17 episodes

Science communicators Ella Hubber, Tom Lum, and Caroline Roper share anything and everything interesting! Each episode they teach each other about a science topic, answer a question, and learn about a miscellaneous topic. Whether it's bugs on drugs, temporal illusions, or reality tv, there's so much out there, so let's learn everything! Join our Discord, email us, and follow us everywhere at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

Let's Learn Everything‪!‬ Tom Lum, Caroline Roper, Ella Hubber

    • Science

Science communicators Ella Hubber, Tom Lum, and Caroline Roper share anything and everything interesting! Each episode they teach each other about a science topic, answer a question, and learn about a miscellaneous topic. Whether it's bugs on drugs, temporal illusions, or reality tv, there's so much out there, so let's learn everything! Join our Discord, email us, and follow us everywhere at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    15: The Trouble with Honeybees, Why Repeated Words Lose Meaning, and Speed Running

    15: The Trouble with Honeybees, Why Repeated Words Lose Meaning, and Speed Running

    Follow Ella's new job's tiktok! https://www.tiktok.com/@cgtrm

    When we say save the bees, which bees are we talking about? What happens when you repeat a word and it loses meaning? And how could you design an experiment to figure that out? And what is speed running and why do we all love it?

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: solitary bees dance in their spare time, 25000 species of bees, send your enemies bees in the post, Bombus terrestris, human centric beekeeping, the billion pound honey market, honey bees are important, but also bad sometimes, local bee jobs stolen by foreign invaders, bee to bee pathogens, save ALL the bees, hanging out in the park and repeating words words words, good experimental design, the meaning test tube, tuning out meaning, Zeus, pitfalls of psychology, introspection, “familiar feels”, neutral words, clever Hans, the observer expectancy effect, dream of good experiments goodnight, don’t use flash when taking a picture of your screen, Dragster, Atari, Doom, pacifist runs, Quake done quick, games done quick, lowest percent, link stares at a rupee for 17 hours, bullet time bounce

    Sources:

    Caroline's Paper on the Western Honeybee https://www.letslearneverythingpod.com/the-trouble-with-honeybees.pdf

    ---

    Sheila Black's Semantic Satiation Review https://books.google.mk/books?id=tjfTGePcVzsC

    Titchener's Early Description of Meaning Loss https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1926-00758-001

    Semantic Satiation for Poetic Effect https://doi.org/10.1017/S0009838821000471

    Jakobovits Naming Semantic Satiation https://escholarship.mcgill.ca/concern/theses/c821gp587?locale=en

    Bassett and Warne Introspective Study https://doi.org/10.2307/1413679

    Lambert and Jakobovits Semantic Polarity Experiment https://doi.org/10.1037/h0045624

    Clever Hans https://doi.org/10.4161/cib.27122

    Schultz Constructively Criticizing Semantic Satiation https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.3758/BF03343320.pdf

    Smith Category Verification Experiment https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03198310

    Neural Analysis of Semantic Satiation https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03211837

    ---

    A Brief History of Speedrunning https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/3YmM2yrG4rp9ZHG54pcKjgf/speedrunning-a-brief-history-of-the-gaming-phenomenon

    A Quick History of Speedrunning https://www.viewsonic.com/elite/posts/6_a-quick-history-of-speedrunning

    Activisions Magazine Volume 1 https://archive.org/details/Activisions_Vol._1_1981-09_Activision_US/page/n1/mode/2up

    Marimoto Super Mario Bros 3 Speedrun https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6NQmlrotx4w

    Zikubi! Super Mario Bros 3 Speedrun https://www.reddit.com/r/speedrun/comments/i2521r/wr_super_mario_bros_3_any_in_302950_by_zikubi/

    The Speedrun Where Link Stares at Rupees for 17 Hours https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v2nRW3wKnVY

    What is the hardest trick in Speedrunning? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ7qUswMsPA

    Psychonauts Devs React to Speedrunner https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lsDc1YVxHA0

    Tom’s Favorite TAS Speedrun https://youtu.be/mSFHKAvTGNk?t=1008

    • 1 hr 43 min
    14: What the Turing Test Became, Ella's Bodily Quirks, and Pub Quizes

    14: What the Turing Test Became, Ella's Bodily Quirks, and Pub Quizes

    What is the Turing Test, what has it become, and what can we learn from it? How many of Ella's weird bodily quirks do you have? And how did the pub quiz come about?

    For the next month only, use code "Everything" to save 60% off your first month of MEL Science!

    https://melscience.com/sBGM/

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: the imitation game, performative gender, the alignment problem, It’s not blade runner, artifical stupidity, have you heard about eugene goostman?! the alignment problem, CAPTTTTCAHA, archival OCR, thank Turing for Duo Lingo TikToks, Timnit Gebru, Robert Miles, the sociological and economic alignment problem, Ella Syndrome, learn to roll your tongue or else! Artistotle can’t roll his tongue, ACHOO, acronyms were a mistake, spare tendons, what is your earwax texture? the one person who liked Han dynasty tests, unlucky 13, TV quizes, what if we did that? Jay's virtual pub quiz.

