A history podcast discussing various cultural genres which reference the First World War, including detective fiction, Star Wars and death metal music, and ask why the First World War has particular popular cultural relevance.
How did the First World War draw upon classical imagery?
This month we are joined by Giles Penman (PhD student at the University of Warwick) to discuss the various ways that classicism manifested itself in imagery and objects before and after the conflict. Along the way we discuss the use of Britannia as a recruitment icon, different claims to civilisation, and some unusual appearances for Queen Victoria.
Carden-Coyne, A. Reconstructing the Body: Classicism, Modernism and the First World War. OUP, 2009
Dresser, M. Britannia. In R. Samuel (Ed.), Patriotism: The Making and Unmaking of British National Identity: Volume III: National Fictions. Routledge, 1989.
Fantauzzo, J., & Nelson, R. L. Expeditionary Forces in the Shatterzone: German, British and French Soldiers on the Macedonian Front, 1915–1918 in Beyerchen, A & Sencer, E (Eds) Expeditionary Forces in the First World War. Palgrave, 2019
Hall, E. British Imperialist and/or Avatar of Welshness?: Caractacus Performances in the Long Nineteenth Century. In F. Kaminski-Jones, & R. Kaminski-Jones (Eds.), Celts, Romans, Britons: Classical and Celtic Influence in the Construction of British Identities. OUP, 2020
Hall, E., & Stead, H. A People's History of Classics: Class and Greco-Roman Antiquity in Britain and Ireland 1689 to 1939. Routledge, 2020
Laqueur, T. The Work of the Dead: A Cultural History of Mortal Remains. Princeton University Press, 2015
Laqueur, T. Memory and Naming in the Great War. In J. R. Gillis (Ed.), Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity. Princeton University Press, 2018
McCartney, H. Citizen Soldiers: The Liverpool Territorials in the First World War. CUP, 2005
Mosse, G. Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the memories of the world wars. OUP, 1990.
Oliver, G. 'Naming the Dead, Writing the Individual: Classical Traditions and Commemorative Practices in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries'. In P. Low, G. Oliver, & P. J. Rhodes (Eds.), Cultures of Commemoration: War Memorials, Ancient and Modern. OUP, 2012
VanDiver, E. Stand in the Trench, Achilles: Classical Receptions in British Poetry of the Great War. OUP, 2013
Russian Myth and Memory
How has the First World War been represented in Russia?
This month Angus, Chris and Jessica are joined by Sofya Anisimova to discuss the film Sniper (1931) and its representation of the Russian Expeditionary Force in France. Along the way, we discuss the significance of sound in film, the importance of re-enactment groups in retaining the memory of the war and the popularity of Richard Aldington and Henri Barbusse in Russian culture, while once again attempting to give Chris nightmares.
How do you convert the First World War into a short story?
This month we're joined by Dr Ann-Marie Einhaus (Northumbria) to explore short fiction published during and after the First World War. Along the way we discuss what makes a short story, the varying themes that appeared over time, and how too many sandwiches may be a sign of a German spy.
The Penguin Book of First World War Stories, ed. by Barbara Korte and Ann-Marie Einhaus (Penguin Classics, 2007).
The Prisoner's Defence and Other First World War Stories, ed. by Ann-Marie Einhaus (British Library, 2017).
How should we remember the man whose assassination sparked the July Crisis?
This month we are joined by Dr Sam Foster (UEA) to examine the life, death, and representation of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Along the way we discuss the complicated relationships of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, Franz Ferdinand's interactions with the contemporary press, and how everything eventually leads back to railways.
