100 episodes

AI with AI explores the latest breakthroughs in artificial intelligence and autonomy, and discusses the technological and military implications. Join Andy Ilachinski and David Broyles as they explain the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.

The views expressed here are those of the commentators and do not necessarily reflect the views of CNA or any of its sponsors.

AI with AI: Artificial Intelligence with Andy Ilachinski CNA

    • News

AI with AI explores the latest breakthroughs in artificial intelligence and autonomy, and discusses the technological and military implications. Join Andy Ilachinski and David Broyles as they explain the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.

The views expressed here are those of the commentators and do not necessarily reflect the views of CNA or any of its sponsors.

    Keep Watching the AIs!

    Keep Watching the AIs!

    Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, starting with a publication from the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre, providing a set of security principles for developers implementing machine learning models. Gartner publishes the 2022 update to its “AI Hype Cycle,” which qualitatively plots the position of various AI efforts along the “hype cycle.” PromptBase opens its doors, promising to provide users with better “prompts” for text-to-image generators (such as DALL-E) to generate “optimal images.” Researchers explore the properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2), which demonstrates volatile memory-like behavior under certain conditions. MetaAI announces a nascent ability to decode speech from a person’s brain activity, without surgery (using EEG and MEG). Unitree Robotics, a Chinese tech company, is producing its Aliengo robotic dog, which can carry up to 11 pounds and perform other actions. Researchers at the University of Geneva demonstrate that transformers can build world models with fewer samples, for example, able to generate “pixel perfect” predictions of Pong after 120 games of training. DeepMind AI demonstrates the ability to teach a team of agents to play soccer by controlling at the level of joint torques and combine it with longer-term goal-directed behavior, where the agents demonstrate jostling for the ball and other behaviors. Researchers at Urbana-Champaign and MIT demonstrate a Composable Diffusion model to tweak and improve the output of text-to-image transformers. Google Research publishes results on AudioLM, which generates “natural and coherent continuations” given short prompts. And Michael Cohen, Marcus Hutter, and Michael Osborne published a paper in AI Magazine, arguing that dire predictions about the threat of advanced AI may not have gone far enough in their warnings, offering a series of assumptions on which their arguments depend.

    https://www.cna.org/our-media/podcasts/ai-with-ai
     

    • 36 min
    NOMARS Attacks!

    NOMARS Attacks!

    Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, starting with DARPA moving into Phase 2 of its No Manning Required Ship (NOMARS) program, having selected Serco Inc for its Defiant ship design. The UK releases a roadmap on automated vehicles, Connected & Automated Mobility 2025, and describes new legislation that will place liability for the actions of self-driving vehicles onto manufacturers, and not the occupants. The DOD’s Chief Digital and AI Office is preparing to roll out Tradewinds, an open solutions marketplace geared toward identifying new technologies and capabilities. The US bans NVIDIA and AMD from selling or exporting certain types of GPUs (mostly for high-end servers) to China and Russia. A report in Nature examines the “reproducibility crisis” involving machine learning in scientific articles, identifying eight types of “data leaks” in research that raise cause for concern. Google introduces a new AI image noise reduction tool that greatly advances the state of the art for low lighting and resolution images, using RawNeRF, which makes use of the previous neural radiance fields approach, but on raw image data. Hakwan Lau and Oxford University Press make available for free In Consciousness We Trust: the Cognitive Neuroscience of Subjective Experience. And Sam Bendett joins Andy and Dave to discuss the latest from Russia’s Army 2022 Expo and other recent developments around the globe.

    https://www.cna.org/our-media/podcasts/ai-with-ai
     

    • 38 min
    EPIC BLOOM

    EPIC BLOOM

    Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI and autonomy news and research, including an announcement that the Federal Trade Commission is exploring rules for cracking down on harmful commercial surveillance and lax data security, with the public having an opportunity to share input during a virtual public form on 8 September 2022. The Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), with help from Caroline Kraczon, releases The State of State AI Policy, a catalog of AI-related bills that states and local governments have passed, introduced or failed during the 2021-2022 legislative season. In robotics, Xiaomi introduces CyberOne, a 5-foot 9-inch robot that can identify “85 types of environmental sounds and 45 classifications of human emotions.” Meanwhile at a recent Russian arms fair, Army-2022, a developer showed off a robot dog with a rocket-propelled grenade strapped to its back. NIST updates its AI Risk Management Framework to the second draft, making it available for review and comment. DARPA launches the SocialCyber project, a hybrid-AI project aimed at helping to protect the integrity of open-source code. BigScience launches BLOOM (BigScience Large Open-science Open-access Multilingual Language Model), a “bigger than GPT-3” multilanguage (46) model that a group of over 1,000 AI researchers has created, that anyone can download and tinker with it for free. Researchers at MIT develop artificial synapses that shuttle protons, resulting in synapses 10,000 times faster than biological ones. China’s Comprehensive National Science Center claims that it has developed “mind-reading AI” capable of measuring loyalty to the Chinese Communist Party. Researchers at the University of Sydney demonstrate that human brains are better at identifying deepfakes than people, by examining results directly from neural activity. Researchers at the University of Glasgow combine AI with human vision to see around corners, reconstructing 16x16-pixel images of simple objects that the observer could not directly see. GoogleAI publishes research on Minerva, using language models to solve quantitative reasoning problems, and dramatically increasing the SotA. Researchers from MIT, Columbia, Harvard, and Waterloo publish work on a neural network that solves, explains, and generates university math problems “at a human level.” CSET makes available the Country Activity Tracker for AI, an interactive tool on tech competitiveness and collaboration. And a group of researchers at Merced’s Cognitive and Information Sciences Program make available Neural Networks in Cognitive Science.

