354 episodes

The Journal of Clinical Oncology features discussions of new and noteworthy results published in ASCO’s Journal of Clinical Oncology and how they impact clinical practice and research, hosted by Dr. Shannon Westin.

Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) Podcast American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)

    • Science
    • 3.6 • 32 Ratings

The Journal of Clinical Oncology features discussions of new and noteworthy results published in ASCO’s Journal of Clinical Oncology and how they impact clinical practice and research, hosted by Dr. Shannon Westin.

    Light From Darkness - Navigating Postmortem Tissue Donation

    Light From Darkness - Navigating Postmortem Tissue Donation

    On this episode, our guests discuss how postmortem tissue donation can provide meaning to patients and their loved ones.
     
    TRANSCRIPT
    Dr. Shannon Westin: Hello, everyone, and welcome to another episode of JCO After Hours. This is when we get in-depth on articles that are published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. I am your host, Shannon Westin, GYN Oncologist and Social Media Editor of the JCO.
    Excited to be here today to discuss a really awesome paper. It was a Comments and Controversies named “Postmortem Tissue Donation: Giving Families the Ability to Choose,” just published on August 26th, 2022.
    And I'm joined by a number of the authors. It's going to be a really incredible discussion. I'd like to introduce each of them, and then we'll get right down to it.
    First is Allen Gustafson. He is the founder of the Swifty Foundation, which he started with his son, Michael, who sadly died in 2013 of medulloblastoma. And this foundation really was the catalyst of the group Gift from a Child, which we're going to really discuss today.
    In addition, I'm accompanied by Dr. Angela Waanders, the Interim Head of Neuro-Oncology and the Director of Precision Medicine and Associate Professor at the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago; Beth Frenkel, a Tissue Navigator at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; and Dr. Mateusz Koptyra, a Senior Scientist and the Director of the Center for Data-Driven Discovery in Biomedicine at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
    So, thank you all for being here. I'm so excited to discuss this paper. I think this is something that our listeners are going to be really interested in and really want to move forward. So, welcome.
    Allen Gustafson: Thank you.
    Dr. Mateusz Koptyra: Good morning.
    Dr. Shannon Westin: So, let's get started. You know, postmortem tissue donation is so critical for research and improving outcomes for our survivors. I think the best way to start, I'd be very interested to hear how each of you got involved with this.
    And Allen, let's start with you because I think that your story is so important.
    Allen Gustafson: Sure. Thanks, Shannon. Well, as you mentioned, our son, Michael, died of medulloblastoma in 2013 at the age of 15, and probably about four months before he died, he knew his life was going to end. And he got the idea of donating his body to science, so they could use him to find the cure. And he used to refer to that as his master plan. So, obviously, that charge was put on his mom and I to figure out how he could do that. And although we were being treated by two excellent hospitals, one here in Chicago and one in Boston, they were not helpful in terms of helping us with his final wish.
    And so, it was really through Nancy Goodman from Kids vs Cancer and his pediatrician going above and beyond the call of duty that Michael was finally able to donate his spine and his brain, some of which was sent to Texas Children's and some of it was sent to SickKids. And it became both very meaningful for him as his life ended, and it was also very meaningful for us in terms of the important step we took as a family in our grieving and our loss of him. And as you mentioned, our work with the Swifty Foundation, really, his choice there was prescient, in that we didn't realize how important postmortem collection is for advancing scientific discovery, nor did we realize how important this could be for other families. So, it all started with his experience in terms of our journey with Gift from a Child.
    Dr. Shannon Westin: That's so incredible. I'm so glad that you chose to do this work. Dr. Waanders, do you want to pipe in?
    Dr. Angela Waanders: Yes. So, I think reflecting back, it really was a serendipitous moment in meeting with Patti and Al. I can still remember it was in 2016, I believe, at a Children's Brain Tumor Network annual meeting. I'm a Physician Scientist, a practicing Neuro-Oncologist, and at the time, I was in the laboratory trying to diss

    • 24 min
    Physical Activity Improves Survival in Colorectal Cancer

    Physical Activity Improves Survival in Colorectal Cancer

    Dr. Westin and Dr. Justin C. Brown discuss how physical activity can improve disease-free and overall survival in colorectal cancer and its potential application across all cancer types.
     
