesellschaftlichen Engagements und Solidarität bei gleichzeitiger Diskriminierung auseinandersetzen. Im Folgenden hört ihr einen Mitschnitt der Tagung „Umkämpfte Solidaritäten, fragile Teilhabe und transformative Potentiale zivilgesellschaftlichen Engagements“ die am 18. und 19. Juni ausgehend von der Universität Tübingen online stattgefunden hat. Die Tagung ist Bestandteil eines universitätsübergreifenden Verbundprojektes mit dem Titel „Willkommenskultur und Demokratie in Deutschland“. Bei dem Mitschnitt handelt es sich um drei Kurzreferate aus dem Panel „Gewaltverhältnisse, Unterstützungsarbeit und Teilhabe“. Zu Beginn spricht Samia Dinkelaker (Universität Osnabrück) zum Thema „Prekärer Schutz. Unterstützung für gewaltbetroffene Frauen* mit Fluchterfahrung an der Schnittstelle von Gender- und Grenzregimen“. Daran anschließend spricht Olaf  Titje (Universität Kassel) über „Unsicheres Wohnen – unsicheres Leben. Geflüchtetenunterbringung zwischen institutioneller Versicherheitlichung und individueller Verunsicherung“. Als drittes und letztes hört ihr Nikolai Huke (Universität Tübingen) mit einem Input zum Thema „Gewaltverhältnisse in der Arbeitswelt: Zum Verhältnis von Aufenthaltsstatus, Rassismus und Prekarität“.







    Gleich zu Beginn ist Helen Schwenken zu hören, die die Moderation übernommen hat und neben einer kurzen Einführung in die Thematik der Tagung die ReferentInnen noch einmal vorstellt.

    • 49 min.
    Gayatri Spivak: They speak, but we cannot hear!

    Gayatri Spivak: They speak, but we cannot hear!

    A recording from the 7th of May 2020, from the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” by transform! Europe















    When we say, that we as the left are acting in Solidarity, when we claim to reshape the way we do politics, when we build networks, we are taking for granted an answer to a very complicated question: who, specifically, is the “we” to which we refer. In this episode of the Mosaik-Podcast, Professor Gayatri Spivak, confronts us with this question. She reminds us, that solidarity can easily become an empty signifier, if we do not try to understand and analyse the different social, economic, and political contexts of the people we claim to defend. We tend to misperceive the Global South as one, homogeneous world.







    In this context, Spivak discusses the longstanding plight of the Rohingya people – a stateless, predominantly Moslem ethnic group, who have been victims of genocide in Myanmar since 2017. In recounting the displacement and atrocities experienced by these people, Spivak not only describes the effects of COVID-19 on international aid provided, but also to make a clear distinction between being a migrant and being stateless.  







    Οne of the most critical points she makes, involves the issue of humanism during the pandemic. Thus far, people have had to rely solely on their human behaviour to manage this crisis. However, we should be aware that the middle class is lending a particular meaning to this kind of humanism, one that incorporates petit-bourgeois family values and what we can call ‘digital idealism’.







    She goes on to explain why the core issue today, is citizenship and how the agents of social justice and emancipation will be citizens as such, since the variable of class is not accessible to us in the way it used to be. For Spivak, class solidarity is not going to be central to the social movement of our times. Even though, during this pandemic crisis, we did witness an increased recognition of the value of workers performing essential services, this will not last.







    Spivak posits, that we have entered a new mode of production, pointing out that Marx was clear that the value form is not eternal. Nonetheless, the left’s emancipatory outlook is already established: it is the simple conviction that capital must not take priority over human beings.







    She goes on to discuss the burning issue of the subaltern and specifically, the ability, or otherwise, of the subaltern to speak for itself. Spivak’s position on the issue is clear: The subaltern can speak, but cannot be heard. Or as she puts it: ‘Their speech act cannot be completed because they speak, but we cannot hear.’ As such, the subaltern must be understood as a position, a disposition, because they do not resemble each other. We cannot identify the subaltern because they cannot be generalized.







    Gayatri Spivak is one of the most prominent intellectuals of our times, a post-colonial scholar, literary theorist, and feminist critic. She has been a University Professor at Columbia University and an activist in rural education and of feminist and ecological social movements for decades. She lives in New York.







    The interview was conducted by Monika Mokre, a political scientist and an activist in the fields of immigration, asylum, and imprisonment. She has been a research fellow at the Austrian Academy of Sciences since 1991 and teaches at various universities in Austria. As usual, we have Angelina Giannopoulou to thank for the moderation. She is a political scientist and facilitator of transform! europe in the programme ‘Strategic Perspectives of the Radical Left and European Integration’.







