13 episodes

A podcast for those who are looking to slow down, return to their roots and feel more self-sufficient. Join Mandi of Wild Oak Farms and Angela of Axe & Root Homestead in their new podcast HOMESTEADucation, created by homesteaders for homesteaders. This podcast will explore different facets of homesteading in detail including vegetable gardening, fruit orchard care, animal husbandry, and more. Follow us on Instagram: Angela @axeandroothomestead and Mandi @wildoakfarms

HOMESTEADucation Angela and Mandi

    • Leisure
    • 5.0 • 21 Ratings

A podcast for those who are looking to slow down, return to their roots and feel more self-sufficient. Join Mandi of Wild Oak Farms and Angela of Axe & Root Homestead in their new podcast HOMESTEADucation, created by homesteaders for homesteaders. This podcast will explore different facets of homesteading in detail including vegetable gardening, fruit orchard care, animal husbandry, and more. Follow us on Instagram: Angela @axeandroothomestead and Mandi @wildoakfarms

    Basic Triage

    Basic Triage

    Triage
    Literally means “to sort” – in this practice you are gaining information by looking at the patient and seeing what their needs are.
    If it is more than one you are gaining insight on who needs attention first.Looking at any obvious externally wounds/etc. Musculoskeletal/ Respiratory/ cardiovascular- perfusion times etc. you gain most of this information in seconds. And it's important to always think ahead.One thing to note that with animals, the main difference in assessing a patient (animal) is that we have the option of humane euthanasia- unlike our counterpart humans. It's very important to keep that in mind. This should ALWAYS be done by a professional as your very first option to ensure that the animal is treated in a humane way. If you are unsure about anything, please contact a vet.Vet client relationship- important!

    Common injuries seen on homestead
    Wound/puncture/scrapeBumblefootFrostbiteAbscessBloat/colicDiarrheaDehydrationHeat strokeHot spotsEye injuryGeneral lameness/gait assessmentFirst aid kit for goat/sheep/chicken/duck/horse/cow
    Bandage supplies- gauze, vet wrap (coban) , bandage tapeGlovesThermometerVaselinelubeChlorahexadineIodineNeedles/syringesEpsom saltTweezersElectrolytesRed top tubesScissorsDrench gunOTC meds- Benadryl/famotidine/Pepcid/vitamin C /LA200/penicillinHeat lampBloat releaseBloodstop powderStethoscope- all animalsWire cuttersClean bucket- I like metalHair blow dryerCold packPocket knifelinamentFlashlightPen and paperBanamineDrawing SalveVetRxOphthalmic OintmentsResources
    Backyard Poultry Medicine & Surgery


    Horseman’s Veterinary Encyclopedia


    First Aid for Horses

    • 56 min
    Small Space Gardening

    Small Space Gardening

    Why would you need to grow in a small space? 
    Apartment living
    Physically close crops without walking to a garden
    Moving and want to take crops with you
    All About Containers
    Anything can be a growing container so long as it provides drainageVertical planter towers offer multiple pots to grow food in one vertical spaceSome folks use fabric shoe organizers that hang on the backside of doors to grow food in pocketsHanging baskets offer a great option growing; think upside down tomato baskets, strawberries, etc.Plastic pots retain moisture betterBlack and other dark-colored pots get hot and heat the soil quickTerra Cotta is attractive and eco-friendly but dries out faster

