988 episodes

Our near daily podcasts move quickly to reflect current events, are inspired by real patient care, and speak to the true nature of what it’s like to work in the Emergency Room or Pre-Hospital Setting. Each medical minute is recorded in a real emergency department, by the emergency physician or clinical pharmacist on duty – the ER is our studio and everything is live.

Emergency Medical Minute Emergency Medical Minute

    • Health & Fitness
    • 4.7 • 198 Ratings

Our near daily podcasts move quickly to reflect current events, are inspired by real patient care, and speak to the true nature of what it’s like to work in the Emergency Room or Pre-Hospital Setting. Each medical minute is recorded in a real emergency department, by the emergency physician or clinical pharmacist on duty – the ER is our studio and everything is live.

    Podcast 853: Critical Care Medications - Vasopressors

    Podcast 853: Critical Care Medications - Vasopressors

    Contributor: Travis Barlock MD
    Educational Pearls:
    Three categories of pressors: inopressors, pure vasoconstrictors, and inodilators
    Epinephrine - nonselective beta- and alpha-adrenergic agonism, leading to increased cardiac contractility, chronotropy (increased heart rate), and peripheral vasoconstriction. Dose 0.1mcg/kg/min.
    Levophed (norepinephrine) - more vasoconstriction peripherally than inotropy; useful in most cases of shock. Dose 0.1mcg/kg/min.
    Peripheral vasoconstrictors:
    Phenylephrine - pure alpha agonist; useful in atrial fibrillation because it avoids cardiac beta receptor activation and also in post-intubation hypotension to counteract the RSI medications. Start at 1mcg/kg/min and increase as needed.
    Vasopressin - No effect on cardiac contractility. Fixed dose of 0.4 units/min.
    Inodilators are useful in cardiogenic shock but often not started in the ED since patients mostly have undifferentiated shock
    Dobutamine - start at 2.5mcg/kg/min.
    Milrinone - 0.125mcg/kg/min.
    1. Ellender TJ, Skinner JC. The Use of Vasopressors and Inotropes in the Emergency Medical Treatment of Shock. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2008;26(3):759-786. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2008.04.001
    2. Hollenberg SM. Vasoactive drugs in circulatory shock. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011;183(7):847-855. doi:10.1164/rccm.201006-0972CI
    3. Lampard JG, Lang E. Vasopressors for hypotensive shock. Ann Emerg Med. 2013;61(3):351-352. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.08.028
    Summarized by Jorge Chalit, OMSII | Edited by Meg Joyce & Jorge Chalit, OMSII

