19 episodes

Where technology, science, politics, economy & society meet - think, learn and be entertained a little along the way! Bi-weekly interviews, discussions and latest topics & events that you should know about presented in an interdisciplinary way! GARI is a research institute that uses advanced technology, such as AI with Big Data, to visualise, understand and create the ability to manage globalisation.

Last Week on Earth with Global Arena Research Institute Global Arena Research Institute

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Where technology, science, politics, economy & society meet - think, learn and be entertained a little along the way! Bi-weekly interviews, discussions and latest topics & events that you should know about presented in an interdisciplinary way! GARI is a research institute that uses advanced technology, such as AI with Big Data, to visualise, understand and create the ability to manage globalisation.

    #19 Science and Diplomacy with William Colglazier

    #19 Science and Diplomacy with William Colglazier

    This episode’s guest is the American physicist Dr. William Colglazier. With an impressive resume, Colglazier’s long career has taken him to the Secretary of State, where he provided scientific and technical expertise and advice in support of the development and implementation of U.S. foreign policy as a Science and Technology Adviser. Today, he is the Editor-in-Chief of Science & Diplomacy and Senior Scholar in the Center for Science Diplomacy at the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS).
    Colglazier got his Ph.D. in theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology in 1971. He has since then worked at several prestigious institutes such as the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, the Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government.  The years before his time at the Secretary of State, he oversaw studies in the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the National Research Council (NRC) to provide independent, objective scientific advice on domestic and international public policy issues.
    In this episode, Colglazier talks about his way into science and politics and his work to implement the Sustainable Development Goals through science, technology and innovation. He describes the current setbacks to science in public policies such as the Paris Agreement, Iran Nuclear Deal and the unpreparedness of the US in the recent pandemic.
    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 38 min
    #18 The Difference Between R2-D2 and Siri with Alexander Ruiz

    #18 The Difference Between R2-D2 and Siri with Alexander Ruiz

    Our 18th episode is joined by Alexander Ruiz, Founder of Phaedrus LLC, an engineering company supporting the Department of Defense and Intelligence Community, and Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, who discusses the transforming digital arena and the ensuing threats.

    Ruiz got into the cyber-digital domain in his early years. Inspired by 90s movies like Top Gun, Alex devoted himself to computer communication. He continued his career in the American Air Force, effectively understanding the complex digital systems and later on turning to engineering. He saw the international cyber norms changing, threats growing and the nature of conflicts transforming.

    To navigate through the new era of disinformation, Alex raises the issue of acknowledging the problem. We need to recognise the underpinnings of the information that affects us. Firstly, there are nefarious actors actively feeding us false information to swing an election or shape public opinion, but there are also the commercial actors who are using marketing tools like algorithms and optimization to benefit their own shareholders. The reconciliation needed is in the form of policy, but to update our laws to control what companies are allowed to do, the challenge often lies in lawmakers not knowing enough about the industry that they are trying to regulate.

    Another issue is the growing gap between the institutional cyber capacity of governments and the one of il/legitimate non-state actors. The technical incapabilities of governments will affect the relationship between the government and the governed. How the state actors are supposed to control disruptive and harmful information alongside sects and conspirators, all while safeguarding freedom of speech, is something that Ruiz believes will be a huge challenge in the future. This development can partly be curbed by new technologies that can groom the information environment in order to protect against nefarious actors and social collapse.

    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 36 min
    #17 A Short History of Russia and Why It's Not Mordor with Mark Galeotti

    #17 A Short History of Russia and Why It's Not Mordor with Mark Galeotti

    Dr Mark Galeotti joins Last Week on Earth for a conversation on Russia. Galeotti, Director of the consultancy firm Mayak Intelligence, Honorary Professor at UCL School of Slavonic & East European Studies and Senior Associate Fellow at RUSI, has spent the last 40 years researching Russian history and security issues. In the episode, he gives an introduction his latest book A Short History of Russia while sharing some short anecdotes from Russia's history, specifically about the character that is Peter the Great.

    Galeotti tells the history of modernisation in Russia and how different rulers have approached the subject, with occasional bloody despotism. Today in Putin's Russia, modernisation has partly advanced through technical solutions, but they are still lacking in rule of law and corruption. However, Galeotti describes how there might soon be an advancement of rule of law by the kleptocratic elite. These corrupted leaders, who have stolen from the public good, will soon get the incentive to create rule of law to protect their stolen plunder and support the transfer of wealth to the new generation.

    There are many misconceptions about Russia, one of them being that the West assumes that Russia always, cunningly, has a plan. Like any other state, Russia is a diverse and opportunistic country, that is not as centrally controlled country as many people may think. They want to be perceived as strong and powerful, and they thus act accordingly, regardless of their actual geopolitical status. When looking at Russia, there is a consistent focus on Putin, who, on one hand is a powerful actor but far from the only one. Russia's administration is complex one with many important characters who often tend to get overlooked.

    The discussion continues by addressing the new Biden administration, the recent summits and what the newly elected American president would like to see from Russia. The Russo-American relation is special and for Russia, the single most important actor is the US, thus meaning that the EU is not prioritised - the US have clear leadership and collective approach while the policy vision of the EU is a scattered one.

