The Apocalyptic Gospel Podcast explores the Gospel as a first-century Jew would have understood it. A conversation about the Gospel, the Kingdom of God, or the Day of the Lord in the first century would have evoked a body of ideas not immediately present with a simple word study of these terms. In this weekly podcast, a pastor, campus minister, and missionary mine the Torah, Biblical Prophets, and Second Temple writings for the origin and development of these ideas as we help give context to this first-century Jewish message and encourage disciples of Jesus to boldly proclaim it and patiently wait for the God of Israel to fulfill his covenantal promises.
Q&A #9 with Bill, John, and Josh
Bill, John, and Josh tackle your questions in this ninth Q&A episode. We discuss revival, the Trinity, and different hermeneutical tools that Christians have used over the centuries. We also explore how Paul uses the Hebrew Bible, and conclude with some thoughts on some common critiques on the historicity of the Tanakh.
Does Matthew 24:14 describe an end-time revival or awakening? (2:13) What do you think about common medieval exegesis methods and how they relate to a first-century apocalyptic worldview? (5:03) Is Paul’s quote of Psalm 68 in Ephesians 4 proof of realized eschatology? (15:30) What are your thoughts on the Trinity from a first-century viewpoint? (22:25) How do we know the account of God’s faithfulness within the Tanakh is actually reliable? (32:47)
Blasphemy and Exaltation in Judaism - Darrell Bock: https://amzn.to/3EHH1Fo
The Jewish Targums and John’s Logos Theology - John Ronning: https://amzn.to/3g42tdF
Inconsistency in the Torah - Joshua Berman: https://amzn.to/3MruBDm
Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament - James Pritchard: https://amzn.to/3Vt4Wyf
Our YouTube channels:
S3E33: Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles: Priests and Kings at the End of the Age
In this final episode of the season, we discuss Ezra-Nehemiah, and 1-2 Chronicles and their later interpretation in second-temple apocalyptic literature. Being traditionally understood as the head of the Great Sanhedrin, Ezra in particular is transformed into an apocalyptic prophet proclaiming the urgency of the end of the age. The Chronicles largely summarize earlier content of 1-2 Samuel and 1-2 Kings with an emphasis on messianism, which plays into eschatological expectations in the second-temple period.
Overview of Ezra-Nehemiah (2:11) The confusion around Ezra in Second Temple Literature - 4 Ezra/2 Esdras (7:33) Ezra as an end-time prophet - Ezra 7:1,6; 4 Ezra 1:1; Ezra 3:10-13; Haggai 2:3; 2 Esdras 4 Ezra 3:28–36; 7:74; 14:3-18 (12:23) The apocalyptic material, propaganda, and discipleship (23:21) Overview of Chronicles (27:37) Messianism in 1 and 2 Chronicles - Psalms of Solomon 17 (31:35) Wrapping up our season on the Tanakh (38:17)
S3E32: The Book of Daniel and Jewish Apocalyptic Eschatology
In this episode, we discuss the book of Daniel and its influence on later Jewish apocalyptic literature and the New Testament. We highlight particular themes common to the apocalyptic worldview, including the kingdom of God, the son of Man, and the eschatological persecution of the saints. Daniel is best understood and read through the lens of God’s covenantal faithfulness to Israel and its projection forward in an apocalyptic view of history.
Introduction to Daniel (3:04) Why is Daniel in the Ketuvim instead of the Nevi’im? (4:07) Dating the book of Daniel - Ezekiel 14:12-14; Ezekiel 14:19-20; Ezekiel 28:1-3 (7:52) Daniel as apocalyptic literature (14:47) Daniel, the covenant, and the apocalyptic view of history (16:14) The aim of history is the apocalyptic kingdom of God - Daniel 9 (17:24) Daniel in second temple apocalyptic literature - Syb. Or. 4:49ff; 4 Ezra 12:10-13, 31-34; 1 Enoch 47:1-3; 1 Enoch 46:3-5; 1 Enoch 90:20 (24:54) Daniel in the New Testament - Matthew 24:15, 30 (33:25)
S3E31: The Five Scrolls and Jewish Apocalypticism
In this episode, we discuss the Five Scrolls: Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther. Though seemingly disparate in content, authorship, chronology, and genre, Jewish tradition groups these five books within the Ketuvim. We discuss some of the reasons why, and how later tradition reads these books messianically and eschatologically.
The Five Scrolls and the Targums (2:43) Song of Solomon - Ezekiel 16:7-8; Isaiah 62:5; Hosea 1-2; Targum Canticles 8:4-8 (12:16) Ruth - Targum Ruth 1:1; 2:12; 4:22 (31:22) Lamentations - Targum Lamentations 1:1; 2:22; 4:22 (38:18) Ecclesiastes - Targum Qohelet 1:2; 12:13-14; 1 Enoch 102:6-103:4 (43:17) Esther - Targum Esther 1:1 (50:50)
Resource: Targum and Testament Revisited by Martin McNamara - https://amzn.to/3L6DGB4
S3E30: The Eschatological Metanarrative of the Psalms: An Interview with David Mitchell, part 2
In this episode we continue our interview with David Mitchell, Biblical scholar and pastoral musician. We explore some of the eschatological themes found in the Psalms and how these play out in the prophetic literature. We also look at the themes of the Psalms in apocalyptic literature, which give context to the New Testament’s quotations of the Psalms, especially Psalm 110.
The central eschatological themes found in the Psalter (2:18) How do you see the Psalter’s effect on the late prophetic material or on the prophetic material in general? (7:59) How do you see these ideas projecting forward into 2nd temple/apocalyptic literature? (12:48) How do you see these eschatological ideas of the psalms continued in the New Testament? (19:50) Psalm 110, Hebrews 10, and Melchizedek (26:26) A discussion on David’s writings (34:52) The prophetic nature of the Psalms and the academic motivation to keep them in history (43:22)
S3E29: The Eschatological Metanarrative of the Psalms: An Interview with David Mitchell, part 1
In this episode we interview David Mitchell, Biblical scholar and pastoral musician. We explore some of his work on the Psalms from his book The Message of the Psalter: An Eschatological Programme in the Book of Psalms. David discusses the primary theme of his book with us – namely, that the Psalms have been organized in a way that is intended to convey an eschatological narrative. David shares some of the other theories behind the organization of the Psalms, and then shares a few examples to help illustrate how both the content and the redaction of the Psalms were intended to heighten eschatological expectation.
What prompted David’s interest in the Book of Psalms? (4:22) The Psalms were redacted with a particular purpose (16:08) The eschatological meta-narrative behind the organization of the Psalter (25:38) The Psalms as a multi-author work, compiled to reinforce the hope of Israel (35:35)
Great discussion and analysis
Thanks Bill, Josh, and John for this wonderful podcast. Keep on belting out the episodes. I’m learning so much
So hopeful to hear the young ones share!
I loved it!
Great podcast, super encouraging and informative for anyone who wants to understand the Bible/Gospel message better.