Listen to the latest insights from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs—the world’s catalyst for ethical action. Tune in to hear from leading experts and thinkers from around the world who are tackling the most complex issues today and tomorrow, including the intersection of AI and equality, the governance of climate altering technologies, America’s changing role in the world, and the future of global migration. To learn more, visit our website at http://www.carnegiecouncil.org.
C2GDiscuss: Exploring the role of trees in large-scale carbon dioxide removal
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), large-scale carbon dioxide removal (CDR) is required in all pathways to keep global warming under 1.5°C. A range of approaches to CDR are under consideration, including technological or biological approaches, with the latter being increasingly referred to as "nature-based solutions."
Afforestation and reforestation, together with other nature-based approaches to CDR, have been gaining international attraction because of their huge potential to remove carbon from atmosphere but also due to the other prospective environmental and social benefits they could bring. However, there are concerns raised around "moral hazard," competition for resources, permanence of sequestration, and other potential risks of deployment of large-scale afforestation and reforestation, which pose governance challenges.
How do we address these challenges and make decisions that maximize synergies and co-benefits and minimize tradeoffs? What can we learn from previous large-scale afforestation and reforestation initiatives?
To explore these questions, C2G brought together a diverse group of policy, intergovernmental, independent research organization, NGO, and academic experts for a "C2GDiscuss" podcast on July 20, 2020.
Li Fang, chief representative, World Resources Institute Beijing Representative Office, China Martin Frick, deputy to the special envoy, UN Food Systems Summit 2021 Thelma Krug, senior researcher (retired) at National Institute for Space Research, Brazil and vice-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Kelsey Perlman (speaking on behalf of CAN International), forest and climate campaigner, Fern Artur Runge-Metzger, director for climate strategy, governance, and emissions from non-trading sectors, DG CLIMA, European Commission Janos Pasztor, executive director, C2G (Moderator) For more, please go to C2G's website.
AI, Movable Type, & Federated Learning, with Blaise Aguera y Arcas
Are we reaching for the wrong metaphors and narratives in our eagerness to govern AI? In this Artificial Intelligence & Equality podcast, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen is joined by Google Research’s Blaise Aguera y Arcas. In a talk that spans from Gutenberg to federated learning models to what we can learn from nuclear research, they discuss what we need to be mindful of when discussing and engaging with future applications of machine intelligence.
For more on this podcast, please go to carnegiecouncil.org.
For more on the Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative (AIEI), please go to carnegieaie.org.
C2GDiscuss: Governing Solar Radiation Modification Research: Insights from Marine Cloud Brightening and the Great Barrier Reef
In response to climate change risks, scientists are considering the viability of developing and deploying marine cloud brightening (MCB), which seeks to whiten clouds over the ocean to reflect solar radiation back into space in order to achieve cooling. MCB is still largely theoretical, but if ever deployed at scale, could create large and potentially long-term risks and governance challenges.
The recent first outdoor MCB experiment conducted by Australian scientists went largely unnoticed by the general public and has generated some interesting but limited debate. In this C2GDiscuss, the panelists explore:
How to situate MCB in the global challenges of response to climate risks context? What is the latest research and debate about MCB as well as the governance implications of potential deployment? What could we learn from the recent MCB outdoor experiment in Australia to move forward the governance of solar radiation modification research? The C2GDiscuss features:
Kerryn Brent, lecturer at the University of Adelaide and member of the Australian Forum for Climate Intervention Governance; Silvia Ribeiro, Latin America Director, ETC Group; Phillip Williamson, Honorary Reader, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia Paul Rouse, Science Advisor, C2G (Moderator) For more, please go to C2G's website.
C2GDiscuss: An Introduction to the Series, with C2G Executive Director Janos Pasztor
C2GDiscuss is a series of moderated in-depth conversations between diverse experts on some of the governance challenges of climate-altering approaches. In this podcast, Mark Turner, communications consultant at C2G, interviews Janos Pasztor, C2G's executive director, about how how these discussions encourage an engaging conversation about some of the toughest questions faced by decision-makers on climate change, now and in the future.
C2GDisccuss and C2GTalk are posted on Monday on Carnegie Council's podcast channels.
For more, please go to C2G's website.
The Doorstep: Opportunities for New Narratives in Foreign Policy, with Judah Grunstein
Judah Grunstein, editor-in-chief of World Politics Review, returns to The Doorstep to discuss 2022 trends in U.S. global engagement with co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin. Where is the Biden/Harris team succeeding on the world stage? Where are they missing opportunities? Is the American public ready to participate in shaping new narratives for how the U.S. shows up in the world?
For more, please go to carnegiecouncil.org.
C2GTalk: How can fiction help people think about solar radiation modification? with Eliot Peper
When author Eliot Peper first heard about solar geoengineering, or solar radiation modification, he knew he had to write a novel. "There are so many different angles on this kind of a problem. It raises so many questions that impact every area of our lives," he told C2GTalk. Speculative fiction, says Peper, can spark people's curiosity and inspire them to become engaged. "If it makes other people look more deeply and pay more attention, to me that's a huge win."
Eliot Peper is the author of nine novels, including Veil, Cumulus, Bandwidth, and Neon Fever Dream. He also publishes a blog, and sends a monthly newsletter. He is on Twitter, @eliotpeper.
Peper’s most recent novel, Veil, is a speculative thriller about diplomats, hackers, spies, scientists, and billionaires racing to control our climate future. Janos Pastor, C2G’s executive director, calls Veil "the tale we need to confront climate change. Peper deftly explores one of the most controversial ideas on the climate agenda—solar geoengineering—and its geopolitical quandaries—raising tough questions and showing why we require new forms of governance to answer them."
This interview was recorded on December 14, 2021 and will be available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français.
For an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.
Guests are great, you need a new interviewer
The experts interviewed are so interesting. Alex is not a talented interviewer. If he’s selecting the experts he’s doing a wonderful job, but he’s not great at conducting interviews and brings down the quality of the conversation.
As an outsider to the international relations and global ethics communities(Bartender by night, mathematician/physicist by day) this is an incredible source for staying informed and understanding how nations, states, parties and individual actors are shaping the world. Obviously this podcast is not all encompassing, and it shouldn’t be, but is does have broad reach and myriad guests discussing important issues that affect many different populations.
A Very Important Source
Really very special as forums go; as with most forums of this ilk, some speakers are terribly boring; certain others, however, are pure gold! (Could be 5-star rather than 4 if more effort was made in the production/audio quality, which is sporadic at best)