    https://www.cna.org/our-media/podcasts/ai-with-ai
     

    • 35 min
    Searching for Robot Pincher

    Searching for Robot Pincher

    Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, including an announcement from DeepMind that it is freely providing a database of 200+ million protein structures as predicted by AlphaFold. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems demonstrate how a robot dog can learn to walk in about one hour using a Bayesian optimization algorithm. A chess-playing robot breaks the finger of a seven-year-old boy during a chess match in Moscow. A bill with the Senate Armed Services Committee would require the Department of Defense to accelerate the fielding of new technology to defeat drone swarms. The Chief of Naval Operations Navigation Plan 2022 aims to add 150 uncrewed vessels by 2045. The text-to-image transformer DALL-E is now available in beta. Researchers at Columbia University use an algorithm to identify possible state variables from the observation of systems (such as a double pendulum) and discover “alternate physics”; the algorithm discovers the intrinsic dimension of the observed dynamics and identifies a candidate set of state variables, but in most cases, the scientists found it difficult (if not impossible) to decode those variables to known phenomena. Wolfram Media and Etienne Bernard make Introduction to Machine Learning: Mathematica available for free. And Jeff Edmonds and Sam Bendett join for a discussion on their latest report, Russian Military Autonomy in Ukraine: Four Months In – a closer look at the use of unmanned systems by both Russia and Ukraine.
    https://www.cna.org/our-media/podcasts/ai-with-ai

    • 45 min
    AI-chemy 2: This Time It's Personal (Part 2)

    AI-chemy 2: This Time It's Personal (Part 2)

    Dr. Anya Fink from CNA’s Russia Studies program joins the podcast to discuss the impacts of global sanctions on Russia’s technology and AI sector.
    Report
    CNA: A Technological Divorce: The impact of sanctions and the end of cooperation on Russia’s technology and AI sector.
     

    • 18 min
    AI-chemy 2: This Time It's Personal

    AI-chemy 2: This Time It's Personal

    Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, including an update from DARPA on its Machine Common Sense program, demonstrating rapidly adapting to changing terrain, carrying dynamic loads, and understanding how to grasp objects [0:55]. The Israeli military fields new tech from Camero-Tech that allows operators to ‘see through walls,’ using pulse-based ultra-wideband micro-power radar in combination with an AI-based algorithm for tracking live targets [5:01]. In autonomous shipping [8:13], the Suzaka, a cargo ship powered by Orca AI, makes a nearly 500-mile voyage “without human intervention” for 99% of the trip; the Prism Courage sails from the Gulf of Mexico to South Korea “controlled mostly” by HiNAS 2.0, a system by Avikus, a subsidiary of Hyundai; and Promare’s and IBM’s Mayflower Autonomous Ship travels from the UK to Nova Scotia. In large language models [10:09], a Chinese research team unveils a 174 trillion parameter model, Bagualu (‘alchemist pot’) and claims it runs an AI model as sophisticated as a human brain (not quite, though); Meta releases the largest open-source AI language model, with OPT-66B, a 66 billion parameter model; and Russia’s Yandex opens its 100 billion parameters YaLM to public access. Researchers from the University of Chicago publish a model that can predict future crimes “one week in advance with about 90% accuracy” (referring to general crime levels, not specific people and exact locations), and also demonstrate the potential effects of bias in police response and enforcement [13:32]. In a similar vein, researchers from Berkeley, MIT, and Oxford publish attempts to forecast future world events using the neural network system Autocast, and show that forecasting performance still comes in far below a human expertise baseline [16:37]. Angelo Cangelosi and Minoru Asada provide the (graduate) book of the week, with Cognitive Robotics. 

    • 23 min

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