Dr. Hathaway believes that the major challenges currently faced by humanity come down to the crisis of relationships, which refers to how individuals are related to other human beings, other species, and the planet. Far too often, we perceive the world as an object for our personal use, whereas our happiness lies in interconnectivity. Dr. Hathaway’s elaboration on ecological perception provides guidance for us to connect with nature through experience. The key factors include gratitude, awe, attention, imagination, and interaction. On ethics, Dr. Hathaway points out that with respect and care at its core, the Earth Charter has, as much as a document can, communicated both the experience of the world and what ethics means in practical terms.