62 episodes

This podcast is written and produced by psychiatry residents at the University of Toronto and is aimed at medical students and residents. Listeners will learn about fundamental and more advanced topics in psychiatry as our resident team explore these topics with world-class psychiatrists at U of T and abroad.

PsychEd: educational psychiatry podcast PsychEd

    • Health & Fitness
    • 4.8 • 98 Ratings

This podcast is written and produced by psychiatry residents at the University of Toronto and is aimed at medical students and residents. Listeners will learn about fundamental and more advanced topics in psychiatry as our resident team explore these topics with world-class psychiatrists at U of T and abroad.

    PsychEd Episode 60: Metabolic Psychiatry with Dr. Cindy Calkin

    PsychEd Episode 60: Metabolic Psychiatry with Dr. Cindy Calkin

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode introduces the field of metabolic psychiatry, with a focus on patients with severe mental illness and metabolic syndrome. Our guest is Dr. Cindy Calkin, an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Department of Neuroscience at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia. Dr. Calkin has been a pioneer in the field of metabolic and neuroendocrine disorders in patients with bipolar disorder. Her research interests include examining the effects of obesity, insulin resistance and type II diabetes on the clinical course and outcomes in bipolar disorder.
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
    By the end of this episode, the listener will be able to… 
    Describe the burden of metabolic syndrome in the population with severe mental illnesses
    Explain reasons for the comorbidity between metabolic syndrome and severe mental illness
    Identify biopsychosocial strategies to prevent or treat metabolic conditions in this population
    Guest: Dr. Cindy Calkin
    Hosts: Angad Singh, Gaurav Sharma, and Sara Abrahamson
    Audio editing by: Gaurav Sharma
    Show notes by: Sara Abrahamson & Gaurav Sharma 
    Conflicts of interest: Neither our guest nor hosts for this episode have declared any conflicts of interest related to this topic.
    Interview content:
    0:00 - Introduction
    00:54 - Learning objectives
    01:37 - Dr. Calkin’s career trajectory
    9:45 - Describing the burden of metabolic syndrome in severe mental illness
    14:16 - What is the relationship between metabolic syndrome and severe mental illness
    25:23 - Why is metabolic syndrome underdiagnosed in severe mental illness
    27:56 - How to measure and monitor insulin resistance in clinical practice
    32:44 - How stigma impacts treatment of metabolic syndrome in the mentally ill
    34:02 - Lifestyle interventions for metabolic syndrome in the mentally ill
    37:06 - Medication interventions for metabolic syndrome in the mentally ill
    39:44 - Directions for future research in the metabolic psychiatry
    41:48 - Episode summary
    References:
    Bai, Y.-M., Li, C.-T., Tsai, S.-J., Tu, P.-C., Chen, M.-H., & Su, T.-P. (2016). Metabolic syndrome and adverse clinical outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 448–448. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1143-8
    Calkin, C., Kamintsky, L., & Friedman, A. (2022). Reversal of insulin resistance is associated with repair of blood-brain barrier dysfunction and remission in a patient with treatment-resistant bipolar depression. Bipolar Disorders, 24(5), 553-555. https://doi.org/10.1111/bdi.13199
    Calkin, C. V., Ruzickova, M., Uher, R., Hajek, T., Slaney, C. M., Garnham, J. S., ... & Alda, M. (2015). Insulin resistance and outcome in bipolar disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(1), 52-57. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.114.152850
    Giménez-Palomo, A., Gomes-da-Costa, S., Dodd, S., Pachiarotti, I., Verdolini, N., Vieta, E., & Berk, M. (2022). Does metabolic syndrome or its component factors alter the course of bipolar disorder? A systematic review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 132, 142–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.11.026
    Ho, C. S., Zhang, M. W., Mak, A., & Ho, R. C. (2014). Metabolic syndrome in psychiatry: advances in understanding and management. Advances in psychiatric treatment, 20(2), 101-112. https://doi.org/10.1192/apt.bp.113.011619
    Leboyer, M., Godin, O., Llorca, P. M., Aubin, V., Bellivier, F., Belzeaux, R., Courtet, P., Costagliola, D., Dubertret, C., M’Bailara, K., Haffen, E., Henry, C., Laouamri, H., Passerieux, C., Pelletier, A., Polosan, M., Roux, P., Schwan, R., Samalin, L., … Etain, B. (2022). Key findings on bipolar disorders from the longitudinal FondaMental Advanced Center of Expertise-Bipolar Disorder (FACE-BD) cohort. Journal of Affective Disorders, 307, 149–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.03.053

