In almost all high-income countries, the U.S. included, women live longer than men. As we enter a new era in which biomedical data are increasingly ubiquitous, current and future research may help us understand the fundamental issues that drive differences in longevity and other health outcomes between men and women. Our ability to measure the entire spectrum of information about the human biological, environmental, and behavioral condition will become both routine and relatively inexpensive from genes to genomics. From clinical data to the electronic health record in insurance claims. From digital information about behavior and social interaction to geospatial referencing. The January 2019 issue of Clinical Chemistry is devoted to topics of men’s health and in that issue, an article examined differences in health outcomes between men and women and underlying biological, behavioral, and societal factors.