    Pro Tip: ​​Double Potting! Place a smaller pot inside a larger one in the summer time. Water the space between the pots so the inner pot can wick moisture as needed. To avoid terra cotta pot dry out, simply place a smaller plastic pot inside a larger terra cotta pot. Same look, more moisture retention.
    Pro Tip: Adding one inch of gravel in the bottom of the pots helps with drainage.
    Growing in Pots
    Consider Sun: Most crops require 6-8+ hours of sunlight per day, crops like lettuces will grow with 4-6 hoursWater: Keeping soil moist but not soggy is essentialWater must be able to drain out! Plants hate soggy feet!Soil: Vegetables need rich, nutrient-dense soil. Source vegetable potting mix (not seed starting, not raised bed mix) for growing vegetables in containers. Fertilizing: Container crops can deplete the nutritional content of their soil quickly. A 2-4 week fertilizing program is recommended. Research which nutrients and fertilizers those crops require… lemons do not need the same food as tomatoes, blueberries need acid, etc.Container Appropriate Crops
    Look at compact varieties (18-24” for bushing varieties)Corn: Tom Thumb has small cobs, grows to around 36” tallTomato: Early Girl, Red Rocket, Tiny TimPeppers: Almapaprika, Habaneros, some Chili varietiesGreen mixes such as mesclun, tatsoi, oak leaf lettuceStrawberries grow well in gutters and flower boxesEspaliered fruit treesMeyer lemonsOther Ways to Grow in a Small Space
    Companion Planting can save spacePlant shade loving crops like lettuce under tomatoes in potsRadishes can grow in pots with cucumbersHerbs grow well with many crop varieties like brassicasTrellisingGrow up, not out: Keeping tomatoes trained to a trellis in a pot leaves space for more crops around the base of the tomato plant.Succession Planting: Replacing crops that grow from seed to harvest quickly like lettuce allows for reuse of the space for a new harvest or new crop all together.Typically succession planting is a 2-3 week rotationWindow Sill Gardens: Great for growing herbs, microgreens, vegetable scrap gardensPotato Towers: Grow potatoes “lasagna-style” within towers to maximize space and increase harvestsWhich crops for which containers?
    Recommendations from The Farmers’ Almanac
    Beans, snap
    Container: 5-gallon window box
    Varieties: Bush ‘Blue Lake’, Bush ‘Romano’, ‘Tender Crop’
    Broccoli

    • 29 min
    Supporting Bees on the Homestead (without being a keeper)

    Supporting Bees on the Homestead (without being a keeper)

    Episode 6: Supporting Honeybees and Native Pollinators


    Options for supporting bees without the ability to keep a hive, or before jumping into installing an apiary


    Why are bees important?
    Honeybees and native pollinators travel from flower to flower for pollen and nectar which they bring back to the hive. During this process they transfer pollen attached to the hairs on the legs between the flowers. This pollen transfer is what fertilizes a crop’s reproductive system creating food. Without pollination and bees, there would be far less food. Native and wild plants would also go unpollinated resulting in a major lack of food for wildlife, thus collapsing entire ecosystems.


    Why are bee numbers declining?
    According to USDA, “​​​​Beginning in 2006, experts noted significant yearly declines in honey bee colonies...  Years of research determined the decline was likely attributable to a wide range of stressors such as pests, diseases, pesticides, pollutants/toxins, nutritional deficits, habitat loss, effects of climate variability, agricultural production intensification, reduced species or genetic diversity, and pollinator or crop management practices.”
    Source


    Plant bee friendly trees
    Provide more forage for bees in a smaller spaceExample: Crepe Myrtles, Serviceberries, Maples, Fruiting trees, Black LocustResources:
    https://www.arborday.org/trees/health/pests/article-trees-for-bees.cfm

    Embrace weeds, wildflowers and prairie spaces
    Native wild growth perfectly adapted to your specific climate and your native bees’ needs (no need to purchase plants, sow seeds, plant transplants, etc., water, maintain, etc.) Stop spraying herbicides, pesticides and chemicals on bees’ food sourcesResourcesNational Wildlife Federation native plant finder by zip code. Ranks plants by use of butterfly and moth species as host plants. Includes trees, grasses, flowers and shrubs
    https://www.nwf.org/NativePlantFinder/Plants


    Lease land to beekeeper
    Beekeepers will place hives on your property and maintain them in exchange for honey or payment. Supports local bees and their keepers.Check in with local zoning office for restrictions/ordinances on hive placementResourcesLease Honey connects land owners and farmers with beekeepers looking for space. Helps to increase crop yields, raise bee population numbers and can even cut down on property taxes in some states.
    https://leasehoney.com/


    Interplant flowers and flowering herbs in the vegetable garden to attract/feed bees and increase crop yields.
    Companion plants for crops include lavender, nasturtium, chives, thyme, basil, mint, parsley, dill, fennel, catmintResourcesFarmers’ Almanac
    Chart of companion plants by vegetable. Also lists benefits of various plants.
    https://www.almanac.com/companion-planting-chart-vegetables