    • 44 min
    PsychEd Episode 59: Critical Psychiatry with Dr. Elia Abi-Jaoude and Lucy Costa

    PsychEd Episode 59: Critical Psychiatry with Dr. Elia Abi-Jaoude and Lucy Costa

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers the field of critical psychiatry with Dr. Elia Abi-Jaoude and Lucy Costa. Dr. Abi-Jaoude is a staff psychiatrist at The Hospital for Sick Children and Assistant Professor and Clinician Investigator in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Canada. Lucy Costa is Deputy Executive Director of the Empowerment Council, a voice for clients of mental health and addiction services primarily at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto.
     
    While this topic could be very philosophical and expansive, we are going to focus our discussion by considering the practical implications of this field on psychiatric practice. What do you need to know about critical psychiatry as a trainee, and how might it impact your clinical practice?
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
    By the end of this episode, the listener will be able to…
    Define the term critical psychiatry and describe how the field has evolved over time
    Review core principles of critical psychiatry and apply them to a clinical situation
    Understand the potential benefits and harms of critical psychiatry and where the field is headed
     
    Guests: Dr. Eila Abi-Jaoude and Lucy Costa
     
    Hosts: Dr. Gaurav Sharma (PGY5), Dr. Nikhita Singhal (PGY5), Dr. Monisha Basu (PGY2), and Saja Jaberi (IMG)
     
    Audio editing by: Gaurav Sharma
     
    Show notes by: Gaurav Sharma and Nikhita Singhal
     
    Conflicts of interest: Neither of our guests nor hosts have declared any conflicts of interest related to this topic.

    Interview content:
    Introduction - 00:13
    Learning objectives - 02:35
    Defining critical psychiatry - 03:33
    How our experts got involved in critical psychiatry and incorporate it into their work - 04:50
    What are some of the questions critical psychiatry tries to answer? - 15:07
    Why care about critical psychiatry and “holding truths lightly”? - 23:55
    Principles of critical psychiatry - 24:55
    Applying critical psychiatry principles to a case - 32:40
    Potential benefits and harms of a critical psychiatry approach - 41:49
    Future directions for critical psychiatry - 58:29
    Review of learning objectives and summary - 1:01:30
    End credits - 1:03:17
     
    Resources:
    Critical Psychiatry Textbook
    Restoring Study 329 
    Psych Debate 14 | Critical Psychiatry and Diagnosis
     
    References:
    Barkil-Oteo A. Collaborative care for depression in primary care: how psychiatry could "troubleshoot" current treatments and practices. Yale J Biol Med. 2013 Jun 13;86(2):139-46.
    Craddock N, Mynors-Wallis L. Psychiatric diagnosis: impersonal, imperfect and important. The British Journal of Psychiatry. 2014;204(2):93-95. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.133090
    Kirsch I. The emperor's new drugs: medication and placebo in the treatment of depression. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2014;225:291-303. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-44519-8_16
    Middleton H, Moncrieff J. Critical psychiatry: a brief overview. BJPsych Advances. 2019;25(1):47-54. doi:10.1192/bja.2018.38
    O'Donoghue T, Crossley J. A critical narrative analysis of psychiatrists' engagement with psychosis as a contentious area. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020 Nov;66(7):724-730. doi: 10.1177/0020764020934516
    Samara MT, Dold M, Gianatsi M, et al. Efficacy, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Antipsychotics in Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia: A Network Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73(3):199–210. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.2955
     