    • 5 min
    Podcast 852: Angioedema After Thrombolysis

    Podcast 852: Angioedema After Thrombolysis

    Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD
    Educational Pearls:
    What is thrombolysis?
    Thrombolysis is performed by administration of a medication that promotes the body’s natural ability to break up clots. These medications include Alteplase (tPA) and Tenecteplase (TNK).
    The main side effect of using such an agent is bleeding which typically occurs at puncture sites but can also occur internally. However, an unusual side effect of thrombolytic agents, which occurs in about 1-5% of cases, is angioedema.
    What is angioedema?
    Angioedema is a medical condition that causes swelling beneath the surface of the skin, typically in the face, lips, and throat (orolingual angioedema). Fluid leaks from blood vessels and accumulates in the deeper layers of the skin.
    How are these two connected?
    The mechanism by which angioedema occurs after thrombolysis is not well understood, but it is likely connected to how tPA can increase levels of bradykinin and histamine.
    Swelling can appear suddenly but can also occur up to 24 hours after thrombolysis, and may last for a few hours or several days.
    In some cases, angioedema can affect the airways, leading to difficulty breathing.
    What can be done?
    If this side effect occurs the provider can stop the medication or infusion and treat the patient with anti-histamines, steroids, epinephrine, and airway monitoring.
    Medications such as Berinert or Icatibant, typically used in hereditary angioedema or ACE-i-induced angioedema, can also be used but have limited evidence for their efficacy.
    Fun fact
    tPA-related angioedema is about 4 times more likely in patients on ACE inhibitors. This is likely related to how ACE inhibitors also increase bradykinin and histamine in a patient’s body.
    Zhu A, Rajendram P, Tseng E, Coutts SB, Yu AYX. Alteplase or tenecteplase for thrombolysis in ischemic stroke: An illustrated review. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2022 Sep 20;6(6):e12795. doi: 10.1002/rth2.12795. PMID: 36186106; PMCID: PMC9487449.
    Pahs L, Droege C, Kneale H, Pancioli A. A Novel Approach to the Treatment of Orolingual Angioedema After Tissue Plasminogen Activator Administration. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Sep;68(3):345-8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.02.019. Epub 2016 May 10. PMID: 27174372.
    Burd M, McPheeters C, Scherrer LA. Orolingual Angioedema After Tissue Plasminogen Activator Administration in Patients Taking Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors. Adv Emerg Nurs J. 2019 Jul/Sep;41(3):204-214. doi: 10.1097/TME.0000000000000250. PMID: 31356244.
    Sczepanski M, Bozyk P. Institutional Incidence of Severe tPA-Induced Angioedema in Ischemic Cerebral Vascular Accidents. Crit Care Res Pract. 2018 Sep 27;2018:9360918. doi: 10.1155/2018/9360918. PMID: 30363665; PMCID: PMC6180929.
    Summarized by Jeffrey Olson, MS1 | Edited by Meg Joyce & Jorge Chalit, OMS1

    • 2 min
    Podcast 851: High-Dose Nitroglycerin in SCAPE

    Podcast 851: High-Dose Nitroglycerin in SCAPE

    Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD
    Educational Pearls:
    SCAPE (Sympathetic Crashing Acute Pulmonary Edema), formerly known as flash pulmonary edema, is a life-threatening condition due to a sudden sympathetic surge that leads to hypertensive heart failure, pulmonary edema, hypoxia, and respiratory distress.  The initial treatment for SCAPE stabilization is BiPAP to assist with ventilation. Pharmacological treatment for SCAPE is best achieved with high-dose nitroglycerin (HDN), which induces venodilation and redistributes pulmonary edema. Dosing should be high; boluses of HDN are given at doses of 1-2 mg every 3-5 minutes vs. infusions at 200-400 mcg/min then titrating down. HDN leads to reduced intubations, less need for ICU admission, and shortened length of hospital stay in patients with SCAPE. References
    Agrawal N, Kumar A, Aggarwal P, Jamshed N. Sympathetic crashing acute pulmonary edema. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2016;20(12):719-723. doi:10.4103/0972-5229.195710
    Paone S, Clarkson L, Sin B, Punnapuzha S. Recognition of Sympathetic Crashing Acute Pulmonary Edema (SCAPE) and use of high-dose nitroglycerin infusion. Am J Emerg Med. 2018;36(8):1526.e5-1526.e7. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.05.013
    Stemple K, DeWitt KM, Porter BA, Sheeser M, Blohm E, Bisanzo M. High-dose nitroglycerin infusion for the management of sympathetic crashing acute pulmonary edema (SCAPE): A case series. Am J Emerg Med. 2021;44:262-266. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.03.062
    Wilson SS, Kwiatkowski GM, Millis SR, Purakal JD, Mahajan AP, Levy PD. Use of nitroglycerin by bolus prevents intensive care unit admission in patients with acute hypertensive heart failure. Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35(1):126-131. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2016.10.038
    Summarized by Jorge Chalit, OMS1 | Edited by Meg Joyce & Jorge Chalit, OMS1

