Politik und Gesellschaft in all ihren Dimensionen sind mehr denn je ein Thema, dem wir uns auf der re:publica 2018 zuwenden wollen.
#AfricaBlogging – How bloggers are taking over from traditional media
Takura Zhangazha, Anne Marie C. Befoune, Aisha Dabo
Political bloggers and online activists have gained increasing levels of attention by governments since their key role as information transmitters during the so called “Arab Spring”. In many parts of Africa, authorities can feel threatened by bloggers who are able to bypass the gatekeepers with their online avenues to free expression. Independent voices are regarded as threats and are monitored by state security networks. In this context, blogger networks can help to provide exchange, updates and common purpose.
The international blogger network #AfricaBlogging is an online platform featuring a plurality of voices and views supporting democratic culture and debate in Sub-Saharan Africa. Founded in 2015 in Johannesburg, its members believe that blogs play a major role in providing information and diversity of opinion in Africa. They are committed to encouraging open debate on matters that are at times not adequately covered by traditional media such as politics, economics, gender equality, health and social matters.
However, there is a growing trend for bloggers to be monetized ‘multiplicators’ and to become brands. Those who shun the native advertising and commercialization trends and feel their function in the information ecosystem is to offer critical analysis that fills the space between events and conventional media reporting, have to fight to remain independent and credible.
From cyber-activism campaigns that helped bring an end to the Jammeh regime in the Gambia to the political reality-check that bloggers have been able to offer more recently about Zimbabwe’s political development, members of the network are at the forefront of social and political change across Africa.
Join us in this session with three members of #AfricaBlogging to discuss the positioning of bloggers between activists and political analysts, how to remain independent and credible, and what it means to be a successful blogger in the post-truth world of social media and fake News.
Taxation and leaks like Paradise Papers ... an endless story
Daniela Platsch, Walter Palmetshofer
This talk is an update on what happened in the last year in the international taxation sphere. We will also provide a quick overview of the international taxation system. The topics of our talk will be:
- Paradise Papers: After the famous #LuxLeaks and #PanamaPapers, the Paradise Papers were published in November 2017. A set of 13.4 million confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investments 19 tax jurisdictions. We will provide a summary, show the biggest cases, and demonstrate how this is a structural problem.
- How many billions our favourite tech companies (Google, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft,...) evaded in taxes
- The European Commission and parliament's positions on the European “tax heaven issues.”
- Structural issues and why this an endless story
We will explain what a Double Irish Sandwich is and why international corporations like Google only pay 2.4% taxes. And how your favourite tech companies (Google, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft,...) evaded billions in taxes. This tax-dodging costs the European Union more than $50 billion. Annually. We bring this number into perspective. And why you pay more.
And why this boring issue is one of the biggest questions of our time.
Won't be boring.
Update für deine Freiheit: Die neuen EU-Datenschutzregeln aus Sicht von Verbraucher*innen
Unser Talk gibt den Besucher*innen Informationsangebote an die Hand, mit denen sie auf verständliche, praxisnahe und spielerische Art ihre neuen EU-Datenschutzrechte kennenlernen und erfahren, wie sie diese Rechte auch einsetzen.
Das neue EU-Datenschutzrecht wird genau drei Wochen nach dem Vortrag wirksam und bringt bedeutende Neuerungen für Verbraucher*innen mit sich, beispielsweise ein verbessertes Auskunfts- und Löschungsrecht. Doch es gibt kaum passende Informationsangebote, die Verbraucher*innen darauf aufmerksam machen, welche neuen Rechte sie haben und wie sie diese umsetzen. Daher ist es wichtig, dass Verbraucher*innen, die in der digitalen Welt einkaufen, Fotos teilen, Kredite beantragen oder Partner*innen finden, über ihre Rechte aufgeklärt werden. Mehr noch: Sie müssen befähigt werden, diese Rechte auch wahrzunehmen und durchzusetzen.
Hier setzt der Vortrag an: Wir beleuchten die Bedeutung und Reichweite der neuen Datenschutzrechte, geben konkrete Beispiele für deren Anwendung im Alltag und präsentieren erstmals öffentlich einen kurzen Erklärfilm zur Datenschutzreform. Dieser ist Teil eines Informationsportals speziell für Verbraucher*innen, das auf der re:publica gelauncht wird.