    Important figures in the history of anti-psychiatry and critical psychiatry (discussion edited from episode for length):


    Anti-Psychiatrists:
    R. D. Laing (UK)
    Thomas Szasz (USA)
    Michel Foucault (France)
     
    Critical Psychiatrists:
    Joanna Moncrieff (UK)
    Suman Fernando (UK)
    Sami Tamini (UK)
    Pat Bracken (UK)
    Derek Summerfield (UK)
    Sandra Steinguard (USA)
    Critical Psychia

    • 1 hr 3 min
    PsychEd Episode 58: Depression in Children and Adolescents with Dr. Darren Courtney

    PsychEd Episode 58: Depression in Children and Adolescents with Dr. Darren Courtney

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers depression in children and adolescents with Dr. Darren Courtney, a scientist with the Cundill Centre for Child and Youth Depression and the Margaret and Wallace McCain Centre for Child, Youth and Family Mental Health and a staff psychiatrist in the Youth Addictions and Concurrent Disorders Service at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto. He is also an associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto.
     
    Dr. Courtney earned his MD in 2004 at Queen’s University and completed psychiatry residency in 2009 at the University of Ottawa. He was the clinical director of the Youth Inpatient Unit at the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre from 2009 to 2014 and moved to Toronto in 2014, where he worked on the Concurrent Youth Inpatient Unit at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health until 2017 and where his clinical work with concurrent disorders continues now with outpatient youth.
     
    Dr. Courtney's research focus is on the treatment of adolescent depression through the use of an integrated care pathway — a collaboratively developed treatment algorithm based on high-quality clinical practice guidelines. Through his research, he works on identifying quality practice guidelines and corresponding multi-disciplinary care pathways to facilitate evidence-based and measurement-based care for adolescents with depression. He has also participated in a systematic review and quality appraisal of clinical practice guidelines for psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Additionally, he has an interest in the management of concurrent disorders, where young people are affected by both primary psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders.
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Outline the prevalence and risk factors for depression in children and adolescents
    Explain how children and adolescents with depression present in clinical practice
    Discuss the use of screening tools for depression in this population
    Describe an approach to the management of depression in children and adolescents
    Outline the management of an adolescent with suicidal thoughts or behaviours
     
    Guest: Dr. Darren Courtney
    Hosts: Kate Braithwaite (MD) and Nikhita Singhal (PGY5)
    Audio editing by: Nikhita Singhal
    Show notes by: Kate Braithwaite and Nikhita Singhal
     
    Interview Content:
    Introduction - 0:00
    Learning objectives - 02:11
    Prevalence of depression in youth - 03:11
    Risk factors for depression in youth - 06:25
    Diagnosing depression in youth - 08:30
    Screening tools - 14:24
    Approach to taking a history from youth - 19:45
    Management of depression in youth - 30:12
    Psychotherapies - 33:20
    Medications - 37:37
    Assessing and managing suicidality in youth - 44:00
    Measurement based care - 51:00
    Final thoughts - 55:10
     
    Resources:
    Previous PsychEd episodes:
    PsychEd Episode 1: Diagnosis of Depression with Dr. Ilana Shawn
    PsychEd Episode 2: Treatment of Depression with Dr. Sidney Kennedy
    PsychEd Episode 18: Assessing Suicide Risk with Dr. Juveria Zaheer
    ICHOM Set of Patient-Centered Outcome Measures for Children & Young People with Depression & Anxiety
    Screening tools/rating scales:
    Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS)
    Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ)
    NICE guideline: Depression in children and young people: identification and management
    NICE guideline: Self-harm: assessment, management and preventing recurrence
    The CARIBOU Pathway by CAMH: A youth-centered program for the treatment of depression
    Includes links to download free clinician-specific and youth-specific resources co-developed with youth and mental health clinicians
    Clinical Innovations and Tools | Cundill Centre for Child

