44 episodes

A show about the science of our opinions, where they come from, and how they change. Hosted by social psychologist, Andy Luttrell.

Opinion Science Andy Luttrell

    • Science

A show about the science of our opinions, where they come from, and how they change. Hosted by social psychologist, Andy Luttrell.

    #39: Social Media Polarization with Chris Bail

    #39: Social Media Polarization with Chris Bail

    Chris Bail is a computational social scientist. He wrangles the data that our social interactions leave behind to better understand how ideas spread. He is Professor of Sociology and Public Policy at Duke University, where he directs the Polarization Lab. A Guggenheim and Carnegie Fellow, he studies political extremism on social media using tools from the emerging field of computational social science. 
    He is the author of Breaking the Social Media Prism: How to Make our Platforms Less Polarizing.
     
    Things we mention in this episode:
    Internet bots for good and evil@simscreens: A Twitter bot tweeting out frames from The SimpsonsUsing Twitter bots to understand polarization (Bail et al., 2018)Many people just don’t care about politics (check out my interview with Nathan Kalmoe)Dr. Bail’s earlier work on how anti-Muslim sentiment spreads (Bail, 2016)Tools developed by the Polarization Lab to fight back against polarization---------------

    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."
    For a transcript of this episode, visit: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/social-media-polarization-with-chris-bail/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.

    • 49 min
    #38: American Islamophobia with Nazita Lajevardi

    #38: American Islamophobia with Nazita Lajevardi

    Nazita Lajevardi studies public opinion relating to Muslim Americans. She’s a political scientist and attorney at Michigan State University. In 2020, she published Outsiders at Home: The Politics of American Islamophobia. The book is an extension of her research on public opinion about Muslims in the United States, discrimination faced by Muslim Americans in politics, and the experience of facing these biases. In our conversation, we talk about all these questions and what makes Muslim American identity so tricky to pin down.


    Note. The brief clip at the top of the show is from Episode 4 ("Strawberries") of the Hulu show Ramy and is presented for purposes of commentary and education.

    ---------------

    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."
    For a transcript of this episode, visit: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/american-islamophobia-with-nazita-lajevardi/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.

    • 46 min
    #37: Influence with Robert Cialdini

    #37: Influence with Robert Cialdini

    Dr. Robert Cialdini is an internationally recognized expert on the science of influence. His book Influence is one of the most influential business and psychology books of all time, selling over five-million copies worldwide. As a social psychologist, Cialdini has conducted foundational research on compliance, social norms, and helping behavior. But he is perhaps best known for boiling influence down to several key principles.
    He just released an updated and expanded edition of Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, and it’s well worth checking out! I was excited to talk with him about the new book, how he started studying influence, what made him write a book for the public at a time when academics stayed within their university walls, and how we can be effective communicators of social science findings.
     
    Things we mention in this episode:
    “Basking in reflected glory” (Cialdini et al., 1976)The “full cycle” approach to social psychology (Cialdini, 1980; Mortensen & Cialdini, 2010)Observing littering in a natural environment to study psychological questions (Cialdini & Baumann, 1981)Belonging to a group feels personal when your personal identity and group identity are fused (Swann & Buhrmester, 2015)People who are highly identified with a political party are more willing to hide evidence of tax fraud by a politician from their party (Ashokkumar, Galaif, & Swann, 2019)---------------

    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."
    For a transcript of this episode, visit: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/influence-with-robert-cialdini/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.

    • 58 min
    #36: Negotiation with Kwame Christian

    #36: Negotiation with Kwame Christian

    Kwame Christian is an attorney and negotiation expert. He's the director of the American Negotiation Institute where he and his team offer training and consultation for a variety of negotiation needs. He serves as a professor for Otterbein University's MBA program and Ohio State University's Moritz College of Law.

    In his podcast, Negotiate Anything, Kwame talks to experts in negotiation and persuasion to bring insights to a wide audience. In our conversation, he shares that the podcast has been downloaded over 3 million times!

    He is also the author of the book Finding Confidence in Conflict: How to Negotiate Anything and Live Your Best Life. In it, he shares how to overcome obstacles that get in the way of effective conversations. For a glimpse, check out his TEDx Dayton talk, "Finding Confidence in Conflict."

    You can find the negotiation guides Kwame mentions in this episode at the ANI website: https://americannegotiationinstitute.com/negotiation-guides/

    In our conversation, Kwame helps define what negotiation is, the reason why people struggle with it, and how we can use practice and psychology to get better at it.

    ---------------

    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."


    For a transcript of this episode, visit: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/negotiation-with-kwame-christian/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.

    • 43 min
    #35: Ambivalence with Iris Schneider

    #35: Ambivalence with Iris Schneider

    Dr. Iris Schneider studies the psychology of "ambivalence," which is when we can see both the pros and cons of something. Oftentimes research shows that ambivalence can be problematic, getting in the way of people being able to form a coherent view on something. However, Dr. Schneider suggests that there can be benefits to ambivalence if we're able to see it not as a challenge to overcome but a state to be embraced.
     
    Things we mentioned in this episode.
    For some good general resources for reading about the psychology of ambivalence, see: van Harreveld, Nohlen, & Schneider (2015); Schneider & Schwarz (2017)You can see people’s ambivalence by tracking the movement of their mouse as they choose whether something is “good” or “bad” (Schneider et al., 2015)Only a third of people’s everyday decisions are between two alternative options (Fischoff, 1991)Some people just tend to be more ambivalent than others, and it’s related to having less bias (Schneider et al., 2020; Simons et al., preprint)Lots of characteristics of people’s opinions can be considered either valuable or problematic, depending on your perspective (e.g., Rydell et al., 2006; Tormala et al., 2011)Identity-based motivations guide people’s interpretation of difficulty (e.g., Oyserman, 2015) 
    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."
    For a transcript of this episode, visit:  http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/ambivalence-with-iris-schneider/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.
     

    • 41 min
    #34: Opinions of Ourselves with Ken DeMarree

    #34: Opinions of Ourselves with Ken DeMarree

    Ken DeMarree studies how opinion science applies how we see ourselves. He’s an associate professor of psychology at the University at Buffalo. In our conversation, we talk about how opinion science can be used to understand things like self-esteem, how people sometimes desire opinions they currently disagree with, and how some people just tend to be pretty confident in their views.
     
    Things we mention in this episode:
    California’s Self-Esteem Task Force (Guardian; NYT; The Cut)The psychology of strong opinions can help us understand how people see themselves (DeMarree et al., 2007)More “accessible” self-esteem is more durable and impactful (DeMarree et al., 2010)Seeing yourself in both positive and negative ways makes your self-esteem more susceptible to influence (DeMarree et al., 2011)When we want an opinion we don’t already have, it makes us conflicted (DeMarree et al., 2014; 2017)Some people just tend to be more confident in their views than others (DeMarree et al., 2020) 
    Check out my new audio course on Knowable: "The Science of Persuasion."
    For a transcript of this episode, visit: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/episode/opinions-of-ourselves-with-ken-demarree/

    Learn more about Opinion Science at http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/ and follow @OpinionSciPod on Twitter.
     

    • 47 min

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