8 episodes

A podcast about the convicts that were transported to Australia. Each episode offers a glimpse into life as a convict and a broader insight into the convict system. Presented by Jennifer Twemlow, author of 'Convict Sydney: the real-life stories of 32 prisoners'.

Convict Australia Jennifer Twemlow

    • History
    • 4.9 • 7 Ratings

A podcast about the convicts that were transported to Australia. Each episode offers a glimpse into life as a convict and a broader insight into the convict system. Presented by Jennifer Twemlow, author of 'Convict Sydney: the real-life stories of 32 prisoners'.

    Parramatta Female Factory with Gay Hendriksen

    Parramatta Female Factory with Gay Hendriksen

    Historian Gay Hendriksen joins us to talk about the Parramatta Female Factory. The Parramatta Female Factory was one of thirteen factories around Australia that housed convict women. Between 1821 and 1848 it was a penitentiary, a hospital for women, a workplace, a marriage bureau and a refuge for women, children, and the sick and elderly women of the colony. It was designed by Francis Greenway and built by convict men. Gay takes us through the various uses of the Factory, how it was run, the routine, class system, types of work carried out and much more.

    LINKS

    Parramatta Female Factory – Ordinary Women Extraordinary Lives

    https://www.facebook.com/parramattafemalefactoryourhistory

    The Rowan Tree, Heritage and Cultural Services

    http://www.therowantree.com.au/

    Touching History

    https://www.instagram.com/touchinghistory/

    Hendriksen, Gay. Conviction: The 1827 Fight for Rights at Parramatta Female Factory. Blaxland, N.S.W: The Rowan Tree, 2015.

    Hendriksen, Gay, Trudy Cowley, and Carol Liston. Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Female Factories. Parramatta, N.S.W: Parramatta City Council Heritage Centre, 2008.

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Read more about the lives of convicts:

    https://www.facebook.com/convictsydney/

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych



    Music by Ahjay Stelino

    • 37 min
    Life Onboard the Convict Ships with Dr Heather Clarke

    Life Onboard the Convict Ships with Dr Heather Clarke

    Life onboard the early convict transportation ships could be brutal.  The mortality rate was often high.  Dr Heather Clarke describes the conditions of these early voyages and the turning point that brought about better conditions for convicts.  She also discusses a much-loved form of exercise on the ships - dancing and music.



    LINKS

    www.colonialdance.com.au

    https://www.facebook.com/earlycolonialdance

    Grab a copy of Convict Sydney, the real-life stories of 32 prisoners:

    www.jennifer-twemlow.com

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych



    FURTHER READING

    Dancing on convict ships  https://www.colonialdance.com.au/dancing-on-convict-ships-3147.html

    Dr William Redfern https://www.colonialdance.com.au/dr-william-redfern-3182.html

    Jen Willetts'  Free Settler or Felon site has detailed information about convict ships and their surgeons https://www.freesettlerorfelon.com/convict_ships_australia.html

    Surgeons at Sea via The National Archives https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/surgeonsatsea/

    Bateson, C. (1969). The convict ships: 1787-1868 (Vol. 2nd). Glasgow: Brown, Son & Ferguson.

    Oxley, D. (1996). Convict maids: the forced migration of women to Australia. Cambridge; Melbourne;: Cambridge University Press.

    Pearn, J. (1995). Surgeon-superintendents on convict ships transportation from England to Australia.
    .

    Redfern, W., & Edited by Watson, F. (1814). Report on Convict Ships. La Trobe University Library: Historical records of Australia. Series I Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1959.9/519540.

    Rees, S. (2000). The Floating Brothel. Sydney: Hodder Headline Australia.

    Smith, B. (2009). A cargo of women: Susannah Watson and the Convicts of the Princess Royal. Crows Nest, N.S.W.; Hove: Allen & Unwin; Roundhouse [distributor].





    Music by Ahjay Stelino

    • 37 min
    Three Naked Convicts, a Kangaroo Suit and the Dog-Line

    Three Naked Convicts, a Kangaroo Suit and the Dog-Line

    Vicious, savage dogs and shark-infested waters could not stop convicts from making their escape from Port Arthur.  Martin Cash and George 'Billy' Hunt are just two convicts who attempted the pass at Eaglehawk Neck in Tasmania.



    LINKS

    Grab a copy of Convict Sydney, the real-life stories of 32 prisoners:

    www.jennifer-twemlow.com

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych



    SOURCES

    Martin Cash, the bushranger of Van Diemen's Land in 1843-4: a personal narrative of his exploits in the bush and his experiences at Port Arthur and Norfolk Island by Martin Cash.  Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, 1911 Launceston: A.W. Birchall & Son, 1911

    https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-2595495428/view?partId=nla.obj-2595506296#page/n82/mode/1up

    "Domestic Intelligence." Colonial Times, January 24, 1843

    https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/8753277?searchTerm=martin%20cash

    "Reward." Launceston Advertiser, January 26, 1843

    https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/84767681?searchTerm=martin%20cash

    Pack of Thieves,? 52 Port Arthur Lives by Hamish Maxwell-Stewart & Susan Hood

    A – Z of convicts in Van Diemen’s Land by Simon Barnard

    The Penal Settlements of early Van Diemen's Land by Thomas James Lempiere 1796-1852.  Royal Society of Tasmania, Northern Branch 1954

    http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/183068



    THANK YOU

    Special thanks to Chris Twemlow, Sue Reed & Mark Blakey.

    Music by Ahjay Stelino

    • 12 min
    The Surry

    The Surry

    This is the story of the Surry - a ship that transported convicts to Port Jackson in 1814.  During the voyage, there was an outbreak of Typhus that devastated the people on board.