    • 57 min
    PsychEd Episode 57: HIV psychiatry with Dr. Adriana Carvalhal and Dr Leigh Van Den Heuvel

    PsychEd Episode 57: HIV psychiatry with Dr. Adriana Carvalhal and Dr Leigh Van Den Heuvel

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers HIV/AIDS psychiatry with special guests from two international settings to provide complementary perspectives on HIV psychiatry. Dr. Adriana Carvalhal, HIV Psychiatrist and Staff Psychiatrist at Scarborough Health Network in Canada and Dr. Leigh Van Den Heuvel, Psychiatrist and Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry, at Stellenbosch University in South Africa.
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
     By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Understand the unique mental health needs of people living with HIV and the bidirectional relationship between HIV and mental health
    Identify HIV-specific mental health disorders and how to screen for these conditions
    Outline the overall approach to treatment for HIV patients with mental health disorders
    Guests: Dr. Adriana Carvalhal and Dr Leigh Van Den Heuvel
    Produced by: Saja Jaberi (MD), Kate Braithwaite (MD) and Gaurav Sharma (PGY5)
    Hosts: Kate Braithwaite (MD) and Gaurav Sharma (PGY5)
    Audio editing by: Gaurav Sharma (PGY5)
    Show notes by: Saja Jaberi (MD) and Gaurav Sharma (PGY5)
    Conflicts of Interest: Neither of our guests nor hosts have declared any conflicts of interest related to this topic. Generic names are used for all medications referenced.
    Contents:
    Introduction - 0:19
    Learning objectives - 3:52
    The bidirectional relationship between HIV and psychiatric illness - 4:24
    Prevalence of psychiatric illness in HIV - 9:56
    Screening for psychiatric illness in HIV populations - 12:11
    HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND) - 19:27
    Diagnostic Criteria - 20:19
    Clinical Presentation & Etiology - 23:03
    Risk Factors - 26:56
    Screening Tools - 32:06
    Treatment - 36:59
    HIV Psychiatry case example - 39:48
    Navigating the differential diagnosis - 41:44
    Initial management & addressing comorbidities - 44:30
    Drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral and psychiatric medications - 48:04
    Review of learning objectives & final thoughts - 52:04
    Outro - 55:55
     
    Resources:
    Clinical Care Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents Living with HIV in Ontario, Canada (occguidelines.com)
    Estimates of HIV incidence, prevalence and Canada’s progress on meeting the 90-90-90 HIV targets, 2020 - Canada.ca  
    HIV and Clinical Depression 
    https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/Psychiatrists/Practice/Professional-Topics/HIV-Psychiatry/FactSheet-Anxiety-2012.pdf 
    https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/Psychiatrists/Practice/Professional-Topics/HIV-Psychiatry/FactSheet-CognitiveDisorder-2012.pdf 
    International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS) - Mental Health Screening - National HIV Curriculum (uw.edu)/
    Liverpool HIV Interactions (hiv-druginteractions.org)
    References:
    Angelovich TA, Churchill MJ, Wright EJ, Brew BJ. New Potential Axes of HIV Neuropathogenesis with Relevance to Biomarkers and Treatment. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2021;50:3-39. doi: 10.1007/7854_2019_126. PMID: 32040843.
    Angelovich TA, Churchill MJ, Wright EJ, Brew BJ. New Potential Axes of HIV Neuropathogenesis with Relevance to Biomarkers and Treatment. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2021;50:3-39. doi: 10.1007/7854_2019_126. PMID: 32040843.
    Awori V, Mativo P, Yonga G, Shah R. The association between asymptomatic and mild neurocognitive impairment and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. South Afr J HIV Med. 2018 Apr 12;19(1):674. doi: 10.4102/sajhivmed.v19i1.674. PMID: 29707383; PMCID: PMC5913780.
    Bloch M, Kamminga J, Jayewardene A, Bailey M, Carberry A, Vincent T, Quan D, Maruff P, Brew B, Cysique LA. A Screening Strategy for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders That Accurately Identifies Patients Requiring Neurological Review. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Sep 1;63(5):687-693. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw399. Epub 2016 Jun 19. PMID: 27325690;