    Sources:

    Stanford Philosophy Turing Test Page https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/

    Computing Machinery and Intelligence https://academic.oup.com/mind/article/LIX/236/433/986238

    Turing Test 50 Year Retrospective https://doi.org/10.1016/s1364-6613(00)01453-4

    Robert Miles https://www.tiktok.com/@robertmilesai/video/7030103366847974662?is_copy_url=1&is_from_webapp=v1

    Eugene Goostman https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-27762088

    CAPTCHA Paper https://doi.org/10.1109/ICATMRI51801.2020.9398494

    reCAPTCHA Interview https://thewalrus.ca/human-resources/

    CAPTCHA Difficulty https://doi.org/10.1109/SP.2010.31

    Google's reCAPTCHA Policy https://www.google.com/recaptcha/intro/invisible.html?hl=fi&skip_cache=false

    Github Copilot's Alignment Problem Paper https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2107.03374

    ---

    Photic Sneezing https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/looking-at-the-sun-can-trigger-a-sneeze/

    Tongue Rolling https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20180130-do-you-inherit-the-ability-to-roll-your-tongue

    Palarmis Longus https://radiopaedia.org/articles/palmaris-longus-muscle-1?lang=gb

    Armpit Smell https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/255147#3

    Cilanto Taste https://flavourjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2044-7248-1-22

    23 and Me Cilantro https://blog.23andme.com/23andme-research/cilantro-love-hate-genetic-trait/

    ---

    A History of Quizzing https://www.britannica.com/topic/quiz/A-history-of-quizzing

    History of the Quiz https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/word-history-of-quiz

    BBC Quizzing https://www.bbc.com/culture/article/20200501-why-are-we-so-obsessed-with-quizzing

    Pub Quiz History https://boakandbailey.com/2020/04/when-did-pub-quizzes-become-a-thing/

    Quizzism Book https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uva.x001039632&view=1up&seq=30

    International Spelling Bee https://youtu.be/O-DkwYBXW9Y

    Jay's Virtual Pub Quiz https://www.youtube.com/c/thevirtualpubquiz

    • 1 hr 48 min
    13: Domesticating Foxes, The Oldest Potted Plant, and Crosswords

    13: Domesticating Foxes, The Oldest Potted Plant, and Crosswords

    Could you domesticate a fox, and what even IS domestication? What is the oldest potted plant, and, wait, what does Caroline mean by that question? And how did Tom go from hating crosswords to loving them?

    The photo we mention of Mecta the Fox Pup https://evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12052-018-0090-x/figures/2

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: the first domesticated animals, one of Darwin’s sequels, floppy ears, domestication syndrome, the fox bachelor, the neural crest cell hypothesis, our version of Behind the Bastards, cited comment critiques, we all just want to learn, I’ve never seen a plant in the middle ages, we completely misinterpret the question, ella’s old man wisdom, a plant older than america, the anxious keepers of the oldest potted plant, crosswords were a fad, we were always insufferable, relearnig ocular immunity, crossword fuckery, “thirsty” well shortz, what is and isn’t general knowledge? and bad jokes with friends.

    Sources:

    A New Origin Story for Dogs https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/06/the-origin-of-dogs/484976/

    Dog Domestication and the Dual Dispersal of People and Dogs into the Americas https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33495362/

    Genomic and archaeological evidence suggest a dual origin of domestic dogs https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.aaf3161?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed

    The Silver Fox Domestication Experiment https://evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12052-018-0090-x

    Early Canid Domestication: interplay between behavioral genetics and development https://www.jstor.org/stable/27857815?casa_token=eVysCfYQ7JMAAAAA%3ALp104LNM4x_oZEXQt7ToA6I0g97nSPYGMJwGtfjx1C3Z-mEjTLvVXvtMYX2A0A8vrG8TsSJjIo4nHsBHZ9DQKJAV_3xo-ZkRIpkKR_GwOeUYC8y-kA&seq=4

    Red Fox Genomic Regions Associated with Tame Behaviours https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-018-0611-6

    The “Domestication Syndrome” in Mammals: Neural Crest Cell Behavior and Genetics https://academic.oup.com/genetics/article/197/3/795/5935921?login=false

    The History of Farm Foxes Undermines the Animal Domestication Syndrome https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/fulltext/S0169-5347(19)30302-7

    ---

    The History Of Houseplants https://blog.leonandgeorge.com/posts/brief-history-of-houseplants

    Penjing https://www.plantsnap.com/plantblog/what-is-the-chinese-art-of-penjing-its-not-the-same-as-bonsai/