    TRANSCRIPT
     
    The guest on this podcast episode has no disclosures to declare.
    Dr. Westin: Hello, everybody, and welcome to another episode of JCO After Hours, the podcast where we get in depth on recent manuscripts published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. And it is my great pleasure today to tell you we're going to be talking about a really important manuscript: “Physical Activity in Stage III Colon Cancer: CALGB/SWOG 80702 Alliance Study.” And this was published in the JCO on August 9th, 2022.
     
    All participants in the podcast have no conflicts of interest.
     
    And I am very excited to welcome the first author on this important paper, Dr. Justin C. Brown.
    He is the Director of the Cancer Metabolism Program and Assistant Professor in Cancer Energetics at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center at Louisiana State University.
     
    Welcome, Dr. Brown. Thank you for being here.
    Dr. Justin C. Brown: Thanks so much for having me.
    Dr. Westin: So, this is some really important work, and I think we're starting to see more and more really objective data around the importance of physical activities. But before we get too far down the road, I do want to level set because this was a study in colon cancer. So, just because we have a really mixed audience, give us a quick bit of information about the standard treatment for colon cancer and where we are with survival outcomes.
    Dr. Justin C. Brown: Yeah. So, for most patients with early colon cancer, they'll get upfront surgery. And then a subset of patients who have high-risk features for recurrence, or have positive lymph nodes or tumor deposits, will get three or six months of chemotherapy. And outcomes have improved over time for this population, but there is still a lot of heterogeneity, in that, some patients do better than others. And you know, a lot of patients ask as they finish therapy or as they're starting therapy, "Are there things I can do that potentially could improve my outcomes?" And so, we think that this data will provide physicians with a lot of really important information regarding the benefits of physical activity during chemotherapy, as well as after therapy, for patients with stage three colon cancer.
    Dr. Westin: Okay, that's great. And so, again, continuing on that level-setting piece, before this study, what did we know about the impact of physical activity on outcomes in colon cancer?
    Dr. Justin C. Brown: So, we knew that there was some association between physical activity during chemotherapy and after chemotherapy with disease-free survival and overall survival. There have been studies that have linked those two things. There was some uncertainty about, what is the best exercise or physical activity prescription? And so, a lot of the current recommendations before this study basically said encourage patients to avoid sedentary behavior, encourage them to be as active as they can be, because some activity provides benefits over no activity. But for the patient who really wanted the specifics of how much should I be doing, when should I be doing it, what types of activities should I be doing, should I avoid certain things, the evidence was really absent. And so, what this study provides is a lot of important clarity for both physicians and patients about the types of activities that can maximize their disease-free survival and overall survival.
    Dr. Westin: I think that's so important because you're exactly right. We all have those patients that you give them a vague, and they're like, "No, I need instructions. I need to know how much time. I need to know what I'm doing." And it can be really frustrating because—I know personally, I'm like, "Well, this is what I do.” And I'm like, is that enough? I have no idea. So, this is really important wor

    • 18 min
    Food Insecurity Interventions for Cancer Survivors With Dr. Francesca Gany and Dr. Theresa Hastert

    Food Insecurity Interventions for Cancer Survivors With Dr. Francesca Gany and Dr. Theresa Hastert

    Shannon Westin, Francesca Gany, and Theresa Hastert discuss the topic of food insecurity among patients with cancer.
    TRANSCRIPT
    Dr. Shannon Westin: The guest on this podcast episode has no disclosures to declare.
     
    Hello friends and welcome to another episode of JCO After Hours, your podcast to get more in-depth on some of the amazing work that has been published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
     
    I am thrilled to be here today with two fantastic investigators and researchers who are going to discuss a paper that is titled “Food to Overcome Outcomes Disparities – A Randomized Control Trial of Food Insecurity Interventions to Improve Cancer Outcomes.”
     
    This was published online in the JCO on June 16, 2022. We're joined by the principal investigator Dr. Francesca Gany, who is the Chief of Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities service at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City.
     
    In addition to Dr. Gany, we're also joined by Dr. Theresa Hastert, who's an associate professor in Population Science in the School of Medicine at Wayne State University in Detroit. And she published an editorial that went along with this article named “The Potential of Cancer Care Settings to Address Food Insecurity.” This was published in the JCO on July 1st, 2022.
     
    Welcome, ladies. So excited to hear about this work.
     
    Dr. Francesca Gany: Thank you! It’s great to be here.
     
    Dr. Theresa Hastert: Thanks so much for having me.
     
