43 episodes

Welcome to "Reason with Science", the podcast that explores the intersection of reason and science in our everyday lives. Billions of years of evolution led to a species which is asking questions about its own existence. This quest of humans is not possible without science. As we navigate an increasingly complex world, it's more important than ever to approach issues with a clear and evidence-based understanding. In this podcast, we'll dive into the latest research, explore fascinating topics, and interview experts in their respective fields to help us make sense of the world around us.

Reason with Science Jitender Kumar

    • Science
    • 5.0 • 6 Ratings

Welcome to "Reason with Science", the podcast that explores the intersection of reason and science in our everyday lives. Billions of years of evolution led to a species which is asking questions about its own existence. This quest of humans is not possible without science. As we navigate an increasingly complex world, it's more important than ever to approach issues with a clear and evidence-based understanding. In this podcast, we'll dive into the latest research, explore fascinating topics, and interview experts in their respective fields to help us make sense of the world around us.

    Evolutionary aspects of ageing | Steven Austad | Reason with Science | Lifespan | Human health

    Evolutionary aspects of ageing | Steven Austad | Reason with Science | Lifespan | Human health

    This episode is with Steven Austad. He is the Protective Life Endowed Chair in Health Aging Research, a Distinguished professor and Chair of the Department of Biology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Steven has been at the forefront of unraveling the mysteries of why some individuals live longer and healthier lives than others. His work covers a diverse array of topics, from the cellular mechanisms of aging to the evolutionary aspects of longevity in various species. In this conversation we talk about what is ageing?, biggest challenges in the field of ageing, evolutionary aspects of ageing, chronic illnesses and how to increase human life span?



    Guest info:
    Website: https://www.uab.edu/cas/biology/people/faculty/steven-n-austad
    Twitter: https://twitter.com/StevenAustad
    Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Books-Steven-N-Austad/s?rh=n%3A283155%2Cp_27%3ASteven+N.+Austad

    Episode links:
    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/evolutionary-aspects-of-ageing-with-steven-austad
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/823Yw2LtOSs?si=UzDtGW2npXjmS2VC
    Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/episode/48kythKGzGRRP0kprH2URf?si=bLVx4NCsQuCVdwH2J6EyvA
    Apple podcast: https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/evolutionary-aspects-of-ageing-%7C-steven-austad-%7C-reason-with-science-%7C-lifespan-%7C-human-health/c45d0d4e-0054-4519-8697-22e4a8649162
    Google podcast: https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/NmE1M2MzMDMtODMyYy00MjNkLTg2YTctNDI3ZGQzZTk2NTc2?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwiYsL_O56CBAxUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA





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    Website: ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.reasonwithscience.com/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Youtube: ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Spotify: ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://open.spotify.com/show/5qFLGsPWjL4GAGidmF2nKh⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Apple podcast: ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894 ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Google podcast:⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw



    Timestamps:
    00:00:00 Introduction
    00:01:08 How did you decide to work on ageing?
    00:03:21 Why some species age faster than others?
    00:03:56 Evolutionary perspective of ageing
    00:05:42 What is ageing?
    00:06:13 Challenges in studying ageing
    00:09:49 What is longevity and longevity quotient?
    00:12:18 How does flight affects ageing?
    00:17:21 Correlation between habitat of animals and their lifespan
    00:19:07 Factors affecting lifespan of animals in the wild or in captivity
    00:20:59 Importance of regeneration for the survival
    00:22:58 Flight independently evolved four times
    00:25:55 Temperature dependent change of sex
    00:27:10 Wisdom- the oldest confirmed wild bird
    00:28:58 What are the challenges to get the age of an animal correctly?
    00:37:12 Relationship between size of the animal and longevity
    00:40:42 Vampire bats
    00:41:41 Lifespan of naked mole rats
    00:44:31 Impact of high altitude on human health
    00:46:37 Lifespan of hummingbirds
    00:49:22 Lessons for human longevity from evolutionary biology
    00:56:04 Steven's work on Restrictive eating
    01:02:04 It is important to couple restrictive eating with weight training
    01:04:40 Comment on diets
    01:06:58 There are no biomarkers for ageing
    01:08:27 When can we have a good consensus on healthy lifestyle?
    01:10:10 Life at the age of 77
    01:11:28 Ethical implications of increasing human lifespan
    01:13:53 Thank you



    More on Reason with Science:
    1) The evolutionary origins of a good society | Nicholas Christakis | Reason with Science | Psychology (   • The evolutionary origins of a good so...  )
    2) Food for your health | Dr. Robert Lustig | Reason with Science | Sugar | Diets | Healthy Lifestyle (   • Food

    • 1 hr 15 min
    Cells to civilizations with Enrico Coen | Reason with Science | Evolution | Science | Culture

    Cells to civilizations with Enrico Coen | Reason with Science | Evolution | Science | Culture

    This episode is with Enrico Coen. He is a plant biologist and geneticist at John Innes Centre. Enrico's work has focused on unraveling the intricate genetic and molecular mechanisms that govern the formation and growth of plants. He is the author of two books, namely, 'Cells to civilizations' and 'Art of genes'.

