72 episodes

Pediapod is the pediatrics podcast from Pediatric Research, produced in association with Nature Publishing Group. Join us as we explore the etiologies of diseases of children and disorders of development, featuring interviews with top researchers and highlighted content from one of the premier journals in the field of pediatrics.

Pediatric Research Podcast Nature

    • Science

Pediapod is the pediatrics podcast from Pediatric Research, produced in association with Nature Publishing Group. Join us as we explore the etiologies of diseases of children and disorders of development, featuring interviews with top researchers and highlighted content from one of the premier journals in the field of pediatrics.

    Child tobacco smoke exposure and healthcare resource utilization patterns.

    Child tobacco smoke exposure and healthcare resource utilization patterns.

    Smoking in adults and adolescents is at an all-time low today, yet around 1 in 2 children who visit the Emergency Department have been exposed to tobacco smoke. We know that there numerous health consequences associated with tobacco smoke exposure (TSE), and that this also comes at a substantial monetary cost- in 2010, child tobacco smoke exposure resulted in more than 101,570 annual ED visits, costing nearly $63 million. In this episode, we meet Early Career Investigator, Ashley Merianos from the University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, who performed a cross-sectional analysis of children visiting the ED in order to assess the contribution of child TSE on healthcare resource utilization patterns.
     
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    • 11 min
    A pilot study exploring interventions for physician distress in pediatric subspecialists.

    A pilot study exploring interventions for physician distress in pediatric subspecialists.

    Institutions and healthcare systems had started to introduce wellness initiatives following the growing realization of the widespread problem of physician distress and burnout. Whilst these programs might be effective, there is currently a lack of evidence about who uses them and whether they are best suited to their target audience. In this episode, we meet Dr. Andrea Weintraub from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, who conducted a cross-sectional national survey amongst different pediatric subspecialties to find out which initiatives were available, whether people knew about them or used them, and to better understand what initiatives pediatricians would like to see made available.
     
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    • 13 min
    Continuous glucose monitoring profile during therapeutic hypothermia in encephalopathic infants with unfavorable outcome

    Continuous glucose monitoring profile during therapeutic hypothermia in encephalopathic infants with unfavorable outcome

    40% of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) go on to develop long-term disability, despite receiving therapeutic hypothermia. Mounting evidence suggests that children with HIE are at a higher risk of both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, which may explain the variable outcomes to therapeutic hypothermia. In this episode, we meet this month's featured Early Career Investigator Dr. Paolo Montaldo, from Imperial College London, UK and the University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy who used continuous glucose monitoring to assess the association between neonatal glucose control and neurological outcomes at 18-24 months. Related Article.
     
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    • 11 min
    Prevalence and stability of insufficient sleep measured by actigraphy: a prospective community study

    Prevalence and stability of insufficient sleep measured by actigraphy: a prospective community study

    There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that insufficient sleep can have detrimental effects on school-age children's cognitive, emotional and behavioral regulation. But there remains a lack of objectively measured data on the stability and prevalence of insufficient sleep. In this episode, we meet Bror Ranum who is currently doing his PhD at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. He was involved in a large prospective study of almost 800 children between the ages of 6-12 years to objectively measure the prevalence and stability of insufficient sleep using actigraphy. The results suggest the importance of measuring the number of nights of insufficient sleep as opposed to only taking an average measure over a week. 
     
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    • 11 min
    A novel, composite measure of screen-based media use in young children (ScreenQ) and associations with parenting practices and cognitive abilities

    A novel, composite measure of screen-based media use in young children (ScreenQ) and associations with parenting practices and cognitive abilities

    Young children face unprecedented access to screens in the modern environment. It was recently estimated that children between the ages of 3-8 get almost 3 hours of screen use a day. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have recommendations for screen-based media use which focus on four variables: access to screens, frequency of use, content and grownup-child interaction, or “co-viewing". In this episode, we meet Early Career Investigator, Dr John Hutton, from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Centre, who has created a composite measure of these variables, reflecting current modes of screen-based media use. 
     
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    • 11 min
    Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with hair cortisol concentrations in preschool children

    Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with hair cortisol concentrations in preschool children

    There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that early life stress can have detrimental effects on a child's physical and mental health. Hair cortisol concentrations are increasingly accepted as a cumulative measure of stressful experiences but they are understudied in preschool children. In this episode, we meet Professor Sunny Anand from Stanford University School of Medicine who developed a sensitive assay for hair cortisol concentrations. He and his team took hair samples from children aged 1-4 years in order to uncover psychosocial and demographic factors associated with this measure of physiological stress.
     
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    • 11 min

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