113 episodes

We are the leading independent documentary podcast in India. We talk History, Science, Technology and everything in between; well most of the things.

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We are the leading independent documentary podcast in India. We talk History, Science, Technology and everything in between; well most of the things.

    108: Operation Overlord

    108: Operation Overlord

    Operation Overlord was launched on 6 June 1944 and is to date the largest amphibious assault in the history of warfare. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on 6 June, and more than two million Allied troops were in France by the end of August. It led to the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.



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    Image MIckStephenson at English Wikipedia.

    • 18 min
    107: Pyramids

    107: Pyramids

    The Pyramids are one of the ancient wonders of the world. It is one of the most mysterious structures ever built. In this episode, we try to uncover some of the mysteries.

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    Image by Soupy Squirrel from Pixabay

    • 27 min
    106: Colonialism in India - Part 12: The Indian Revolutionaries

    106: Colonialism in India - Part 12: The Indian Revolutionaries

    The Indian Revolutionary Movement

    The first signs of the revolutionary movement can be traced back to 1847 when 5000 peasants rose against the British East India Company (EIC) in Kurnool district (Andra Pradesh) under the leadership of Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy. They were protesting against the changes made to the traditional agrarian system.



    Jugantar Party

    The revolutionary movement was not organised till the 20th Century. The first signs of its organisation can be noticed in 1905, during the partition of Bengal.

    The Jugantar party was formed in April 1906 by Aurobindo Ghosh, Barindra Kumar Ghosh, Bhupendranath Datta, Lal Bal Pal, Subodh Chandra Mullick.

    They collected and manufactured bombs. The Jugantars sent some of their members for training abroad, too. But the attempted murder of a district judge in Muzaffarpur resulted in the arrest of many of them.

    They planned to revolt against the British during the First World War with the help of Indians living abroad. It relied on the clandestine landing of German arms and ammunitions in the Indian coast, which never materialised.

    They supported Mahatma Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement while conducting revolutionary activities.



    Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

    It was established in October 1924 in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh by revolutionaries like Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chatterjee, Chandrashekhar Azad, Yogendra Shukla and Sachindranath Sanyal. They aimed to throw out the British and establish the Federal Republic of the United States of India.

    The Kakori train robbery is one of the notable mutinies by the group. It led to the hanging of Ashfaqullah Khan, Ramprasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri.

    The group reorganised under Chandrashekhar Azad with new members of the likes of Bhagat Singh, Bhagwati Charan Vohra and Sukhdev and renamed themselves the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

    They killed Saunders, a police officer involved in the lathi-charge that killed Lala Lajpat Rai.

    Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru threw a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly. It was followed by their trial and hanging on 23 March 1931.



    Abhinav Bharat Secret Society

    It was a secret society started by VD Savarkar and GD Savarkar in 1904. It was involved in many revolutionary activities until its disbandment in 1952.

    One of the popular deeds of the society was the assassination of Lt. Col. William Curzon-Wyllie on 1 July 1909.

    After the existence of the society was unearthed, Savarkar was transported to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman Islands in 1910.



    Kotwal Dasta

    It was formed by Veer Bhai Kotwal with around 50 members during the Quit India Movement. They cut down electric pylons to cripple the industries and railways. Around 11 pylons were cut from September to November 1942.



    Previous episode mentioned in this episode: 074: Oh beer, oh beer!

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    Image by Rueben lys

    • 20 min
    105: The Boeing Debacle (MCAS)

    105: The Boeing Debacle (MCAS)

    In this episode, we talk about the Boeing 737 Max accidents and the reason behind it.


    Boeing’s 737 is one of the most widely used aircraft. But two crashes of its new 737 Max 8 model and the following investigation, led to some dark details about how a software system overpowered the pilots and plunged everyone on board to a horrific end.

    Manoeuvring Characteristics Augmentation System, abbreviated as MCAS is a software designed to save an aeroplane from a potential stall due to a high angle of attack. The angle of attack is the angle between the aircraft direction of mention forward and the wing. Aircraft usually have a slight positive angle of attack to create more lift at slower speeds. But if the angle of attack becomes too high, added drag is created and there is a danger of a stall where aircraft falls out of the sky uncontrollably.

    MCAS was designed to lower the airplane’s nose when the angle of attack becomes too high and thus preventing a stall. But in two of Boeing’s 737 Max 8 aircraft, these systems erroneously pushed the planes into nosedive resulting in catastrophic accidents. The worst part of this disaster was that the pilots of 737 were not informed of this particular software and wasn’t even mentioned in any training documents.

    In this episode, we delve a little deeper into the background of these tragedies and learn how competition between two aircraft manufacturers resulted in the loss of hundreds of lives.