    In this conversation we talk about major transitions in biology, emergence of complexity, evolution of life, drivers of evolution, evolution of brains, Intelligence and science.



    Guest info:
    Website: https://www.jic.ac.uk/people/enrico-coen/
    Twitter: https://twitter.com/InnerWorlds1
    Amazon: https://www.amazon.co.uk/stores/Enrico-Coen/author/B001HCV4C8?ref=ap_rdr&store_ref=ap_rdr&isDramIntegrated=true&shoppingPortalEnabled=true



    Episode links:
    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/cells-to-civilizations-with-enrico-coen
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/_20Tko5_Xho?si=RiEHhpaOlgaBGjil
    Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/episode/13MfRZ6EGFPW05osKeWUfW?si=QT-HPrXXR5OiCwHM07AxiQ
    Apple podcast: https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/cells-to-civilizations-with-enrico-coen-%7C-reason-with-science-%7C-evolution-%7C-science-%7C-culture/c2fa8dec-cefa-4b2a-9498-56d67e12b08c
    Google podcast: https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/ZjQ1Y2FlNWEtNWJiZS00MGVmLWJkZGMtOWM2ZGZiZjBjMjVh?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwjI1ZGbl5CBAxUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA



    Follow Reason with Science:

    Website: ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.reasonwithscience.com/⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Youtube: ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Spotify: ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://open.spotify.com/show/5qFLGsPWjL4GAGidmF2nKh⁠⁠⁠⁠

    Apple podcast: ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894 ⁠⁠⁠⁠

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    Timestamps:

    00:00:00 Introduction 

    00:01:04 Major transformations of life 

    00:14:12 What is science and how it works? 

    00:16:22 Can science help us to study fundamental nature of reality? 

    00:30:07 Do we need an absolutist view of science? 

    00:37:14 What are the commonalities between evolution, development, culture and learning? 

    00:44:32 Role of parasites in the evolution of life 

    00:47:49 Survival of the fittest 

    00:53:07 Natural selection at the level of replicators 

    00:58:46 Level at which evolution works (genes or cells) 

    01:09:47 Concept of memes 

    01:16:00 Why religion has been successful? 

    01:25:45 Crucial elements of scientific method 

    01:32:50 Importance of self-doubt 

    01:36:10 Covid-19 pandemic and science 

    01:40:00 Science and art 

    01:48:09 Future writing 

    01:50:12 Thank you!

    • 1 hr 51 min
    Unconscious mind and our behavior | John Bargh | Reason with Science | Psychology | Consciousness

    Unconscious mind and our behavior | John Bargh | Reason with Science | Psychology | Consciousness

    This episode is with John Bargh. He is a social psychologist at Yale University. John's work has shed light on the intricate workings of the human mind, delving into topics such as priming, automaticity, and the power of the unconscious. His research has challenged conventional notions, revealing how subtle cues and environmental factors can shape our perceptions,decisions, and actions.

    In this conversation we talk about unconscious mind, priming effects, evolution of consciousness, unconscious biases, and can we train our unconscious?



    Guest info:

    Website: https://acmelab.yale.edu/

    Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Books-John-Bargh/s?rh=n%3A283155%2Cp_27%3AJohn+Bargh

    Google scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=xueSKyQAAAAJ&hl=en



    Episode links:
    Website:
    https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/unconscious-mind-and-our-behavior-with-john-bargh
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/rb2gaN0VAsI
    Spotify:
    https://open.spotify.com/episode/08y5c7CKorKThk5w0BgSlQ?si=DLAvsAE5Ss2vhrLCyqW0Zw
    Apple podcast:
    https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/unconscious-mind-and-our-behavior-|-john-bargh-|-reason-with-science-|-psychology-|-consciousness/ffb36aaf-7029-40b9-9066-9fb23050a72f
    Google podcast:
    https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/MjA4MzQ5OTgtZTVkZS00Nzk3LTkzNjUtZWI5OGJkODE2ZjZj?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwjgsfX5iev_AhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA





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    Website: ⁠⁠⁠https://www.reasonwithscience.com/⁠⁠⁠

    Youtube: ⁠⁠⁠https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience⁠⁠⁠

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    Apple podcast: ⁠⁠⁠https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894 ⁠⁠⁠

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    Timestamps:

