Dr. Joseph Carroll discusses Literary Darwinism, a school of thought that integrates literary study with evolutionary social science. According to Carroll, a series of scientific developments in the past two centuries, including Darwin’s theory of natural selection, have provided the foundation for literary Darwinism. Furthermore, three main developments in the last decade – the recognition that humans have evolved adaptations for cooperative social interaction, the idea of domain-specific cognitive modules within the idea of a flexible general intelligence, and the recognition of the significance of gene-culture co-evolution in human nature – provide a more adequate model of human nature. Dr. Joseph Carroll is Curators' Professor of English at the University of Missouri, St. Louis. In addition to monographs on Matthew Arnold and Wallace Stevens, his books include Evolution and Literary Theory (1995), Literary Darwinism (2004), Reading Human Nature (2011), and (co-authored) Graphing Jane Austen (2012). Edited and co-edited works include an edition of Darwin's Origin of Species (2003), Evolution, Literature, and Film: A Reader (2010),and the first two volumes of The Evolutionary Review (2010, 2011).