    Dr. Shannon Westin: So, what we're seeing more and more of is oncologists getting into other areas of expertise. For a long time, we've all been involved with treatment trials, and we've started getting into survivorship and health services. But I think that we really are realizing there are other issues for our patients that affect their cancer care and outcomes.
     
    So, first, I just wanted to level set and see if maybe Dr. Gany, you can kick us off, can you define food insecurity and just kind of briefly discuss the prevalence patterns in women and men that are diagnosed with cancer?
     
    Dr. Francesca Gany: Sure! So, food insecurity is essentially not enough access to food to help you maintain your health. And that could come from a variety of reasons, including not having enough money to buy food, living in a food desert, where there's not availability of food and other factors that could make food inaccessible to you.
     
    This potentially has a tremendous impact on health. We see that with folks with cancer and folks who don't have cancer. We know with cancer patients, it's a particularly difficult issue because of the increased nutritional demands that come with a cancer diagnosis, the need for special diets, and decreased absorption of nutrients for certain folks. So, it's especially important that our cancer patients have access to enough healthy food, so they can have the best cancer treatment outcomes possible.
     
    Dr. Theresa Hastert: I can add a little bit about the prevalence of food insecurity more broadly. So, in the US population, about 4% of Americans have what's called very low food security. So, that's where people actually reduce the amount of food they eat because they have a lack of money for food.
     
    And by contrast, in previous work among cancer survivors, that number is closer to about 15% in sort of population-based studies and much higher in certain select patient populations.
     
    So, if you're in an under-resourced population, and as some of Dr. Gany’s previous work has cited figures of more like 55 to 70% of cancer patients and survivors with low resources can be food insecure and not have enough money for food.
     
    Dr. Francesca Gany: All of this has, of course, worsened with a COVID pandemic because just food insecurity rates have gone up overall and we have certainly seen an impact on our patients in the cancer centers in which we work.
     
    Dr. Shannon Westin: And you can imagine with the high costs of drug pricing and

    • 24 min
    How to Confront Climate Change: A Framework for Change in the Operating Room and Hospital as a Whole. A Conversation with Dr. Anaeze Offodile and Dr. Elizabeth Yates.

    How to Confront Climate Change: A Framework for Change in the Operating Room and Hospital as a Whole. A Conversation with Dr. Anaeze Offodile and Dr. Elizabeth Yates.

    Dr. Shannon Westin discusses the topic of climate change in the operating room with Dr. Anaeze Offodile and Dr. Elizabeth Yates.
     
    TRANSCRIPT
     
    The guest on this podcast episode has no disclosures to declare.
    Dr. Shannon Westin: Hey everybody! Welcome back to JCO After Hours, a podcast where we get a little bit more intense, a little bit more specific about articles that are published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
    My name is Shannon Westin, and it is my honor to serve as the social media editor for the JCO. I'm an associate professor at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and a gynecologic oncologist.
    Today, we are going to be discussing a really exciting paper which was published in the March online JCO. It's a Comments and Controversies piece called, “Prescriptions for Mitigating Climate Change-Related Externalities in Cancer Care: A Surgeon's Perspective.”
    I have several guests with me today, none of whom have any conflict of interest.
    The first is Dr. Anaeze Offodile, who is an assistant professor in the Department of Plastic Surgery, as well as in the Department of Health Services Research at the University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center. He also serves as the Executive Director of Clinical Transformation at MD Anderson. He is the senior author on the paper, so he will have a lot to offer here.
    But we're also accompanied by Dr. Elizabeth Yates, who has the title of clinical fellow in surgery at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, but tells me she's a rising PGY 4 resident, which makes it even more impressive that she is already published on the role of the surgeon in climate change. And so, we're so honored to have her with us today to share her perspectives as well.
    Welcome both of you. Thank you for being here.
    Dr. Anaeze Offodile: Happy to be here.
    Dr. Elizabeth Yates: Thanks so much for having us.
    Dr. Shannon Westin: So, I'm definitely someone that has been interested in climate change for some time, and living in the state of Texas, does what I can to rally the political climate here. But I was really intrigued because I never really thought of it in terms of what we do in the operating room.
    So, I'd love for each of you to give just a little bit of background on your careers and how you kind of got involved with this idea of climate change and environmental sustainability here in the operating room and in medical care? Do you want to start, Anaeze?
    Dr. Anaeze Offodile: Liz can start first.
    Dr. Elizabeth Yates: Absolutely! So, I actually came at it from an interesting perspective, I have always been interested in issues of resource distribution and disparities. And when I was in medical school, I started to think about these issues pretty deeply, especially because my younger brother was at the University of Michigan at the same time as I was, studying Environmental Science for his undergraduate and kept nagging in my ear about this problem of climate change and why I wasn't thinking about it as a doctor.
    And with my kind of ongoing interest in disparities, I came to realize and become compassionate about the role that climate change will play in driving the existing disparities that we see both nationally and globally. And I realized that nobody was really talking about it yet, at least in the surgical field.
    It had started to permeate some of the medicine and subspecialties, but really, there wasn't a conversation in our world yet. It became all the more relevant to me because I did see this dual relationship where not only do the downstream factors of climate change, like heat waves and major storms, impact our patients' access to care and their outcomes, but on the flip side, we contribute to climate change, because the delivery of surgical care, particularly in high-income countries, is so energy intensive and so wasteful. And so, I felt like if any clinician has a role in this space to really lead and change the narrative, it would be us as surgeons.

