We review core medical knowledge on continuous basis in order to prepare you for the PANCE or PANRE.
S2 E078 Leukemia
Leukemia Leukemia is a disease characterized by the overproduction of a particular type of blood cell. This process often inhibits the production of normal blood cells These leukemia cells do not function as proper cells Leukemia does not form a solid tumor. Rather it produces blood cells which may infiltrate tissue. Leukemic cells have unusually […]
PAER S2 077 Hemolytic Anemias
Sickle Cell Anemia Genetic Pattern Autosomal recessive Homozygote inheritance of Hemoglobin S (HbS) Predominantly seen in the African American population Oxygenated HbS does not dissolve well and forms a gel that distorts the shape of the RBC into a sickle. This makes the cells “sticky” and less flexible leading to clogging of small blood vessels. […]
Macrocytic Anemia Macrocytic anemias produce strange dysfunctional blood cells. This will result in some hemolysis and progress to splenic dysfunction as the spleen becomes overloaded. Howell-Jolly bodies are DNA remnants seen with a macrocytic anemia or a damaged spleen. You will find them in B12 deficiency anemia, folate deficient anemia, sickle cell anemia and celiac […]
S2 E075 Microcytic Anemia and a Better Way to Remember
Anemia Anemia means low RBC or Hgb count. A patient could be bleeding out and have a low Hgb or they could have a dietary deficiency. Anemia is a starting place. As we get more detailed and more specific we can get a more clear diagnosis and treatment plan. One of the easiest places to […]
S2 E074 Red Blood Cells
Red Blood Cells Priming Questions What are the four polypeptide chains that make up hemoglobin? Define polycythemia What does MCV stand for and what does it mean? Define hemolysis. Red Blood Cells Simplified The specific shape of a RBC gives it an increased surface area for better gas exchange and flexibility for fitting into tiny […]
Red Blood cells, White blood cells, Platelets Our Three Basic Problems We either have to many We don’t have enough What’s being made isn’t working correctly Cytoses Polycythemia – to many RBC’s Thrombocytosis -to many Platelets Cytopenias Anemia – low RBC Leukopenia -low WBC Coagulation disorders Clotting factor disorders – messed up clotting factors Thrombocytopenias […]
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I cannot recommend your podcast enough to my peers. You have a gift for teaching, and perfectly balance the need to know info, with interesting stories to keep me from zoning out during a drive. Your podcast has been an amazing find to help supplement learning!
Highly recommend. I started listening to the podcasts in the middle of my first year of PA school. They help me as a current didactic student, especially since staring at my computer screen all day with the current pandemic. Brian has such a calming demeanor and I like that he sometimes associates short stories about his family with certain diagnoses. I enjoy the few minute intro and study tips at the end. The intro and his calm personality make a pleasant study session, something that I didn’t know could exist in PA school.