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A podcast about neuroscience, psychology, and anything vaguely related. Long-form interviews with people whose work I find interesting, and book discussions. New episodes every Friday.

BJKS Podcast Benjamin James Kuper-Smith

    • Wissenschaft

A podcast about neuroscience, psychology, and anything vaguely related. Long-form interviews with people whose work I find interesting, and book discussions. New episodes every Friday.

    50th episode special: reviewing one year of the podcast, lessons learnt, and plans for the future

    50th episode special: reviewing one year of the podcast, lessons learnt, and plans for the future

    This is the 50th episode of this podcast and we're doing something a little different: Cody Kommers, PhD student, fellow podcaster, and one of the first guests of my podcast, interviewed me about the first year of my podcast: what did I learn, what went differently than expected, and what do I plan on changing in the future? We also discuss podcasting more generally and use Cody's experience in running his podcasts as a counterexample in our discussion.

    Time stamps
    0:00:05: Cody's introduction
    0:01:37: Why did I start the podcast?
    0:04:32: Expectation vs reality of running a podcast
    0:12:05: Other podcasts I enjoy and that influenced me
    0:26:50: What am I trying to do when I'm interviewing someone?
    0:36:03: Who's the target audience for this podcast?
    0:43:22: The podcast's format
    0:47:19: How could I save time doing the podcast?
    1:02:52: Distribution and marketing of podcasts
    1:15:35: Focussing the scope of my topics
    1:31:25: The future of this podcast

    Podcast links
    Website: https://bjks.buzzsprout.com/Twitter: https://twitter.com/BjksPodcastCody's links
    Website: https://www.codykommers.com/Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.de/citations?user=ImTtx_kAAAAJTwitter: https://twitter.com/codykommersNewsletter: https://codykommers.substack.com/Ben's links
    Website: www.bjks.blog/Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?user=-nWNfvcAAAAJTwitter:  https://twitter.com/bjks_tweets
    Other podcasts/interviewers mentioned (in order of mention):
    This American Life: https://www.thisamericanlife.org/
    Lex Fridman: https://www.youtube.com/c/lexfridman
    Joe Rogan: https://open.spotify.com/show/4rOoJ6Egrf8K2IrywzwOMk
    Tim Ferriss: https://tim.blog/podcast/
    Sam Harris: https://www.samharris.org/podcasts
    Oprah Winfrey: https://www.oprah.com/
    Charlie Rose: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJpyJeynU_E&list=PLf0rWsvaclOIfJaGY9xNGrh9lxLQgD2tL
    Revisionist History: https://www.pushkin.fm/show/revisionist-history/
    Opinion Science: http://opinionsciencepodcast.com/
    The Turnaround: https://maximumfun.org/podcasts/the-turnaround-with-jesse-thorn/
    On Being: https://onbeing.org/
    The Life Scientific: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b015sqc7
    Very Bad Wizards: https://www.verybadwizards.com/

    • 1 Std. 39 Min.
    49. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 7 & 8, & general discussion

    49. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 7 & 8, & general discussion

    This is the fourth and final episode of a book club series on Peter Gärdenfors's book Conceptual Spaces. In this episode, we will discuss chapters 7 and 8, in which Gärdenfors discusses computational aspects his theory of conceptual spaces, and provides a general discussion of the topics covered in the book.

    For this series, I'm joined by Koen Frolichcs, who was already my cohost for the books club series on Lee Child's Killing Floor. Koen and I are PhD students in the same lab.

    Podcast links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-podTwitter: https://geni.us/bjks-pod-twtKoen's links
    Google Scholar: https://geni.us/frolichs-scholarTwitter: https://geni.us/frolichs-twtBen's links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-webGoogle Scholar: https://geni.us/bjks-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/bjks-twt
    References
    First AI conference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dartmouth_workshop

