Homegrown Horticulture podcast helps solve your gardening dilemmas with a focus on growing plants in the Intermountain West. We offer tips on everything from great heirloom tomatoes to awesome trees and shrubs for the yard that do well in our unique climate. For the latest researched based information relevant to you, listen to the Homegrown Horticulture Podcast, a production of Utah State University Extension.
Roses For Mothers Day and How to Care For Them
SUMMARY KEYWORDSroses, roses in Utah, fertilizing roses, rose fertilization, roses for cold climates
Hello and welcome back to the homegrown horticulture podcast. Today we're going to be talking all things roses. The homegrown horticulture podcast is specifically for the Intermountain West, an area often forgotten about by national gardening companies. If you just found us or have been listening for a long time, welcome, and thank you again.
0:27 Roses Intro
In a former career, I worked at a garden center for nearly 15 years before being hired by Utah State University. While working at the nursery, one thing I always loved was when the roses came out for retail sale, we would have 1000s of roses and dozens of varieties and it was fun to just talk to people about them and ask them what they had grown. One thing that I noticed was that the customers were often confused by the sheer number and types of roses. And it was often confusing trying to figure out what to buy. I attempted to explain to the customers that roses can be classified on how tall they grow, and also how they flower.
1:07 Roses by how tall they grow
And so as far as how tall they grow, I'm going to start with the shortest, which would be miniature roses, which I'm not really going to focus on. They don't seem to do very well outdoors in the Intermountain West.
The next tallest would be ground cover roses, but they're not super common either. They survive just fine. They flower a lot of the summer, but I think it's just the nature of them being thorny, and trying to have to clean them out or if you lose a ball or something in them that sometimes prevents them from being more popular.
Going in ascending order. The next biggest are the bush roses. These can grow just a few feet high and wide to certain species that can grow up to 10 to 15 feet high and wide just depending on the genetics.
The final classification of roses includes the climbers, but these aren't really climbing plans in the true sense of the word. They more just grow really long and need to be supported with a trellising system. The next concept I want to talk about are flowering characteristics.
2:11 Classification of rose flowers
So the first classification are the floribunda roses. These have been bred to be very profuse where one bush can have hundreds of blossoms on it at any given time. Floribunda roses that only grow to three to four feet high and wide are very useful as hedge roses because you can just give them a light haircut and that will cause a new flush of blossoms to come out. They generally bloom from late spring until after the first hard frost in the fall.
Most knockout roses, which is a wildly popular series of hedge and bush roses would be considered floribunda roses. A few other popular floribunda types include Betty Boop, Monkey Business, Sexy Rexy, Hot Cocoa and Lagerfeld.
The next popular classification is called grandiflora rose. Plants classified as grandiflora will have larger showier your flowers but will have fewer flowers than the floribunda and these flowers are usually in clusters of three to five flowers. A couple of very popular grandiflora type flowers include Queen Elizabeth and fame.
The final flower type I want to mention include the hybrid tea roses. When the flowers appear on a rosebush, they appear on a long stem with a single flower. These are the kinds of roses that you find at the grocery store and at florists that you give to others. They're by far the most popular type of roses that we purchase at local garden centers to plant in our yards. Some of my favorite hybrid tea roses include double delight, Mr. Lincoln, Peace, Rio Samba, and Chrysler Imperial. There are so many others out there that will do quite well though. And don't just limit yourself to these that I've mentioned.
3:58 Climbing Roses
I wanted to brief
Growing a New Lawn, Fixing A Lawn and Japanese Maple
Hello everyone and welcome back to the homegrown
horticulture podcast. Today I'm going to be answering questions I've received
through social media and over the phone about yards and gardens.
The homegrown horticulture podcast is specifically for the
Intermountain West, an area with a very unique climate and very unique soils
that's oftentimes forgotten about by national horticulture companies. Because
of this, there's a need for local information, and the homegrown horticulture
podcast is a source for you to gain that information.
Our first question is When can I plant warm season crops.
These would include things like cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, green beans,
corn, eggplants, muskmelons, and watermelon. The first thing I would recommend
because this is a regional podcast and average frost dates can vary wildly just
within a few miles is to contact a local experienced gardener or farmer.