    Pollinator Perennial Garden
    Perennials tend to have longer blooming periods and return year after yearExamples include salvia, coneflower, bee balm, rudbeckia, lavender, hyssop, sedum,

    • 26 min
    Tapping Trees on your Homestead

    Tapping Trees on your Homestead

    Episode 7: Tapping a Tree for Maple Syrup
    What to tap and when?
    All maples can be tapped for sap. Sugar maples are the sweetest.Can also tap:Birch, walnut, black and english walnut, linden, box elder, butternut, sycamore, palm and gorose. All trees’ saps have their own flavor. Maple (Sugar, Silver, Black, Red, Norway, Big Leaf)40 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    Birch (European White, Paper, Yellow, Black, Gray, River)
    110 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are 40-50F (4.4-10C)
    Box Elder
    60 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    Black and English Walnut 
    60 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    Butternut
    60 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    Sycamore
    40 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    Palm
    88 parts of sap yields 11 parts finished syrup
    http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd11/1/dali111.htm
    Can be tapped year round
    Gorosoe
    40 parts of sap yields 1 part of finished syrup
    https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/chugging-maple-sap-30413453/
    Tap when daytime temperatures are above 32F (0C) and nighttime temperatures are below
    https://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/24/world/asia/24iht-maple.1.20393336.html
    Tree Identification
    Regardless of the variety of tree you are tapping, the process is the same.
    Be sure to always tap trees that measure 10” (25.4cm) in diameter or more so as not to damage the heartwood. A tree measuring this size can withstand one tap.A tree measuring 20” (50.8cm) can handle two taps.Finally, a tree measuring larger than 25” (63.5cm) in diameter may have three taps.Never install more than three taps per tree. When installing multiple taps, always place them at a minimum of 6 to 8” (15.24 to 20.32cm) apart from one another.Sugar Maple Identification
    Bright orange, yellow or reddish leaves in the fallSmoother bark than other maples, dark almost black in colorCan often see these trees dripping with sap from holes or cracks in the winter timeLook for five lobes with deep indentationsEquipment for Tapping
    A power drill5/16” (.8cm) drill bitSpilesHammerBucket hooks (if hanging buckets)Hoses (for ground buckets)Buckets with lidsHarvesting storage bucketsA large potThermometerEquipment for Processing
    Evaporator (optional)Large pot for boilSmall pot for finishingThermometerCheesecloth or fine strainerBottling jars and sealing lidsHow to Tap and Boil
    Tap when temperatures rise above freezing by day, and below freezing by nightLocate the s

    • 25 min
    Food Crafting

    Food Crafting

    Breadmaking
    Sourdough Bread
    What is it: Sourdough is naturally leavened bread using wild yeast from the atmosphere with the help of a “starter.” Starters need to be fed.

    Basic Tools: Starter, glass jar, digital scale, bowls, banneton, lame, dutch oven

    Why Make It: Sourdough is a more easily-digestible version of bread. Many folks with gluten intolerances can eat sourdough because the fermentation process when the starter is rising breaks down problematic enzymes.Resources
    Elaine Boddy
    Whole Grain Sourdough at Home
    The Sourdough Whisperer
    Instagram: @Elaine_FoodBod
    Ash from Turner Farm
    Online classes
    Instagram: @Turner.Farm
    Hannah Dela Cruz
    Everyday Sourdough
    Yeast-Based
    What is it: Bread leavened with yeast often purchased at a market. The process involves combine basic ingredients such as yeast, flour, water and salt. 

    Basic Tools: yeast, digital scale, mixing bowls, loaf pans or breadmaking machine

    Why Make It: Conventionally made breads sold at most supermarkets are loaded with preservatives and additives plus they are wrapped in packaging. Making bread at home (or hamburger/hot dog buns, rolls, etc.) eliminates these items.
    Resources
    Ken Forkish
    Flour Water Salt Yeast
    Kombucha
    What is it: A fermented beverage created by feeding a SCOBY (symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast) with sugar and waterBasic Tools: non-reactive glass container, wooden spoons, scoby, sugar, flavorings (herbs, fruit, etc.), glass bottlesWhy Make It: Many folks believe kombucha aids in digestive health and gut support. By making your own kombucha, you can save on money, packaging and unwanted additives.Resources
    Chad Turner
    The Joy of Home-Brewing Kombucha
    Dairy
    ButterMilk Source: Cream from Jersey cow has the highest fat content. Butter can also be made from goats and sheep.
    Basic Tools: Stand mixer or butter churner
    Why Make It: Control salt and flavor quantities, natural fats vs. trans-fats, avoid additives such as colorants, preservatives and flavorings
    CheeseMilk Source: Dairy, sheep, goat

