In the Just Economics podcast, economist Ioana Marinescu (www.marinescu.eu), associate professor of public policy at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice and research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research explores what we actually know about how policies and labor markets work, including the science behind job creation and unemployment insurance.
Each episode introduces the work of an eminent scholar whose research provides evidence that empowers us to create a more just world. In some episodes, Ioana will be joined by her colleague, Katherina ‘Kat’ Rosqueta, founding executive director of Penn’s Center for High Impact Philanthropy and adjunct faculty at Penn’s School of Social Policy & Practice. Together, Ioana and Kat will discuss the implications of the guest scholar’s research, with Ioana focusing on the policy implications, and Kat focusing on the implications for philanthropy – i.e., private action for public good.
Paid Family Leave with Maya Rossin-Slater
Maya Rossin-Slater, an economist and professor at the Stanford Department of Health policy, joins Ioana to discuss her paper on the implications of paid family leave policies. You can read her paper here and follow her on Twitter here.Related resources from the Center for High Impact Philanthropy:Early Childhood Donor ToolkitEarly School Success PrimerStudent-producers: Alexandra Lenihan, Tian (Ruby) Lu, Yamei Lu, Yanzhuo Wang, and Yue (Eugenia) Wang. Sound editing by Jiayin Yuan.
Housing Affordability with Ingrid Gould Ellen
Ioana welcomes housing expert Ingrid Gould Ellen, a professor of urban policy and planning at the Wagner School of New York University and the faculty director for the Furman Center for Real Estate and Policy, to the podcast to discuss her 2020 paper on housing choice vouchers.Read Ingrid’s work:-Main paper discussed: https://furmancenter.org/files/fact-sheets/HousingChoiceVouchers_ige.pdf- Additional paper by Ingrid on housing vouchers and educational outcomes: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/pam.22183.Read more about Pathways to Housing:https://www.impact.upenn.edu/pathways-to-housing-pa/Student-producers: Ding Guo, Phoebe Price, Alexis Ramos, Mingmei Wang. Sound editing: Jiayin Yuan
Why Sectoral Employment Programs Work with Larry Katz
Larry Katz is an economics professor at Harvard University, and an expert on all things about the labor market. Larry was the chief economist of the US Department of Labor in 1993-1994. He is an editor at the Quarterly Journal of Economics, one of the top academic journals in the field of economics. You can follow him on Twitter @lkatz42. Larry has some recent work (https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/lkatz/files/krhs_sectoral_jole_final.pdf) about the ways in which job training can help less educated workers get better jobs, and we will be discussing the results today. This article is co-authored with Jonathan Roth, Richard Hendra, and Kelsey Schaberg, and is forthcoming in the Journal of Labor Economics, in a special issue in honor of Alan Krueger.This episode was produced by Penn's School of Social Policy & Practice MSSP students: Ding Wu, Jiayin Yuan, Xuli Fan, Yi Yang.
Politics of the Carbon Tax with Adrien Fabre
Due to the pandemic, governments around the world are reflecting on where policy should be going next, and climate change is a key item on the agenda. However, climate policies like the carbon tax increase the price of energy, which can particularly hurt low income people. Economist Adrien Fabre joins Ioana on to discuss his publication with Thomas Douenne investigating the support for the carbon tax among French people shortly after the Yellow Vests protests against gas tax increases.Adrien Fabre is currently a post-doctoral fellow at ETH Zurich, and you can follow him on Twitter at @adrien_fabre. You can read his paper in the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy: https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/pol.20200092
Political Partisanship and School Desegregation with Eric Chyn
The US has strong political polarization, which affects policy outcomes. Race is an important dividing line for partisanship. White people are more likely to be Republicans, and Republicans are less likely to support racial integration policies, such as busing or affirmative action. But what if these racial integration policies themselves changed racial attitudes and political partisanship by allowing White people to get to know more Black people? This is the topic of today’s discussion: the impact of busing on political affiliation. Ioana welcomes Eric Chyn to the podcast to discuss this issue.Eric Chyn is an assistant professor of economics at Dartmouth College, and you can follow him on Twitter at @EricChyn. In this episode, Ioana and Eric discuss Eric's co-authored paper with Stephen Billings and Kareem Haggag on the impact of school busing on political affiliation. You can find the paper here: https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aeri.20200336
Child benefits, poverty & work with Mark Stabile
Ioana and Kat discuss recent evidence on the effects of child tax benefits on poverty and work. Ioana interviews Mark Stabile, an economics professor at INSEAD in France, on his recent working paper, “The Effects of Child Tax Benefits on Poverty and Labor Supply: Evidence from the Canada Child Benefit and Universal Child Care Benefit.” Ioana and Mark discuss the results of his study as well as how the Canadian child tax benefit can help us understand the debate in the United States around the expansion of the child tax credit. Afterwards, Kat and Ioana discuss the implications for both policymakers and donors who want to help.You can find Mark’s paper here: https://www.nber.org/papers/w28556You can learn more about the nonprofits Kat mentions:Center for High Impact Philanthropy’s analysis of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) which provides jobs and other opportunities for some those returning from incarceration : https://www.impact.upenn.edu/center-for-employment-opportunities-2/Center for High Impact Philanthropy’s analysis Year Up which prepares young adults with GEDs and/or high school diplomas the connections and skills needed to successfully enter the workforce : https://www.impact.upenn.edu/opportunity-youth-toolkit/opportunities-for-donors/year-up/Related Center for High Impact Philanthropy guidance:Center for High Impact Philanthropy’s 2022 High Impact Giving Guide, focused on ensuring a more just recovery from COVID: https://impact.upenn.edu/giving-guideEarly School Success: How to recover learning loss and advance gains needed for our youngest children to recover from the disruptions caused by COVID: https://www.impact.upenn.edu/early-school-success/