73 episodes

We’re the Global Development Institute at The University of Manchester: where critical thinking meets social justice. Each episode we will bring you the latest thinking, insights and debate in development studies.

Global Development Institute podcast Global Development Institute

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We’re the Global Development Institute at The University of Manchester: where critical thinking meets social justice. Each episode we will bring you the latest thinking, insights and debate in development studies.

    US-China rivalry in global trade governance with Kristen Hopewell

    US-China rivalry in global trade governance with Kristen Hopewell

    In this podcast, Kristen Hopewell, Canada Research Chair in Global Policy, presents research from her new book analyzing the impact of the growing US-China conflict on the multilateral trading system. Hopewell argues that China’s ascent has significantly weakened American control over the governing institutions of the trading system and its power to write the rules of global trade. The US and China are engaged in a pitched battle to set the rules of global economic competition, and the confrontation between these two dominant powers has paralyzed global trade rule-making. The China Paradox – the fact that China is both a developing country and an economic powerhouse – has created significant challenges for global trade governance. While China demands exemptions from global trade disciplines as a developing country, the US refuses to extend special treatment to its rival. The implications of this conflict extend far beyond trade, impeding pro-development and pro-environment reforms of the global trading system.

    You can find a transcript of this podcast here: https://hummedia.manchester.ac.uk/institutes/gdi/research/transcripts/us-china-rivalry-global-trade-governance-kristen-hopewell.pdf

    • 41 min
    GDI & the SDGs: Creating sustainable livelihoods through group farming with Bina Agarwal

    GDI & the SDGs: Creating sustainable livelihoods through group farming with Bina Agarwal

    In this new mini-series three GDI academics talk to The University of Manchester’s Dr Nic Gowland about how their research is helping to deliver the UN Sustainable Development Goals for global health, equality and sustainability.

    More than 80% of South Asia’s farmers are cultivating under two hectares, usually in scattered plots. Most lack access to irrigation, credit, technical information, and the means to tackle climate change. A growing proportion of farms are managed by women, but without owning the land they cultivate, as men move to non-farm jobs.

    For more than a decade, Bina Agarwal, Professor of Development Economics and Environment at the Global Development Institute, has examined whether cultivating in groups by voluntarily pooling land, labour, funds and skills and sharing costs and benefits, would enable small farmers to create larger, more profitable enterprises in South Asia, and beyond.

    You can read a transcript of this podcast here: http://hummedia.manchester.ac.uk/institutes/gdi/research/transcripts/gdi-and-sdgs-bina-agarwal.pdf

    • 39 min
    GDI & the SDGs: Preventing cardiovascular disease through smart technologies with Gindo Tampubolon

    GDI & the SDGs: Preventing cardiovascular disease through smart technologies with Gindo Tampubolon

    In this new mini-series three GDI academics talk to The University of Manchester’s Dr Nic Gowland about how their research is helping to deliver the UN Sustainable Development Goals for global health, equality and sustainability.

    Research shows that nearly 70% of Indonesians aged 40 and over, with moderate to high cardiovascular risk, don’t receive cardiovascular care.

    To address this need, Dr Gindo Tampubolon, joined a new research-policy collaboration. This collaboration included the Universities of Manchester and Brawijaya, the George Institute for Global Health and the Indonesia and the District Government of Malang. The team trained local health workers (kaders)on cardiovascular disease, risk factors and the technical use of an app called SMARThealth. The app analysed samples in real time, producing a simple traffic light system (green-amber-red) to indicate cardiovascular risk, simplifying the World Health Organization’s complex five-tiered grading systems.

    Over two years, doctors and kaders served approximately 48,000 people across eight villages, with 12,000 individuals over the age of 40 screened for heart disease. Results showed a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular deaths by identifying people at risk and then having health professionals prescribe lifestyle and/or drug interventions.

    Transcript available here: http://hummedia.manchester.ac.uk/institutes/gdi/research/transcripts/gdi-and-sdgs-gindo-tampubolon.pdf

    • 32 min
    GDI & the SDGs: Gender equality in global value chains with Stephanie Barrientos

    GDI & the SDGs: Gender equality in global value chains with Stephanie Barrientos

    In this new mini-series three GDI academics talk to The University of Manchester’s Dr Nic Gowland about how their research is helping to deliver the UN Sustainable Development Goals for global health, equality and sustainability.

    Prof Stephanie Barrientos has been researching the role of workers for over a decade. Her particular focus is on gender in the production of consumer goods sourced by retailers and brands through GVCs.
    Her work has changed the way a number of large companies deal with issues faced by women workers in the Global South, resulting in improved conditions and rights, enhancing prospects for millions of women worldwide.

    Transcript available here: http://hummedia.manchester.ac.uk/institutes/gdi/research/transcripts/gdi-and-sdgs-stephanie-barrientos.pdf

    • 38 min
    Oil: from a lifetime of damage-limitation to outrage with David Little

    Oil: from a lifetime of damage-limitation to outrage with David Little

    In the latest Global Development Institute podcast, Professor David Hulme interviews Dr David Little, an environmental consultant who has worked internationally on oil spills for a major part of his life.

    They discuss his work and their recent journal article on oil spills and climate change.

    You can find a transcript of this podcast on our website: https://www.gdi.manchester.ac.uk/podcast/

    Read David and David's recent paper: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964569120304166?via%3Dihub

    • 42 min
    Uneven and combined (state) capitalism with Ilias Alami & Adam Dixon

    Uneven and combined (state) capitalism with Ilias Alami & Adam Dixon

    Nick Jepson talks to Ilias Alami and Adam Dixon about their recent talk at the Global Development Institute. The talk blurb is below:

    The talk contributes to the development of state capitalism as a reflexively critical project focusing on the morphology of present-day capitalism, and particularly on the changing role of the state. We bring analytical clarity to state capitalism studies by offering a rigorous definition of its object of investigation, and by demonstrating how the category state capitalism can be productively construed as a means of problematising the current aggregate expansion of the state’s role as promoter, supervisor, and owner of capital across the world economy. Noting some of the geographical shortcomings of the field, we outline an alternative research agenda – uneven and combined state capitalist development – which aims at spatialising the study of state capitalism and revitalising systemic explanations of the phenomenon. We then offer a geographic reconstruction of the current advent of state capitalism. We identify the determinate historical-geographical capitalist transformations which underpin contemporary state capitalism. Such processes include: the accelerating unfolding of the new international division of labour; technological modernization and industrial upgrading culminating in the Fourth Industrial Revolution; an unprecedented concentration and centralisation of capital; and a secular shift in the centre of gravity of the global economy from the North Atlantic to the Pacific rim. The political mediation of these processes results in new geographies of intervention, which develop in combinatorial and cumulative forms, producing further state capitalist modalities. This is a particularly potent dynamic in contemporary state capitalism, and its tendency to develop in a spiral that both shapes and is shaped by world capitalist development.

    Transcript available here: http://hummedia.manchester.ac.uk/institutes/gdi/research/transcripts/uneven-combined-state-capitalism.pdf

    • 47 min

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