에피소드 300개

Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the history of ideas

In Our Time BBC

    • 역사
    • 4.9 • 9개의 평가

Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the history of ideas

    The Great Gatsby

    The Great Gatsby

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss F Scott Fitzgerald’s finest novel, published in 1925, one of the great American novels of the twentieth century. It is told by Nick Carraway, neighbour and friend of the mysteriously wealthy Jay Gatsby. In the age of jazz and prohibition, Gatsby hosts lavish parties at his opulent home across the bay from Daisy Buchanan, in the hope she’ll attend one of them and they can be reunited. They were lovers as teenagers but she had given him up for a richer man who she soon married, and Gatsby is obsessed with winning her back.

    The image above is of Robert Redford as Gatsby in a scene from the film 'The Great Gatsby', 1974.

    With

    Sarah Churchwell
    Professor of American Literature and Public Understanding of the Humanities at the University of London

    Philip McGowan
    Professor of American Literature at Queen’s University, Belfast

    And

    William Blazek
    Associate Professor and Reader in American Literature at Liverpool Hope University

    Produced by Simon Tillotson and Julia Johnson

    • 55분
    Eclipses

    Eclipses

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss solar eclipses, some of life’s most extraordinary moments, when day becomes night and the stars come out before day returns either all too soon or not soon enough, depending on what you understand to be happening. In ancient China, for example, there was a story that a dragon was eating the sun and it had to be scared away by banging pots and pans if the sun were to return. Total lunar eclipses are more frequent and last longer, with a blood moon coloured red like a sunrise or sunset. Both events have created the chance for scientists to learn something remarkable, from the speed of light, to the width of the Atlantic, to the roundness of Earth, to discovering helium and proving Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity.

    With

    Carolin Crawford
    Public Astronomer based at the Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge and a fellow of Emmanuel College


    Frank Close
    Emeritus Professor of Physics at the University of Oxford

    And

    Lucie Green
    Professor of Physics and a Royal Society University Research Fellow at Mullard Space Science Laboratory at University College London


    Producers: Simon Tillotson and Julia Johnson

    • 50분
    The Cultural Revolution

    The Cultural Revolution

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Chairman Mao and the revolt he led within his own party from 1966, setting communists against each other, to renew the revolution that he feared had become too bourgeois and to remove his enemies and rivals. Universities closed and the students formed Red Guard factions to attack the 'four olds' - old ideas, culture, habits and customs - and they also turned on each other, with mass violence on the streets and hundreds of thousands of deaths. Over a billion copies of Chairman Mao’s Little Red Book were printed to support his cult of personality, before Mao himself died in 1976 and the revolution came to an end.

    The image above is of Red Guards, holding The Little Red Book, cheering Mao during a meeting to celebrate the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution at Tiananmen Square, Beijing, August 1966

    With

    Rana Mitter
    Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China and Fellow of St Cross College, University of Oxford

    Sun Peidong
    Visiting Professor at the Center for International Studies at Sciences Po, Paris

    And

    Julia Lovell
    Professor in Modern Chinese History and Literature at Birkbeck, University of London

    Produced by Simon Tillotson and Julia Johnson

    • 48분
    John Wesley and Methodism

    John Wesley and Methodism

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss John Wesley (1703 - 1791) and the movement he was to lead and inspire. As a student, he was mocked for approaching religion too methodically and this jibe gave a name to the movement: Methodism. Wesley took his ideas out across Britain wherever there was an appetite for Christian revival, preaching in the open, especially the new industrial areas. Others spread Methodism too, such as George Whitefield, and the sheer energy of the movement led to splits within it, but it soon became a major force.

    With

    Stephen Plant
    Dean and Runcie Fellow at Trinity Hall at the University of Cambridge

    Eryn White
    Reader in Early Modern History at Aberystwyth University

    And

    William Gibson
    Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Oxford Brookes University and Director of the Oxford Centre for Methodism and Church History

    Produced by Simon Tillotson and Julia Johnson

    • 51분
    Fernando Pessoa

    Fernando Pessoa

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Portuguese poet Pessoa (1888-1935) who was largely unknown in his lifetime but who, in 1994, Harold Bloom included in his list of the 26 most significant western writers since the Middle Ages. Pessoa wrote in his own name but mainly in the names of characters he created, each with a distinctive voice and biography, which he called heteronyms rather than pseudonyms, notably Ricardo Reis, Alberto Caeiro, Álvaro de Campos and one who was closer to Pessoa's own identity, Bernardo Soares. Most of Pessoa's works were unpublished at his death, discovered in a trunk; as more and more was printed and translated, his fame and status grew.

    With

    Cláudia Pazos-Alonso
    Professor of Portuguese and Gender Studies and Senior Research Fellow at Wadham College, University of Oxford

    Juliet Perkins
    Visiting Senior Research Fellow in Portuguese Studies at King’s College London

    And

    Paulo de Medeiros
    Professor of English and Comparative Literary Studies at the University of Warwick

    Producer: Simon Tillotson

    • 50분
    The Zong Massacre

    The Zong Massacre

    Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the notorious events off Jamaica in 1781 and their background. The British slave ship Zong, having sailed across the Atlantic towards Jamaica, threw 132 enslaved Africans from its human cargo into the sea to drown. Even for a slave ship, the Zong was overcrowded; those murdered were worth more to the ship dead than alive. The crew said there was not enough drinking water to go round and they had no choice, which meant they could claim for the deaths on insurance. The main reason we know of this atrocity now is that the owners took their claim to court in London, and the insurers were at first told to pay up as if the dead slaves were any other lost goods, not people. Abolitionists in Britain were scandalised: if courts treated mass murder in the slave trade as just another business transaction and not a moral wrong, the souls of the nation would be damned. But nobody was ever prosecuted.

    The image above is of sailors throwing slaves overboard, from Torrey's 'American Slave Trade', 1822

    With

    Vincent Brown
    Charles Warren Professor of American History and Professor of African and African American Studies at Harvard University

    Bronwen Everill
    Class of 1973 Lecturer in History and Fellow at Gonville & Caius College, University of Cambridge

    And

    Jake Subryan Richards
    Assistant Professor of History at the London School of Economics

    Studio production: Hannah Sander
    Producer: Simon Tillotson

    • 52분

사용자 리뷰

4.9/5
9개의 평가

9개의 평가

인기 역사 팟캐스트

청취자가 구독한 다른 항목

BBC의 다른 콘텐츠