    This is the final episode of a series developed with transform! Europe,

    • 1 u. 31 min.
    Hilary Wainwright: The pandemic is making us more open to radical ideas

    Hilary Wainwright: The pandemic is making us more open to radical ideas

    A recording from the 5th of May 2020, from the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” by transform! Europe















    The United Kingdom has had a poor record in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Hilary Wainwright attributes this to two factors in particular: Firstly, the arrogance of Boris Johnson, who was very late to recognise the seriousness of the disease and implement a lockdown, and secondly, the unpreparedness of the UK’s health system. In fact, Britain under Johnson shares these two characteristics with the United States under Trump, which helps explain why the coronavirus pandemic has hit both of these countries so hard.







    In the fifth instalment of our podcast series, Wainwright criticizes the mainstream discourse, that the pandemic is in some way making all people equal. During the lockdown, for example, inequality among UK citizens was striking. Workers and the working class are far more exposed to the virus, especially in large cities such as London. They live in small apartments located in densely populated areas. They shop in crowded supermarkets, without being able to take adequate protective measures. Many of them – particularly the more precarious – had to continue to travel to work, mostly using the highly congested underground. The situation was completely different for more affluent people living in middle-class areas.







    Wainwright goes on to discuss, how the overwhelming issue of the pandemic, has left no space for debates regarding Brexit, neither in the general population nor within Labour. Despite its defeat in the election of Labour leadership, the Labour left (such as Corbyn, McDonell, Momentum, and The World Transformed) remained very active, intervening in the public arena with programmatic proposals for the post-coronavirus era.







    At the same time, Wainwright describes how people are open to militant and radical ideas due to the crisis. This includes: State interventions in the economy, with the goal of meeting the needs of the people and rather than the goals of markets. The need to increase the funding of the NHS and of the rail system, together with the reduction of air travel, and the search for more ecological forms of transportation. She hopes that the movements, the trade-unions and the left will be more successful in dealing with the impending deep recession than they were during 2008 crisis, where the response came at the expense of the working people and to the benefit of banks.







    Hilary Wainwright is British sociologist, political activist and socialist feminist. She is the editor of Red Pepper magazine and author of several books, such as “A New Politics from the Left”.







    Those who have following the series will also recognize the voices of Haris Golemis and Angelina Giannopoulou. Haris, who conducted the interview, is the Scientific and Strategic Advisor of transform! Europe and the Chief Editor of transform’s Yearbook. We once again have Angelina to thank for the moderation. She is a Political scientist and facilitator of Transform! Europe in the programme “Strategic Perspectives of the Radical Left and European Integration”.







    The Mosaik-Blog is delighted to collaborate on this podcast with transform! Europe, a network of 34 European organizations in 22 countries, active in the fields of political education and critical scientific analysis. The transform! network is the recognized political foundation of the Party of the European Left.







    After the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” was launched, in which various befriended intellectuals were asked to share their reflections, assessments and proposals regarding the crisis. Over the following weeks, all editions of this series will continue to appear...

    • 1 u. 4 min.
    The Left and the Pandemic: Nancy Fraser

    The Left and the Pandemic: Nancy Fraser

    A recording from the 16th of April 2020, from the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” by transform! Europe















    To Nancy Fraser, the management of the COVID-19 pandemic represents further proof of the decline of the United States as a world power. The strategy chosen by the Trump administration, to deal with this crisis, has clearly failed. However, Fraser argues, that to understand why, we need a deeper analysis of the structural and systemic features of US capitalism. The idea, that getting rid of Donald Trump would automatically solve these issues, is too simplistic.   







    For her analysis, Fraser goes on to explain the concept of Social Reproduction. She describes it, as a set of activities and capacities in society, that are necessary to produce, reproduce and replenish the human population. This includes the ability to have a healthy, informed, culturally endowed, skilled and educated population. Beyond literal biological reproduction, this includes care – raising children and caring for the elderly. But also care in the sense of the replenishment of adults in the prime of life and in the workforce, who have to be fed, who have to be rested, who have to have emotional solace when they are discouraged and who need to feel connectedness. Social Reproduction does not take place exclusively in private households. It involves all communities’ activities, neighborhoods, networks and friendship. Throughout history, this work of social reproduction, was never sharply disconnected from other work of production of food or material objects. In capitalism however, the work of production has been separated from the work of social reproduction.