    • 3 min
    Podcast 850: Cardiac Arrest - Entertainment vs. Reality

    Podcast 850: Cardiac Arrest - Entertainment vs. Reality

    Contributor: Travis Barlock, MD
    Educational Pearls:
    Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is defined as when the heart suddenly stops beating. Immediate treatment for SCA includes Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation. This event is commonly depicted in medical dramas as an intense moment but often with the patient surviving and making a full recovery (67-75%). This depiction has likely led the general population astray when it comes to the true survivability of SCA. When surveyed, the general population tends to believe that in excess of 50% of patients requiring CPR survive and return to daily life with no long-term consequences.
    What percent of patients actually survive cardiac arrest?
    SCA due to Ventricular Fibrillation (VF): 25-40%
    SCA due to Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA): 11%
    SCA due to noncardiac causes (trauma ect.): 11%
    SCA when the initially observed rhythm is Asystole: Less than 5%, by some measures as low as 2%.
    Diem SJ, Lantos JD, Tulsky JA. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation on television. Miracles and misinformation. N Engl J Med. 1996 Jun 13;334(24):1578-82. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199606133342406. PMID: 8628340.
    Bitter CC, Patel N, Hinyard L. Depiction of Resuscitation on Medical Dramas: Proposed Effect on Patient Expectations. Cureus. 2021 Apr 11;13(4):e14419. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14419. PMID: 33987068; PMCID: PMC8112599.
    Engdahl J, Bång A, Lindqvist J, Herlitz J. Can we define patients with no and those with some chance of survival when found in asystole out of hospital? Am J Cardiol. 2000 Sep 15;86(6):610-4. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(00)01037-7. PMID: 10980209.
    Cobb LA, Fahrenbruch CE, Walsh TR, Copass MK, Olsufka M, Breskin M, Hallstrom AP. Influence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation prior to defibrillation in patients with out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation. JAMA. 1999 Apr 7;281(13):1182-8. doi: 10.1001/jama.281.13.1182. PMID: 10199427.
    Rea TD, Eisenberg MS, Becker LJ, Murray JA, Hearne T. Temporal trends in sudden cardiac arrest: a 25-year emergency medical services perspective. Circulation. 2003 Jun 10;107(22):2780-5. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000070950.17208.2A. Epub 2003 May 19. PMID: 12756155.
    Panchal AR, Bartos JA, Cabañas JG, Donnino MW, Drennan IR, Hirsch KG, Kudenchuk PJ, Kurz MC, Lavonas EJ, Morley PT, O'Neil BJ, Peberdy MA, Rittenberger JC, Rodriguez AJ, Sawyer KN, Berg KM; Adult Basic and Advanced Life Support Writing Group. Part 3: Adult Basic and Advanced Life Support: 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2020 Oct 20;142(16_suppl_2):S366-S468. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000916. Epub 2020 Oct 21. PMID: 33081529.
    Summarized by Jeffrey Olson, MS1 | Edited by Meg Joyce & Jorge Chalit, OMS1

    • 2 min
    Mental Health Monthly #15: Psychosis in the ED: Part I

    Mental Health Monthly #15: Psychosis in the ED: Part I

    Contributors: Andrew White MD & Travis Barlock MD
    In this episode of Mental Health Monthly, Dr. Andrew White, a practicing psychiatrist with an addiction medicine fellowship, and Dr. Travis Barlock, an emergency physician at Swedish Medical Center, discuss the various presentations and etiologies of acute psychosis. They explore the medical presentations compared with primary psychiatric manifestations and how to narrow the differential. Furthermore, Dr. Barlock discusses the management of psychotic patients from the ED perspective while Dr. White provides invaluable insight into their respective psychiatric care.
    Educational Pearls:
    Auditory hallucinations are more consistent with primary psychiatric psychosis, whereas visual hallucinations are indicative of drug-induced or withdrawal psychosis. Negative symptoms in schizophrenia can be remembered by the four A’s: Alogia, Affect, Ambivalence, and Associations. Typical primary psychosis presents before age 40, except for in perimenopausal and post-partum women, who are at higher risk of psychiatric psychosis. Medical etiology clues: acute and rapid onset, focal neurologic deficits, abnormal vital signs (especially fever), drugs, endocrine sources, autoimmune diseases, infectious disease, and brain lesions. To LP or not to LP? Dr. Barlock discusses indications for LP including fever, rapid onset, and change in level of consciousness.   
    Summarized by Jorge Chait, OMSI | Edited by Jorge Chalit, OMSI | Studio production by Jeffrey Olson

