World Of Literature is a podcast that takes its listeners to the world of written and explores the ideas that the greatest writers to touch the earth has provided us. World of literature is dedicated to keep the wisdoms, meanings, truths, symbolisms alive that have been given to us in the form of written and thus explores literature in the form of fantasy, ancient greeks philosophy, modern philosophy, classic economics, psychology, classic novels and why not even fairytales. We take a dive into the world that great writers and thinkers such as George Orwell, Karl Marx, Michel Foucault, Sigmund Freud and Beatrice Sparks have illustrated. Anything or anyone throughout history or present literature with a voice to offer is brought to light.
Max Weber: The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit Of Capitalism
Max Weber belongs to the names that create the foundation of sociology. In this classic work, Weber examines the relation between reformation and the creation of the spirit of capitalism. Along the work he sets out a idealistic perspective to examine historical progression of society and broadens the sociological perspective by introducing a way to connect two seemingly distinct societal phenomenons to each other.
Arthur Schopenhauer: The World as Will and Representation
Arthur Schopenhauer belongs to the list of great thinkers that roamed the world in the 19th century. Schopenhauer can be described as the main figure of philosophical pessimism or at least one of them. Why? Well, existence seems to be a glass half-empty, if the glass ever even had anything.
In this work, Arthur Schopenhauer builds on Immanuel Kants transcendental idealism, as he argues that the noumenal world, which by Kant was deemed impossible to know, is reacheable. What Kant described as thing-in-itself, Schopenhauer recognizes as will. Well, what exactly is this will that Schopenhauer talks about and how does it affect us?
"At bottom it is one being that perceives itself and is perceived by itself, but whose being-in-itself cannot consist either in perceiving or in being perceived"
Charles Wright Mills: Sociological Imagination
C. Wright Mills is one of the best known sociologists of the 20th century. Hes works analyzed power and different structures of society. However, hes idea of sociological imagination has become a core idea of sociology and could be described as sociology 101. In this episode we will examine what sociological imagination as a concept means and how did it differ from other sociological approaches of its time.
"‘Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both."
Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents
Civilization and Its Discontents is one of the best known works of Freuds. Its also one of his most comprehensive works as much of his theories were introduced and created before it. Thus it seems that in this work Freud isnt so much discovering anything new, instead his using his ideas and works to analyze a larger structure. What Freud analyzes in this work is not the mind of an individual but rather the "mind" of the culture. How does it work? How can it exist? Why can we live in such large communities? What is the psychological foundation of society?
"We cannot see the necessity that forces culture along this path and gives rise to its antagonism to sexuality. It must be due to some disturbing influence not yet detected by us."
Aldous Huxley: Brave New World
Rapid development of technology, Russian revolution, World War I, rapid development of psychology and medicine. A lot happened in the early parts of the 20th century, a lot that raised eyebrows towards the future. What does it hold inside for humankind? There were optimistic hope and then there was skepticism. Aldous Huxleys Brave New World probably belongs to the ladder approach.
Brave New World is a dystopian social science fiction novel that has developed to be a must read for everyone. It depicts a futuristic state where people have become voluntary slaves of dopamine and happiness. Life is nothing but comfort. But at what price? The whole structure of values has been turned upside down. Monogamy, god, loyalty, bravery, family, love, nobility, empathy and most importantly meaning seems to have lost their value and vanish. So we ask: what is a life of just happiness and what does it cost?
“But I don't want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.”
Simone de Beauvoir: The Second Sex
"One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman." This sentence alone has had a deep influence on feminist theory. Who wrote it? Simone de Beauvoir, a french existentialist, a philosopher, the writer of Second Sex, the classic work of feminism.
In this classic, Beauvoir seeks to find the answer to how did women gain the role of the other, or in different words, why is there inequality between the sexes? Is there psychological, biological, historical explanations for her conditions? Why has these conditions been accepted by women or generations of women? Is it nature or nurture? As we go through this journey we will stumble on the concept of the other, to historical materialism and Freud, to the idea that one is not born, but rather becomes, a woman, the first time that the idea of sex-gender distinction was formulated.
“Representation of the world, like the world itself, is the work of men; they describe it from their own point of view, which they confuse with absolute truth.”