    • 57 min
    PsychEd Episode 56: Understanding Trauma and Addictions with Dr. Gabor Maté

    PsychEd Episode 56: Understanding Trauma and Addictions with Dr. Gabor Maté

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers trauma and addictions with Dr. Gabor Maté, a retired physician who, after 20 years of family practice and palliative care experience, worked for over a decade in Vancouver’s Downtown East Side with patients challenged by drug addiction and mental illness. The bestselling author of five books published in thirty languages, including the award-winning In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts: Close Encounters with Addiction, Dr. Maté is an internationally renowned speaker highly sought after for his expertise on addiction, trauma, childhood development, and the relationship of stress and illness. For his groundbreaking medical work and writing he has been awarded the Order of Canada, his country’s highest civilian distinction, and the Civic Merit Award from his hometown, Vancouver. His fifth book, The Myth of Normal: Trauma, Illness and Healing in a Toxic Culture was released on September 13, 2022.
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Understand the connection between trauma and the development of addictions and other mental illnesses
    Critically reflect on current diagnostic and treatment paradigms
    Apply principles of trauma-informed care to psychiatric assessment and the provision of mental health services
     
    Guest: Dr Gabor Maté
     
    Hosts: Sena Gok, Rhys Linthorst, Angad Singh, Nikhita Singhal, and Alex Raben
     
    Audio editing by: Sena Gok
     
    Show notes by: Nikhita Singhal
     
    Interview Content:
    Introduction - 0:00
    Learning objectives - 01:43
    Defining trauma - 02:14
    Current dominant views of addiction - 07:27
    Defining addiction - 11:05
    Relationship between trauma and addiction - 16:15
    Neurobiology of addiction - 17:20
    Brain development - 25:48
    Genetic susceptibility - 36:10
    Trauma-informed approach to treatment - 39:45
    Importance of therapeutic relationships - 44:10
    Societal barriers - 48:15
    Harm reduction - 54:32
    Closing comments - 01:00:14
     
    Resources:
    Books:
    In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts (Gabor Maté)
    The Myth of Normal (Gabor Maté)
    The Body Keeps The Score (Bessel van der Kolk)
    The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions (Jaak Pansepp, Lucy Biven)
    Dr Gabor Maté’s website: https://www.drgabormate.com
    Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) study: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0749-3797(98)00017-8
    More information on ACEs from Harvard University’s Center on the Developing Child: What Are ACEs? And How Do They Relate to Toxic Stress?
    Compassionate Inquiry (psychotherapeutic approach developed by Dr Gabor Maté)
     
    References:
    Brown, T., Berman, S., McDaniel, K., Radford, C., Mehta, P., Potter, J., & Hirsh, D. A. (2021). Trauma-Informed Medical Education (TIME): Advancing Curricular Content and Educational Context. Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 96(5), 661–667. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000003587
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (US). Trauma-Informed Care in Behavioral Health Services. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 2014. (Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 57.) Chapter 3, Understanding the Impact of Trauma. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK207191/
    Colon-Rivera Hector, A., Aoun, E. & Vaezazizi, L. M. (2023). Addiction Psychiatric Medicine: A Comprehensive Board Review. Elsevier.
    Dugosh, K.L. & Cacciola J. (2022). Clinical assessment of substance use disorders. In J. A. Melin (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-assessment-of-substance-use-disorders
    Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., Koss, M. P., & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfun

    • 1 hr 2 min
    PsychEd Episode 55: MAiD and Mental Illness Part II with Dr. Sonu Gaind and Dr. Jeffrey Kirby