    No production without reproduction







    Fraser also observes, that in the pandemic we are witnessing the centrality of the distributive work. The workers at Amazon, UPS, FedEx, in grocery stores and super markets, are willingly exposed to danger and, in the midst of the pandemic, declared to be “essential workers”. In this moment, the work of social reproduction becomes visible. There is no production without social reproduction and vice versa.







    Nancy Fraser is a critical theorist based in New York, one of the leading figures in contemporary feminist theory, and known particularly for her work on the theory of Social Reproduction. Among her many publications, she recently co-author Feminism for the 99%: A Manifesto.







    Our frequent listeners will also recognize the voices of Haris Golemis and Angelina Giannopoulou. Haris, who conducted the interview, is the Scientific and Strategic Advisor of transform! Europe and the Chief Editor of transform’s Yearbook. We once again have Angelina to thank for the moderation. She is a Political scientist and facilitator of Transform! Europe in the programme “Strategic Perspectives of the Radical Left and European Integration”.







    The Mosaik-Blog is delighted to collaborate on this podcast with transform! Europe, a network of 34 European organizations in 22 countries, active in the fields of political education and critical scientific analysis. The transform! network is the recognized political foundation of the Party of the European Left.







    After the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” was launched, in which various befriended intellectuals were asked to share their reflections, assessments and proposals regarding the crisis. Over the following weeks, all editions of this series will continue to appear here on Mosaik-Podcast.

    • 1 u. 27 min.
    The Left and the Pandemic: Luciana Castellina

    The Left and the Pandemic: Luciana Castellina

    A recording from the 9th of April 2020, from the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” by transform! Europe















    To date, the deaths of over 35,000 people in Italy have been attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the third edition of our series on the Left and the Pandemic, Luciana Castellina points out, that Italy’s high number of coronavirus cases and its high fatality rate were a problem occurring mainly in the wealthiest part of the country.







    The regions most affected, were those in the north: Lombardia, Piemonte and the Emilia Romagnia. And this, despite the fact, that the health system in the north was still functioning quite efficiently, despite the cuts in funding and staff over the last decades. Instead, she attributes the impact of the virus to the structure of the economy in these regions. They are characterized by thousands of small enterprises, officials who travel continuously throughout the world, and very high levels of pollution, brought on by a combination of industrialization and topography of the region. The Italian government fortunately took preventive measures rather quickly. This included a lock-down, as fought for by trade-unions, who had gone on strike demanding improved health protection at work.







    Castellina goes on to criticize the position of Giorgio Agamben, who claims that the measures taken lead to a state of exemption. She believes that his views are typical of a Western obsession for individual liberty and the loss of any sense of belonging to a community. She contrasts this with China, where she believes such a sense of community remains, and where she describes citizens easily accepting the seclusion imposed on them by the government.







    Amidst the tragedy of the pandemic, Castellina retains her optimism. She sees the possibility that the left and social movements can take advantage of what she considers to be the “positive” effects, at least in Italy. On the one hand, she sees a return of solidarity, which goes together with a feeling of belonging to a collective entity. On the other, she is optimistic about an increased awareness for the importance of ecology and the protection of nature.







    Feeling frustrated by the fact that some EU member states failed to act in solidarity with the countries hit most heavily by the coronavirus, she appeals for the building of a European subject. According to her, this must be achieved through European movements, mobilization, strikes, and the media.







    Luciana Castellina is the co-founder of the Italian newspaper Il Manifesto, as well as the Partito di Unità Proletaria, a former Member of the European Parliament, where she was president of its Culture, Education and Foreign Economic Relations committees. Moreover, she been Deputy to the Italian Chamber of Deputies, the former president of Italy’s academy of motion pictures, author of numerous books and one of the leading figures of Italy’s left since 1970s.







    The Interview was conducted by Haris Golemis, who is a Scientific and Strategic Advisor of transform! Europe and the Chief Editor of transform’s Yearbook. The discussion was moderated once again, by Angelina Giannopoulou, who is a Political scientist and facilitator of Transform! Europe in the programme “Strategic Perspectives of the Radical Left and European Integration”.







    The Mosaik-Blog is delighted to collaborate on this podcast with transform! Europe, a network of 34 European organizations in 22 countries, active in the fields of political education and critical scientific analysis. The transform! network is the recognized political foundation of the Party of the European Left.







    After the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the series “The Left Reflects on the Global Pandemic” was l...

    • 1 u. 4 min.

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