1 hr 16 min

How Will Capitalism End? The Orville, Eduard Bernstein, and What is to Be Done‪?‬ Literate Machine

    • Society & Culture

What does comedic science fiction television show The Orville tell us about how capitalism will end? How did Germany go from having the largest and most powerful socialist movement in the world to finding its movement gutted and its country given over to fascists? How did Eduard Bernstein, despite his best intentioned, upend the Marxist movement and provide cover for those who wanted to destroy it? And was he actually right all along? All this and more will be answered!
The previous video, Star Trek into Socialism, is not necessary for appreciating this one, but the two inform each other: https://youtu.be/LJKDF0BwepI
Also mentioned in this video:
* Loki and How Conservatives Become Fascists: https://youtu.be/kBfTYUadGts
* How the Hippies Became Yuppies: The Trial of the Chicago 7: https://youtu.be/LONtgVNaa7A?si=DvWznzsFnMZyYHR2
Not by me: Using Corporate Governance to Understand Socialism: https://youtu.be/MmeIGcI60oc
Text of the episode and other ways in which you can access it at https://literatemachine.com/2023/11/16/how-will-capitalism-end-the-orville-eduard-bernstein-and-what-is-to-be-done/
Excerpts of deleted material on the Patreon at https://patron.com/ericrosenfield, which you can get access to for as little as $1 an episode, and also get exclusive author’s notes, draft excerpts, and early access to episodes. There’s also a whole thing I wanted to get into here about the role of identity politics in all this, but it was too complicated and too much of a digression from the main point, so I’ll probably talk about it there.
Bibliography
My primary literary sources were:
- *The Preconditions of Socialism* by Eduard Bernstein, 1899, edited and translated by Henry Tudor, 1993 (originally published in English as *Evolutionary Socialism*)
- *Eduard Bernstein on Socialism Past and Present: Essays and Lectures on Ideology*, edited and translated by Marius S. Ostrowski, 2021
- *The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism* by Manfred B. Steger, 1997
- *The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism* by Peter Gay, 1952
- *The German Revolution 1917-1923* by Pierre Broué, 1971 (translation 2005)
- The Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles, 1848
- Capital Vol. 1 by Karl Marx, 1867
- Critique of the Gotha Programme by Karl Marx, 1875
- “The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-Revolution” by Karl Marx, 1848
- “Speech to the International Workingman’s Association” by Karl Marx, 1863
- Socialism: Utopian and Scientific by Friedrich Engles
- Anti-Dühring by Friedrich Engels, 1877
- Reform or Revolution? by Rosa Luxemburg
- “The Russian Revolution” by Rosa Luxemburg, 1918
- *Capital in the 21st Century* by Thomas Piketty, 2014
More sources can be found at https://literatemachine.com/2023/11/16/how-will-capitalism-end-the-orville-eduard-bernstein-and-what-is-to-be-done/

What does comedic science fiction television show The Orville tell us about how capitalism will end? How did Germany go from having the largest and most powerful socialist movement in the world to finding its movement gutted and its country given over to fascists? How did Eduard Bernstein, despite his best intentioned, upend the Marxist movement and provide cover for those who wanted to destroy it? And was he actually right all along? All this and more will be answered!
The previous video, Star Trek into Socialism, is not necessary for appreciating this one, but the two inform each other: https://youtu.be/LJKDF0BwepI
Also mentioned in this video:
* Loki and How Conservatives Become Fascists: https://youtu.be/kBfTYUadGts
* How the Hippies Became Yuppies: The Trial of the Chicago 7: https://youtu.be/LONtgVNaa7A?si=DvWznzsFnMZyYHR2
Not by me: Using Corporate Governance to Understand Socialism: https://youtu.be/MmeIGcI60oc
Text of the episode and other ways in which you can access it at https://literatemachine.com/2023/11/16/how-will-capitalism-end-the-orville-eduard-bernstein-and-what-is-to-be-done/
Excerpts of deleted material on the Patreon at https://patron.com/ericrosenfield, which you can get access to for as little as $1 an episode, and also get exclusive author’s notes, draft excerpts, and early access to episodes. There’s also a whole thing I wanted to get into here about the role of identity politics in all this, but it was too complicated and too much of a digression from the main point, so I’ll probably talk about it there.
Bibliography
My primary literary sources were:
- *The Preconditions of Socialism* by Eduard Bernstein, 1899, edited and translated by Henry Tudor, 1993 (originally published in English as *Evolutionary Socialism*)
- *Eduard Bernstein on Socialism Past and Present: Essays and Lectures on Ideology*, edited and translated by Marius S. Ostrowski, 2021
- *The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism* by Manfred B. Steger, 1997
- *The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism* by Peter Gay, 1952
- *The German Revolution 1917-1923* by Pierre Broué, 1971 (translation 2005)
- The Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles, 1848
- Capital Vol. 1 by Karl Marx, 1867
- Critique of the Gotha Programme by Karl Marx, 1875
- “The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-Revolution” by Karl Marx, 1848
- “Speech to the International Workingman’s Association” by Karl Marx, 1863
- Socialism: Utopian and Scientific by Friedrich Engles
- Anti-Dühring by Friedrich Engels, 1877
- Reform or Revolution? by Rosa Luxemburg
- “The Russian Revolution” by Rosa Luxemburg, 1918
- *Capital in the 21st Century* by Thomas Piketty, 2014
More sources can be found at https://literatemachine.com/2023/11/16/how-will-capitalism-end-the-orville-eduard-bernstein-and-what-is-to-be-done/

1 hr 16 min

Top Podcasts In Society & Culture

Where Everybody Knows Your Name with Ted Danson and Woody Harrelson (sometimes)
Team Coco & Ted Danson, Woody Harrelson
Shawn Ryan Show
Shawn Ryan | Cumulus Podcast Network
Stuff You Should Know
iHeartPodcasts
The Unplanned Podcast with Matt & Abby
Matt & Abby | QCODE
This American Life
This American Life
Fail Better with David Duchovny
Lemonada Media