They'll know right when it's time to get those warm season crops in for your
specific area. Some other things to monitor are when your average last and
first frost dates are, because all of the warm season crops should be planted
after the average last frost. For the Wasatch Front in Utah, this is generally
early to mid-May. But for our mountain valleys. This is usually two to three
weeks later, oftentimes in late May or early June. Along these lines I had
somebody ask about a week ago, if they could just go ahead and put all of their
flowers and crops in because they checked the weather and we were going to be
above freezing daily. And my response to them as sure yeah, you can plan but
the temperatures are still too cold for those to actually thrive. And many
crops such as tomatoes can actually be damaged if they're regularly exposed to
temperatures below about 45 to 50 degrees. So if you're going to plant warm
season crops when it's too cool, even if they don't freeze, they generally will
just sit there, oftentimes they can get nutrient deficiencies, because the cool
weather makes it harder for them to uptake nutrients. If you're going to put
them out early, you'll need to use season extending methods that warm the soil
up and warm the air temperature up so that they can actually thrive. You need
to remember that many of these flowers and crops are native to Mediterranean
climate areas, and oftentimes tropical areas where they're never exposed to
temperatures near freezing. And so we need to mimic those conditions for those
plants to actually thrive in our yards and gardens.
Our next question is, last spring, we bought some grassy to
ove rseed her lawn to thicken the grass up? We never did it. Can we go ahead
and put that same seed down. Now, the answer to this is yes, you can go ahead
and put that seed down. It will hold for a couple of years and still germinate
quite well. I think the more important thing though, is going to be preparing
your turf grass so that you can get good germination from that seed you're
putting over the top. To do this, you're going to want to ask yourself, why is
my lawn struggling? You know, if you're just moving in and it was neglected for
a year or two, that's understandable. But if you've lived there and been doing
your best to take care of the lawn, and that lawn is still thinning out, then
what's going on people oftentimes are sprinkling system is the culprit because
it doesn't water very efficiently to where some areas get excessive water and
other areas don't get enough. So checking the sprinkling system to make sure
that it's irrigating evenly improperly is going to be imperative. After
checking this sprinkling system, the next thing I would look at is the soil
itself. Oftentimes if the grass has done well on the soil and all the sudden
started to fade, it's not going to be a soil problem. But if it never really
thrive, then you definitely want to do some soil testing. In thi
Five Easy to Grow Landscape Plants For Modern Yards
Hello and welcome back to the Homegrown Horticulture podcast. On today's show we talk about five great plants very adapted to the Intermountain West. The Homegrown Horticulture podcast is for those living in the Intermountain West. These areas have rapidly-growing populations, but they're often times forgotten about by national gardening companies because of our unique climate and traditionally low populations.
00:37 Survey and Prize-Entry
Before getting started, I want to mention that I'm including a brief Google Docs survey in the show notes. I would greatly appreciate it if you would follow the hyperlink because it will tell me how I'm doing, and how we can improve the show. I attempt to keep this show quite succinct without a lot of banter. My time's valuable. It takes probably four to six hours to put together a 15-minute episode, and so it's just not worth my time to have a lot of extra junk in this podcast. But if you would go ahead and fill out that survey I would so much appreciate it. Thank you again.
01:15 Hummingbird Mint
I have three perennials on my list, and the first one is called Hummingbird Mint. It is also referred to as Anise hyssop or Agastache. Agastache is actually the Latin name. Anise hyssops came onto the market 15 or 20 years ago in force. There are many species native to the United States, especially the western United States. A few of them grow in quite moist areas in partial-shade, but there are a number of them native to the American Southwest that do wonderfully in full sun that are actually quite drought-hardy. Hummingbird mints bloom generally from late June or July until frost, and they have a wonderful licoricey-minty smell to them. Not only that, but they are very beneficial for pollinators and beneficial insects, and so planting them in your yard will draw them in. Another thing with them is that hummingbirds sometimes will visit them hence the name. Most cultivated Hummingbird mints grow to anywhere from 18 inches to two feet high and wide. Many of them have a dusty gray-green appearance to them, though not all of them. Especially if you live in a colder mountain valley you need to check their cold hardiness. Many of the species and cultivars are only hardy to USDA zone six. However, several of them are zone five and actually several of them will be into zone four, you just need to be sure and check. Flower color on the Anise hyssops will usually be yellow, orange, pink, or red, or combinations of these are quite beautiful. The other consideration is they love full-blast sun, so they do really well on the south or west sides of homes or anywhere else that they get at least eight hours of sun a day. Now one drawback, if you can call it a drawback, to Anise hyssop is that they really don't like wet feet. And so as you get them established, you need to let the ground dry out between irrigations. In a sandy soil you can get away with watering them probably three times a week, and in a clay soil or a clay-textured soil maybe once or twice. When they're well established, they will survive just fine if you irrigate them every couple of weeks, maybe even every three to four weeks in a heavier soil. I know that along the Wasatch Front that many of the areas that homes are now being built are on marginal soils that are oftentimes slightly salty. Hummingbird mints are actually somewhat salty-soil tolerant and so these areas are someplace that Hummingbird mint might be an option. There are many cultivars of Hummingbird mint available. They include: Sunset, Coronado, Coronado Red, Sonoran Sunset, Poquito Orange, Crazy Fortune, and Apache Sunset. Crazy Fortune and Apache Sunset or actually hardy to zone four.