    PsychEd Episode 55: MAiD and Mental Illness Part II with Dr. Sonu Gaind and Dr. Jeffrey Kirby

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) and mental illness as a sequel to our previous episode on MAiD with our guest experts, Dr. Sonu Gaind and Dr. Jeffrey Kirby. This episode was originated by Dr. Urvashi Prasad for her Grand Rounds.
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
    By the end of this episode, the listener will be able to…
    Gain an understanding of the current state of Medical Assistance in Dying for primarily mental illness in Canada
    Evaluate the arguments in support of and against implementation of Medical Assistance in Dying for primarily Mental Illness 
    Understand next steps and future directions of Medical Assistance in Dying for primarily mental illness in Canada
    Discuss the possible impact that Medical Assistance in Dying might have on the profession of psychiatry 
     
    Guest Experts:
    Dr. Sonu Gaind who is a Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Chief of Psychiatry at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and clinically works as a psycho-oncology consultant. As Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) policies have been evolving in Canada, Dr. Gaind has testified in front of numerous expert, parliamentary and senate committees on issues relevant to mental health and mental illness that need to be considered in the MAiD framework. Dr. Gaind chaired the time-limited Canadian Psychiatric Association Task Force on Assisted Dying, was selected to sit on the Council of Canadian Academies Expert Panel on Mental Disorders and Assisted Dying, was retained by the former Attorney General of Canada as an expert in the Truchon and Lamb cases, and chaired his former hospitals MAiD team.  He has spoken across the country and internationally on the subject. 
     
    Dr. Jeffrey Kirby is a (retired) Professor in the Department of Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University. He has an educational background and professional experience in medicine, philosophy and health care ethics. Dr. Kirby has published a set of academic papers in high-impact, international, bioethics journals on a variety of MAID-related topics including: assisted dying for suffering arising from mental health conditions, morally-relevant distinctions between paradigm and non-paradigm MAID circumstances, meso- and macro-level (MAID-related) health policy development, and organ donation after MAID and institutional conscientious objection to MAID. He made several, virtual and written, Bill C-7 related submissions to the Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs regarding matters/issues of relevance to the potential consideration of mental health disorders as sole-qualifying conditions for MAID in Canada. He is a former member of the Expert Panel on MAiD and Mental Illness. 
     
    Grand Rounds Presenter: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY4)
    Produced by: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY4) and Dr. Alex Raben  (staff psychiatrist)
    Hosts: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY4) and Dr. Alex Raben (Staff Psychiatrist)
    Peer Reviewer: David Eapen-John (MS4)
    Audio editing by: Dr. Urvashi Prasad  (PGY4) 
    Show notes by: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY4)
     
    Resources: 
     Canada, Health. “Government of Canada.” Canada.ca, / Gouvernement Du Canada, 27 Mar. 2023, https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/medical-assistance-dying.html.



    References:
    Government of Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. “Medical Assistance in Dying.” Health Care Professionals - MOH, Government of Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 13 May 2021, https://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/pro/programs/maid/. 
    Tabitha Marshall. “Assisted Suicide in Canada.” The Canadian Encyclopedia, 3 Dec. 2021, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/assisted-suicide-in-canada. 
     Canada, Health. “Government of Canada.” Canada.ca, / Gouvernement Du Canada, 27 Mar. 2023, https://www.cana

    • 1 hr 41 min

Customer Reviews

4.8 out of 5
98 Ratings

98 Ratings

MHNO_MKW ,

Great psych review

As a new mental health nurse, this podcast has been very helpful for on-the-go review of common psychiatric conditions. Thanks and keep up the good work!

DarcyRomaine ,

Important Listening

This podcast is very helpful to me as a lawyer who represents the injured. I recommend it to those on both the plaintiff and defence bar, and all those involved in adjusting benefit claims.

MP-B, Alberta ,

PsychED

What a wonderful job the U of T residents and staff have done here. Helpful to me after over 20 years of practice as a psychiatrist. Thank you, and Bravo!

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