43 episodes

This podcast is written and produced by psychiatry residents at the University of Toronto and is aimed at medical students and residents. Listeners will learn about fundamental and more advanced topics in psychiatry as our resident team explore these topics with world-class psychiatrists at U of T and abroad.

PsychEd: educational psychiatry podcast PsychEd

    • Health & Fitness
    • 4.8 • 75 Ratings

This podcast is written and produced by psychiatry residents at the University of Toronto and is aimed at medical students and residents. Listeners will learn about fundamental and more advanced topics in psychiatry as our resident team explore these topics with world-class psychiatrists at U of T and abroad.

    PsychEd Episode 41: MAiD and Mental Illness with Dr. Sonu Gaind

    PsychEd Episode 41: MAiD and Mental Illness with Dr. Sonu Gaind

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) and mental illness with our guest expert Dr. Sonu Gaind. This episode was originated by Dr. Urvashi Prasad for her Grand Rounds. 
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Briefly summarize the history of Medical Assistance in Dying in Canada Define the present policy on Medical Assistance in Dying and Mental Health in Canada Evaluate the arguments in support of and against the implementation of Medical Assistance in Dying in Mental Health Discuss the possible impact that Medical Assistance in Dying might have on the profession of psychiatry  
    Guest expert: Dr. Sonu Gaind  is a Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Chief of Psychiatry at Humber River Hospital. Dr. Gaind has testified in front of the Federal External Panel on Options for a Legislative Response to Carter v. Canada, the Provincial-Territorial Expert Advisory Group on Physician-Assisted Dying, the Special Joint Commons/Senate Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying, and the Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs on issues relevant to mental health and mental illness that need to be considered in the MAiD framework. Dr. Gaind chaired the time-limited Canadian Psychiatric Association Task Force on Assisted Dying, was selected to sit on the Council of Canadian Academies Expert Panel on Mental Disorders and Assisted Dying, and has spoken across the country and internationally on the subject.
     
    Grand Rounds Presenter: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY3)
     
    Produced by: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY3) and Dr. Alex Raben  (staff psychiatrist)
     
    Hosts: David Eapen-John (MS2), Dr. Alex Raben (Staff Psychiatrist)
     
    Audio editing by: Dr. Alex Raben (Staff Psychiatrist)
     
    Show notes by: Dr. Urvashi Prasad (PGY3)
     
     
    Resources:
    Assisted Suicide in Canada https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/assisted-suicide-in-canada (Website)
    Council of Canadian Academies, 2018. The State of Knowledge on Medical Assistance in Dying Where a Mental Disorder Is the Sole Underlying Medical Condition. Ottawa (ON):  The Expert Panel Working Group on MAID Where a Mental Disorder Is the Sole Underlying Medical Condition 
    https://cca-reports.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/The-State-of-Knowledge-on-Medical-Assistance-in-Dying-Where-a-Mental-Disorder-is-the-Sole-Underlying-Medical-Condition.pdf



    References:
    Government of Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. “Medical Assistance in Dying.” Health Care Professionals - MOH, Government of Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, 13 May 2021, https://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/pro/programs/maid/. Tabitha Marshall. “Assisted Suicide in Canada.” The Canadian Encyclopedia, 3 Dec. 2021, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/assisted-suicide-in-canada. “Get the Facts: Canada's Medical Assistance in Dying Law.” Dying With Dignity Canada, https://www.dyingwithdignity.ca/get_the_facts_assisted_dying_law_in_canada#mental_illness. Jones, Roland M, and Alexander I F Simpson. “ Medical Assistance in Dying: Challenges for Psychiatry.” Frontiers in psychiatry vol. 9 678. 10 Dec. 2018, doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00678 Thienpont, Lieve et al. “Euthanasia requests, procedures and outcomes for 100 Belgian patients suffering from psychiatric disorders: a retrospective, descriptive study.” BMJ open vol. 5,7
    e007454. 27 Jul. 2015, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007454
    Gaind, KS. (2020). What does “irremediability” in mental illness mean? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Online first May 22, 2020. pp 1‐3. doi: 10.1177/0706743720928656
    “Maid Volunteer Advocacy Council.” Mental Illness and MAID, https://sencanada.ca/content/sen/committee/432/LCJC/Briefs/MentalIllnessandMAID_e.pdf. Canada, Health. “Second Annual Report on Med