    Bauby, J. D. (2008). The diving bell and the butterfly. Vintage.
    Bellmund, J. L., Gärdenfors, P., Moser, E. I., & Doeller, C. F. (2018). Navigating cognition: Spatial codes for human thinking. Science, 362(6415).
    Churchland, P. S., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1994). The computational brain. MIT press.
    Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought. MIT press.
    Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Moser, M. B., & Moser, E. I. (2005). Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature, 436(7052), 801-806.
    Kriegeskorte, N., & Kievit, R. A. (2013). Representational geometry: integrating cognition, computation, and the brain. Trends in cognitive sciences, 17(8), 401-412.
    Kriegeskorte, N., Mur, M., & Bandettini, P. A. (2008). Representational similarity analysis-connecting the branches of systems neuroscience. Frontiers in systems neuroscience, 2, 4.
    LeCun, Y., Bengio, Y., & Hinton, G. (2015). Deep learning. Nature, 521(7553), 436-444.
    O'Keefe, J., & Dostrovsky, J. (1971). The hippocampus as a spatial map: preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely-moving rat. Brain research.
    Quiroga, R. Q. (2012). Concept cells: the building blocks of declarative memory functions. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 13(8), 587-597.
    Rumelhart, D. E., Hinton, G. E., & Williams, R. J. (1986). Learning representations by back-propagating errors. Nature, 323(6088), 533-536.
    Silver, D., Schrittwieser, J., Simonyan, K., Antonoglou, I., Huang, A., Guez, A., ... & Hassabis, D.
    (2017). Mastering the game of go without human knowledge. Nature, 550(7676), 354-359.

    • 50 Min.
    48. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 5 & 6

    48. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 5 & 6

    This is the third episode of a book club series on Peter Gärdenfors's book Conceptual Spaces. In this episode, we will discuss chapters 5 and 6, in which Gärdenfors explains how semantics and induction fit into his theory of conceptual spaces.

    For this series, I'm joined by Koen Frolichcs, who was already my cohost for the books club series on Lee Child's Killing Floor. Koen and I are PhD students in the same lab.

    Podcast links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-podTwitter: https://geni.us/bjks-pod-twtKoen's links
    Google Scholar: https://geni.us/frolichs-scholarTwitter: https://geni.us/frolichs-twtBen's links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-webGoogle Scholar: https://geni.us/bjks-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/bjks-twt
    References
    Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought. MIT press.
    Hohwy, J. (2013). The predictive mind. Oxford University Press.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_economicus

    • 23 Min.
    47. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 3 & 4

    47. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 3 & 4

    This is the second episode of a book club series on Peter Gärdenfors's book Conceptual Spaces. In this episode, we will discuss chapters 3 and 4, in which Gärdenfors explains how properties and concepts fit into his theory of conceptual spaces.

    For this series, I'm joined by Koen Frolichcs, who was already my cohost for the books club series on Lee Child's Killing Floor. Koen and I are PhD students in the same lab.

    Podcast links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-podTwitter: https://geni.us/bjks-pod-twtKoen's links
    Google Scholar: https://geni.us/frolichs-scholarTwitter: https://geni.us/frolichs-twtBen's links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-webGoogle Scholar: https://geni.us/bjks-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/bjks-twt
    References
    Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought. MIT press.
    Kahneman, D, & Tversky, A (1979). Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk. Econometrica. 47 (2): 263–291.
    Kriegeskorte, N., Mur, M., & Bandettini, P. A. (2008). Representational similarity analysis-connecting the branches of systems neuroscience. Frontiers in systems neuroscience, 2, 4.
    Montague, P. R., Dayan, P., Person, C., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1995). Bee foraging in uncertain environments using predictive hebbian learning. Nature, 377(6551), 725-728.
    Murphy, R. O., & Ackermann, K. A. (2014). Social value orientation: Theoretical and measurement issues in the study of social preferences. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18(1), 13-41.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotonic_function

    • 44 Min.
    46. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 1 & 2

    46. Book club: Conceptual Spaces by Peter Gärdenfors, chapters 1 & 2

    This is the first episode of a book club series on Peter Gärdenfors's book Conceptual Spaces. In this episode, we will discuss chapters 1 and 2, which provide an overview over the book, and a discussion of the three kinds of representation: subconceptual, conceptual, and symbolic.

    For this series, I'm joined by Koen Frolichcs, who was already my cohost for the books club series on Lee Child's Killing Floor. Koen and I are PhD students in the same lab.

    Podcast links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-podTwitter: https://geni.us/bjks-pod-twtKoen's links
    Google Scholar: https://geni.us/frolichs-scholarTwitter: https://geni.us/frolichs-twtBen's links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-webGoogle Scholar: https://geni.us/bjks-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/bjks-twt
    My interview with Jacob Bellmund: https://bjks.buzzsprout.com/1390924/9275803-37-jacob-bellmund-deformed-cognitive-maps-abstract-cognitive-spaces-and-how-many-dimensions-can-grid-cells-encode

    Bringing up Marr on a first date: https://twitter.com/wavyphd/status/1456038544250638341/photo/1