The next perennial I want to talk about is called Catmint. A lot of times it's referred to as Nuh-peeta or Neh-pi-ta. There's a few different pronunc
Iron Chlorosis: A common condition in the West
Some Really Common Fruit Tree Questions Answered
USU Home Orchard Pest Management Guide
Early Spring Lawn Care for a Happy, Healthy Lawn
00:53 Why do some lawns green up before others
02:20 Should I apply lawn pre-emergent
06:00 How to control existing lawn weeds
09:25 Should I aerate my lawn
11:48 Reseeding my lawn
13:59 When and how often to fertilize
Preparing soil for new grass seed: https://extension.usu.edu/yardandgarden/research/preparing-soil-for-turfgrass-establishment-northern-utah
USU Extension Lawn Care Calendar: https://extension.usu.edu/yardandgarden/research/northern-utah-turfgrass-management-calendar
Hello and welcome back to the Homegrown Horticulture podcast. My name is Taun Beddes, a horticulturist with Utah State University Extension based in Orem, Utah. On today's episode we're going to be talking about all things Lawns. I've been getting a lot of questions on (things such as) when should I fertilize, should I use pre-emergent, and because of the sheer number of lawn questions, that's this week's topic.
The Homegrown Horticulture podcast offers detailed gardening information for the Intermountain West, an area of the United States oftentimes neglected or forgotten about by national Horticultural companies. Where recommendations about our climate and our soils made by national gardening companies just aren't valid. And so we need a podcast source of information detailing how to garden in the Intermountain West.
Our first question comes from a gentleman named Chad. He asks why do some green up before others? The reason some Lawns green up before others is because of when they were fertilized. Utah State University recommends fertilizing in late fall. For the Wasatch Front (and other areas with a similar climate) that would be late October into early November. A lot of nitrogen from fertilizer is stored in the roots of the grass before it goes dormant for the winter, and lawns can utilize this nitrogen in early spring. And so you will often see a lawn that was fertilized in late fall green up two to three weeks earlier than a lawn that was not.
Some other factors also play into this. Some species of Turfgrass will green up before others. If you have a Kentucky Bluegrass lawn, these will generally green up a week or so later than if you have a turf type tall Fescue lawn or a perennial ryegrass lawn. These two kinds of lawns are far less common but, you sometimes do see them. Another thing that will cause at least some areas of the lawn to green up before others is the amount of heat that the lawn is exposed to. In the spring, you will often see your lawn greening up long sidewalks, along the driveway, and on the south side of your home before other areas. This is totally normal, and within a few weeks, the lawn should be evenly green.
Alright, the next question is from Jill. she asks, “When should I apply pre-emergent to my lawn.” Before I answer this question, I should offer some explanation, Pre-emergent is a general term for a type of herbicide that will control newly germinating seeds. It doesn't do anything against seeds until they start to germinate. It also cannot discriminate between weed seeds and desirable seeds, and so you really do need to be careful with how you apply pre-emergent in your yard and garden.
And so my first question is why are you using pre-emergent? It's not a bad thing, and they can be a powerful tool at getting the lawn into shape. But the ultimate goal should be not to use pre-emergent (for an extended number of years), and you should use proper management techniques as far as your lawn goes, to make sure that the lawn stays healthy. A healthy and properly maintained lawn does not allow a lot of weeds to invade or germinate. So when you're applying a pre-emergent, you actually need to know what weed you're going after.
On the Wasatch Front the major three weeds that folks use pre-eme
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I love these podcasts. They are highly informative and provide essential information for gardening in our unique climate. I especially appreciate there is no chattiness making them unnecessarily long, and the audio is clear and easy to understand.
Best garden podcast period!
Love the podcast
I just found this podcast and I’m really enjoying it. I have a suggestion though- when you talk about, or suggest a plant, please include the zone where it will grow. I live in Huntsville (zone4), and many things don’t do well here.