    • 1 hr 21 min
    PsychEd Episode 40: Suicide Epidemiology and Prevention with Dr. Juveria Zaheer

    PsychEd Episode 40: Suicide Epidemiology and Prevention with Dr. Juveria Zaheer

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers suicide epidemiology, and prevention with Dr. Juveria Zaheer, a Clinician Scientist with the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, and Education Administrator in the Gerald Sheff and Shanitha Kachan Emergency Department at CAMH in Toronto, Ontario. She is also an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. She utilizes both quantitative and qualitative methods to better understand suicide and identify areas of potential improvement. 
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Develop an awareness of suicide risk and prevalence, as it pertains to the general population and psychiatric populations Incorporate additional contextual information into suicide risk assessment that goes beyond SADPERSONS and other list-based approaches  Develop a deeper understanding of how to approach and help individuals with suicidal thoughts and behaviours   
    Guest expert: Dr. Juveria Zaheer 
     
    Hosts: Dr. Chase Thompson (PGY4)
     
    Episode production: Dr. Weam Sieffien, Dr. Vincent Tang, and Dr. Chase Thompson 
     
    Audio editing: Dr. Chase Thompson
     
    Show notes: Dr. Chase Thompson
     
    00:00 – Introduction
    01:14 – Learning objectives
    04:00 – Overview of suicide rates across populations
    07:20 - Sex and gender differences in suicide
    08:50 - Suicide following discharge from hospital
    14:10 - Finding suitable dispositions for individuals dealing with suicidal thoughts and behaviors
    20:50 - Meeting patients and families where they are at
    23:30 - Suicide safety plans 
    28:30 - Evidence-based approaches to suicide prevention 
    32:30 - Commentary on strength of evidence for interventions in suicide prevention
    38:40 - Addressing suicidality in borderline personality disorder
    47:00 - Ethics of involuntary hospitalization for suicidality
    50:00 - Future of suicide prevention 



    References:
    Borecky, A., Thomsen, C., & Dubov, A. (2019). Reweighing the ethical tradeoffs in the involuntary hospitalization of suicidal patients. The American Journal of Bioethics, 19(10), 71-83. Cipriani, A., Hawton, K., Stockton, S., & Geddes, J. R. (2013). Lithium in the prevention of suicide in mood disorders: updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Bmj, 346. Chung, D., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D., Wang, M., Swaraj, S., Olfson, M., & Large, M. (2019). Meta-analysis of suicide rates in the first week and the first month after psychiatric hospitalisation. BMJ open, 9(3), e023883. Chung, D. T., Ryan, C. J., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D., Singh, S. P., Stanton, C., & Large, M. M. (2017). Suicide rates after discharge from psychiatric facilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA psychiatry, 74(7), 694-702. Guzmán, E. M., Cha, C. B., Ribeiro, J. D., & Franklin, J. C. (2019). Suicide risk around the world: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 54(12), 1459-1470. Kessler, R. C., Bossarte, R. M., Luedtke, A., Zaslavsky, A. M., & Zubizarreta, J. R. (2020). Suicide prediction models: a critical review of recent research with recommendations for the way forward. Molecular psychiatry, 25(1), 168-179. Mann, J. J., Apter, A., Bertolote, J., Beautrais, A., Currier, D., Haas, A., ... & Hendin, H. (2005). Suicide prevention strategies: a systematic review. Jama, 294(16), 2064-2074. Miller, I. W., Camargo, C. A., Arias, S. A., Sullivan, A. F., Allen, M. H., Goldstein, A. B., ... & Ed-Safe Investigators. (2017). Suicide prevention in an emergency department population: the ED-SAFE study. JAMA psychiatry, 74(6), 563-570. Sakinofsky, I. (2014). Preventing suicide among inpatients. The Canadian journal of psychiatry, 59(3), 131-140. Stanley, B., Brown, G. K., Brenner, L. A., Galfalvy, H. C., Currier, G. W., Knox, K. L., ... & Green, K. L. (2018). Comparison of the safety planning interve