    • 27 min
    JCO After Hours: A Discussion With Veena Shankaran and Scott Ramsey

    JCO After Hours: A Discussion With Veena Shankaran and Scott Ramsey

    Shannon Westin, Veena Shankaran, and Scott Ramsey discuss the issue of financial toxicity among low- and middle-income cancer patients.
     
    TRANSCRIPT
    The guest on this podcast episode has no disclosures to declare.
    Dr. Westin: Welcome to JCO After Hours. I am your fearless leader, Shannon Westin, the editor for social media of the Journal of Clinical Oncology, and it's my great pleasure to bring you another episode.
    Today, we are going to be talking about a paper published in the January 7th version of the JCO called “Risk of Adverse Financial Events in Cancer Patients: Evidence From a Novel Linkage Between Cancer Registry and Credit Records.” And none of the participants have any conflicts of interest.
    I am joined by two amazing people. First, let me introduce Dr. Veena Shankaran. She is a physician in the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, professor in the Division of Medical Oncology at the University of Washington School of Medicine, and co-director of the Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research at Fred Hutch Cancer Research Center. Hey, welcome.
    Dr. Shankaran: Hi, Shannon. Thanks for having me.
    Dr. Westin: I'm so excited to have you. And she's joined by her colleague, Dr. Scott Ramsey, who is a professor in the cancer prevention program in the Public Health Sciences Division at Fred Hutch and the director of the Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes Research at Fred Hutch. Welcome, Dr. Ramsey.
    Dr. Ramsey: Shannon, great to be here.
    Dr. Westin: This is such an exciting paper and so very timely. We've been certainly hearing—I wouldn't say a lot but more and more about financial toxicity over the last few years, I'd say very appropriately. So, let's start with the basics. Let's make sure we level set. Can you educate our listeners on what financial toxicity is and what it means for patients with cancer?
    Dr. Shankaran: Yeah, absolutely. I can start. Financial toxicity, I think, is a relatively recently recognized complication, if you will, of cancer treatments. And really, I would say over the last decade or so, the literature has just sort of exploded describing kind of the various aspects of this big problem.
    I think one conceptual model that sort of helps me understand financial toxicity was developed by Robin Yabroff and Reggie Tucker-Seeley that really describes financial toxicity is that trifecta of material, financial hardship, kind of what we think of as out-of-pocket expenses, debt, the money that you pay to get cancer care.
    The other aspect is sort of the indirect coping mechanisms related to the cost of cancer care, like forgoing treatment, forgoing surveillance, cutting back on treatment-related cost concerns. So, more of the behavioral aspects.
    The final aspect is sort of the psychosocial-psychological aspect of financial hardship, which is really just the distress related to how am I going to pay for all of this? How is this going to affect my children and sort of our financial well-being? It's a big problem, a broad problem that touches on a variety of issues and also affects families and caregivers too.
    Dr. Ramsey: I would add that financial toxicity really got into the literature probably seven or eight years ago. The term itself was coined by an oncologist, Yousuf Zafar, at Duke University. He told me he actually heard it from a patient who, when he was describing all the toxicities of cancer treatments, the patient said, ”Well, don't forget financial toxicity.” And so, that's how the term, according to Yousuf, was coined.
    He published a series of case reports on patients who experienced financial toxicity. And our group did a study where we linked federal bankruptcy records to the cancer registry and found about a 65% higher risk of bankruptcy among cancer patients.
    We also did a subsequent paper looking at mortality among cancer patients who went bankrupt compared to cancer patients who did not and found excess mortality. So, we do have evidence that severe financial t

