A daily round-up on the spread of the coronavirus, with reports from affected areas, details of the latest medical information and the impact on health, business and travel.
Tougher restrictions take effect in Italy
The government has warned that the rise in cases was causing a huge strain on the country's health services. However, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said a full lockdown would be catastrophic for the economy. Also: Melbourne exits lockdown and police in Berlin break up an open air party.
Top US virus expert disagrees with Trump
Anthony Fauci rejects the president's claim the US has 'turned a corner'. Also: Mike Pence's staff test positive, and Colombia passes a million cases.
Eleven days before the US election, daily cases hit a new high
Eleven days before the US election, daily cases hit a new high. Daily cases in US hit new high. France says it will be fighting the virus until at least the middle of next year. The Polish President tests positive for the coronavirus.
France night curfew extended
Two-thirds of the country affected after record daily infections. Also: New study casts doubt on benefits of blood plasma therapy, Trump and Biden row over Covid in last TV debate ahead of US presidential election and a pledge to deliver Santa this Christmas.
Barack Obama criticises Donald Trump's handling of the pandemic
The former US president said he had failed to contain the outbreak as cases across the United States were continuing to rise. Also:
the Czech Republic is beginning a second lockdown and Paul McCartney announces the release of a new album.
Long Covid: Who is more at risk?
Scientists say age, asthma, weight and being female increase the risk of developing it. Also: human rights officials condemn Nepal for making people pay for treatment, and the impact of sound on lockdown.