    Basic Tools: Heavy-bottom pots, strainers, slotted spoons, cheesecloth, milk thermometer, basket forms, rennet, cultures, calcium chloride (not needed in some soft cheeses)
    Why Make It: Cost savings, control colorants and addtiives (preservatives)
    Other dairy optionsButtermilk, ice cream, yogurt, coffee

    • 42 min
    Introduction of Birds on the Homestead

    Introduction of Birds on the Homestead

    Chickens
    Purpose: Fresh eggs, fertilizer for the garden, meat, breeding, tick and insect controlCons: Roosters are loud, roosters have spurs, health concerns, dust from scratching, they scratch up grass and gardens, can fly over fences unless wings are clipped, frostbite in cold climatesHousing Requirements: 2-3 square feet per bird, roosting bards, predator-proof coop and run, nesting boxes, access to food and waterDucks
    Purpose: Fresh eggs, meat, cold climate hardy, slug and snail control, don’t scratch up garden spaces, the only manure that can be directly applied to the garden, domesticated breeds with the exception of Muscovies can’t flyCons: Rooting with their bills, can be loud, wet manure and mess, more mess requires more cleaning/new bedding, heavyweight breeds are more prone to bumblefoot and leg fracturesHousing Requirements: Roughly 4 square feet per bird, no nesting boxes, predator proof coop and run, access to bathing water is ideal, access to fresh food and water, no roosting barsTurkeys
    Purpose: Meat, eggs, friendly disposition, fertilizer, pest control (eat stink bugs, grasshoppers, ground beetles, snails and slugs)Cons: Large birds require more space and feed, ability to fly, Blackhead illness (chickens can be asymptomatic carriers; ill birds can affect young turkeys which results in death), not as winter hardy, seasonal egg layersHousing Requirements: 5 square feet of space per bird, predator-proof coop and run are ideal with nesting bars, (unless they have a high place to roost at night outdoors), access to food and water, nesting boxesQuail
    Purpose: Meat, eggs, breeding, small size requires little living space, train hunting dogs, garden fertilizer, quiet, hardy/healthy, don’t need plucking during process, many municipalities that outlaw chickens may allow quailCons: Because so small require protection from small predators like rats, specialized cages and equipment add an additional cost, can’t be mixed in a flock with other birds, lots of waste in proportion to other bird options, manure has to be composted, flying away, quail are known for aggressive bullying within flocksHousing Requirements: 1 square foot of space per bird, wire flooring is essential to allow droppings to pass through, nest boxes required, no roosting bars, access to food and waterGuinea Fowl
    Purpose: Pest control (ticks, snakes, rats, Asian beetles), won’t scratch garden spaces while working, eggs (up to 60 per year for free ranging birds), meat, alarm call for predators/unusual farm activity, roost anywhere outdoors so no coop maintenance is required with the exception of the first three months when constantly enclosed.Cons: Loud, don’t overwinter well since don’t like being cooped up at night, prone to roaming, dumb, they can be hard to find since they sleep anywhere, live up to 15 years, must search for eggsHousing Requirements: 3 square feet of space per bird when cooped up, no nest boxes, roosting bars if being kept in a coop, access to food and waterGeese
    Purpose: Eggs, meat, down feathers, weed control, pasture maintenance, flock guardians, climate hardy (Sebastopols need shelter), fat renderingCons: Larger size requires more space per bird, loud, some breeds are aggressive, territorial during mating season, seasonal egg layers onlyHousing Requirements: 6-8 square feet per bird, large size-predator-proof coop and run, access to bathing water is appreciated, no nest boxes, no roosting bars, access to food and waterNote: Never use hay or straw for bedding. Urine and wet droppings are not absorbed and ammonia bui

    • 1 hr 2 min

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5.0 out of 5
21 Ratings

21 Ratings

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