Mentioned in the episode:
Christopher Clark, The Sleepwalkers
Robert Gerwart & Erez Manela, Empires at War 1911-1923
[On Franz Ferdinand + Austria-Hungary]
Richard Ned Lebow, Archdukle Franz Ferdidnand Lives!: A World Without World War I (2014)
Mark Cornwall, The Undermining of Austria-Hungary: The Battle for Hearts and Minds (2000)
Mark Cornwall (ed), The Last Years Of Austria-Hungary: A Multi-National Experiment in Early Twentieth-Century Europe (2005 edition)
Mark Cornwall (ed), Sarajevo 1914: Sparking the First World World (2020)
Samuel R. Williamson, Austria-Hungary and the Origins of the First World War (1991)
Stefan Zweig & Anthea Bell (trans.), The World of Yesterday (2013 paperback edition) [More for context on why Austria-Hungary gained the sort of image that it did, especially after 1945]
Adam Kozuchowski, The Afterlife of Austria-Hungary, The: The Image of the Habsburg Monarchy in Interwar Europe (2013)
Hannes Leidinger (ed), Habsburg's Last War: The Filmic Memory (1918 to the Present) (2018)
Peter M.Judson, The Habsburg Empire: A New History (2018)
Steve Beller, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1815–1918 (2018)
Markian Prokopovych, Carl Bethke & Tamara Scheer (eds), Language Diversity in the Late Habsburg Empire (2019)
[On the war's origins and perceptions of Austria-Hungary and wider 'the wider East'...]
James Lyon, Serbia and the Balkan Front 1914: The Outbreak of the Great War (2015)
Troy R.E. Paddock, Contesting the Origins of the First World War: An Historiographical Argument (2020)
Leon Trotsky, 1912-1913: The War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky (2005 edition)
Igor Despot, The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions and Interpretations (2012)
Dominik Geppert, William Mulligan, et al (eds), The Wars before the Great War: Conflict and International Politics before the Outbreak of the First World War (2015)
James Pettifer &Tom Buchanan (eds), War in the Balkans: Conflict and Diplomacy Before World War I (2015)
Andrea Orzoff, Battle for the Castle: The Myth of Czechoslovakia in Europe, 1914-1948 (2009)
John Paul Newman, Yugoslavia in the Shadow of War: Veterans and the Limits of State Building (2015)
Hugh Seton-Watson & Christopher Seton-Watson, The Making of a New Europe: R.W. Seton-Watson and the Last Years of Austria-Hungary (1981)
Robert Evans, Dušan Kováč, Edita Ivaničková, Great Britain and Central Europe, 1867-1914 (2002)
Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius, The German Myth of the East: 1800 to the Present (2010)
Maria Todorova, Imagining the Balkans (1997)
Vensa Goldsworthy, Inventing Ruritania: The Imperialism of the Imagination (1998)
Eugene Michail, The British and the Balkans: Forming Images of Foreign Lands, 1900-1950 (2011)
Diana Mishkova, Beyond Balkanism: The Scholarly Politics of Region Making (2018)
Nicholas Daly, Ruritania: A Cultural History from the Prisoner of Zenda to The Princess Diaries (2020)
André Maurois Fattypuffs and Thinifers (1930).
Sounds of War
What songs were popular during the First World War?
This month friend of the podcast Dr Emma Hanna (Kent) returns to talk to us about popular music during the war. Along the way we discuss who decided what music was suitable for the troops, the rock and roll lifestyle of men in the Royal Flying Corp, and which versions of Mademoiselle from Armentières are suitable to play to your children.
Emma Hanna, Sounds of War, Music in the British Armed Forces during the Great War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021)
Theatre and the First World War
How does the First World War appear on the stage?
This month Angus, Chris and Jessica speak to the theatre historian Helen Brooks about her work on the Great War Theatre project. Along the way, we discuss the importance of sex to the rules of censorship, consider the role of theatre in bridging the past and the present and find out which play threatens to give Chris nightmares.
Helen Brooks, "Remembering the War on the British Stage: From Resistance to Reconstruction", in Revival After the Great War: Rebuild, Remember, Repair, Reform (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2020) 165-178
Helen Brooks, "‘Are there any more recruits?’ - British theatre and the recruitment drive, 1914–1915," First World War Studies 10, no 2-3 (2020): 207-224
Gott Straf England
Dorothy Mullard, In the Hands of the Hun
In Time of War
Bruce Bairnsfather and Arthur Elliot, A Better 'Ole (1917)
R.C. Sherriff, Journey's End (1928)
A Gas Attack
Arthur Wing Pinero
The Battle of the Somme (1916)
Oh! What a Lovely War (1963)
Nick Whitby, To the Green Fields Beyond (2000)
Nick Stafford, War Horse (2007)
Michael Morpurgo, War Horse (1982)
The Greatest Showman (2017)
Michael Morpurgo, Private Peaceful (2003)