49 episodes

Dairy Science digest is a new podcast developed to share current research published in the Journal of Dairy science. Designed never to exceed 22 minutes, it provides ONLY the "need to know" info.

keywords: dairy, science, extension, cattle, MIZZOU, MU, Dairy Team

Dairy Science Digest reaganbluel

    • Education
    • 5.0 • 6 Ratings

Dairy Science digest is a new podcast developed to share current research published in the Journal of Dairy science. Designed never to exceed 22 minutes, it provides ONLY the "need to know" info.

keywords: dairy, science, extension, cattle, MIZZOU, MU, Dairy Team

    DSD 5.6 | Heat stress changes to the Mammary Gland

    DSD 5.6 | Heat stress changes to the Mammary Gland

    When your bulk tank volume takes a plunge through the last bout of heat, do you ever wonder exactly WHY? What is it in the udder that changes to cause the decline? Why do we also commonly see elevated SCC in our tanks too?
    To best understand the why, the Virgina Tech dairy team collected tissue samples from the mammary gland of cows in controlled environmental chambers. This month we invite Dr. Ben Corl to explain the cellular changes observed in the alveoli, epithelial and even immune cells of the mammary gland of cows undergoing a controlled heat stress challenge.  
    Additionally, he’ll describe the changes in gene expression in those same tissue samples that controls protein production and mammary health.
    This continuation of our heat stress series features two papers titled: (1) Cyclical heat stress during lactation influences the microstructure of the bovine mammary gland(2) 2022: Heat stress increases mammary epithelial cells and reduces viable immune cells in milk of dairy cows
    Topics of discussion
    1:28       Introduction of Dr. Ben Corl2:36       Describe the experimental design 3:58        Pair Feeding – Intake experimental design7:14        Could the cows cool during the evening ? 8:47        Microscopic changes to the mammary 10:31     Cellular turnover in the alveoli  13:20     Increased losses of epithelial cells, a portion of the somatic cell population 16:39     Decline in viable Immune cell population in the mammary 19:38     Body temperature before and after milking 20:16     Number of alveoli24:07     Gene & protein expression changes 24:56     Gene expression pathway for cellular health in the mammary26:25     What do you want Boots on the ground dairyman to know
    Background Information:Temperature Humidity Index (THI)
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #heatstress; #alveoli; #milk; #mammarydevelopment; #mammary; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;
     

    • 29 min
    DSD 5.5 | Avoid generations of production losses

    DSD 5.5 | Avoid generations of production losses

    Florida researchers began a generational study in 2007 that is still years in the making. It all began with the investigation of the impact of heat stress on dry cows to measure changes that might occur to the calf incubating inside the hot dam, like a crock pot.
    In addition to seeing negative production impacts on mama, the researchers began to measure numerous changes in the damaged calf coming out of the heat stressed dry cow. This month’s edition, we’ll be interviewing Dr. Jimena Laporta, of the University of Wisconsin, to better understand the physiological changes of the calf that results in lost production for her entire life. She and her team measured changes in mammary and adrenal gland development.
    Several separate papers have been peer reviewed over the 17 years of research. Many are linked at the bottom of the show notes for additional reference.
    Listen in to understand how heat stressed dry cows can destroy your favorite cow families’ production records.
    This month features two released paper titled: (1) Carry-over effects of maternal late-gestation heat stress on granddaughter’s growth and mammary gland development (ck out histology – Fig 1&2) (2) Programming effects of intrauterine hyperthermia on adrenal gland development
    Topics of discussion
    1:58       Introduction of Dr. Jimena Laporta4:17       Describe the experimental design 6:19        Description of the generations impacted through in utero heat stress 7:29        The biological link between the grand dam and the grand daughter (F2) 9:16        Eight years of research to collect multigenerational data 10:39     F1 management in WI beginning at 8 weeks12:00     F1 mammary implications following heat stress while developing in utero 13:32     F2 calves – changes as a result of dam’s exposure to heat stress while developing in utero15:01     Early mammary growth 15:32     What is causing these differences in F217:35     Lumen space and estrogen receptors 19:06     Summary of 3 generations of damage    20:34     Should I build a lactating barn or dry cow barn? 22:39     The Adrenal Gland 27:38     Adrenal effect on inflammation28:56     What do you want Boots on the ground dairyman to know
    Background Information:Temperature Humidity Index (THI)2020 Dairy Science Digest Podcast interview 2020: Late-gestation heat stress impairs daughter and granddaughter lifetime performance (economic impact)2016: In utero heat stress decreases calf survival and performance through the first lactation
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #heatstress; #fetalprogramming; #F1; #milk; #adrenal; #mammarydevelopment; #mammary; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;