Um die vielfältigen Lebenswelten der Verbraucher*innen abzubilden und maßgeschneiderte Themeneinstiege zu ermöglichen, schaffen bei „Deine Daten. Deine Rechte.“ ein Online-Lernspiel, animierte Erklärvideos und verständliche Texte Aufmerksamkeit für die neuen Datenschutzregeln. Doch es geht nicht nur um Awareness: Die Materialien und der Talk mit einer kurzen Film- und Spielvorstellung zielen darauf ab, die Menschen zu befähigen und zu ermuntern, ihre Rechte tatsächlich wahrzunehmen.
Der Digitale Gesellschaft e.V. hat die Materialien entwickelt, mit Förderung des Bundesministeriums der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz (BMJV).
SolarPunk and going Post-Post-Apocalyptic
Steve Lambert, Andrew Hudson, Mushon Zer-Aviv, Maya Indira Ganesh
How can we use data analysis and AI, deterministic technological practices that are conservative by design, to build models for better futures? What can we learn from new genres in science fiction that break from dystopia and envision new, different and desirable futures? And how can activists and artists use Utopia as a tool in their political and creative practice?
Why The Zombie Haunts The Cyborg - Unveiling The Inherent Racism of Transhumanism
In my talk I will argue, based on the thoughts of the brilliant Jamaican theorist Sylvia Wynter, that it is not humanism we need to get over but the racism and duality of the self and the other on which western humanism has been build and various times been reinvented.
Traveling back in time, we will learn, how the value divide of heaven and earth of Christian medieval Europe and its structuring principle of body and spirit, has enabled first, the mighty power of the church, and was then remodeled, after Copernicus, into the superiority of the rational man over his irrational others, and finally with Darwin into the concept of the biologically (“naturally”) selected (white, male, straight, and rich) vs. the dysselected (nonwhite, female, queer, and poor).
We then take a look at transhumanism with its proponents, like Steve Fuller and Elon Musk, who seem to just reinvent this never changing pattern of exclusion and oppression, casting many of us as subhumans to be left behind.
How can we overcome this imaginary divide and opposition?
Can we instead invent a humanism that includes us all?
I will suggest that the pop culture zombies that keep haunting us might help.
In a world of the 1% against the 99%, when, without showing any shame, cynical billionaires build fortifications to fight off future climate refugees, people that, very well, could be called the Undead. Dehumanized humans, stripped of their value and whom we are made to believe, we will need to fight. Why do we still identify with the privileged survivors, when watching tv shows like The Walking Dead? Today, those imagined surviving groups of arms carrying people, might be portrayed as diverse, but does that really make sense? And why, is it so incredibly hard to create and sustain solidarity, that is more than an empty lip-service? How come, we are so fascinated, instead of appalled, with those narratives of competition of us against them? Aren’t we all, like the zombies, the superfluous 99%?
In my talk, I will explore the dark side of humanism’s history and its cruel connection to de-humanization, racism and eugenics, and then link this history to the future proposed by transhumanism, and suggest, that identifying with the zombies instead of the cyborgs might help with imagining a new inclusive humanism, we urgently need.
Some of the papers the talk will be based on:
Sylvia Wynter: Unsettling the Coloniality of Being/ Power/Truth/Freedom Towards the Human, After Man, Its Overrepresentation—An Argument http://law.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/2432989/Wynter-2003-Unsettling-the-Coloniality-of-Being.pdf
Steve Fuller - We May Look Crazy to Them, But They Look Like Zombies to Us: Transhumanism as a Political Challange https://ieet.org/index.php/IEET2/more/fuller20150909 Dale
Knickerbocker - Why Zombies Matter: The Undead as Critical Posthumanist https://digilib.phil.muni.cz/bitstream/handle/11222.digilib/135003/1_BohemicaLitteraria_18-2015-2_7.pdf?sequence=1
The Future of Data for Development
Andreas Pawelke, Lejla Sadiku
Digital data offers manifold opportunities to development. It enables organizations and individuals to strengthen decision-making processes, improve service delivery and elicit meaningful citizen participation, among others. At the same time, it generates new forms of exclusion, new methods of surveillance and threatens individual privacy.
A recently published study is looking into the current state of data for development and emerging trends. For each of the six trends identified in the research, there are negative and positive potential scenarios as they unfold within the next years. For instance, more sources of data can make the development sector more agile, but may open opportunities for surveillance and threats to individual privacy. Artificial intelligence offers novel ways of tackling development problems, but in some cases, algorithms have proven to be biased, opaque and out of reach of scrutiny. While opening and sharing data between partners can serve the public good, this can also threaten citizen privacy due to the technical challenges of fully anonymising data.
In this session, we will present the key findings of the study, provide practical examples of how digital data is being used in development and engage the audience in a discussion on the potential negative and positive scenarios of increased reliance on data to achieve development impact.
supported by BMZ