    Kew Gardens https://www.kew.org/read-and-watch/oldest-pot-plant-in-world-eastern-cape-giant-cycad

    South African Encephalartos Species https://cites.unia.es/cites/file.php/1/files/WG3-CS4.pdf

    Cycad Palm, Ursula Bucham https://www.cycadpalm.com/woolpopl.html

    ---

    New York Times History of the Crossword https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/02/14/crosswords/new-york-times-crossword-timeline.html?mtrref=www.google.com&assetType=PAYWALL&mtrref=www.nytimes.com&gwh=B339D228F92CD1B396C724E20C316A04&gwt=pay&assetType=PAYWALL

    Margaret Farrar https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1959/06/13/few-gnus

    Yes, You Can Write More Than One Letter in a Square https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/01/crosswords/yes-you-can-write-more-than-one-letter-in-a-square.html

    NYTimes Scumbag Controversy https://slate.com/human-interest/2006/04/the-dirty-word-in-43-down.html

    The Hidden Bigotry of Crosswords https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2020/03/fight-to-make-crosswords-more-inclusive/608212/

    How Will Shortz Edits a New York Times Crossword Puzzle (Lorelai) https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2011/09/how-will-shortz-edits-a-new-york-times-crossword-puzzle/244733/

    DownForAcross https://downforacross.com/

    • 1 hr 34 min
    12: The Golden Toad Mystery, All the Things we Left on the Moon, and the Oldest Bar Joke

    12: The Golden Toad Mystery, All the Things we Left on the Moon, and the Oldest Bar Joke

    What happened to the golden toad? How many things did we leave on the moon, and what are they? And what is the oldest recorded bar joke?

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: The World Wildlife Fund/World Wresting Federation, Agatha Christie’s Mystery of the Golden Toad, publication smackdowns, the amphibian apocalypse, outside my jurisdiction, double callback, the african clawed frog (from ep 5!), on this podcast we stan… Michael Collins, moon poop, moon scalpels, 4 undetonated grenades, moonquakes, no on vomitted on the moon, rating moon items, sneaking things on the moon, dogs in sumerian bars only want to open one thing and it’s disgusting, how many likes did that tablet have? reading sumerian proverbs, the dog understands take it, but it does not understand put it down.

    Sources:

    The Golden Toad https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/3172/54357699

    Thirty Years After the Last Golden Toad Sighting, What Have We Learned? https://www.rainforesttrust.org/our-impact/rainforest-news/thirty-years-after-the-last-golden-toad-sighting-what-have-we-learned/

    El Niño–Southern Oscillation https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/enso/what-el-ni%C3%B1o%E2%80%93southern-oscillation-enso-nutshell

    Crump, Apparent decline of the golden toad: underground or extinct? https://www.jstor.org/stable/1446201

    Pounds and Fogden, Conservation of the golden toad: a brief history https://www.thebhs.org/publications/the-herpetological-bulletin/issue-number-55-spring-1996/2564-hb055-01/file

    Global Warming Didn't Kill the Golden Toad https://www.science.org/content/article/global-warming-didnt-kill-golden-toad

    First Mammal Killed by Global Warming https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/first-mammal-extinct-climate-change-bramble-cay-melomys

    The Chytrid Fungus https://cisr.ucr.edu/invasive-species/chytrid-fungus

    Stopping the Next Amphibian Apocalypse https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/15/opinion/stopping-the-next-amphibian-apocalypse.html

    Hope for the Golden Toad https://www.rewild.org/news/chasing-hope-for-costa-ricas-golden-toad

    ---

    List of Lunar Missions https://moon.nasa.gov/exploration/moon-missions/

    WSJ Article of Things we've left on the Moon https://www.wsj.com/graphics/the-incredible-inventory-of-things-on-the-moon/

    Nasa Catalogue of Manmade Material on the Moon https://history.nasa.gov/FINAL%20Catalogue%20of%20Manmade%20Material%20on%20the%20Moon.pdf

    Lunar Retroreflectors https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1086/596748

    Moonquakes https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/goddard/2019/moonquakes/

    Grenades on the Moon https://an.rsl.wustl.edu/apollo/data/a14/stationLM/ase/docs/ase_psr.pdf

    Correction on Moon Vomit https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2014/11/moon-puke-lunar-vomit.html

    Biomedical Results of Apollo http://history.nasa.gov/SP-368/s2ch1.htm

    Studying Moon Poop https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2018.1952

    Family Photo on the Moon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/787775

    The Moon Museum https://www.moma.org/collection/works/62272

    PBS Moon Museum Investigation https://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/investigation/moon-museum/

    Audio Recording of Almost Forgetting to Drop Symbolic Items https://history.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/a11.clsout.html

    ---

    Images of the Tablets https://ibb.co/SdDsqRS

    Sumerian Animal Proverbs and Fables: Collection Five https://www.jstor.org/stable/1359579

    AskHistorians Thread https://www.reddit.com/r/AskHistorians/comments/tbgetc/this_bar_joke_from_ancient_sumer_has_been_making/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share

    Proverbs from Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature https://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/proverbs/t.6.1.05.html#t6105.p77

    • 1 hr 39 min
    11: Thermal Biology, Why we have Periods, and Stickers

    11: Thermal Biology, Why we have Periods, and Stickers

    What do heat and temperature have to do with biology? (It turns out, a lot!) We know what periods are, but why do humans have them? And stickers are delightful but how did they come about?