    • 32 min
    DSD 5.4 | Reconsider Choline for lasting returns

    DSD 5.4 | Reconsider Choline for lasting returns

    Choline, a pseudovitamin, is required by all mammals including the dairy cow for many essential functions. Research in supplementing rumen protected choline really took off about twenty years ago, however continues today to best understand how this feed through additive can positively influence profitability. Dr. Usman Arshad joins the conversation for this episode to highlight his comprehensive summary of all the peer reviewed, published research completed on Choline. Listen in to best understand the assumed mode of action choline uses to help provide an improved efficiency in milk production for the majority of the lactation, even when only fed during the 42-day transition period.
    The findings we discuss are published in the recently released paper titled: Exploring choline's important roles as a nutrient for transition dairy cows
    Topics of discussion
    1:19       Introduction of Dr. Usman Arshad2:17       What is Choline?3:45       Phospholipid production – choline’s role6:15       How does choline impacts the transition Cow7:46       Fatty acid impact on the Liver 8:39       Major factor choline plays on fatty acid transport 13:16    Twenty year average Milk Response when feeding choline for 42 days (-21 to 21 dim)15:47    Milk Response when feeding choline – more current average from 2020-202417:18    Mode of action, intestinal lining?20:02    Additional possible modes of action21:47    Choline as a treatment for fatty liver 23:24    Choline results in elevated milk yield, regardless of body condition score 26:16    Inflammation through in early lactation 27:29    Energy cost of bacterial infection30:30    What’s the one take home message for boots on the ground dairymen31:35    Return on investment calculations
    Featured article: Exploring choline's important roles as a nutrient for transition dairy cows
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #Choline; #transition; #transitiondairy; #vitamin; #fattyacid; #negativeenergybalance; #TMR; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;

    • 36 min
    DSD 5.3 | Slight modifications of CIDR Sync - help or hinder?

    DSD 5.3 | Slight modifications of CIDR Sync - help or hinder?

    DSD 5.3 | Slight modifications of CIDR Sync - help or hinder?
    In this time of heifer inventory shortage – getting heifers pregnant (in a timely fashion) is even more important than ever.
    Contract heifer growers in California sought the help of Dr. Fabio Lima and his team at UC Davis to best understand the use of a 6-day CIDR sync with variable rates of GnRH could increase pregnancies when bred to sexed semen.
    The findings we discuss are published in the recently released Journal of Dairy Science article titled: Effect of 200 μg of gonadorelin hydrochloride at the first GnRH of a CIDR Synch program on  ovulation rate and pregnancies per AI in Holstein heifers.
    Listen in to hear the results and nuanced details of controlling reproductive structures using timed AI protocols.
    Topics of discussion
    1:03       Production costs of heifer rearing - survey results 2:09       Introduction of Dr. Fabio Lima 3:46       Description of the project 4:20       TAI protocol description5:31       Varying GnRH dose6:34       What is the function of GnRH in the heifer? 7:51       Hallmark of a successful synchronization 8:24       Results of ultrasound (ovulation) and P4 blood sample analysis 10:04    Did increased ovulation translate into improved pregnancy outcome? 10:44    Pregnancy at d47, 100% sex semen discussion13:41    Relationship of Luteinizing hormone and progesterone 15:16    What causes elevated circulating progesterone 16:30    How did we land on 2cc of GnRH to begin with? 18:34    Does increased GnRH cause increased twinning?              21:02    What do you want boots on the ground dairymen to know23:01    What if you cherry picked? 23:32    Sometimes the plan doesn’t work – but that’s why we do research! Featured article: Effect of 200 μg of gonadorelin hydrochloride at the first GnRH of a CIDR Synch program on  ovulation rate and pregnancies per AI in Holstein heifers
    Articles also discussed in the podcast:Heifer study using 100 and 200 ug in 5-d CIDR Synch protocol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2023.04.026
    Studies showing the implication of progesterone for double ovulation (a proxy for twining) and progesterone. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-14410
     