    00:00:00 Introduction

    00:01:46 Early career

    00:04:10 Hard problem of consciousness

    00:10:33 Unconscious mind and it's role in our behavior

    00:17:57 Distinction between conscious and unconscious mind

    00:20:40 Hot and Cold experiments

    00:29:56 Priming effects

    00:30:40 Global effects of priming

    00:34:05 Goal priming

    00:39:40 Trust priming for the idiologies

    00:55:45 Cultural priming

    00:58:31 Priming effects through Social media

    01:07:50 Evolution of conscious and unconscious mind

    01:15:00 Examples of conscious and unconscious activities

    01:17:46 Evolution of unconscious mind in other species

    01:20:50 Consciousness in other species

    01:24:00 Can we train our unconscious mind?

    01:27:24 Effects of multi-tasking

    01:34:00 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    01:36:03 Unconscious biases

    01:42:02 Next book

    01:45:12 Thank You!

    • 1 hr 47 min
    Life origins at hydrothermal vents | Michael Russell | Reason with Science | Geology | Chemistry

    Life origins at hydrothermal vents | Michael Russell | Reason with Science | Geology | Chemistry

    This episode is with Michael Russell. He is geologist who works on the origin of life. Mike is an originator of the theory that life emerged at alkaline submarine hydrothermal vents. In this conversation we talk about topics related to origin of life, hydrothermal vents, alien life, artificial life, and are there new life forms emerging now?



    Guest info:

    Website: https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/nai/directory/russell-michael/



    Episode links:
    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/life-origins-at-hydrothermal-vents-with-michael-russell
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/CtKMl5Gr5JY
    Spotify:
    https://open.spotify.com/episode/3xyGOMu6CNOfbIknRhFis3?si=LqPekasnTv6mUo6e8AAGkA
    Apple podcast:
    https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/life-origins-at-hydrothermal-vents-|-michael-russell-|-reason-with-science-|-geology-|-chemistry/a651d6d1-2124-46e7-b83d-c1a2918dfceb
    Google podcast:
    https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/ZjU3MjQ0MTctYWJkZC00ODExLWEzOTAtZDUwM2UzMDVkMGUz?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwjggpygouH_AhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA



    Follow Reason with Science:

    Website: ⁠⁠https://www.reasonwithscience.com/⁠⁠

    Youtube: ⁠⁠https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience⁠⁠

    Spotify: ⁠⁠https://open.spotify.com/show/5qFLGsPWjL4GAGidmF2nKh⁠⁠

    Apple podcast: ⁠⁠https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894 ⁠⁠

    Google podcast:⁠⁠ https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw ⁠⁠



    Timestamps:

    00:00:00 Introduction

    00:00:49 What are the most interesting aspects of life?

    00:04:02 Beginning of space-time

    00:08:42 Dawn of chemistry

    00:11:47 Progress in science

    00:16:37 Discovery of hydrothermal vents for emergence of life

    00:28:12 How the submarine alkaline vents were discovered?

    00:37:06 Early earth conditions for the origin of life

    00:44:22 Major issues to explain orgin of life

    00:49:45 Composition of green rust

    00:52:07 Disagreement on engines of hydrothermal vents

    00:54:15 Can we link origin of metabolism at hydrothermal vents with the information?

    00:56:22 Next step after origin of metabolism

    00:59:22 Membranes and viruses

    01:02:34 Did protocells escape hydrothermal vents?

    01:08:47 Did LUCA (Last Universal Common Ancestor) evolve in hydrothermal vents?

    01:18:56 Creating an artificial hydrothermal vents

    01:29:00 Thank you!

    • 1 hr 31 min
    Building life from chemistry | Lee Cronin | Reason with Science | Artificial life | Origin of life

    Building life from chemistry | Lee Cronin | Reason with Science | Artificial life | Origin of life

    This episode is with Lee Cronin. He is the Regius Chair of Chemistry in the School of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow. He and his team are trying to make artificial life forms, find alien life, explore the digitization of chemistry, understand how information can be encoded into chemicals and construct chemical computers. In this conversation we talk about topics related to origin of life, framework to build life from inorganic material, assembly theory, Darwinian evolution, and alien life.