    • 54 min
    PsychEd Episode 39: Electroconvulsive Therapy with Dr. Wei-Yi Song

    PsychEd Episode 39: Electroconvulsive Therapy with Dr. Wei-Yi Song

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers electroconvulsive therapy with Dr. Wei-Yi Song, the Department Head of Psychiatry, Director of Mood Disorder Services, and Director of ECT Services in Victoria, BC, as well as a Clinical Professor at the University of British Columbia, and a past president of the Canadian Psychiatric Association.
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Briefly describe the history of ECT from inception to the present. Debunk common misconceptions about ECT. Describe the major proposed mechanisms of action of ECT. Describe the efficacy of ECT for common psychiatric illnesses. List the indications, contraindications, side effects and risks of ECT. Understand how the procedure of ECT is performed.  
    Guest: Dr. Wei-Yi Song
     
    Hosts: Jake Johnston (MS4), Dr. Shaoyuan “Randi” Wang (PGY1), Dr. Arielle Giest (PGY2), Dr. Alex Raben (Staff Psychiatrist)
     
    Audio editing by: Jake Johnston
     
    Show notes by: Jake Johnston
     
    Interview Content:
    Introduction - 0:00 Learning objectives - 01:54 History of ECT - 02:45 Common misconceptions - 06:36 Mechanism of action - 12:03 Summary - 16:06 Indications - 16:47 Contraindications - 20:58 Side effects and risks - 23:31 Efficacy of ECT - 29:00 Major depressive disorder - 29:13 Bipolar depression - 33:00 Schizophrenia - 34:19 Bipolar mania - 36:16 Procedure - 38:50 Steps of performing ECT - 39:20 Considerations for electrode placement - 47:29 Pulse width - 51:19 Maintenance treatment - 53:32 Closing - 59:09  
    Resources:
    Video showing ECT procedure: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9L2-B-aluCE  
    One note on the realism of this depiction: an actual patient would not shake uncontrollably due to the muscle relaxants.  
    Summary of electrode placement and pulse width: https://psychscenehub.com/psychinsights/electroconvulsive-therapy-summary-of-ranzcp-guidelines/  
    References:
    Baldinger, P., Lotan, A., Frey, R., Kasper, S., Lerer, B., & Lanzenberger, R. (2014). Neurotransmitters and electroconvulsive therapy. The journal of ECT, 30(2), 116–121. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCT.0000000000000138 Francois, D. and DellaCava E. (2018). “10 myths about ECT”. Current Psychiatry. Accessed 2021-06-28 from MDedge. Kane, J., Rubio, J., Kishimoto, T., Correll, C., Marder, S., and Friedman, M. (2021). Evaluation and management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia. UpToDate. Accessed 2021-07-27. Kellner, C., Keck, P., and Solomon, D. (2021). Bipolar disorder in adults: Indications for and efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). UpToDate. Accessed 2021-07-27. Kellner, C. and Rasmussen, K. (2015). Contemporary ECT, Part 2: Mechanism of Action and Future Research Directions. Psychiatric Times. Accessed 2021-07-08. Kellner, C., Roy-Byrne, P., and Solomon, D. (2021). Overview of electroconvulsive therapy for adults. UpToDate. Accessed 2021-06-28. Kellner, C., Roy-Byrne, P., and Solomon, D. (2021). Unipolar major depression in adults: Indications for and efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). UpToDate. Accessed 2021-07-27. Petrides, G., Malur, C., Braga, R. J., Bailine, S. H., Schooler, N. R., Malhotra, A. K., Kane, J. M., Sanghani, S., Goldberg, T. E., John, M., & Mendelowitz, A. (2015). Electroconvulsive therapy augmentation in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia: a prospective, randomized study. The American journal of psychiatry, 172(1), 52–58. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13060787 Singh, A., & Kar, S. K. (2017). How Electroconvulsive Therapy Works?: Understanding the Neurobiological Mechanisms. Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(3), 210–221. https://doi.org/10.9758/cpn.2017.15.3.210  
    CPA Note: The views expressed in this podcast do not necessarily reflect those of the Canadian P