     
     
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #gnrh; #CIDRsync; #twinning; #pregnancy; #heiferdevelopment; #TAI; #lutenizing; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;

    • 27 min
    DSD 5.2 | Stop fresh cow subclinical mastitis in its tracks without withhold

    DSD 5.2 | Stop fresh cow subclinical mastitis in its tracks without withhold

    Getting the fresh cow off to a strong start has ripple effects for her entire lactation. Subclinical mastitis rarely gets treated due to an unawareness or a lack of interest in pulling her from the tank. Nisin is a naturally occurring antimicrobial that’s been used widely as a food preservative. Dr. Zelmar Rodriguez and his team from Michigan State University looked at using this familiar antimicrobial to treat subclinical mastitis. The result, reduced clinical cases of mastitis.
    Listen in to learn more about the return on investment of using Nisin on subclinical mastitis found in the first week of milk using CMT.
    These findings are published in the recently released paper titled: Economic impact of treatment of subclinical mastitis in early lactation using intramammary nisin
    Topics of discussion
    1:20       Introduction of Dr. Zelmar Rodriguez 2:20       What is nisin 3:42       No dump milk4:10       Subclinical mastitis assessment 5:00       CMT discussion6:00       What day should we sample7:00       Subclinical mastitis prevention7:39       How does CMT work?8:46       Factors that impact effectiveness              9:18       What will nisin not work on – gram negative discussion12:36    ROI/cow13:23    Treatment regimen 13:42    Assessment to begin protocol15:36    Effect of employee training         17:16    Model at herd level – ROI19:33    FDA status20:22    Limitations of using DHIA hot sheet22:13    What do you want boots on the ground dairymen to knowFeatured article: Economic impact of treatment of subclinical mastitis in early lactation using intramammary nisin
     
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #nisin; #earlylactation; #subclinical; #mastitis; #treatment; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;

    • 24 min
    DSD 5.1 | Energy saved is energy earned

    DSD 5.1 | Energy saved is energy earned

    Efficient production is the name of the game, and the key to an efficient cow is her rumen microbiome. The highlighted research this month focuses in on the intersection of Genome of the host cow, Microbiome within the rumen and the Intersection of the two.
    To best understand the rumen efficiency story we talk this month with Dr. Guillermo Martinez Boggio from University of Wisconsin, about his recently released paper titled: Host and rumen microbiome contributions to feed efficiency traits in Holstein cows. Here they studied how the rumen and the host interact and if that interaction can become a selection trait in the future.
    Much of the discussion today is focused around Carbon chasing. Just like “a penny saved is a penny earned,” whenever carbon is conserved by the rumen microorganism, energy is conserved. This carbon unit of energy can then be used to produce more milk when conserved.  Listen in to learn more about the interconnected web between the cow and her microbiome.
    Topics of discussion
    1:52       Introduction of Dr. Guillermo Martinez Boggio3:15       Description of project 3:41       Dry matter intake vs Residual feed intake 5:09       Efficient use of Carbon 7:04       Saved energy yields more 8:25       Community of rumen organisms              10:29    What model best served to identify the most efficient digestion 11:35    Using microbiome as another source of information used genomic equation 12:02    Genome | Microbiome | Interaction of MicrobiomeXGenome12:17    The cow controls the rumen microbiome 12:51    Sire selection traits         14:08    How to obtain the most reliable breeding values              15:35    Using the rumen microorganisms for prediction and selection 16:45    Future research What do you want dairy producers to know from your research 17:21    Identify the “extreme” cows 18:12    Proxy traits
     
    Featured article: Host and rumen microbiome contributions to feed efficiency traits in Holstein cows.
    #2xAg2030; #journalofdairyscience; #openaccess; #MODAIRY; #microbiome; #methanereduction; #sustainabledairy; #rumen; #stillbirth; #dairysciencedigest; #ReaganBluel;

    • 19 min

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