The Karolinska Institutet Prize for Research in Medical Education is a major international award and was created to recognise and stimulate high-quality research in the field and to honour scientists who have made a significant contribution to medical and healthcare education. In this podcast series we’ll explore the origins of the KIPRIME and discover the passion and commitment of the people who made it happen; we’ll also hear from previous winners and discover how their research has helped to blaze a trail in this emerging field. Inspiring and supporting the next generation of researchers is at the heart of the prize and a major initiative in 2019 was to establish a fellowship programme. This exciting project has brought together some of the brightest minds who are at the cutting edge of research in medical education. From examining the neuroscientific correlates of clinical reasoning to exploring the dominance of the global north, we’ll hear from 13 inspiring scientists, doctors, psychologists and researchers.Your host for the series is Alina Jenkins; a BBC presenter and journalist since 2001 with an extensive background in communicating science. She also works in the pharmaceutical, finance and engineering sectors as a communications coach.
A world-wide influencer of medical education - an interview with the inaugural winner of the prize, Professor Henk Schmidt
Professor Henk Schmidt was the first winner of the Karolinska Prize for Research in Medical Education in 2004.
He is a professor of psychology at Erasmus University’s faculty of social sciences and founding dean of its problem-based psychology curriculum. Between 2009 and 2013, he was the Vice-Chancellor (‘Rector Magnificus’) of Erasmus University in Rotterdam.
His research in the field of medical education is outstanding and highly original. His special research areas are problem-based learning, clinical reasoning, and the acquisition of expertise in medicine. Professor Schmidt’s work has had a great impact on the research field, and many of his former students have become prominent and influential researchers. His studies have inspired applications in not only problem-based learning but have promoted student-centred practices in general.
Professor Schmidt’s research has influenced medical education worldwide and his influence goes beyond the field of medical education into education.
From endocrinology to pioneering the OSCE – an interview with world leader in medical education, Professor Ronald Harden.
Professor Ronald Harden is a world leader in medical education. He is committed to developing new approaches to curriculum planning, assessment and to teaching and learning. Ideas which he has pioneered include the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) which has been universally adopted as a standard approach to assessment of clinical competence, the spiral curriculum and the SPICES model for curriculum planning and models for outcome-based education. He has published more than 400 papers in leading journals and is co-editor of the best-selling book – “A Practical Guide for Medical Teachers.”
Winner of the Karolinska Prize in 2006, his contributions to excellence in medical education have attracted other numerous awards including an honorary fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians, Surgeons of Canada, the prestigious Hubbard Award by the National Board of Medical Examiners in the USA and recognition by the Kellogg Foundation for his contributions to medical education in South America. He was awarded by the Queen the OBE for his services to medical education. He was presented in Singapore in February 2006 with the ‘Mentoring, Innovation and Leadership in Education Scholarship' (MILES) award for ‘outstanding contributions to the advancement of global medical education and academic medicine’.
In 2009 he was awarded the ASME Richard Farrow Gold Medal, in recognition of the contributions he has made to medical education. In 2010 he was the recipient of the AMEE 2010 Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his contributions to medical education and the work of the Association. In 2012 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Medical Education by the International Medical University in Malaysia and an Honorary Doctorate in Medicine of the University of Tampere, Finland.
In November 2013 Professor Harden was awarded the Cura Personalis honour, the University of Georgetown’s highest award.
Professor Harden is Professor of Medical Education (Emeritus) University of Dundee and Professor of Medical Education, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Editor of Medical Teacher and General Secretary and Treasurer of the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE). He was formerly Teaching Dean and Director of the Centre for Medical Education at the University of Dundee.
Surgeon, leading medical educator and a pioneer of the OSCE - an interview with Dr Richard Reznick
Dr Richard Reznick is Professor of Surgery and Dean Emeritus at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario.
He received his undergraduate university education and medical degree from McGill University, followed by a general surgical residency at the University of Toronto. He spent two years in fellowship training, first obtaining a Masters’ degree in medical education from Southern Illinois University, followed by a fellowship in colorectal surgery at the University of Texas in Houston, Texas.
Since his first faculty appointment at the University of Toronto in 1987, Dr. Reznick has been active in both colorectal surgery and research in medical education. He was instrumental in developing a performance-based examination, which is now used for medical licensure in Canada. He ran a research program on assessment of technical competence for surgeons and supervised a fellowship program in surgical education.