    • 1 hr 2 min
    PsychEd Episode 38: Clinical High Risk for Psychosis with Dr. Thomas Raedler

    PsychEd Episode 38: Clinical High Risk for Psychosis with Dr. Thomas Raedler

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This episode covers Clinical High Risk for Psychosis with Dr. Thomas Raedler, Psychiatrist and associate professor at the University of Calgary and one of the authors of the Canadian Treatment Guidelines for Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis.
     
    The learning objectives for this episode are as follows:
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
     
    Recognize a patient who may be clinically high-risk for psychosis and provide a differential diagnosis 
    Understand the importance, utility and prognosis of these risk categories 
    Have an approach to initial management and the array of treatment options for a patient with 
     
    Hosts: Dr. Luke Fraccaro (PGY-2), Dr. Rebecca Marsh (PGY-1), Dr. Alex Raben
    Episode lead: Dr. Luke Fraccaro
    Audio-engineered by: Dr. Rebecca Marsh
    Guest experts: Dr. Thomas Raedler
    Show Notes by: Dr. Luke Fraccaro
     
    Resources:
     
    Addington, J., Francey, S., Morrison, A.  (2006). Working with People at High Risk of Developing Psychosis: A Treatment Handbook 
    McGlashan, T., Walsh, B., & Woods, S. (2010). The psychosis-risk syndrome: handbook for diagnosis and follow-up. Oxford University Press.
     
    References :
    Addington, J., Addington, D., Abidi, S., Raedler, T., & Remington, G. (2017). Canadian treatment guidelines for individuals at clinical high risk of psychosis. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(9), 656-661.
    Addington, J., Cornblatt, B. A., Cadenhead, K. S., Cannon, T. D., McGlashan, T. H., Perkins, D. O., ... & Heinssen, R. (2011). At clinical high risk for psychosis: outcome for nonconverters. American Journal of Psychiatry, 168(8), 800-805.
    Addington, J., & Heinssen, R. (2012). Prediction and prevention of psychosis in youth at clinical high risk. Annual review of clinical psychology, 8, 269–289. 
    Carrión, R. E., McLaughlin, D., Goldberg, T. E., Auther, A. M., Olsen, R. H., Olvet, D. M., Correll, C. U., & Cornblatt, B. A. (2013). Prediction of functional outcome in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. JAMA psychiatry, 70(11), 1133–1142. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.1909
    Fusar-Poli, P., Bonoldi, I., Yung, A. R., Borgwardt, S., Kempton, M. J., Valmaggia, L., Barale, F., Caverzasi, E., & McGuire, P. (2012). Predicting psychosis: meta-analysis of transition outcomes in individuals at high clinical risk. Archives of general psychiatry, 69(3), 220–229. 
    Fusar-Poli P, Salazar de Pablo G, Correll CU, et al. Prevention of Psychosis: Advances in Detection, Prognosis, and Intervention. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020;77(7):755–765. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4779
    Fusar-Poli, P., Schultze-Lutter, F., Cappucciati, M., Rutigliano, G., Bonoldi, I., Stahl, D., Borgwardt, S., Riecher-Rössler, A., Addington, J., Perkins, D. O., Woods, S. W., McGlashan, T., Lee, J., Klosterkötter, J., Yung, A. R., & McGuire, P. (2016). The Dark Side of the Moon: Meta-analytical Impact of Recruitment Strategies on Risk Enrichment in the Clinical High Risk State for Psychosis. Schizophrenia bulletin, 42(3), 732–743. 
    Kuharic, D. B., Kekin, I., Hew, J., Kuzman, M. R., & Puljak, L. (2019). Interventions for prodromal stage of psychosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (11).
    Nelson, B., Amminger, G. P., Bechdolf, A., French, P., Malla, A., Morrison, A. P., ... & Wood, S. J. (2020). Evidence for preventive treatments in young patients at clinical high risk of psychosis: the need for context. The lancet. Psychiatry, 7(5), 378.
    Schmidt, S. J., Schultze-Lutter, F., Schimmelmann, B. G., Maric, N. P., Salokangas, R. K. R., Riecher-Rössler, A., ... & Morrison, A. (2015). EPA guidance on the early intervention in clinical high risk states of psychoses. European psychiatry, 30(3), 388-404.
    Yung, A. R., Yung, A. R., Pan Yuen, H., Mcgorry, P. D., Phillips, L. J., Kelly, D., ... & Buckby, J. (2005). Mapping the onset of psychosis: the comprehensive

