The official podcast of the Auschwitz Memorial. The history of Auschwitz is exceptionally complex. It combined two functions: a concentration camp and an extermination center. Nazi Germany persecuted various groups of people there, and the camp complex continually expanded and transformed itself. In the podcast "On Auschwitz," we discuss the details of the history of the camp as well as our contemporary memory of this important and special place.
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Online lessons: http://lesson.auschwitz.org
"On Auschwitz" (20): SS garrison in the Auschwitz camp
During the time of operation of Auschwitz, some 8,100-8,200 SS men worked there as part of the camp garrison. In our podcast Dr. Piotr Setkiewicz, the head of Research Center of the Auschwitz Memorial, talks about functioning of the SS garrison in the Auschwitz camp complex, its organizational structure and everyday work in the management, functioning, and isolation of the camp.
We also recommend our online lesson: http://lekcja.auschwitz.org/2021-zaloga-en/
"On Auschwitz" (19): registration photographs of Auschwitz prisoners
In the thousands of preserved registration photographs of Auschwitz prisoners, we can see faces of the men and women imprisoned in the camp.
Dr Wojciech Płosa, the head of Auschwitz Memorial Archives, talks about the history of these photographs.
"On Auschwitz" (18): sub-camps
The Auschwitz concentration camp had almost 50 sub‑camps. The largest of them had extensive administrative structures, separate hospital barracks, showers and even small crematoria. In the smaller ones, prisoners were locked up for the night in rooms or cellars—there were no fences or guard towers there and meals were delivered from the main camp. The majority of prisoners were employed in the armaments and extractive industries, or agriculture. At the beginning of 1945, they held 35,000 men and women prisoners, more than Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau combined (31,000).
Dr. Piotr Setkiewicz, the head of the Memorial research center talks about the history of Auschwitz sub-camps.
(in the picture: Trzebinia sub-camp)
"On Auschwitz" (17): prisoners with purple triangles - Jehovah’s Witnesses in Auschwitz
Activities by the Jehovah’s Witnesses were banned in the Third Reich in 1933 because of the Witnesses’ religious principles and pacifistic views, as well as their organization’s international connections. As a result, many of them were imprisoned in concentration camps.
Teresa Wontor-Cichy from the Auschwitz Memorial Research Center talks about the history and fate of some 400 Jehovah’s Witnesses incarcerated in the camp.
In the picture:
A German Jehovah’s Witness Marta Proppe born on 26 December 1899
In #Auschwitz from 12 November 1942 No. 24418
She was transferred to KL Gross-Rosen. She survived.
"On Auschwitz" (16): The research on the number of victims of the camp
The historians of the Memorial today estimate, that the Germans murdered around 1,1 million out of 1,3 million people deported to Auschwitz.
Dr. Piotr Setkiewicz, the head of the Museum Research Centre, talks about the history of research on the number of Auschwitz victims.
"On Auschwitz" (15): The camp through eyes of a child
The fate children who were registered in Auschwitz as prisoners was no different in principle from that of adults. Just like them, they suffered from hunger and cold, were used as laborers, and were punished, put to death, and used as subjects in criminal experiments by SS doctors.
Dr. Wanda Witek-Malicka from Memorial’s Research Center talks about the Auschwitz camp through the eyes of a child.
Listen also to the podcast "Children in Auschwitz": https://anchor.fm/auschwitz-memorial/episodes/On-Auschwitz-8-Children-at-Auschwitz-e16t4gh
Essential listening. Never Forget.