    SOURCES

    The Convict Ships, 1787 – 1868, by Charles Bateson

    Netweather Community, 1814: A cold year with a severe winter.

    https://www.netweather.tv/forum/topic/33631-1814-a-cold-year-with-a-severe-winter/

    The Free Dictionary, Typhus

    https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Gaol-fever

    BBC, Gaol fever - typhus or typhoid?

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/making_history/makhist10_prog8e.shtml

    LaTrobe, Historical records of Australia. Series I. Governors' despatches to and from England. Volume VIII, July, 1813—December, 1815 / [edited by Frederick Watson].

    http://arrow.latrobe.edu.au/store/3/4/9/0/2/public/B13858427S1V8jpages233-488.pdf

    Australian Dictionary of Biography, Raine, Thomas (1793–1860)

    https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/raine-thomas-2570

    Australian Dictionary of Biography, Redfern, William (1774–1833)

    https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/redfern-william-2580

    Trove, Sydney Gazette, 30 Jul 1814, Classified Advertising

    https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/628955?searchTerm=SURRY

    Trove, Sydney Gazette, 30 Jul 1814, Sydney.

    https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/628954?searchTerm=SURRY

    Trove, Sydney Gazette, 20 Aug 1814, Classified Advertising

    https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/628967?searchTerm=surry%20quarantine



    LINKS

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych

    Want to hear more stories about convicts:

    https://www.booktopia.com.au/convict-sydney-jennifer-twemlow/book/9780648946809.html



    Music by Ahjay Stelino

    • 11 min
    Convict Documentation

    Convict Documentation

    Convict Indents, Surgeon Journals, Tickets of Leave, Certificates of Freedom and Pardons are some of the primary sources available when researching convicts.  In this episode, we explore these documents - what they are, what they can tell us and where we can find them.  We explore the different types of Indents and Pardons and the abbreviations used.



    SOURCES

    Convicts and Convict Administration Guide, State Archives & Records of NSW

    https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/archives/collections-and-research/guides-and-indexes/convict-guide-2006

    Surgeons Notes from Transport Vessels 1817 - 1857, Digital Panopticon

    https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/Surgeons_Notes_from_Transport_Vessels_1817-1857

    Surgeons at Sea: Royal Navy Medical Officers' Journals, The National Archives

    https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/surgeonsatsea/

    Tickets of Leave, Biographical Database of Australia

    https://www.bda-online.org.au/sources/tickets-of-leave/

    How were convicts rewarded for good behaviour? Sydney Living Museums

    https://sydneylivingmuseums.com.au/convict-sydney/rewards-freedom

    The Convict Ships, 1787 – 1868, by Charles Bateson



    STATE ARCHIVES & RECORDS OF NSW WEBINARS

    Tracing NSW Convicts

    https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/archives/webinars/webinar-tracing-nsw-convicts

    Archives Behind the Scenes - Ticket of Leave Butts

    https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/archives/magazine/video/archives-behind-the-scenes-ticket-leave-butts

    Early Convict Indents

    https://www.records.nsw.gov.au/archives/webinars/mini-webinar%3A-early-convict-indents



    LISTS OF ABBREVIATIONS

    Convict Abbreviations, Libraries Tasmania

    https://libraries.tas.gov.au/family-history/Pages/Convict-abbreviations.aspx

    Abbreviations and Commonly Used Terms, Female Factory

    https://femalefactory.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Transcribing-Guide.pdf



    LINKS

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych



    Music by Ahjay Stelino

    • 16 min
    William Gow - Convict Schoolmaster

    William Gow - Convict Schoolmaster

    Stephen Gow, author of 'From Distress to Deliverance, the life and times of William Gow; convict, schoolmaster, farmer', talks about his research and shines a light on the education system for the children of convicts and free settlers.  We learn about the remarkable story of William Gow who was convicted of burglary and sentenced to hang at the Old Bailey in 1816 and somehow escaped the noose to become a well-respected schoolmaster in the Hawkesbury Valley.



    LINKS

    You can purchase your copy of Stephen Gow's book at:

    wptgowdescendants@gmail.com

    Support Convict Australia and receive goodies such as the Convict Australia Newsletter:

    https://www.patreon.com/ConvictAustralia

    Join the conversation on our Facebook & Instagram pages:

    https://www.facebook.com/groups/173850624015866

    https://www.instagram.com/convict_australia/?hl=en

    Read more about the lives of convicts:

    https://www.amazon.com.au/Convict-Sydney-real-life-stories-prisoners/dp/0648946800/ref=asc_df_0648946800/?tag=googleshopdsk-22&linkCode=df0&hvadid=463556995101&hvpos=&hvnetw=g&hvrand=15900702372537924491&hvpone=&hvptwo=&hvqmt=&hvdev=c&hvdvcmdl=&hvlocint=&hvlocphy=9071891&hvtargid=pla-980017658308&psc=1

    Start your search for your convict ancestors:

    https://prf.hn/click/camref:1100ldych

    Music by Ahjay Stelino



    THANK YOU

    Special thanks to Stephen Gow, Barbara Gow, Chris Twemlow, Melanie Howell, Tracey Wearne & Mark Blakey.




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    • 51 min

Customer Reviews

4.9 out of 5
7 Ratings

7 Ratings

cronulla vey ,

Great podcast

Very informative. Keep it coming!

Peter oan ,

Taken back in time

Thank you, for sharing your knowledge on what must have been such an emotional event of the time. Love to hear more.

Barbara Gow ,

An unmitigated disaster

And gut-wrenchingly sad. Thank you for this podcast Jennifer

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