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: what is heat? endotherms ectotherms homeotherms heterotherms and poikilotherms, being warm blooded evolved twice, heat generating plants, naked mole rats are weird, the podcast's stable of strange animals grows, kleptothermy, everyone huddles, which animals have periods? mansplaining periods, elphant shrews, convergent evolution of periods, spontaneous decidualization, "pregnancy is parasitic", women's reproductive research is underfunded, georgian beauty standards, stamp based tangents, bumper stickers, and our favorite stickers.

    Sources:

    Richard Feynman's "Six Easy Pieces" Book

    Endotherms and Ectotherms https://www.khanacademy.org/science/ap-biology/ecology-ap/energy-flow-through-ecosystems/a/endotherms-ectotherms

    Thermoregulation https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/homeostatic-processes-for-thermoregulation-23592046/

    Oryx Heterothermy https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.00275

    Quelea High Body Temperature https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69997-7

    McKechnie's Blog Post on the paper https://ecoevocommunity.nature.com/posts/hottest-of-them-all-a-new-upper-limit-to-avian-body-temperature

    The evolution of Endothermy https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185x.2010.00122.x

    Beehive Temperature Regulation https://entomologytoday.org/2021/04/16/honey-bee-hive-boxes-drafty-inefficient-temperature/

    Desert Ant Thermotolerance https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.92.7.2994

    Thermogenesis in Plants https://www.jstor.org/stable/3599261

    Color Changing Thermal Biology https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0345

    Sloth Poikilothermy https://www.jstor.org/stable/1374287

    More Sloth Poikilothermy https://dx.doi.org/10.7717%2Fpeerj.5600

    Poikilothermy and Huddling in Naked Mole Rats https://www.jstor.org/stable/30158212

    Kleptothermy https://doi.org/10.1086/674566

    Forbes: Why did women evolve periods? https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2016/05/06/how-and-why-did-women-evolve-periods/?sh=3ba4536457a3

    Decidualization https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7312091/#:~:text=Decidualization%20refers%20to%20the%20functional,cells%20(ESCs)%20into%20DSCs

    The Evolution of Menstruation: A New Model for Genetic Assimilation https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3528014/

    The Significance and Evolution of Menstruation https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1521693418300257

    Grackhouse's History of Stickers https://youtu.be/LlrIIGXhCLQ

    The History of Sticker Printing https://www.edgestickers.co.uk/the-history-of-sticker-printing/

    The History of Postage Stamps https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-stamps-1992419

    Avery Dennison History https://www.averydennison.com/en/home/about-us/our_history

    Smithers: The Value of the Sticker Market https://www.smithers.com/en-gb/resources/2019/may/global-market-for-label-printing-will-reach-$49-9b

    • 1 hr 26 min
    10.5: Steve Rathje, Insect Consciousness, and Theatre Science

    10.5: Steve Rathje, Insect Consciousness, and Theatre Science

    Special guest Steve Rathje (@StevePsychology) asks us, do insects have consciousness? What, empirically, makes things go viral on social media? And what are the scientific effects of live theatre?

    Follow Steve on TikTok! https://www.tiktok.com/@stevepsychology

    Support us on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/letslearneverything

    Join our Discord at https://www.LetsLearnEverythingPod.com

    We also learn about: Outgroup effects on social media, subjective experience and qualia, except for mosquitos, we share genes with bananas are they conscious? the emotional dog and the rational tail, over-anti-anthropomorphism, tiktok survey of insect consciousness, would aliens think we are conscious? Steve’s at the party talking about qualia again! Sondheim, Sarah Ruhl’s magical realism absurdist plays, Steve’s study on the effect of live theater on empathy, solving Sondheim vs Weber scientifically, antiperfectionism, the weirdness of going viral, different types of online engagement, buy our supplements!

    Sources:

    Steve's Social Media Paper: Out-Group Animosity Drives Engagement on Social Media https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2024292118

    What Insects can tell us about the Origins of Consciousness https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1520084113

    Steve's Theatre Paper: Attending Live Theatre Improves Empathy, Changes Attitudes, and Leads to Pro-Social Behavior https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2021.10https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34162706/4138

    • 1 hr 9 min

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