Winner of the Karolinska prize in 2010, Dr. Reznick has received numerous other awards for his work in education, including the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Medal in Surgery and the James H. Graham Award of Merit, the Association for Surgical Education Distinguished Educator Award, the National Board of Medical Examiners John P. Hubbard Award, the Daniel C. Tosteson Award for Leadership in Medical Education and the 2006 Inaugural University of Toronto President’s Teaching Award. In 2015, he was the recipient of McGill University’s Medicine Alumni Global Award for Lifetime Achievement.
Dr. Reznick is an honourary fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland, the Royal College of Surgeons (England) and has recently been appointed as President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
He’s the author of over 130 peer-reviewed publications and has delivered nearly 300 lectures to hospitals, universities and scientific organizations around the world.
From nuclear physics to reforming medical curricula - an interview with the 2008 prize winner Geoff Norman
Dr Geoff Norman is Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at McMaster University, Ontario. He received a B.Sc. in physics from the University of Manitoba in 1965 and a Ph.D in nuclear physics from McMaster University in 1971.
He then changed tack, and after an M.A in educational psychology he moved into the world of medical education research.
His primary research has been in the area of expert diagnostic reasoning which has revealed that experts use two kinds of knowledge to do diagnosis - the formal analytical knowledge of signs and symptoms and physiologic mechanisms, and experiential knowledge based on the hundreds of thousands of patients they have encountered.
His research has had a significant impact on our understanding of the development of expertise in clinical medicine. Furthermore, his research has yielded important contributions to our knowledge of the complexity of pattern recognition, clinical reasoning and clinical problem solving. His scientific originality and insights extend into numerous related areas of medicine and cognition, in particular areas such as assessment of learning outcomes and clinical performance, visual perception, and curriculum design. Dr Norman’s studies have provided a deep insight into research-based reforms in medical curricula worldwide.
He is the author of 10 books in education, measurement and statistic and has written over 300 journal articles. As well as winning the Karolinska Prize in 2008, he has also been the recipient of numerous other awards including the Hubbard Award from the National Board of Medical Examiners in 1989, the Award of Excellence of the Canadian Association for Medical Education and the Award for Outstanding Achievement of the Medical Council of Canada.
A pioneer in medical education and KIPRIME winner in 2014 – an interview with Dr John Norcini
Dr Norcini spent 25 years with the American Board of Internal Medicine serving as Director of Psychometrics, Executive Vice President for Evaluation and Research, and Executive Vice President of the Institute for Clinical Evaluation. From 2002 until 2019 he was President and CEO of FAIMER, the Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research where he established numerous worldwide initiatives and programs in medical education, research, and data resource development.
In 2009, he received the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) John P. Hubbard Award for his commitment to excellence in medical education, his rigorous pursuit of high standards in scholarship, his broad and prolific publications and presentations history, and his tireless work on behalf of FAIMER. Dr. Norcini’s accomplishments in the field of assessment are considered both wide-ranging and pioneering.
He was awarded the Karolinska Prize in 2014 for his important contribution to research in medical education, especially his pioneering research on knowledge decay, speciality certification and the development of new methods of assessment.
Evaluation and assessment in medical education - an interview with 2012 KIPRIME winner Dr Cees van der Vleuten
Dr Cees van der Vleuten, PhD, has been at the University of Maastricht since 1982. In 1996 he was appointed Professor of Education and chair of the Department of Educational Development and Research in the Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, a position he held for 18 years. From 2005 until 2020 he was the Scientific Director of the School of Health Professions Education. His successor is KIPRIME fellow and previous guest in this series, Dr Pim Teunissen.
He mentors many researchers in medical education and has supervised more than 90 doctoral graduate students. His primary expertise lies in evaluation and assessment. He has published widely in this domain, holds numerous academic awards, including several career awards. In 2005 he received John P. Hubbard Award for significant contribution to research and development of assessment of medical competence from the National Board of Medical Examiners in the US. In 2010 he received a Dutch royal decoration for the societal impact of his work and in 2012 the Karolinska Prize for Research in Medical Education.
Cees serves frequently as a consultant internationally and holds numerous honorary academic appointments around the world.