8 episodes

Center for Advanced Studies (CAS) Research Focus Evidence Based Practice (LMU) - SD Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

    • Business

    • video
    The Economic Approach to Learning from Data

    The Economic Approach to Learning from Data

    Corruption among Japanese Sumo wrestlers, the relation between having a TV and fertility rates in India and the analysis of drug dealing gangs in Chicago – these are all topics for which one needs a second look to identify them as microeconomic questions which can be analyzed with the help of data. These are only but a few of everyday situations which Steven D. Levitt and the journalist Stephen J. Dubner illustrate in the books of the bestselling Freakonomics series. In his lecture Steven Levitt will lay out how data and (micro)economic reasoning can interact in order to analyze patterns that occur in everyday life or suggest (simple) solutions to (seemingly complex) problems.
    | Steven D. Levitt is Professor for economy at the University of Chicago and currently Visiting Fellow at CAS.

    • 1 hr 26 min
    • video
    Science is Global, Science Culture Remains Local

    Science is Global, Science Culture Remains Local

    Whether in hospital, in economic consulting or in the design of learning environments, the people involved must constantly make decisions that have a considerable impact on the individual, institutional or social level of interaction. The concept of "evidence based practice" builds upon the notion that important decisions should not be made exclusively on the basis of personal experience and subjective assessments or needs. The best scientific evidence currently available should be considered.
    |Martin W. Bauer is professor of Social Psychology and Science Methodology at the LSE.

    • 1 hr 19 min
    • video
    Globales Wissen und lokale Implementierung

    Globales Wissen und lokale Implementierung

    Ob im Krankenhaus, in der Wirtschaftsberatung oder in der pädagogischen Ausbildung: Stets müssen die beteiligten Akteure Entscheidungen treffen, die große Auswirkungen auf der individuellen, der institutionellen oder der gesellschaftlichen Ebene haben. Das Konzept der "Evidenz-basierten Praxis" fußt auf der Überlegung, dass wichtige Entscheidungen nicht allein aufgrund persönlicher Erfahrung und subjektiver Einschätzungen oder Bedürfnissen getroffen werden sollten. Der Stand der aktuell besten verfügbaren wissenschaftlichen Evidenz sollte ebenso berücksichtigt werden. Während im Bereich der Medizin dieser Ansatz bereits seit ca. 15 Jahren angewendet wird – und unterdessen auch Kritik erfährt –, sind andere Bereiche, wie etwa die Pädagogik oder die Wirtschaftswissenschaften gerade dabei, die Potentiale dieses Konzepts auszuloten. | Gerd Antes ist Co-Direktor von Cochrane Deutschland, mit Sitz am Universitätsklinikum Freiburg.

    • 1 hr 33 min
    • video
    Evaluating Development Policy

    Evaluating Development Policy

    Whether in hospital, in economic consulting or in the design of learning environments, the people involved must constantly make decisions that have a considerable impact on the individual, institutional or social level of interaction. The concept of "evidence based practice" builds upon the notion that important decisions should not be made exclusively on the basis of personal experience and subjective assessments or needs. The best scientific evidence currently available should be considered. | Oriana Bandiera is professor for Economics at the LSE and holds the Anthony Atkinson Chair in Economics.

    • 1 hr 20 min
    • video
    Evidential Pluralism and the Pragmatist Theory of Evidence

    Evidential Pluralism and the Pragmatist Theory of Evidence

    Whether in hospital, in economic consulting or in the design of learning environments, the people involved must constantly make decisions that have a considerable impact on the individual, institutional or social level of interaction. The concept of "evidence based practice" builds upon the notion that important decisions should not be made exclusively on the basis of personal experience and subjective assessments or needs. The best scientific evidence currently available should be considered.

    Julian Reiss is professor of Philosophy at Durham University.

    • 1 hr 32 min
    • video
    What is 'Informed Trust' in Science?

    What is 'Informed Trust' in Science?

    Whether in hospital, in economic consulting or in the design of learning environments, the people involved must constantly make decisions that have a considerable impact on the individual, institutional or social level of interaction. The concept of "evidence based practice" builds upon the notion that important decisions should not be made exclusively on the basis of personal experience and subjective assessments or needs. The best scientific evidence currently available should be considered. | Rainer Bromme is Senior Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Münster and Visiting Fellow at CAS.

    • 1 hr 23 min

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