    • 52 min
    PsychEd Episode 37: Treating Eating Disorders with Dr. Randy Staab

    PsychEd Episode 37: Treating Eating Disorders with Dr. Randy Staab

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This is the second of two episodes covering the topic of eating disorders. In this episode, we explore the treatment of these illnesses with Dr. Randy Staab, a psychiatrist at Trillium Health Partners and medical director of the eating disorders program at Credit Valley Hospital. 
     
    The learning objectives for the episode are as follows:
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Outline the management of eating disorders using a biopsychosocial framework. Identify the indications for various levels of care (inpatient, residential, day hospital, outpatient, etc). Understand the ethical and medicolegal dilemmas (i.e. involuntary treatment) that may arise in treatment of eating disorders. Consider the treatment of special populations (i.e. children and adolescents, older adults, men, LGBTQ+ individuals).  
    Guest: Dr. Randolf “Randy” Staab
     
    Hosts: Dr. Lucy Chen, Dr. Nikhita Singhal (PGY3), Dr. Vanessa Aversa (PGY4)
     
    Audio editing by: Dr. Vanessa Aversa
     
    Show notes by: Dr. Vanessa Aversa, Dr. Nikhita Singhal
     
    Interview Content:
    Introduction - 0:00  Learning objectives - 00:39 Biological approaches to treatment: Nutritional rehabilitation - 03:47 Medications - 06:00 Psychological approaches to treatment -16:35 Treatment of comorbidities - 23:45 Levels of care - 26:00 Ethical dilemmas - 32:40 Special populations: Children and adolescents - 35:35 Older adults - 36:45 Men - 37:55 LGBTQ+ - 40:23 Novel interventions - 42:48 Closing - 51:47  
    Resources:
    The National Eating Disorder Information Centre (NEDIC) provides information, resources, referrals and support to Canadians affected by eating disorders: https://nedic.ca. The National initiative for Eating Disorders (NIED) provides access to educational, informational, and other recovery-oriented resources related to eating disorder prevention and treatment: https://nied.ca. Body Brave provides accessible eating disorder treatment and support, as well as community training and education: https://bodybrave.ca.  
    References:
    American Psychiatric Association. Feeding and eating disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm10 Gaudiani J. Sick Enough: A Guide to the Medical Complications of Eating Disorders. New York, NY: Routledge; 2019. Mehler PS, Andersen AE. Eating Disorders: A Guide to Medical Care and Complications. 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2017. American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Eating Disorders. 3rd ed. 2006. Geller J, Isserlin L, Seale E, et al. The short treatment allocation tool for eating disorders: current practices in assigning patients to level of care. J Eat Disord. 2018;6(45). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-018-0230-2 McClain Z, Peebles R. Body image and eating disorders among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2016 December; 63(6):1079–1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2016.07.008 Mangweth-Matzek B, Hoek HW, Rupp CI, Lackner-Seifert K, Frey N, Whitworth AB, Pope HG, Kinzl J. Prevalence of eating disorders in middle-aged women. Int J Eat Disord. 2014 April; 47(3):320–324. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22232 Treasure J, Claudino AM, Zucker N. Eating disorders. Lancet. 2010;375(9714):583–593. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61748-7 Smink FR, van Hoeken D, Hoek HW. Epidemiology, course, and outcome of eating disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2013;26(6):543‐548. https://doi.org/10.1097/yco.0b013e328365a24f  
    CPA Note: The views expressed in this podcast do not necessarily reflect those of the Canadian Psychiatric Association.
     