    Previous episode mentioned in the episode: 048: Jet Engines

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    Image by nickyhardinguk from Pixabay

    • 27 min
    104: Serial KIller Files - Part 9: Rodney Alcala

    104: Serial KIller Files - Part 9: Rodney Alcala

    Rodney Alcala is a notorious serial killer who spread terror in the United States from 1968 to 1979.



    Name: Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor

    Birth: 23 August 1943

    Convictions: Battery, kidnapping, murder, probation violation, rape, providing cannabis to a minor

    Victims: 8 to 130

    Span: 1968 to 1979

    Crime penalty: Death

    Aliases: The Dating Game Killer, John Berger, John Burger, Rod Alcala



    During his appearance in The Dating Game in 1978, the host, Jim Lange introduced him as a "successful photographer who got his start when his father found him in the darkroom at the age of 13, fully developed. Between takes, you might find him skydiving or motorcycling." Alcala won the competition (a date with Cheryl Bradshaw) with his charm. But Bradshaw later declined the date because Alcala started acting creepy. The fellow bachelors in the show described Alcala to be very strange and have bizarre opinions. It is believed that the rejection led Alcala on a killing spree where he killed at least three women.



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    Source:

    Rodney Alcala Biography

    Rodney Alcala Murderpedia

    The Dating Game Wikipedia

    Rodney Alcala Wikipedia


    Image from LA Weekly

    • 27 min
    103: Colonialism in India - Part 11: Mahatma Gandhi

    103: Colonialism in India - Part 11: Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi was the primary leader of India’s independence movement and also the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience that would influence the world. Until Gandhi was assassinated in 1948, his life and teachings inspired activists including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.

    Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    Born: 2 October 1869 (Porbandar, Gujarat)

    Known for: Being the father of the nation, political activism leading to Indian independence, nonviolence (ahimsa)

    Occupation: Lawyer, activist, writer, politician

    Died: 30 January 1948

    Cause of death: Assassination through gunshot by Nathuram Godse


    Introduction

    He was the youngest son from his father, Karamchand Gandhi’s fourth marriage to Putlibai Gandhi.

    Karamchand Gandhi did not have much elementary education but was capable to be the dewan of Porbandar.

    He went on to become the dewan of Rajkot later on.

    Mohandas Gandhi was a mediocre student who won the occasional prizes and scholarships who was - “good at English, fair in Arithmetic and weak in Geography; conduct very good, bad handwriting.”

    He got married at the age of thirteen to Kasturba Makhanji Kapadia.

    They went on to have four children - Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas.

    Education

    He liked to be a doctor but coming from a background of Vaishnava faith, they were against vivisection.

    To attain a good post in the high posts in one of the states in Gujarat, he had to be a barrister.

    He went to England and joined the Inner Temple which is one of the four London law colleges.

    He struggled with more issues than academic problems, especially vegetarianism became a major struggle for him.

    He came under constant pressure from his friends about how vegetarianism is going to wreck his studies and health.

    But then he found a vegetarian restaurant and a book reasoning the goodness of vegetarianism.

    He became a member of the executive committee of the London Vegetarian Society, contributing articles to its journal and attending its conferences.

    Early Career

    He had a lot of issues practising law.

    His fear of public speaking took a toll on him as he could not get any prestigious barrister jobs back in India.

    This led to him moving to South Africa and taking a job there.

    South Africa taught him a lot about the disparities between the white and the coloured.

    India (1915-1947)

    Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)

    It began because of the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

    Ended with the Chauri Chaura incident of 1922.

    It led to the arrest of Gandhi and many other prominent leaders.

    Civil Disobedience Movement(1930)

    Dandi March (12th March - 6th April 1930)

    Time Man of the Year 1930

    Gandhi and 78 trusted volunteers marched from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi (384 km) in 25 days.

    Resulted in the Government of India Act 1935 which granted large measures of autonomy to the provinces of British India.

    Quit Indian Movement (1942)

    It was opposed by Hindu Mahasabha, All India Muslim League, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Communist Party of India, and the Princely States.


    Quotes mentioned in the podcasts from Britannica:

    “Gandhi had critics in his own country and indeed in his own party. The liberal leaders protested that he was going too fast; the young radicals complained that he was not going fast enough; left-wing politicians alleged that he was not serious about evicting the British or liquidating such vested Indian interests as princes and landlords; the leaders of the untouchables doubted his good faith as a social reformer; and Muslim leaders accused him of partiality to his own community.”

    “Scholars have continued to judge Gandhi’s place in history. He was the catalyst if not the initiator of three of the major revolutions of the 20th century: the movements against colonialism, racism, and violence.”

    Book mentioned in the episode:

    The Story of My Experiments with Truth by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi: Paperback | Hardcover | Kindle Edition | MP3 CD

    • 37 min

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Just binged 108 episodes and ready for more. Got introduced to this through the Right Room podcast which is another gem. Massive gyaan delivered CCD style.

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