    • 31 min
    Podcast 849: Large Vessel Occlusions

    Podcast 849: Large Vessel Occlusions

    Contributor: Travis Barlock MD
    Educational Pearls: 
    Large Vessel Occlusion (LVO) is a condition where a clot blocks one of the major blood vessels in the brain, leading to a stroke.
    What are the vessels that can experience an LVO?
    Middle Cerebral artery (MCA)
    Internal Carotid Artery (ICA)
    Anterior Cerebral Artery (ACA)
    Posterior Cerebral Arteries (PCA)
    Basilar Artery (BA)
    Vertebral Arteries (VA)
    What are the locations at which a mechanical thrombectomy can be performed as a treatment for an LVO?
    Distal ICA, M1 or M2 segments of the MCA, A1 or A2 segments of the ACA, and some evidence for the BA.
    What are the symptoms of LVO?
    Use the mnemonic FANG-D to remember a few key symptoms:
    Field Cut (A person loses vision in a portion of their visual field)
    Aphasia (Difficulty speaking)
    Neglect (A person may have difficulty paying attention to or acknowledging stimuli on the affected side of their body or in their environment. For example, a person with neglect may deny that their left hand belongs to them)
    Gaze Deviation (One or both eyes are turned away from the direction of gaze)
    Dense Hemiparesis (Paralysis affecting one side of the body)
    What are the treatment windows for treating an LVO?
    24 hours for mechanical thrombectomy
    0-4.5 hours for tPA/TNK
    1. Brain embolism, Caplan LR, Manning W (Eds), Informa Healthcare, New York 2006.
    2. Berkhemer OA, et al. A randomized trial of intraarterial treatment for acute ischemic stroke. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 1;372(1):11-20. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1411587. Epub 2014 Dec 17. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 22;372(4):394. PMID: 25517348.
    3. Herpich, Franziska MD1,2; Rincon, Fred MD, MSc, MB.Ethics, FACP, FCCP, FCCM1,2. Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Critical Care Medicine 48(11):p 1654-1663, November 2020.
    4. Warner JJ, Harrington RA, Sacco RL, Elkind MSV. Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: 2019 Update to the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke. 2019 Dec;50(12):3331-3332. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.027708. Epub 2019 Oct 30. PMID: 31662117.
    5. Hoglund J, Strong D, Rhoten J, Chang B, Karamchandani R, Dunn C, Yang H, Asimos AW. Test characteristics of a 5-element cortical screen for identifying anterior circulation large vessel occlusion ischemic strokes. J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open. 2020 Jul 24;1(5):908-917. doi: 10.1002/emp2.12188. PMID: 33145539; PMCID: PMC7593424.
    Summarized by Jeffrey Olson | Edited by Meg Joyce & Jorge Chalit, OMS1

    • 3 min

Customer Reviews

4.7 out of 5
198 Ratings

198 Ratings

hnhhk ,


As someone who is passionate about the topic, I was overjoyed to discover a podcast that not only offers insightful information, but also does so in an interesting and amusing manner.

Every episode demonstrates the host's passion for the topic and his expertise of it. They invite industry professionals as guests, who share their knowledge, insights, and opinions to offer a balanced and thorough examination of the issue.

Ryan Novoa ,

A bit dense

There is likely a lot of good vocabulary that would be useful in medicine, but these terms are not given much context. One would have to be a medical student or physician to get a considerable amount of value out of this. For pre-meds like myself, this would mostly give insight into what medical jargon and reasoning sounds like.

Yuli Ibarra ,

Nice podcast

I got to listen to the episode about fentanyl because I’ve been hearing more about it in the news. I learned that there is a lot more money in the fentanyl business compared to the heroine industry. People are more willing to take pills because of the psychological aspects, they’re more likely to take a pill rather than cutting it up and sniffing it. Fentanyl is also cheaper and has easier access to get, withdrawal is also sleeping. This podcast is very informative, they give the information needed for a listener to understand the topic they’re talking about. They list the background information necessary and even talk about the actions needed after. Highly recommend this to people who are interested in the healthcare field. I knew I really enjoyed it.

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