    For more PsychEd, follow us on Twitter (@psychedpodcast), Facebook (PsychEd Podcast), and Instagram (@psyched.podcast). You can provide feedback by email at psychedpodcast@gmail.com. Fo

    • 52 min
    PsychEd Episode 36: Understanding Eating Disorders with Dr. Randy Staab

    PsychEd Episode 36: Understanding Eating Disorders with Dr. Randy Staab

    Welcome to PsychEd, the psychiatry podcast for medical learners, by medical learners. This is the first of two episodes covering the topic of eating disorders. In this episode, we explore the diagnosis, etiology, and symptomatology of these illnesses with Dr. Randy Staab, a psychiatrist at Trillium Health Partners and medical director of the eating disorders program at Credit Valley Hospital. Dr. Staab joins us again for Part 2, which will focus on eating disorder treatment.
     
    By the end of this episode, you should be able to…
    Recognize the clinical features of the following eating disorders using DSM-5 diagnostic criteria:  Anorexia Nervosa (AN) Bulimia Nervosa (BN) Binge Eating Disorder (BED) Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) Identify predisposing factors for eating disorders using a biopsychosocial framework. List common comorbid psychiatric conditions associated with eating disorders. Identify and describe the medical complications of eating disorders.  
    Guest: Dr. Randolf “Randy” Staab
     
    Hosts: Dr. Lucy Chen, Dr. Nikhita Singhal (PGY2), Dr. Vanessa Aversa (PGY3)
     
    Audio editing by: Dr. Nikhita Singhal, Dr. Vanessa Aversa
     
    Show notes by: Dr. Vanessa Aversa
     
    Interview Content:
    Introduction - 0:00  Learning objectives - 2:08 DSM-5 definition, clinical features, and associated comorbidities of: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) - 4:27 Bulimia Nervosa (BN) - 12:36 Binge Eating Disorder (BED) - 18:08 Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) - 21:43 Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) - 26:21 Approach to the initial assessment of a patient with an eating disorder - 29:45 Predisposing factors and explanatory models for the development of eating disorders: Biological factors - 38:10 Psychological factors - 44:00 Sociocultural factors - 48:02 Onset of eating disorders - 49:34 Possible precipitating factors - 51:50 Medical complications of eating disorders: Cardiovascular - 56:13 Endocrine - 58:09 Musculoskeletal - 1:03:20 Gastrointestinal - 1:05:17 Neurological - 1:08:13 Renal - 1:08:59 Dermatological - 1:09:26 Relevant laboratory investigations - 1:11:27 Overview of refeeding syndrome - 1:12:30 Closing - 1:14:27  
    Resources:
    The National Eating Disorder Information Centre (NEDIC) provides information, resources, referrals and support to Canadians affected by eating disorders: https://nedic.ca. The National initiative for Eating Disorders (NIED) provides access to educational, informational, and other recovery-oriented resources related to eating disorder prevention and treatment: https://nied.ca. Body Brave provides accessible eating disorder treatment and support, as well as community training and education: https://bodybrave.ca.  
    References:
    American Psychiatric Association. Feeding and eating disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm10 Gaudiani J. Sick Enough: A Guide to the Medical Complications of Eating Disorders. New York, NY: Routledge; 2019. Mehler PS, Andersen AE. Eating Disorders: A Guide to Medical Care and Complications. 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2017. McClain Z, Peebles R. Body image and eating disorders among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2016 December; 63(6):1079–1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2016.07.008 Mangweth-Matzek B, Hoek HW, Rupp CI, Lackner-Seifert K, Frey N, Whitworth AB, Pope HG, Kinzl J. Prevalence of eating disorders in middle-aged women. Int J Eat Disord. 2014 April; 47(3):320–324. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22232 Treasure J, Claudino AM, Zucker N. Eating disorders. Lancet. 2010;375(9714):583–593. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61748-7 Smink FR, van Hoeken D, Hoek HW. Epidemiology, course, and outcome of eating disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2013;26(6):543‐548. https://doi.org/10.1097/

    • 1 hr 15 min

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