    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 48 min
    #16 Global trends and what we can learn from "Independence Day" with Banning Garrett

    #16 Global trends and what we can learn from "Independence Day" with Banning Garrett

    Today’s guest Banning Garrett has over four decades of experience as a strategic thinker, writer and speaker on international relations and global trends. As a consultant to both the World Bank and the United Nations, Garrett writes and speaks on long-term global trends and the impact of exponential technologies. After sixty-one trips to China since 1981 for consultations with Chinese officials and analysts, Garrett has also developed a thorough understanding of Chinese politics and shares his takes on the competition between China and the USA.
    Garrett has been a part of taking forward the Global Trends report, a report used to brief former President Barack Obama, and he comments on its conclusions and shares his view on the challenges that humanity will have to face in the following decades. We must learn to navigate among the global challenges of future pandemics and the issue of healthcare, climate change and international agreements, population growth of urban areas in the Global South, and future food production, all of which are carrying the risk of migration and conflict. Furthermore, the question of climate change holds another dimension of complexity as us humans have brought it on ourselves. What happens with the responsibility and accountability when blame cannot be placed? 
    Garrett continues with discussing China that, especially under Xi Jinping, has moved in a hyper-nationalist direction. He concludes that the Chinese government tries to create an almost totalitarian regime on technological steroids for internal control and suppression of descent like what has happened to the Uighurs,  and in Hong-Kong and Taiwan. He comments on the bipolar tech competition between China and the US and asserts that confrontation is possible, but not probable to a higher extent since the mutually assured nuclear destruction is too strong. The cooperation between the two states should focus on climate as, without Chinese-American collaboration, international dialogue is not going to be constructive.
    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 46 min
    #15 The future of European politics with Joachim Bitterlich

    #15 The future of European politics with Joachim Bitterlich

    In this episode the European legend Joachim Bitterlich,  former advisor to German Chancellor Kohl and member of JEDI (Joint European Disruptive Initiative), joins us for a discussion on contemporary European affairs. Tune in for a conversation on the current, most pressing issues like strategic autonomy, Franco-German relations, the upcoming German elections and lastly Turkey and the EU. Bitterlich also shares a historical look back at the history of the EU and what could have been done differently.

    Joachim Bitterlich, a senior expert on the European arena, entered the Federal Foreign Office already in 1976 and continued his career as an advisor in the private office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hans-Dietrich Genscher (1985-87), head of the European Policy Department at the Federal Chancellor’s Office (1987-93) and Foreign and Security Policy Advisor to Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl (1993-98). 
    Differences between Europe and the US.Vaccine development on the two continents and the evident split - private or public funding, perseverance, failure of established forces and the European bureaucratic methods.
    Where is German politics heading and what will happen in the upcoming elections?Joachim Bitterlich shares his predictions and thoughts on how the German party system is evolving.
    The issue of strategic autonomy - The future of the transatlantic relation and dependence on China and the US.The expansion of the EU in Eastern Europe och the continuous rift between East and West.The political integration and support of East Europe. Sovereignty and European solidarity - a promising concept?Franco-German relations today.Policy differences and the cultural translation of French and German rhetoric.
    Turkey in a vulnerable position.The Turkish drift away from the West and the turn towards the East and South East.
    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 45 min
    #14 Possibilities of AI & Human Rights with Constanza Gomez Mont

    #14 Possibilities of AI & Human Rights with Constanza Gomez Mont

    Today’s guest, the social entrepreneur Constanza Gomez Mont, co-founder for the initiative AI for climate,  joins us to discuss civic technologies in practice and how the process of combining human rights with AI works.


    Examples of AI technologies in the field of human rightsHow is AI practically used for the environment?1.5/2 degree goal and tipping points for the climate, AI as a possibility?Successes and failures for AI in the fight against climate changeHow well is AI data received by governments?Which technologies are already being used for the climate?May new technologies be the solution to climate change?Carbon emissions in construction, can AI help?Impact of international AI panels?Future challenges and opportunities“The biggest challenge we face as humanity is climate change in every structure and in every level”


    Gomez Mont’s organisation has throughout time shifted from a social focus towards a more environmentally-oriented one and she strives to combine AI in the fight against climate change. The objective is to advance conversations in a way that brings people together and she works to unite individuals from different sectors, especially in the global south, to seize the new possibilities of AI. 


    She describes how the opportunities of these new technologies can be used to harness data for environmental and social causes. In mobilizing AI in private-public partnerships you can generate great social power and get better value to combat social challenges, in particular those issues that diverse communities face.


    Global Arena Research Institute is an independent, non-partisan research organisation that combines the most advanced methods of AI-driven data, scientific and other artificial reasoning capabilities, elevating data science into completely new levels of opportunity. Our goal is to provide unprecedented insights into the nature, impact, and management of globalization in order to improve institutional and governmental as well as business, energy and other sectors’ decision making. Our mission is to make the most of organically connecting AI-level reasoning capacities with the human-level critical reasoning capacities for the sake of a better future.

    • 29 min

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