    Guest info:

    Website: https://www.chem.gla.ac.uk/cronin/

    Twitter: https://twitter.com/leecronin?s=20



    Episode links:
    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/building-life-from-chemistry-with-lee-cronin
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/IrTp7uu8le0
    Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/episode/02qVFLcY6AF7HWvCJqHqZe?si=gDcdgmjbSAy93Pne9rcWcw
    Apple podcast:
    https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/building-life-from-chemistry-|-lee-cronin-|-reason-with-science-|-artificial-life-|-origin-of-life/9ed704ca-7836-4a52-a3a3-b894f537ff4a
    Google podcast:
    https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/MmJhZDViOTUtZWZjMS00NjY0LTlmZDYtZmM2ZTdiNTRlNmVl?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwjA1ZHF27v_AhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA



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    Website: ⁠https://www.reasonwithscience.com/⁠

    Youtube: ⁠https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience⁠

    Spotify: ⁠https://open.spotify.com/show/5qFLGsPWjL4GAGidmF2nKh⁠

    Apple podcast: ⁠https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894 ⁠

    Google podcast:⁠ https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw ⁠



    Timestamps:

    00:00:00 Introduction

    00:00:59 Lee's point of view of origin of life research

    00:02:24 Are there different scales in chemistry of origin of life?

    00:04:01 Framework to build life

    00:06:57 Theory of life

    00:12:06 Can darwinian evolution works beyond at the chemical level?

    00:15:59 Fundamental level of selection

    00:22:04 Memories of compounds

    00:22:42 Assembly theory

    00:24:51 Multiverse

    00:28:05 Why haven't we managed to build life so far?

    00:31:33 How to use automation to build life?

    00:36:33 What is essence of life?

    00:39:03 Why do we have life only on earth in our solar system?

    00:39:33 Experiment to build life

    00:40:33 What will be the information of artificial life?

    00:41:19 Chemputer

    00:44:38 3D printing life forms

    00:49:07 How to identify alien life?

    00:50:22 Explanation of assembly theory

    00:54:22 How to differentiate alien organic or inorganic matter?

    00:58:12 Selection at artificial cells

    01:02:45 Thank you!

    • 1 hr 3 min
    Behavioral economics and Game theory | Robert Aumann | Reason with Science | Nobel Laureate | Psychology

    Behavioral economics and Game theory | Robert Aumann | Reason with Science | Nobel Laureate | Psychology

    This episode is with Robert Aumann (94 years old now).

    He is widely regarded as one of the most influential thinkers in game theory and decision theory. His exceptional work has not only reshaped the way we understand strategic decision-making and cooperation but has also garnered him numerous accolades. In 2005, Aumann was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his pioneering work in game theory and its applications. His groundbreaking insights have not only advanced our theoretical understanding of strategic decision-making but also have practical implications in various fields, such as negotiations, conflict resolution, and the design of market mechanisms.

    In this conversation we talk about the topics related to his scientific journey including game theory to study the conflict and cooperation, Nash equilibrium, Aumann Agreement Theorem, Knot theory, rationality, and future directions of game theory.



    Guest info:

    Website: https://mathematics.huji.ac.il/people/robert-j-aumann



    Episode links:
    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/home/behavioral-economics-and-game-theory-with-robert-aumann
    Youtube: https://youtu.be/l6AK1RlNPSo
    Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/episode/6hKAlf7GqPwhtkrNLaPU9I?si=55G-9LCwS-qn5ecZvPQ6DQ
    Apple podcast:
    https://podcastsconnect.apple.com/my-podcasts/show/reason-with-science/407cd478-4271-4319-8318-fc378d4e7ccb/episode/behavioral-economics-and-game-theory-|-robert-aumann-|-reason-with-science-|-nobel-laureate-|-psychology/b975ea0c-2501-448a-8bd3-ea58628da534
    Google podcast:
    https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw/episode/NjRmN2RlMTEtYWY1NS00ZGNmLTkwNzgtMGE3ZmJkMDY3YzZl?sa=X&ved=0CAUQkfYCahcKEwiQ5IGWuKn_AhUAAAAAHQAAAAAQLA





    Follow Reason with Science:

    Website: https://www.reasonwithscience.com/

    Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/reasonwithscience

    Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/5qFLGsPWjL4GAGidmF2nKh

    Apple podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reason-with-science/id1641776894

    Google podcast: https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9hbmNob3IuZm0vcy9iMjMyNDZlOC9wb2RjYXN0L3Jzcw



    Timestamps:

    00:00:00 Introduction

    00:01:07 Interest in mathematics and economics

    00:12:34 What is game theory?

    00:16:35 War is an example of a game

    00:17:30 Zero sum game

    00:18:33 Politics is also a game

    00:19:05 Contributions of John Nash to game theory

    00:28:35 Examples of game theory regarding economics

    00:47:00 Concept of common knowledge

    00:58:30 Agreement theorem

    01:04:25 Bayesianism and agreement theorem

    01:05:42 Importance of education

    01:13:48 Rationality

    01:22:55 Kahneman and Tversky's work

    01:25:30 Wars are rational

    01:43:40 Life at the age of 93!

    01:44:30 Thank you

    • 1 hr 44 min

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