The Last Theory Mark Jeffery

 Science
The Last Theory is an easytofollow exploration of what might be the last theory of physics. In 2020, Stephen Wolfram launched the Wolfram Physics Project to find the elusive fundamental theory that explains everything. On The Last Theory podcast, I investigate the implications of Wolfram's ideas and dig into the details of how his universe works. Join me for fresh insights into Wolfram Physics every other week.

Who is Stephen Wolfram?
You know who Stephen Wolfram is, right?
Whether you love him or, you know, don’t love him, there’s no denying that Stephen Wolfram has founded a host of fascinating projects... most of them named Wolframsomethingorother.
What are all these Wolframbranded projects?
Who is Stephen Wolfram?
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Some of the things Stephen Wolfram created:
1987 Wolfram Research1988 Mathematica2009 Wolfram Alpha2014 Wolfram Language2020 Wolfram Physicsnot to mention:
Wolfram CloudWolfram OneWolfram NotebooksWolfram PlayerWolfram ScriptWolfram EngineWolfram FoundationMore about Stephen Wolfram:
Stephen Wolfram’s web siteTimelineStephen Wolfram’s education:
University of OxfordCalifornia Institute of TechnologySome of Stephen Wolfram’s special subjects:
particle physicscellular automataSome of Stephen Wolfram’s books:
A New Kind Of ScienceA project to find the Fundamental Theory of PhysicsOther people involved in the Wolfram Physics Project:
Jonathan GorardMax PiskunovReference:
Wolfram Research now has over 800 employeesImage:
Animation. 1200 iterations of the ‘Rule 110’ Automata by Mr. Heretic licenced under CC BYSA 3.0Some of my own projects:
things made thinkable – visualization of nuclides – tap the binding energy button bottom right to show the binding energy per nucleonOpen Web Mind – subscribe to the newsletter or YouTube channel for more on shared human intelligence—
The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery, founder of Open Web MindI release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
The full article is here.
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Where's the evidence for Wolfram Physics? with Jonathan Gorard
I asked Jonathan Gorard the question I’m asked the most: can the Wolfram model make testable predictions about reality, predictions that differ from those of general relativity and quantum mechanics, predictions that might prove that Wolfram Physics is right?
Jonathan showed how the Wolfram model might shed light on some of the most mysterious phenomena of our universe, from black hole inspirals to quantum entanglement.
He focused on four areas where the class of theories encompassed by the Wolfram model might predict observable phenomena:
1. Cosmological consequences of global dimension change
2. Astrophysical consequences of local dimension change
3. Discretization effects during extreme astrophysical events
4. Quantum mechanical effects such as maximum entanglement speed
These dozen minutes of my conversation with Jonathan were dense with insights into Wolfram Physics, a true pleasure to revisit!
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Jonathan Gorard
Jonathan Gorard at The Wolfram Physics ProjectJonathan Gorard at Cardiff UniversityJonathan Gorard on TwitterThe Centre for Applied CompositionalityThe Wolfram Physics ProjectConcepts mentioned by Jonathan
Category errorCausally connectedCosmological inflationLambdaCDM cosmologyHorizon problemFlatness problemMagnetic monopole problemCosmic microwave backgroundCosmic neutrino backgroundInflaton scalar fieldhttps://lasttheory.com/channel/055whereistheevidenceforwolframphysicsQuintessent scalar fieldDecoupling timeRecombination timeLensing effectsLIGO – Laser Interferometer GravitationalWave ObservatoryBlack hole inspiralCausal edge densityWeyl curvatureQuadrupole momentEntanglement structureBranchial graphQuantum information theoryMargolis Leviton boundPeople mentioned by Jonathan:
Alan GuthAndrei LindeStephen WolframXerxes ArsiwallaAbdus Salam—
The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery, founder of Open Web Mind
I release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
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The knowledge hypergraph
The Open Web Mind is a protocol for shared human intelligence, based on the knowledge hypergraph.
Take a look at this quick introduction for subscribers to The Last Theory, then jump to the 2minute trailer on the new channel.
And if you haven’t done so already, make sure to subscribe to the new Open Web Mind channel, podcast and newsletter.
If you’re interested in Wolfram Physics, I think you’ll find Open Web Mind fascinating!
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The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery founder of Open Web Mind
I release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
Kootenay Village Ventures Inc. 
Are electrons too big to simulate? with Jonathan Gorard
How big are electrons compared to the hypergraph?
Is one electron formed of 10 nodes, or 10100 nodes?
And if it’s 10100 nodes, might it prove impossible to simulate an electron on any computer we can possibly imagine?
When I asked Jonathan Gorard this question, he took us on a tour of the scales of the universe, from the Planck scale to the Hubble scale.
He revealed how the Wolfram Physics Project’s early estimate of the scale of the hypergraph was based on a tower of rickety assumptions.
And he explained how the Wolfram model might connect with particle physics regardless of the disparities of scale.
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Jonathan Gorard
Jonathan Gorard at The Wolfram Physics ProjectJonathan Gorard at Cardiff UniversityJonathan Gorard on TwitterThe Centre for Applied CompositionalityThe Wolfram Physics ProjectConcepts mentioned by Jonathan
Planck scaleHubble scaleGeneral relativityFluid mechanicsQuantum mechanicsQuantum Field TheoryScattering amplitudes—
The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery, founder of the Open Web MindI release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
Kootenay Village Ventures Inc. 
How to measure the curvature of space
What if you’re inside a universe, and you want to measure the curvature of space?
It’s important because getting a measure of the curvature of the hypergraph takes us one step further in Jonathan Gorard’s derivation of General Relativity from Wolfram Physics.
Einstein’s equations relate the curvature of space to the presence of matter. So if we’re going to prove that Einstein’s equations follow from the Wolfram model, we’re going to need that measure of the curvature of the hypergraph.
Once again, a twodimensional crab comes to the rescue, given us a way to measure the curvature of a universe from inside that universe.
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See Stephen Wolfram’s announcement, under Curvature in Space & Einstein’s Equations, also included as the introduction to his book A project to find the Fundamental Theory of Physics, page 20, for more on measuring the curvature of space
Concepts:
Cosine power series expansionPolynomial regression analysisRicci scalar curvature—
The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery, founder of the Open Web MindI release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
The full article is here.
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A toy model of particles with Jonathan Gorard
In this excerpt from my conversation with Jonathan Gorard, he proposes that particles in Wolfram Physics might be persistent topological obstructions in the hypergraph.
He starts with a toy model in which elementary particles are nonplanar tangles moving and interacting in an otherwise planar hypergraph.
But he doesn’t stop there.
He explains that there’s an infinite variety of hypergraphs that give rise to such persistent topological obstructions.
These localized tangles behave in ways that look a lot like particle physics.
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Jonathan Gorard
Jonathan Gorard at The Wolfram Physics ProjectJonathan Gorard at Cardiff UniversityJonathan Gorard on TwitterThe Centre for Applied CompositionalityThe Wolfram Physics ProjectConcepts mentioned by Jonathan
Utility graphKuratowski’s theoremWagner’s theoremComplete graphs – including K_5Complete bipartite graphs – including K_3,3RobertsonSeymour TheoremGraph minorForbidden minor characterizationImage:
Feynman diagram Feynmann Diagram Gluon Radiation by Joel Holdsworth, public domain—
The Last Theory is hosted by Mark Jeffery, founder of the Open Web MindI release The Last Theory as a video too! Watch here.
Kootenay Village Ventures Inc.