    References
    Banino, A., Barry, C., Uria, B., Blundell, C., Lillicrap, T., Mirowski, P., ... & Kumaran, D. (2018). Vector-based navigation using grid-like representations in artificial agents. Nature, 557(7705), 429-433.
    Bellmund, J. L., Gärdenfors, P., Moser, E. I., & Doeller, C. F. (2018). Navigating cognition: Spatial codes for human thinking. Science, 362(6415).
    Gärdenfors, P. (2004). Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought. MIT press.
    Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Moser, M. B., & Moser, E. I. (2005). Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature, 436(7052), 801-806.
    Kriegeskorte, N., Mur, M., & Bandettini, P. A. (2008). Representational similarity analysis-connecting the branches of systems neuroscience. Frontiers in systems neuroscience, 2, 4.
    Kuper-Smith, B. J., & Korn, C. (2021, October 28). Decomposed 2*2 games - a conceptual review. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/5jxrf
    O'Keefe, J., & Dostrovsky, J. (1971). The hippocampus as a spatial map: preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely-moving rat. Brain research.
    Poldrack, R. A. (2020). The physics of representation. Synthese, 1-19.

    • 40 Min.
    45. Michael Hornberger: Sea Hero Quest, developing games for science, and Alzheimer's disease

    45. Michael Hornberger: Sea Hero Quest, developing games for science, and Alzheimer's disease

    Michael Hornberger is a professor of applied dementia research who developed Sea Hero Quest, a mobile game for studying spatial navigation that was downloaded more than 4 million times. In this conversation, we talk about Sea Hero Quest, how Michael (together with Hugo Spiers) developed it, the first findings, and dementia in general.

    BJKS Podcast is a podcast about neuroscience, psychology, and anything vaguely related, hosted by Benjamin James Kuper-Smith. New conversations every other Friday. You can find the podcast on all podcasting platforms (e.g., Spotify, Apple/Google Podcasts, etc.).

    Timestamps
    00:04: How Michael started doing research on dementia
    02:32: What is Sea Hero Quest?
    05:18: How Sea Hero Quest got started and developed
    31:45: Start discussing some results from Sea Hero Quest
    38:16: How does Sea Hero Quest relate to Michael's work on dementia?
    43:16: How far are we from using (something like) Sea Hero Quest as an early biomarker for Alzheimer's?
    45:36: What is dementia and how can we prevent it? Discussing Michael's new book about Alzheimer's 'Tangled Up'

    Podcast links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-podTwitter: https://geni.us/bjks-pod-twtMichael's links
    Website: https://geni.us/hornberger-webGoogle Scholar:  https://geni.us/hornberger-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/hornberger-twtBook: https://geni.us/hornberger-bookBen's links
    Website: https://geni.us/bjks-webGoogle Scholar: https://geni.us/bjks-scholarTwitter:  https://geni.us/bjks-twt
    References
    Alzheimer (1906). Uber einen eigenartigen, schweren Erkrankungsprozess der Hirnrinde. Neurol. Cbl..
    Alzheimer, Förstl, & Levy (1991). On certain peculiar diseases of old age. History of psychiatry.
    Anguera, Boccanfuso, Rintoul, Al-Hashimi, Faraji, Janowich, ... & Gazzaley (2013). Video game training enhances cognitive control in older adults. Nature.
    See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NeuroRacer
    Coughlan, Coutrot, Khondoker, Minihane, Spiers & Hornberger (2019). Toward personalized cognitive diagnostics of at-genetic-risk Alzheimer’s disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
    Coughlan, Laczó, Hort, Minihane, & Hornberger (2018). Spatial navigation deficits—overlooked cognitive marker for preclinical Alzheimer disease?. Nature Reviews Neurology.
    Coughlan, Puthusseryppady, Lowry, Gillings, Spiers, Minihane, & Hornberger (2020). Test-retest reliability of spatial navigation in adults at-risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Plos one.
    Coutrot, Schmidt, Coutrot, Pittman, Hong, Wiener, ... Hornberger, & Spiers (2019). Virtual navigation tested on a mobile app is predictive of real-world wayfinding navigation performance. PloS one.
    Coutrot, Silva, Manley, de Cothi, Sami, Bohbot, ... Hornberger, & Spiers (2018). Global determinants of navigation ability. Current Biology.
    Fold.it game: https://fold.it/
    Hornberger (2021). Tangled up. The science and history of Alzheimer's disease.
    Kunz, Schröder, Lee, Montag, Lachmann, Sariyska, ... & Axmacher (2015). Reduced grid-cell–like representations in adults at genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease. Science.

    • 1 Std. 3 Min.

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