    • 19 min
    JCO After Hours: A Discussion With Virginia Sun

    JCO After Hours: A Discussion With Virginia Sun

    Shannon Westin and Virginia Sun discuss the JCO article "Patient-Reported Outcome-Based Symptom Management Versus Usual Care After Lung Cancer Surgery: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial"
     
    TRANSCRIPT
    Speaker 1:
    The guest on this podcast episode has no disclosures to declare.
    Dr. Shannon Westin:
    Hello everyone. This is Dr. Shannon Westin, your JCO Social Media Editor here with another episode of Journal Clinical of Oncology After Hours Podcast. So excited to bring you in depth discussion on some of the amazing studies and manuscripts that have been published in the JCO. I am joined today by Dr. Virginia Sun, who's Associate Professor in the Division of Nursing Research and Education and the Department of Population Sciences Education at City of Hope.
    Dr. Shannon Westin:
    She has 17 years experiences as an oncology nurse, four years experience as a nurse practitioner, before becoming a full-time nurse scientist. And her research program is meant to develop and test interventions to improve patient and family-centered care and outcomes, specifically on cancer surgery and cancer survivorship populations. And what better person to have with us today as we're discussing the article, Patient Reported Outcome Based Symptom Management Versus Usual Care After Lung Cancer Surgery, a multi-center randomized control trial by Dr. Dye and colleagues. So welcome, Dr. Sun. So excited to chat with you today.
    Dr. Virginia Sun:
    Thank you so much for the opportunity to be here.
    Dr. Shannon Westin:
    So let's get right into it. I think this article caught several of the editors' attention, because it really is an exciting [inaudible 00:01:42] into how we might take care of patients after surgery. And as a surgeon myself, I was completely intrigued so I can't wait to get your perspective. So let's start off first, the author's note that patients with lung cancer have a high symptom burden after surgery, as a non lung cancer expert, can you walk those of us through a typical post op course and some of the issues that might be experienced by these patients?
    Dr. Virginia Sun:
    Sure. So, I think symptoms is something that probably all of our patients who just underwent surgery experience. But for our patients with lung cancer, some of the common symptoms would include pain. I think pain is one of those universal symptoms that many of our patients experience after a procedure. But particularly for this population, they would also experience shortness of breath, of course, because anatomically there were certain parts of their lung that were removed as part of the procedure.
    Dr. Virginia Sun:
    Cough is something that they would experience regularly as well. And I think sleep disturbance is one of those general symptoms that all of our patients may experience. And also just emotionally, the anxiety perhaps, and the stress may continue probably in the immediate post op timeframe when they just transition home. And then also the functional decline, also happening along with the fatigue. Many of our patients, although we get them up and out of bed as soon as possible, as a nurse, I know that's generally sort of our responsibility in the post-op recovery period. Certainly fatigue and the functional decline is something that our patients will experience in this population as well.
    Dr. Shannon Westin:
    Certainly many of those are universal across what we see in patients in the postoperative period. But I know personally, and I'm sure you could speak to this as well, we're busy post op, right? Especially whether you're rounding in the hospital, or you're seeing patients in post op in the clinic, I don't know how much we really get super deep dive into a lot of these symptoms. So I think that's what makes this work so important. So I'll just have you, if you could, briefly discuss this study design that was performed by Dr. Dye, and Dr. She, and their colleagues.
    Dr. Virginia Sun:
    Sure. So the intervention is really patient report outcome

    • 19 min

Customer Reviews

3.6 out of 5
32 Ratings

32 Ratings

Jtn2 ,

Good Information, but

The information provided is important, but the presenters are stilted.

Gazelle73 ,

Nice

Good platform

Zoirusha ,

I really want to like this podcast, but...

unfortunately, although the content is excellent, the delivery is awful. Most of the time the presenters just read the text of the podcast - very fast, in a monotonous voice. While as a written piece it could perhaps work, it doesn't work as an audio. I end up pausing and rewinding, and eventually giving up on learning and remembering. An audio lecture needs to be delivered at a slower pace, with fewer lists and numbers...

You Might Also Like

American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
The New England Journal of Medicine
American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
Harborside
The New England Journal of Medicine